M&T Bank Corporation
M&T BANK CORP (Form: 10-Q, Received: 11/07/2008 17:15:39)
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
     
þ   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2008
or
     
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 1-9861
M&T BANK CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
     
New York
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  16-0968385
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
     
One M & T Plaza
Buffalo, New York
(Address of principal
executive offices)
 
14203
(Zip Code)
(716) 842-5445
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
             
Large accelerated filer þ   Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company o
        (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. Yes o No þ
Number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.50 par value, outstanding as of the close of business on October 29, 2008: 110,285,959 shares.
 
 

 


 

M&T BANK CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
For the Quarterly Period Ended September 30, 2008
         
Table of Contents of Information Required in Report   Page  
       
 
       
 
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  EX-31.1
  EX-31.2
  EX-32.1
  EWX-32.2

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Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET (Unaudited)
                 
    September 30,   December 31,
Dollars in thousands, except per share   2008   2007
Assets
               
Cash and due from banks
  $ 1,368,917       1,719,509  
Interest-bearing deposits at banks
    13,604       18,431  
Federal funds sold
    18,600       48,038  
Agreements to resell securities
    90,000        
Trading account
    370,420       281,244  
Investment securities (includes pledged securities that can be sold or repledged of $1,899,690 at September 30, 2008; $1,988,128 at December 31, 2007)
               
Available for sale (cost: $7,906,127 at September 30, 2008; $8,451,411 at December 31, 2007)
    7,348,424       8,379,169  
Held to maturity (fair value: $456,546 at September 30, 2008; $78,250 at December 31, 2007)
    492,417       76,441  
Other (fair value: $592,600 at September 30, 2008; $506,388 at December 31, 2007)
    592,600       506,388  
 
Total investment securities
    8,433,441       8,961,998  
 
Loans and leases
    49,044,502       48,352,262  
Unearned discount
    (350,959 )     (330,700 )
Allowance for credit losses
    (780,683 )     (759,439 )
 
Loans and leases, net
    47,912,860       47,262,123  
 
Premises and equipment
    374,181       370,765  
Goodwill
    3,192,128       3,196,433  
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    198,554       248,556  
Accrued interest and other assets
    3,274,510       2,768,542  
 
Total assets
  $ 65,247,215       64,875,639  
 
 
Liabilities
               
Noninterest-bearing deposits
  $ 8,332,060       8,131,662  
NOW accounts
    972,962       1,190,161  
Savings deposits
    18,229,152       15,419,357  
Time deposits
    9,206,371       10,668,581  
Deposits at foreign office
    5,760,748       5,856,427  
 
Total deposits
    42,501,293       41,266,188  
 
Federal funds purchased and agreements to repurchase securities
    1,712,859       4,351,313  
Other short-term borrowings
    1,216,383       1,470,584  
Accrued interest and other liabilities
    918,029       984,353  
Long-term borrowings
    12,481,967       10,317,945  
 
Total liabilities
    58,830,531       58,390,383  
 
Stockholders’ equity
               
Preferred stock, $1 par, 1,000,000 shares authorized, none outstanding
           
Common stock, $.50 par, 250,000,000 shares authorized, 120,396,611 shares issued at September 30, 2008 and at December 31, 2007
    60,198       60,198  
Common stock issuable, 78,418 shares at September 30, 2008; 82,912 shares at December 31, 2007
    4,626       4,776  
Additional paid-in capital
    2,861,495       2,848,752  
Retained earnings
    5,037,799       4,815,585  
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net
    (462,050 )     (114,822 )
Treasury stock — common, at cost - 10,161,571 shares at September 30, 2008; 10,544,259 shares at December 31, 2007
    (1,085,384 )     (1,129,233 )
 
Total stockholders’ equity
    6,416,684       6,485,256  
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 65,247,215       64,875,639  
 

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME (Unaudited)
                                 
    Three months ended   Nine months ended
    September 30   September 30
In thousands, except per share   2008   2007   2008   2007
Interest income
                               
Loans and leases, including fees
  $ 684,281       798,572     $ 2,160,755       2,353,114  
Deposits at banks
    25       64       91       197  
Federal funds sold
    74       180       211       710  
Agreements to resell securities
    441       3,249       1,752       14,254  
Trading account
    359       145       761       491  
Investment securities
                               
Fully taxable
    114,146       88,280       331,000       255,083  
Exempt from federal taxes
    2,028       2,524       8,520       8,390  
 
Total interest income
    801,354       893,014       2,503,090       2,632,239  
 
Interest expense
                               
NOW accounts
    655       982       2,302       3,173  
Savings deposits
    58,917       62,883       185,856       184,678  
Time deposits
    72,100       117,064       258,210       377,766  
Deposits at foreign office
    18,709       55,666       79,157       151,316  
Short-term borrowings
    28,155       68,376       132,388       205,440  
Long-term borrowings
    134,579       120,355       391,456       329,839  
 
Total interest expense
    313,115       425,326       1,049,369       1,252,212  
 
Net interest income
    488,239       467,688       1,453,721       1,380,027  
Provision for credit losses
    101,000       34,000       261,000       91,000  
 
Net interest income after provision for credit losses
    387,239       433,688       1,192,721       1,289,027  
 
Other income
                               
Mortgage banking revenues
    38,002       31,643       116,291       81,062  
Service charges on deposit accounts
    110,371       104,402       324,165       303,615  
Trust income
    38,789       38,168       119,519       112,691  
Brokerage services income
    16,218       14,978       48,902       46,844  
Trading account and foreign exchange gains
    4,278       7,279       15,627       20,465  
Gain (loss) on bank investment securities
    (152,273 )     (138 )     (124,247 )     1,185  
Equity in earnings of Bayview Lending Group LLC
    (14,480 )     (11,294 )     (28,766 )     (5,594 )
Other revenues from operations
    72,812       67,861       226,071       212,231  
 
Total other income
    113,717       252,899       697,562       772,499  
 
Other expense
                               
Salaries and employee benefits
    236,678       220,750       724,676       682,204  
Equipment and net occupancy
    47,033       42,091       141,050       126,036  
Printing, postage and supplies
    8,443       7,996       27,459       25,886  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets
    15,840       15,702       50,938       50,515  
Other costs of operations
    126,769       103,989       336,054       297,575  
 
Total other expense
    434,763       390,528       1,280,177       1,182,216  
 
Income before taxes
    66,193       296,059       610,106       879,310  
Income taxes (benefit)
    (24,992 )     96,872       156,460       289,981  
 
Net income
  $ 91,185       199,187     $ 453,646       589,329  
 
Net income per common share
                               
Basic
  $ .83       1.86     $ 4.12       5.45  
Diluted
    .82       1.83       4.09       5.34  
 
                               
Cash dividends per common share
  $ .70       .70     $ 2.10       1.90  
 
                               
Average common shares outstanding
                               
Basic
    110,265       107,056       110,158       108,220  
Diluted
    110,807       108,957       111,000       110,342  

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
                 
    Nine months ended September 30
In thousands   2008   2007
Cash flows from operating activities
               
Net income
  $ 453,646       589,329  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
               
Provision for credit losses
    261,000       91,000  
Depreciation and amortization of premises and equipment
    39,918       37,053  
Amortization of capitalized servicing rights
    49,322       46,731  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets
    50,938       50,515  
Provision for deferred income taxes
    (56,157 )     (15,351 )
Asset write-downs
    161,763       12,227  
Net gain on sales of assets
    (26,202 )     (5,416 )
Net change in accrued interest receivable, payable
    1,302       5,184  
Net change in other accrued income and expense
    (1,111 )     (23,185 )
Net change in loans originated for sale
    433,929       136,517  
Net change in trading account assets and liabilities
    (74,583 )     (26,865 )
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
    1,293,765       897,739  
 
Cash flows from investing activities
               
Proceeds from sales of investment securities
               
Available for sale
    57,350       39,374  
Other
    87,782       1,881  
Proceeds from maturities of investment securities
               
Available for sale
    1,608,085       1,357,036  
Held to maturity
    60,922       34,568  
Purchases of investment securities
               
Available for sale
    (761,381 )     (2,087,581 )
Held to maturity
    (176,673 )     (29,769 )
Other
    (173,994 )     (117,009 )
Net increase in agreements to resell securities
    (89,974 )     (267,797 )
Net increase in loans and leases
    (2,350,539 )     (2,077,630 )
Other investments, net
    (13,557 )     (305,975 )
Additions to capitalized servicing rights
    (22,261 )     (45,159 )
Capital expenditures, net
    (43,854 )     (35,119 )
Other, net
    (141,435 )     (27,319 )
 
Net cash used by investing activities
    (1,959,529 )     (3,560,499 )
 
Cash flows from financing activities
               
Net increase (decrease) in deposits
    1,239,933       (1,438,598 )
Net increase (decrease) in short-term borrowings
    (2,892,263 )     1,826,687  
Proceeds from long-term borrowings
    3,850,010       2,849,895  
Payments on long-term borrowings
    (1,676,725 )     (228,086 )
Purchases of treasury stock
          (496,057 )
Dividends paid — common
    (231,269 )     (205,028 )
Other, net
    (3,952 )     56,560  
 
Net cash provided by financing activities
    285,734       2,365,373  
 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
    (380,030 )     (297,387 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    1,767,547       1,624,964  
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 1,387,517       1,327,577  
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
               
Interest received during the period
  $ 2,570,574       2,643,940  
Interest paid during the period
    1,071,672       1,243,915  
Income taxes paid during the period
    200,749       279,045  
 
Supplemental schedule of noncash investing and financing activities
               
Real estate acquired in settlement of loans
  $ 92,814       25,347  
Securitization of residential mortgage loans allocated to
Available for sale investment securities
    869,115        
Capitalized servicing rights
    8,455        
Investment securities available for sale transferred to held to maturity
    298,108        
Loans held for sale transferred to loans held for investment
          870,759  

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)
                                                                 
                                            Accumulated              
                                            other              
                    Common     Additional             comprehensive              
    Preferred     Common     stock     paid-in     Retained     income (loss),     Treasury        
In thousands, except per share   stock     stock     issuable     capital     earnings     net     stock     Total  
2007
                                                               
Balance — January 1, 2007
  $       60,198       5,060       2,889,449       4,443,441       (53,574 )     (1,063,479 )     6,281,095  
Comprehensive income:
                                                               
Net income
                            589,329                   589,329  
Other comprehensive income, net of tax and reclassification adjustments:
                                                               
Unrealized losses on investment securities
                                  (32,684 )           (32,684 )
Defined benefit plan liability adjustment
                                  (17 )           (17 )
Unrealized losses on cash flow hedges
                                  (390 )           (390 )
 
                                                             
 
                                                            556,238  
 
                                                               
Purchases of treasury stock
                                        (496,057 )     (496,057 )
Stock-based compensation plans:
                                                               
Stock option and purchase plans:
                                                               
Compensation expense
                      39,095                   1,605       40,700  
Exercises
                      (30,640 )                 90,742       60,102  
Directors’ stock plan
                      75                   932       1,007  
Deferred compensation plans, net, including dividend equivalents
                (250 )     (480 )     (159 )           836       (53 )
Common stock cash dividends - $1.90 per share
                            (205,028 )                 (205,028 )
 
Balance — September 30, 2007
  $       60,198       4,810       2,897,499       4,827,583       (86,665 )     (1,465,421 )     6,238,004  
 
2008
                                                               
Balance — January 1, 2008
  $       60,198       4,776       2,848,752       4,815,585       (114,822 )     (1,129,233 )     6,485,256  
Comprehensive income:
                                                               
Net income
                            453,646                   453,646  
Other comprehensive income, net of tax and reclassification adjustments:
                                                               
Unrealized losses on investment securities
                                  (345,758 )           (345,758 )
Defined benefit plans liability adjustment
                                  (1,011 )           (1,011 )
Unrealized losses on cash flow hedges
                                  (459 )           (459 )
 
                                                             
 
                                                            106,418  
Repayment of management stock ownership program receivable
                      72                         72  
Stock-based compensation plans:
                                                               
Stock option and purchase plans:
                                                               
Compensation expense
                      35,356                   3,913       39,269  
Exercises
                      (21,893 )                 37,756       15,863  
Directors’ stock plan
                      (384 )                 1,393       1,009  
Deferred compensation plans, net, including dividend equivalents
                (150 )     (408 )     (163 )           787       66  
Common stock cash dividends - $2.10 per share
                            (231,269 )                 (231,269 )
 
Balance — September 30, 2008
  $       60,198       4,626       2,861,495       5,037,799       (462,050 )     (1,085,384 )     6,416,684  
 
CONSOLIDATED SUMMARY OF CHANGES IN ALLOWANCE FOR CREDIT LOSSES (Unaudited)
                 
    Nine months ended September 30  
In thousands   2008     2007  
 
Beginning balance
  $ 759,439       649,948  
Provision for credit losses
    261,000       91,000  
Allowance related to loans sold or securitized
    (525 )      
Net charge-offs
               
Charge-offs
    (267,912 )     (82,459 )
Recoveries
    28,681       22,009  
 
Total net charge-offs
    (239,231 )     (60,450 )
 
Ending balance
  $ 780,683       680,498  
 

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. Significant accounting policies
The consolidated financial statements of M&T Bank Corporation (“M&T”) and subsidiaries (“the Company”) were compiled in accordance with the accounting policies set forth in note 1 of Notes to Financial Statements included in the Company’s 2007 Annual Report, except as described below. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation have been made and were all of a normal recurring nature.
2. Earnings per share
The computations of basic earnings per share follow:
                                 
    Three months ended     Nine months ended  
    September 30     September 30  
    2008     2007     2008     2007  
    (in thousands, except per share)  
Income available to common stockholders
                               
 
Net income
  $ 91,185       199,187       453,646       589,329  
 
Weighted-average shares outstanding (including common stock issuable)
    110,265       107,056       110,158       108,220  
 
Basic earnings per share
  $ .83       1.86       4.12       5.45  
The computations of diluted earnings per share follow:
                                 
    Three months ended     Nine months ended  
    September 30     September 30  
    2008     2007     2008     2007  
    (in thousands, except per share)  
Income available to common stockholders
  $ 91,185       199,187       453,646       589,329  
 
Weighted-average shares outstanding
    110,265       107,056       110,158       108,220  
 
Plus: incremental shares from assumed conversion of stock-based compensation awards
    542       1,901       842       2,122  
 
                       
 
Adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding
    110,807       108,957       111,000       110,342  
 
Diluted earnings per share
  $ .82       1.83       4.09       5.34  
     Options to purchase approximately 11.3 million and 3.3 million common shares during the three-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and 9.7 million and 3.3 million common shares during the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, were not included in the computations of diluted earnings per share because the effect on those periods would be antidilutive.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
3. Comprehensive income
The following table displays the components of other comprehensive income (loss):
                         
    Nine months ended September 30, 2008  
    Before-tax     Income        
    amount     taxes     Net .  
    (in thousands)  
Investment securities:
                       
Unrealized losses on investment securities available for sale (“AFS”):
                       
Unrealized holding losses during period
  $ (729,175 )     226,923       (502,252 )
Add: transfer of investment securities from AFS to held to maturity (“HTM”)
    86,943       (20,972 )     65,971  
Less: reclassification adjustment for losses realized in net income
    (156,771 )     1,661       (155,110 )
 
                 
 
    (485,461 )     204,290       (281,171 )
Unrealized holding losses on investment securities transferred from AFS to HTM:
                       
Unrealized holding losses transferred during period
    (86,943 )     20,972       (65,971 )
Less: amortization of unrealized holding losses to income during period
    (2,150 )     766       (1,384 )
 
                 
 
    (84,793 )     20,206       (64,587 )
 
                 
Net unrealized losses on investment securities
    (570,254 )     224,496       (345,758 )
 
Cash flow hedges:
                       
Unrealized losses on cash flow hedges
    (20,225 )     7,887       (12,338 )
Reclassification of losses on terminated cash flow hedges to income
    19,483       (7,604 )     11,879  
 
                 
 
    (742 )     283       (459 )
Defined benefit plans liability adjustment
    (1,724 )     713       (1,011 )
 
                 
 
  $ (572,720 )     225,492       (347,228 )
 
                 
     As described in note 9, during the third quarter of 2008 the Company transferred private collateralized mortgage obligations having a fair value of $298 million and a cost basis of $385 million from its available-for-sale investment securities portfolio to the held-to-maturity portfolio.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
3. Comprehensive income, continued
                         
    Nine months ended September 30, 2007  
    Before-tax     Income        
    amount     taxes     Net  
    (in thousands)  
Unrealized losses on investment securities AFS:
                       
Unrealized holding losses during period
  $ (50,408 )     18,451       (31,957 )
Less: reclassification adjustment for gains realized in net income
    1,185       (458 )     727  
 
                 
 
    (51,593 )     18,909       (32,684 )
 
                       
Unrealized losses on cash flow hedges
    (698 )     308       (390 )
Defined benefit plans liability adjustment
    (28 )     11       (17 )
 
                 
 
 
  $ (52,319 )     19,228       (33,091 )
 
                 
     Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net consisted of unrealized gains (losses) as follows:
                                 
            Cash     Defined        
    Investment     flow     benefit        
    securities     hedges     plans     Total  
    (in thousands)  
Balance — January 1, 2008
  $ (59,406 )     (8,931 )     (46,485 )     (114,822 )
 
Net gain (loss) during period
    (345,758 )     (459 )     (1,011 )     (347,228 )
 
                       
 
Balance — September 30, 2008
  $ (405,164 )     (9,390 )     (47,496 )     (462,050 )
 
                       
 
                               
Balance — January 1, 2007
  $ (25,311 )           (28,263 )     (53,574 )
 
Net gain (loss) during period
    (32,684 )     (390 )     (17 )     (33,091 )
 
                       
 
Balance — September 30, 2007
  $ (57,995 )     (390 )     (28,280 )     (86,665 )
 
                       
4. Borrowings
M&T Capital Trust I (“Trust I”), M&T Capital Trust II (“Trust II”), and M&T Capital Trust III (“Trust III”) have issued fixed rate preferred capital securities aggregating $310 million. On January 31, 2008 M&T Capital Trust IV (“Trust IV”), a Delaware business trust, issued $350 million of 8.50% fixed rate Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities (“8.50% Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities”). First Maryland Capital I (“Trust V”) and First Maryland Capital II (“Trust VI”) have issued floating rate preferred capital securities aggregating $300 million. The distribution rates on the preferred capital securities of Trust V and Trust VI adjust quarterly based on changes in the three-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and were 3.79% and 3.65%, respectively, at September 30, 2008 and 6.24% and 5.76%, respectively, at December 31, 2007. As a result of an acquisition in the fourth quarter of 2007, M&T assumed responsibility for $31.5 million of similar preferred capital securities previously issued by special-purpose entities consisting of $16.5 million of fixed rate preferred capital securities issued by BSB Capital Trust I (“Trust VII”) and $15 million of floating rate preferred capital securities issued by BSB Capital Trust III (“Trust VIII”).

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
The distribution rate on the preferred capital securities of Trust VIII adjusts quarterly based on changes in the three-month LIBOR and was 6.14% at September 30, 2008 and 8.59% at December 31, 2007. Trust I, Trust II, Trust III, Trust IV, Trust V, Trust VI, Trust VII and Trust VIII are referred to herein collectively as the “Trusts.”
     Other than the following payment terms (and the redemption and certain other terms described below), the preferred capital securities issued by the Trusts (“Capital Securities”) are substantially identical in all material respects:
             
    Distribution   Distribution
Trust   rate   dates
Trust I
    8.234 %   February 1 and August 1
 
Trust II
    8.277 %   June 1 and December 1
 
Trust III
    9.25 %   February 1 and August 1
 
Trust IV
    8.50 %   March 15, June 15, September 15 and December 15
 
Trust V
  LIBOR plus 1.00%   January 15, April 15, July 15 and October 15
 
Trust VI
  LIBOR plus .85%   February 1, May 1, August 1 and November 1
 
Trust VII
    8.125 %   January 31 and July 31
 
Trust VIII
  LIBOR plus 3.35%   January 7, April 7, July 7 and October 7
     The common securities of each Trust (“Common Securities”) are wholly owned by M&T and are the only class of each Trust’s securities possessing general voting powers. The Capital Securities represent preferred undivided interests in the assets of the corresponding Trust. Under the Federal Reserve Board’s current risk-based capital guidelines, the Capital Securities are includable in M&T’s Tier 1 (core) capital.
     The proceeds from the issuances of the Capital Securities and Common Securities were used by the Trusts to purchase junior subordinated deferrable interest debentures (“Junior Subordinated Debentures”) of M&T as follows:
             
    Capital   Common   Junior Subordinated
Trust   Securities   Securities   Debentures
Trust I
  $150 million   $4.64 million   $154.64 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.234% Junior Subordinated Debentures due February 1, 2027.
 
           
Trust II
  $100 million   $3.09 million   $103.09 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.277% Junior Subordinated Debentures due June 1, 2027.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
             
    Capital   Common   Junior Subordinated
Trust   Securities   Securities   Debentures
Trust III
  $60 million   $1.856 million   $61.856 million aggregate liquidation amount of 9.25% Junior Subordinated Debentures due February 1, 2027.
 
           
Trust IV
  $350 million   $.01 million   $350.01 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.50% Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068.
 
           
Trust V
  $150 million   $4.64 million   $154.64 million aggregate liquidation amount of floating rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 15, 2027.
 
           
Trust VI
  $150 million   $4.64 million   $154.64 million aggregate liquidation amount of floating rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due February 1, 2027.
 
           
Trust VII
  $16.5 million   $.928 million   $17.428 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.125% Junior Subordinated Debentures due July 31, 2028.
 
           
Trust VIII
  $15 million   $.464 million   $15.464 million aggregate liquidation amount of floating rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 7, 2033.
     The Junior Subordinated Debentures represent the sole assets of each Trust and payments under the Junior Subordinated Debentures are the sole source of cash flow for each Trust. The financial statement carrying values of junior subordinated debentures associated with preferred capital securities at September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007 of Trust III, Trust V, Trust VI and Trust VII include the unamortized portions of purchase accounting adjustments to reflect estimated fair value as of the date of M&T’s acquisition of the common securities of each respective trust. The interest rates payable on the Junior Subordinated Debentures of Trust V, Trust VI and Trust VIII were 3.79%, 3.65% and 6.14%, respectively, at September 30, 2008 and were 6.24%, 5.76% and 8.59%, respectively, at December 31, 2007.
     Holders of the Capital Securities receive preferential cumulative cash distributions on each distribution date at the stated distribution rate unless M&T exercises its right to extend the payment of interest on the Junior Subordinated Debentures for up to ten semi-annual periods (in the case of Trust I, Trust II, Trust III and Trust VII), twenty quarterly periods (in the case of Trust V, Trust VI and Trust VIII) or, with respect to Trust IV, for up to twenty quarterly periods without being subject to the alternative payment mechanism (as described below), and for up to forty quarterly periods, without giving rise to an event of default, in which case payment of distributions on the respective Capital Securities will be deferred for comparable periods. During an extended interest period, M&T may not pay dividends or distributions on, or repurchase, redeem

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
or acquire any shares of its capital stock. In the event of an extended interest period exceeding twenty quarterly periods for the Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068 held by Trust IV, M&T must fund the payment of accrued and unpaid interest through the alternative payment mechanism, which requires M&T to issue common stock, non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock or warrants to purchase common stock until M&T has raised an amount of eligible proceeds at least equal to the aggregate amount of accrued and unpaid deferred interest on the Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068 held by Trust IV. The agreements governing the Capital Securities, in the aggregate, provide a full, irrevocable and unconditional guarantee by M&T of the payment of distributions on, the redemption of, and any liquidation distribution with respect to the Capital Securities. The obligations under such guarantee and the Capital Securities are subordinate and junior in right of payment to all senior indebtedness of M&T.
     The Capital Securities will remain outstanding until the Junior Subordinated Debentures are repaid at maturity, are redeemed prior to maturity or are distributed in liquidation to the Trusts. The Capital Securities are mandatorily redeemable in whole, but not in part, upon repayment at the stated maturity dates of the Junior Subordinated Debentures or the earlier redemption of the Junior Subordinated Debentures in whole upon the occurrence of one or more events set forth in the indentures relating to the Capital Securities, and in whole or in part at any time after an optional redemption contemporaneously with the optional redemption of the related Junior Subordinated Debentures in whole or in part, subject to possible regulatory approval. In connection with the issuance of the 8.50% Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities by Trust IV, M&T entered into a replacement capital covenant that provides that neither M&T nor any of its subsidiaries will repay, redeem or purchase any of the Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068 or the 8.50% Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities prior to January 31, 2048, with certain limited exceptions, except to the extent that, during the 180 days prior to the date of that repayment, redemption or purchase, M&T and its subsidiaries have received proceeds from the sale of qualifying securities that (i) have equity-like characteristics that are the same as, or more equity-like than, the applicable characteristics of the 8.50% Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities or the Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068, as applicable, at the time of repayment, redemption or purchase, and (ii) M&T has obtained the prior approval of the Federal Reserve Board, if required.
     Allfirst Preferred Capital Trust (“Allfirst Capital Trust”) has issued $100 million of Floating Rate Non-Cumulative Subordinated Trust Enhanced Securities (“SKATES”). Allfirst Capital Trust is a Delaware business trust that was formed for the exclusive purposes of (i) issuing the SKATES and common securities, (ii) purchasing Asset Preferred Securities issued by Allfirst Preferred Asset Trust (“Allfirst Asset Trust”) and (iii) engaging in only those other activities necessary or incidental thereto. M&T holds 100% of the common securities of Allfirst Capital Trust. Allfirst Asset Trust is a Delaware business trust that was formed for the exclusive purposes of (i) issuing Asset Preferred Securities and common securities, (ii) investing the gross proceeds of the Asset Preferred Securities in junior subordinated debentures of M&T and other permitted investments and (iii) engaging in only those other activities necessary or incidental thereto. M&T holds 100% of the common securities of Allfirst Asset Trust and Allfirst Capital Trust holds 100% of the Asset Preferred Securities of Allfirst Asset Trust. M&T currently has outstanding $105.3 million aggregate liquidation amount Floating Rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due July 15, 2029 that are payable to Allfirst Asset Trust. The interest rates payable on such debentures were 4.22% and 6.67% at September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
     Distributions on the SKATES are non-cumulative. The distribution rate on the SKATES and on the Floating Rate Junior Subordinated Debentures is a rate per annum of three-month LIBOR plus 1.50% and three-month LIBOR plus 1.43%, respectively, reset quarterly two business days prior to the distribution dates of January 15, April 15, July 15, and October 15 in each year. Distributions on the SKATES will be paid if, as and when Allfirst Capital Trust has funds available for payment. The SKATES are subject to mandatory redemption if the Asset Preferred Securities of Allfirst Asset Trust are redeemed. Allfirst Asset Trust will redeem the Asset Preferred Securities if the junior subordinated debentures of M&T held by Allfirst Asset Trust are redeemed. M&T may redeem such junior subordinated debentures, in whole or in part, at any time on or after July 15, 2009, subject to regulatory approval. Allfirst Asset Trust will redeem the Asset Preferred Securities at par plus accrued and unpaid distributions from the last distribution payment date. M&T has guaranteed, on a subordinated basis, the payment in full of all distributions and other payments on the SKATES and on the Asset Preferred Securities to the extent that Allfirst Capital Trust and Allfirst Asset Trust, respectively, have funds legally available. Under the Federal Reserve Board’s current risk-based capital guidelines, the SKATES are includable in M&T’s Tier 1 Capital.
     Including the unamortized portions of purchase accounting adjustments to reflect estimated fair value at the acquisition dates of the common securities of Trust III, Trust V, Trust VI, Trust VII and Allfirst Asset Trust, the junior subordinated debentures associated with preferred capital securities had financial statement carrying values as follows:
                 
    September 30,     December 31,  
    2008     2007  
    (in thousands)  
Trust I
  $ 154,640       154,640  
 
Trust II
    103,093       103,093  
 
Trust III
    67,815       68,059  
 
Trust IV
    350,010        
 
Trust V
    144,613       144,201  
 
Trust VI
    142,483       141,986  
 
Trust VII
    16,921       16,902  
 
Trust VIII
    15,464       15,464  
 
Allfirst Asset Trust
    102,069       101,952  
 
           
 
 
  $ 1,097,108       746,297  
 
           
5. Segment information
Reportable segments have been determined based upon the Company’s internal profitability reporting system, which is organized by strategic business unit. Certain strategic business units have been combined for segment information reporting purposes where the nature of the products and services, the type of

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
5. Segment information, continued
customer and the distribution of those products and services are similar. The reportable segments are Business Banking, Commercial Banking, Commercial Real Estate, Discretionary Portfolio, Residential Mortgage Banking and Retail Banking.
     The financial information of the Company’s segments was compiled utilizing the accounting policies described in note 21 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2007. The management accounting policies and processes utilized in compiling segment financial information are highly subjective and, unlike financial accounting, are not based on authoritative guidance similar to generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). As a result, the financial information of the reported segments is not necessarily comparable with similar information reported by other financial institutions. As also described in note 21 to the Company’s 2007 consolidated financial statements, neither goodwill nor core deposit and other intangible assets (and the amortization charges associated with such assets) resulting from acquisitions of financial institutions have been allocated to the Company’s reportable segments, but are included in the “All Other” category. The Company has, however, assigned such intangible assets to business units for purposes of testing for impairment.
     Information about the Company’s segments is presented in the following table:
                                                 
    Three months ended September 30  
    2008     2007  
            Inter-     Net             Inter-     Net  
    Total     segment     income     Total     segment     income  
    revenues(a)     revenues     (loss)     revenues(a)(b)     revenues     (loss)(b)  
    (in thousands)  
Business Banking
  $ 93,573       2       29,559       93,825             34,953  
 
                                               
Commercial Banking
    152,429       94       59,898       134,429       90       52,562  
 
                                               
Commercial Real Estate
    85,625       145       35,867       75,945       205       38,624  
 
                                               
Discretionary Portfolio
    (107,756 )     (2,616 )     (78,402 )     34,104       (3,079 )     21,055  
 
                                               
Residential Mortgage Banking
    55,896       8,242       (17,801 )     62,249       12,324       6,431  
 
                                               
Retail Banking
    287,609       3,136       58,336       301,798       2,996       81,019  
 
                                               
All Other
    34,580       (9,003 )     3,728       18,237       (12,536 )     (35,457 )
 
                                   
 
                                               
Total
  $ 601,956             91,185       720,587             199,187  
 
                                   

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
5. Segment information, continued
                                                 
    Nine months ended September 30  
    2008     2007  
            Inter-     Net             Inter-     Net  
    Total     segment     income     Total     segment     income  
    revenues(a)     revenues     (loss)     revenues(a)(b)     revenues     (loss)(b)  
    (in thousands)  
Business Banking
  $ 280,817       5       91,889       274,934             101,205  
 
                                               
Commercial Banking
    468,579       344       180,223       409,977       310       161,114  
 
                                               
Commercial Real Estate
    260,176       556       121,322       225,076       580       111,928  
 
                                               
Discretionary Portfolio
    (35,489 )     (11,115 )     (57,101 )     96,885       (8,621 )     60,717  
 
                                               
Residential Mortgage Banking
    187,335       34,526       (23,162 )     173,093       35,771       14,317  
 
                                               
Retail Banking
    882,652       9,458       196,733       890,860       9,453       241,904  
 
                                               
All Other
    107,213       (33,774 )     (56,258 )     81,701       (37,493 )     (101,856 )
 
                                   
 
                                               
Total
  $ 2,151,283             453,646       2,152,526             589,329  
 
                                   
                         
    Average total assets  
    Nine months ended     Year ended  
    September 30     December 31  
    2008     2007(b)     2007(b)  
    (in millions)  
Business Banking
  $ 4,431       4,156       4,179  
 
Commercial Banking
    14,845       12,844       12,989  
 
Commercial Real Estate
    11,296       9,339       9,550  
 
Discretionary Portfolio
    14,464       12,475       12,953  
 
Residential Mortgage Banking
    2,692       2,957       2,874  
 
Retail Banking
    11,397       10,176       10,360  
 
All Other
    6,073       5,586       5,640  
 
                 
 
Total
  $ 65,198       57,533       58,545  
 
                 
 
(a)   Total revenues are comprised of net interest income and other income. Net interest income is the difference between taxable-equivalent interest earned on assets and interest paid on liabilities owed by a segment and a funding charge (credit) based on the Company’s internal funds transfer methodology. Segments are charged a cost to fund any assets (e.g. loans) and are paid a funding credit

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
5. Segment information, continued
    for any funds provided (e.g. deposits). The taxable-equivalent adjustment aggregated $5,260,000 and $5,112,000 for the three-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $16,894,000 and $15,207,000 for the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and is eliminated in “All Other” total revenues. Intersegment revenues are included in total revenues of the reportable segments. The elimination of intersegment revenues is included in the determination of “All Other” total revenues.
 
(b)   Effective January 1, 2008, the Company changed its internal profitability reporting to move a New York City-based lending unit from the Commercial Banking segment to the Commercial Real Estate segment. Accordingly, financial information presented herein for periods prior to January 1, 2008 has been reclassified to conform to current year presentation. As a result, total revenues and net income decreased in the Commercial Banking segment and increased in the Commercial Real Estate segment for the three-month period ended September 30, 2007 by $7 million and $4 million, respectively, and for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2007 by $19 million and $10 million, respectively, as compared with amounts previously reported. The lending unit had average total assets of $599 million during the nine-months ended September 30, 2007 and $667 million during the year ended December 31, 2007. Accordingly, average total assets presented for those periods differ from amounts previously reported.
6. Commitments and contingencies
In the normal course of business, various commitments and contingent liabilities are outstanding. The following table presents the Company’s significant commitments. Certain of these commitments are not included in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.
                 
    September 30,   December 31,
    2008   2007
    (in thousands)
Commitments to extend credit
               
Home equity lines of credit
  $ 6,050,684       5,937,903  
Commercial real estate loans to be sold
    79,107       96,995  
Other commercial real estate and construction
    2,530,299       2,869,961  
Residential real estate loans to be sold
    656,884       492,375  
Other residential real estate
    255,257       425,579  
Commercial and other
    6,482,740       7,346,790  
 
               
Standby letters of credit
    3,982,538       3,691,971  
 
               
Commercial letters of credit
    64,928       34,105  
 
               
Financial guarantees and indemnification contracts
    1,495,767       1,318,733  
 
               
Commitments to sell real estate loans
    886,389       946,457  

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
6. Commitments and contingencies, continued
     Commitments to extend credit are agreements to lend to customers, generally having fixed expiration dates or other termination clauses that may require payment of a fee. Standby and commercial letters of credit are conditional commitments issued to guarantee the performance of a customer to a third party. Standby letters of credit generally are contingent upon the failure of the customer to perform according to the terms of the underlying contract with the third party, whereas commercial letters of credit are issued to facilitate commerce and typically result in the commitment being funded when the underlying transaction is consummated between the customer and third party. The credit risk associated with commitments to extend credit and standby and commercial letters of credit is essentially the same as that involved with extending loans to customers and is subject to normal credit policies. Collateral may be obtained based on management’s assessment of the customer’s creditworthiness.
     Financial guarantees and indemnification contracts are oftentimes similar to standby letters of credit and include mandatory purchase agreements issued to ensure that customer obligations are fulfilled, recourse obligations associated with sold loans, and other guarantees of customer performance or compliance with designated rules and regulations. Included in financial guarantees and indemnification contracts are loan principal amounts sold with recourse in conjunction with the Company’s involvement in the Federal National Mortgage Association Delegated Underwriting and Servicing program. The Company’s maximum credit risk for recourse associated with loans sold under this program totaled $1.1 billion and $1.0 billion at September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively.
     Since many loan commitments, standby letters of credit, and guarantees and indemnification contracts expire without being funded in whole or in part, the contract amounts are not necessarily indicative of future cash flows.
     The Company utilizes commitments to sell real estate loans to hedge exposure to changes in the fair value of real estate loans held for sale. Such commitments are considered derivatives in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” as amended, and along with commitments to originate real estate loans to be held for sale are generally recorded in the consolidated balance sheet at estimated fair market value. Until January 1, 2008, in estimating that fair value for commitments to originate loans for sale, value ascribable to cash flows to be realized in connection with loan servicing activities was not included. Value ascribable to that portion of cash flows was recognized at the time the underlying mortgage loans were sold. Effective January 1, 2008, the Company adopted the provisions of Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 109 issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), which reversed previous conclusions expressed by the SEC staff regarding written loan commitments that are accounted for at fair value through earnings. Specifically, the SEC staff now believes that the expected net future cash flows related to the associated servicing of the loan should be included in the fair value measurement of the derivative loan commitment. In accordance with SAB No. 105, “Application of Accounting Principles to Loan Commitments,” the Company had not included such amount in the value of loan commitments accounted for as derivatives at December 31, 2007. As a result of the Company’s adoption of required changes in accounting pronouncements on January 1, 2008, there was an acceleration of the recognition of mortgage banking revenues of approximately $7 million during the first quarter of 2008. If not for the changes in accounting pronouncements, those revenues would have been recognized later in 2008 when the underlying loans were sold.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
6. Commitments and contingencies, continued
     The Company has an agreement with the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League whereby the Company obtained the naming rights to a football stadium in Baltimore, Maryland. Under the agreement, the Company is obligated to pay $5 million per year through 2013 and $6 million per year from 2014 through 2017.
     The Company also has commitments under long-term operating leases.
     The Company reinsures credit life and accident and health insurance purchased by consumer loan customers. The Company also enters into reinsurance contracts with third party insurance companies who insure against the risk of a mortgage borrower’s payment default in connection with certain mortgage loans originated by the Company. When providing reinsurance coverage, the Company receives a premium in exchange for accepting a portion of the insurer’s risk of loss. The outstanding loan principal balances reinsured by the Company were approximately $107 million at September 30, 2008. Assets of subsidiaries providing reinsurance that are available to satisfy claims totaled approximately $62 million at September 30, 2008. The amounts noted above are not necessarily indicative of losses which may ultimately be incurred. Such losses are expected to be substantially less because most loans are repaid by borrowers in accordance with the original loan terms. The amount of the Company’s recorded liability for reported reinsurance losses as well as estimated losses incurred but not yet reported was not significant at either September 30, 2008 or December 31, 2007.
     In October 2007, Visa completed a reorganization in contemplation of its initial public offering (“IPO”) expected to occur in 2008. As part of that reorganization, M&T Bank, M&T’s principal banking subsidiary, and other member banks of Visa received shares of Class B common stock of Visa. Those banks are also obligated under various agreements with Visa to share in losses stemming from certain litigation involving Visa (“Covered Litigation”). As of December 31, 2007, although Visa was expected to set aside a portion of the proceeds from its IPO in an escrow account to fund any judgments or settlements that may arise out of the Covered Litigation, guidance from the SEC indicated that Visa member banks should record a liability for the fair value of the contingent obligation to Visa. The estimation of the Company’s proportionate share of any potential losses related to the Covered Litigation was extremely difficult and involved a great deal of judgment. Nevertheless, in the fourth quarter of 2007 the Company recorded a pre-tax charge of $23 million ($14 million after tax effect) related to the Covered Litigation. In accordance with GAAP and consistent with the SEC guidance, the Company did not recognize any value for its common stock ownership interest in Visa as of December 31, 2007. During the first quarter of 2008, Visa completed its IPO and, as part of the transaction, funded an escrow account for $3 billion from the proceeds of the IPO to cover potential settlements arising out of the Covered Litigation. As a result, during the first three months of 2008, the Company reversed approximately $15 million of the $23 million accrued during the fourth quarter of 2007 for the Covered Litigation. The initial accrual in 2007 and the partial reversal in 2008 were included in “other costs of operations” in the consolidated statement of income. In addition, M&T Bank was allocated 1,967,028 Class B common shares of Visa. Of those shares, 760,455 were mandatorily redeemed in March 2008 resulting in a pre-tax gain of $33 million ($20 million after tax) which has been included in “gain on bank investment securities” in the consolidated statement of income. During October 2008, Visa announced that it had settled an additional portion of the Covered Litigation and that it would further fund the escrow account in the fourth quarter of 2008 to provide for that settlement. As noted above, the Company had previously recorded a reserve for the estimated fair value of its obligation to indemnify Visa for the Covered Litigation. Management believes that the terms of the October 2008 settlement and the expected funding of the

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
6. Commitments and contingencies, continued
escrow account do not result in a material impact to the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.
     M&T and its subsidiaries are subject in the normal course of business to various pending and threatened legal proceedings in which claims for monetary damages are asserted. Management, after consultation with legal counsel, does not anticipate that the aggregate ultimate liability arising out of litigation pending against M&T or its subsidiaries will be material to the Company’s consolidated financial position, but at the present time is not in a position to determine whether such litigation will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations in any future reporting period.
7. Pension plans and other postretirement benefits
The Company provides defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefits (including health care and life insurance benefits) to qualified retired employees. Net periodic benefit cost consisted of the following:
                                 
                    Other  
    Pension     postretirement  
    benefits     benefits  
    Three months ended September 30  
    2008     2007     2008     2007  
    (in thousands)  
Service cost
  $ 4,852       5,060       140       148  
Interest cost on projected benefit obligation
    10,636       9,674       1,008       980  
Expected return on plan assets
    (11,523 )     (10,051 )            
Amortization of prior service cost
    (1,640 )     (1,629 )     69       35  
Amortization of net actuarial loss
    986       1,536       10       71  
 
                       
Net periodic benefit cost
  $ 3,311       4,590       1,227       1,234  
 
                       
                                 
                    Other  
    Pension     postretirement  
    benefits     benefits  
    Nine months ended September 30  
    2008     2007     2008     2007  
    (in thousands)  
Service cost
  $ 14,557       16,077       419       448  
Interest cost on projected benefit obligation
    31,908       28,424       3,025       2,830  
Expected return on plan assets
    (34,570 )     (30,101 )            
Amortization of prior service cost
    (4,919 )     (4,929 )     207       135  
Amortization of net actuarial loss
    2,957       4,478       31       289  
 
                       
Net periodic benefit cost
  $ 9,933       13,949       3,682       3,702  
 
                       
     Expense incurred in connection with the Company’s defined contribution pension and retirement savings plans totaled $7,758,000 and $6,993,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $26,075,000 and $23,410,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. The Company is not required to make any minimum contributions to the qualified defined benefit pension plan in 2008, however, the Company elected to contribute $15 million to that plan during the third quarter of 2008. Subject to the impact of actual events and circumstances that may occur during the remainder of 2008, the Company may make an additional contribution to the qualified defined benefit pension plan in the fourth quarter, but the amount of any such contribution has not yet been determined.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
8. Acquisitions
On November 30, 2007, M&T completed the acquisition of Partners Trust Financial Group, Inc. (“Partners Trust”), a bank holding company headquartered in Utica, New York. Partners Trust was merged with and into M&T on that date. Partners Trust Bank, the primary banking subsidiary of Partners Trust, was merged into M&T Bank on that date. Partners Trust Bank operated 33 branch offices in upstate New York at the date of acquisition. The results of operations acquired in the Partners Trust transaction have been included in the Company’s financial results since November 30, 2007, but did not have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations in 2007 or in the first nine months of 2008. After application of the election, allocation and proration procedures contained in the merger agreement with Partners Trust, M&T paid $282 million in cash and issued 3,096,861 shares of M&T common stock in exchange for Partners Trust shares and stock options outstanding at the time of acquisition. The purchase price was approximately $559 million based on the cash paid to Partners Trust shareholders, the fair value of M&T common stock exchanged, and the cash paid to holders of Partners Trust stock options. The acquisition of Partners Trust expands M&T’s presence in upstate New York, making M&T Bank the deposit market share leader in the Utica-Rome and Binghamton markets, while strengthening its lead position in Syracuse.
     Assets acquired from Partners Trust on November 30, 2007 totaled $3.5 billion, including $2.2 billion of loans and leases (largely residential real estate and consumer loans), liabilities assumed aggregated $3.0 billion, including $2.2 billion of deposits (largely savings, money-market and time deposits), and $277 million was added to stockholders’ equity. In connection with the acquisition, the Company recorded approximately $283 million of goodwill and $50 million of core deposit intangible. The core deposit intangible is being amortized over 7 years using an accelerated method.
     As a condition of the approval of the Partners Trust acquisition by regulators, M&T Bank was required to divest three branch offices in Binghamton, New York. The three branches were sold on March 15, 2008, including loans of $13 million and deposits of $65 million. No gain or loss was recognized on that transaction.
     On December 7, 2007, M&T Bank acquired 13 branch offices in the Mid-Atlantic region from First Horizon Bank in a cash transaction. The offices had approximately $214 million of loans, $216 million of deposits and $80 million of trust and investment assets under management on the transaction date.
     The Company incurred merger-related expenses related to systems conversions and other costs of integrating and conforming acquired operations with and into the Company of $4 million ($2 million net of applicable income taxes) during the first quarter of 2008. There were no similar expenses in the third quarter of 2008, nor in the first nine months of 2007.
9. Relationship with Bayview Lending Group LLC and Bayview Financial Holdings, L.P.
On February 5, 2007 M&T invested $300 million to acquire a minority interest in Bayview Lending Group LLC (“BLG”), a privately-held commercial mortgage lender that specializes in originating, securitizing and servicing small balance commercial real estate loans. M&T recognizes income from BLG using the equity method of accounting.
     Bayview Financial Holdings, L.P. (together with its affiliates, “Bayview Financial”), a privately-held specialty mortgage finance company, is BLG’s majority investor. In addition to their common investment in BLG, the Company and Bayview Financial conduct other business activities with each other. The Company has purchased loan servicing rights for small balance commercial mortgage

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
9. Relationship with Bayview Lending Group LLC and Bayview Financial Holdings, L.P., continued
loans from BLG and Bayview Financial having outstanding principal balances of $5.8 billion and $4.9 billion at September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively. Amounts recorded as capitalized servicing assets for such loans totaled $63 million at September 30, 2008 and $57 million at December 31, 2007. In addition, capitalized servicing rights at September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007 also included $30 million and $40 million, respectively, for servicing rights that were purchased from Bayview Financial related to residential mortgage loans with outstanding principal balances of $4.2 billion at September 30, 2008 and $4.6 billion at December 31, 2007. Revenues from servicing residential and small balance commercial mortgage loans purchased from BLG and Bayview Financial were $13 million and $12 million for the three months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $40 million and $35 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. M&T Bank provides $95 million of credit facilities to Bayview Financial of which $78 million was outstanding at September 30, 2008. There was no outstanding balance at December 31, 2007. Finally, at September 30, 2008 the Company held $427 million and $31 million of private collateralized mortgage obligations in its held-to-maturity and available-for-sale investment securities portfolios, respectively, that were securitized by Bayview Financial. During the third quarter of 2008, the Company transferred certain of its holdings of private collateralized mortgage obligations that were securitized by Bayview Financial with a cost basis of $385 million and a fair value of $298 million from its available-for-sale investment securities portfolio to its held-to-maturity investment securities portfolio. In addition, during the third quarter of 2008 the Company purchased $142 million of similar private collateralized mortgage obligations that were placed into its held-to-maturity investment securities portfolio. At December 31, 2007, the Company held $450 million of private collateralized mortgage obligations that had been purchased from Bayview Financial, all of which were included in the available-for-sale investment securities portfolio.
10. Fair value measurements
Effective January 1, 2008, the Company adopted SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements,” for fair value measurements of certain of its financial instruments. The provisions of SFAS No. 157 that pertain to measurement of non-financial assets and liabilities have been deferred by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) until 2009.
     The provisions of SFAS No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities,” which permit an entity to choose to measure eligible financial instruments and other items at fair value, also became effective January 1, 2008. The Company has not made any fair value elections under SFAS No. 159 as of September 30, 2008.
     The definition of fair value is clarified by SFAS No. 157 to be the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. SFAS No. 157 establishes a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability.
    Level 1 — Valuation is based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.
 
    Level 2 — Valuation is determined from quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active or by model-based techniques in which all significant inputs are observable in the market.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
    Level 3 — Valuation is derived from model-based techniques in which at least one significant input is unobservable and based on the Company’s own estimates about the assumptions that market participants would use to value the asset or liability.
     When available, the Company attempts to use quoted market prices in active markets to determine fair value and classifies such items as Level 1 or Level 2. If quoted market prices in active markets are not available, fair value is often determined using model-based techniques incorporating various assumptions including interest rates, prepayment speeds and credit losses. Assets and liabilities valued using model-based techniques are classified as either Level 2 or Level 3, depending on the lowest level classification of an input that is considered significant to the overall valuation. The following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured on a recurring basis at estimated fair value.
Trading account assets and liabilities
Trading account assets and liabilities consist primarily of interest rate swap agreements and foreign exchange contracts with customers who require such services with offsetting trading positions with third parties to minimize the Company’s risk with respect to such transactions. The Company generally determines the fair value of its derivative trading account assets and liabilities using externally developed pricing models based on market observable inputs and therefore classifies such valuations as Level 2. Prices for certain foreign exchange contracts are more observable and therefore have been classified as Level 1. Mutual funds held in connection with deferred compensation arrangements have also been classified as Level 1 valuations. Valuations of investments in municipal and other bonds can generally be obtained through reference to quoted prices in less active markets for the same or similar securities or through model-based techniques in which all significant inputs are observable and, therefore, such valuations have been classified as Level 2.
Investment securities available for sale
The majority of the Company’s available-for-sale investment securities have been valued by reference to prices for similar securities or through model-based techniques in which all significant inputs are observable and, therefore, such valuations have been classified as Level 2. Certain investments in mutual funds and equity securities are actively traded and therefore have been classified as Level 1 valuations. Due to the severe disruption in the credit markets during the third quarter of 2008, trading activity in privately issued mortgage-backed securities was very limited. The markets for such securities were generally characterized by a sharp reduction to total cessation of non-agency mortgage-backed securities issuances, a significant reduction in trading volumes and extremely wide bid-ask spreads, all driven by the lack of market participants. Although estimated prices were generally obtained for such securities, the Company was significantly restricted in the level of market observable assumptions used in the valuation of its privately issued mortgage-backed securities portfolio. Because of the inactivity in the markets and the lack of observable valuation inputs, the Company transferred $2.2 billion of its privately issued mortgage-backed securities portfolio from Level 2 to Level 3 valuations during the quarter ended September 30, 2008. Offsetting this transfer-in to Level 3, were certain privately issued mortgage-backed securities securitized by Bayview Financial with a fair value of $298 million that were transferred from the Company’s available-for-sale portfolio to its held-to-maturity portfolio during the quarter ended September 30, 2008, and thus are no longer measured at fair value. In addition to obtaining estimated prices from independent parties, the Company also performed internal modeling to estimate the fair value of privately issued mortgage-backed securities transferred from Level 2 to Level 3 valuations during the quarter ended September 30, 2008 using a

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
methodology similar to that described in FASB Staff Position FAS 157-3, “Determining the Fair Value of a Financial Asset When the Market for That Asset Is Not Active.” The Company’s internal modeling techniques included discounting estimated bond-specific cash flows using assumptions of loan level cash flows, including estimates about the timing and amount of credit losses and prepayments. In valuing investment securities at September 30, 2008, the Company considered the results of its modeling and the values provided by the independent parties, but relied predominantly on the latter. Privately issued mortgage-backed securities constituted $2.8 billion of the $2.9 billion of available for sale investment securities classified as Level 3 valuations as of September 30, 2008.
Real estate loans held for sale
The Company utilizes commitments to sell real estate loans to hedge the exposure to changes in fair value of real estate loans held for sale. The carrying value of hedged real estate loans held for sale includes changes in estimated fair value during the hedge period, typically from the date of close through the sale date. Most of the Company’s real estate loans held for sale have generally been hedged since the origination date. The fair value of hedged real estate loans held for sale is generally calculated by reference to quoted prices in secondary markets for commitments to sell real estate loans with similar characteristics and, as such, have been classified as a Level 2 valuation.
Commitments to originate real estate loans for sale and commitments to sell real estate loans
The Company enters into various commitments to originate real estate loans for sale and commitments to sell real estate loans. Such commitments are considered to be derivative financial instruments and, therefore, are carried at estimated fair value on the consolidated balance sheet. The estimated fair values of such commitments were generally calculated by reference to quoted prices in secondary markets for commitments to sell real estate loans to certain government-sponsored entities and other parties. The fair valuations of commitments to sell real estate loans generally result in a Level 2 classification. The estimated fair value of commitments to originate real estate loans for sale are oftentimes adjusted to reflect the Company’s anticipated commitment expirations. Estimated commitment expirations are considered a significant unobservable input, which results in a Level 3 classification. Additionally, during the first quarter of 2008 the Company adopted the provisions of SAB No. 109 for written loan commitments issued or modified after January 1, 2008. SAB No. 109 reversed previous conclusions expressed by the SEC staff regarding written loan commitments that are accounted for at fair value through earnings. Specifically, the SEC staff now believes that the expected net future cash flows related to the associated servicing of the loan should be included in the fair value measurement of the derivative loan commitment. In accordance with SAB No. 105, the Company had not included such amount in the value of commitments to originate real estate loans for sale at December 31, 2007. The estimated value ascribed to the expected net future servicing cash flows is also considered a significant unobservable input contributing to the Level 3 classification of commitments to originate real estate loans for sale.
Interest rate swap agreements used for interest rate risk management
The Company utilizes interest rate swap agreements as part of the management of interest rate risk to modify the repricing characteristics of certain portions of its portfolios of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. The Company generally determines the fair value of its interest rate swap agreements using externally developed pricing models based on market observable inputs and therefore classifies such valuations as Level 2.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
     A summary of assets and liabilities at September 30, 2008 measured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis were as follows:
                                 
    Fair value                    
    Measurements at                    
    September 30,                    
    2008     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3  
    (in thousands)  
Trading account assets
  $ 370,420       50,358       320,062        
Investment securities available for sale
    7,348,424       271,726       4,190,125       2,886,573  
Real estate loans held for sale
    509,553             509,553        
Other assets (a)
    34,479             31,126       3,353  
 
                       
Total assets
  $ 8,262,876       322,084       5,050,866       2,889,926  
 
                       
 
                               
Trading account liabilities
  $ 157,619       10,669       146,950        
Other liabilities (a)
    30,047             24,980       5,067  
 
                       
Total liabilities
  $ 187,666       10,669       171,930       5,067  
 
                       
 
(a)   Comprised predominantly of interest rate swap agreements used for interest rate risk management (Level 2), commitments to sell real estate loans (Level 2) and commitments to originate real estate loans to be held for sale (Level 3).
     The changes in Level 3 assets and liabilities measured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis during the three-month and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 were as follows:
                 
    Investment        
    securities     Other assets  
    available     and other  
    for sale     liabilities  
    (in thousands)  
Balance — July 1, 2008
  $ 1,007,314       4,119  
Total realized/unrealized gains (losses):
               
Included in earnings
          1,214 (a)
Included in other comprehensive income
    (34,182 )      
Purchases, sales, issuances and settlements, net
    (28,157 )      
Transfers in and/or out of Level 3
    1,941,598       (7,047 )
 
           
Balance — September 30, 2008
  $ 2,886,573       (1,714 )
 
           

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
                 
    Investment        
    securities     Other assets  
    available     and other  
    for sale     liabilities  
    (in thousands)  
Balance — January 1, 2008
  $ 1,313,821       2,654  
Total realized/unrealized gains (losses):
               
Included in earnings
          16,176 (a)
Included in other comprehensive income
    (123,674 )      
Purchases, sales, issuances and settlements, net
    (131,017 )      
Transfers in and/or out of Level 3
    1,827,443       (20,544 )
 
           
Balance — September 30, 2008
  $ 2,886,573       (1,714 )
 
           
 
               
Changes in unrealized gains (losses) included in earnings for the three months ended September 30, 2008 related to assets and liabilities still recorded on the balance sheet at September 30, 2008
  $       (1,939 )(a)
 
               
Changes in unrealized gains (losses) included in earnings for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 related to assets and liabilities still recorded on the balance sheet at September 30, 2008
  $       (1,714 )(a)
 
(a)   Reported as mortgage banking revenues in the consolidated statement of income and includes the fair value of commitment issuances and expirations.
     The Company is required, on a nonrecurring basis, to adjust the carrying value of certain assets or provide valuation allowances related to certain assets using fair value measurements in accordance with GAAP.
Loans
     Loans are generally not recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. Periodically, the Company records nonrecurring adjustments to the carrying value of loans based on fair value measurements for partial charge-offs of the uncollectible portions of those loans. Nonrecurring adjustments also include certain impairment amounts for collateral-dependent loans calculated in accordance with SFAS No. 114, “Accounting by Creditors for Impairment of a Loan,” when establishing the allowance for credit losses. Such amounts are generally based on the fair value of the underlying collateral supporting the loan and, as a result, the carrying value of the loan less the calculated valuation amount does not necessarily represent the fair value of the loan. Real estate collateral is typically valued using independent appraisals or other indications of value based on recent comparable sales of similar properties or assumptions generally observable in the marketplace and the related nonrecurring fair value measurement adjustments have generally been classified as Level 2. Estimates of fair value used for other collateral supporting commercial loans generally are based on assumptions not observable in the marketplace and therefore such valuations have been classified as Level 3. Loans subject to nonrecurring fair value measurement

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
were $328 million at September 30, 2008, $205 million and $123 million of which were classified as Level 2 and Level 3, respectively. Changes in fair value recognized for partial charge-offs of loans and loan impairment reserves on loans held by the Company on September 30, 2008 were decreases of $76 million and $131 million for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2008, respectively.
Capitalized servicing rights
Capitalized servicing rights are initially measured at fair value in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. The Company utilizes the amortization method to subsequently measure its capitalized servicing assets. In accordance with SFAS No. 156, “Accounting for Servicing of Financial Assets — an amendment to FASB Statement No. 140,” the Company must record impairment charges, on a nonrecurring basis, when the carrying value of certain strata exceed their estimated fair value. To estimate the fair value of servicing rights, the Company considers market prices for similar assets and the present value of expected future cash flows associated with the servicing rights calculated using assumptions that market participants would use in estimating future servicing income and expense. Such assumptions include estimates of the cost of servicing loans, loan default rates, an appropriate discount rate, and prepayment speeds. For purposes of evaluating and measuring impairment of capitalized servicing rights, the Company stratifies such assets based on the predominant risk characteristics of the underlying financial instruments that are expected to have the most impact on projected prepayments, cost of servicing and other factors affecting future cash flows associated with the servicing rights. Such factors may include financial asset or loan type, note rate and term. The amount of impairment recognized is the amount by which the carrying value of the capitalized servicing rights for a stratum exceed estimated fair value. Impairment is recognized through a valuation allowance. The determination of fair value of capitalized servicing rights is considered a Level 3 valuation. At September 30, 2008, $20 million of capitalized servicing rights had a carrying value equal to their fair value. Changes in fair value of capitalized servicing rights recognized for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2008 were a decrease of $1 million and an increase of $3 million, respectively.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Overview
Net income for M&T Bank Corporation (“M&T”) in the third quarter of 2008 was $91 million or $.82 of diluted earnings per common share, compared with $199 million or $1.83 of diluted earnings per common share in the third quarter of 2007. During 2008’s second quarter, net income was $160 million or $1.44 of diluted earnings per common share. Basic earnings per common share were $.83 in the recent quarter, compared with $1.86 in the year-earlier quarter and $1.45 in the second quarter of 2008. For the nine months ended September 30, 2008, net income was $454 million or $4.09 per diluted share, compared with $589 million or $5.34 per diluted share during the corresponding period of 2007. Basic earnings per share were $4.12 for the first nine months of 2008, compared with $5.45 in the similar nine-month period of 2007. The after-tax impact of acquisition and integration-related expenses (included herein as merger-related expenses) associated with the November 30, 2007 acquisition of Partners Trust Financial Group, Inc. (“Partners Trust”) and the December 7, 2007 acquisition by M&T Bank, the principal bank subsidiary of M&T, of the Mid-Atlantic retail banking franchise of First Horizon Bank (“First Horizon”) was $2 million ($4 million pre-tax) or $.02 of basic and diluted earnings per share in the first nine months of 2008. There were no such expenses during the two most recent quarters of 2008 or during the first nine months of 2007.
     The annualized rate of return on average total assets for M&T and its consolidated subsidiaries (“the Company”) in the third quarter of 2008 was .56%, compared with 1.37% in the year-earlier quarter and .98% in the second quarter of 2008. The annualized rate of return on average common stockholders’ equity was 5.66% in the recently completed quarter, compared with 12.78% in the third quarter of 2007 and 9.96% in 2008’s second quarter. During the first nine months of 2008, the annualized rates of return on average assets and average common stockholders’ equity were .93% and 9.37%, respectively, compared with 1.37% and 12.69%, respectively, in the corresponding 2007 period.
     Results recorded by the Company in the third quarter of 2008 were affected by two notable events. During the quarter, a $153 million (pre-tax) other-than-temporary impairment charge was recorded related to preferred stock issuances of the Federal National Mortgage Association (“Fannie Mae”) and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“Freddie Mac”). The write-down was taken on preferred stock with a basis of $162 million following the U.S. Government’s placement of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac under conservatorship on September 7, 2008. As a result, at September 30, 2008 the remaining $9 million fair value of the securities was reflected in the Company’s available-for-sale investment securities portfolio. As a result of the impairment charge and the recognition of available income tax benefits, M&T’s reported net income in the recent quarter was reduced by $97 million, or $.88 of diluted earnings per share. Also during the recent quarter, the Company resolved certain tax issues related to its activities in various jurisdictions during the years 1999-2007. As a result, the Company subsequently paid $40 million, but was able to reduce previously accrued income tax expense in 2008’s third quarter by $40 million, thereby adding $.36 to diluted earnings per share.
     The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (“EESA”) was signed into law on October 3, 2008 and authorizes the U.S. Treasury Department (“Treasury”) to provide funds to be used to restore liquidity and stability to the U.S. financial system. Under the authority of EESA, Treasury has instituted a voluntary capital purchase program to encourage U.S. financial institutions to build capital to increase the flow of financing to U.S. businesses and consumers and to support the U.S. economy. Under the program, Treasury will purchase up to $250 billion of senior preferred shares which will pay cumulative dividends at a rate of 5% per year for five years and

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thereafter at a rate of 9% per year. The senior preferred securities may not be redeemed for three years except with the proceeds of a “qualifying equity offering.” After three years, the securities may be redeemed, in whole or in part, at par value plus accrued and unpaid dividends. The senior preferred securities are non-voting and they qualify as Tier 1 capital for regulatory reporting purposes. Treasury will also receive warrants to purchase the common stock of the participating financial institutions having a market price of 15% of the amount of senior preferred securities on the date of investment with an exercise price equal to the market price of the participating institution’s common stock at the time of issuance, calculated on a 20-trading day trailing average. The warrants have a term of ten years and are immediately exercisable, in whole or in part. For a period of three years, the consent of the Treasury will be required for participating institutions to increase their common stock dividend or repurchase their common stock, other than in connection with benefit plans consistent with past practice. Participation in the capital purchase program also includes certain restrictions on executive compensation. The minimum subscription amount available to a participating institution is one percent of total risk-weighted assets. The maximum subscription amount is three percent of risk-weighted assets. At September 30, 2008, M&T’s risk-weighted assets were approximately $57.6 billion. Financial institutions have until November 14, 2008 to decide whether to apply for participation in the capital purchase program.
     Following a systemic risk determination pursuant to the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) announced a Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (“TLGP”), which temporarily guarantees the senior debt of all FDIC-insured institutions and certain holding companies, as well as deposits in noninterest-bearing deposit transaction accounts, for those institutions and holding companies who do not elect to opt out of the TLGP by December 5, 2008. To further increase access to funding for businesses in all sectors of the economy, the Federal Reserve Board announced a Commercial Paper Funding Facility (“CPFF”) program, which provides a broad backstop for the commercial paper market. Beginning October 27, 2008, the CPFF began funding purchases of commercial paper of three-month maturity from high-quality issuers.
Supplemental Reporting of Non-GAAP Results of Operations
As a result of business combinations and other acquisitions, the Company had intangible assets consisting of goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets totaling $3.4 billion at each of September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, and $3.1 billion at September 30, 2007. Included in such intangible assets was goodwill of $3.2 billion at each of September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, and $2.9 billion at September 30, 2007. Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets, after tax effect, totaled $10 million ($.09 per diluted share) during each of the third quarters of 2008 and 2007, and during the second quarter of 2008. For each of the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets, after tax effect, totaled $31 million ($.28 per diluted share).
     M&T consistently provides supplemental reporting of its results on a “net operating” or “tangible” basis, from which M&T excludes the after-tax effect of amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets (and the related goodwill, core deposit intangible and other intangible asset balances, net of applicable deferred tax amounts) and expenses associated with merging acquired operations into the Company, since such expenses are considered by management to be “nonoperating” in nature. Although “net operating income” as defined by M&T is not a GAAP measure, M&T’s management believes that this information helps investors understand the effect of acquisition activity in reported results.

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     Net operating income was $101 million in 2008’s third quarter, compared with $209 million in the year-earlier quarter. Diluted net operating earnings per share for the recent quarter were $.91, compared with $1.92 in the third quarter of 2007. Net operating income and diluted net operating earnings per share were $170 million and $1.53, respectively, in the second quarter of 2008. For the first three quarters of 2008, net operating income and diluted net operating earnings per share were $487 million and $4.39, respectively, compared with $620 million and $5.62 in the corresponding 2007 period.
     Net operating income expressed as an annualized rate of return on average tangible assets was .65% in the recently completed quarter, compared with 1.51% in the third quarter of 2007 and 1.10% in 2008’s second quarter. Net operating income expressed as an annualized return on average tangible common equity was 13.17% in the recent quarter, compared with 26.80% in the third quarter of 2007 and 22.20% in the second quarter of 2008. For the nine-month period ended September 30, 2008, net operating income represented an annualized return on average tangible assets and average tangible common stockholders’ equity of 1.05% and 21.10%, respectively, compared with 1.52% and 26.74%, respectively, in the first nine months of 2007.
     Reconciliations of GAAP amounts with corresponding non-GAAP amounts are provided in table 2.
Taxable-equivalent Net Interest Income
Taxable-equivalent net interest income was $493 million in the third quarter of 2008, 4% higher than $473 million in the year-earlier quarter, but little changed from $492 million in the second quarter of 2008. The rise from 2007’s third quarter resulted from higher average earning assets, which increased $6.6 billion, or 13%, to $58.0 billion from $51.3 billion in the third quarter of 2007, partially offset by a 26 basis point (hundredths of one percent) narrowing of the Company’s net interest margin, or taxable-equivalent net interest income expressed as an annualized percentage of average earning assets. The Company’s net interest margin was 3.39% in each of the second and third quarters of 2008, compared with 3.65% in the third quarter of 2007. Average earning assets in the second quarter of 2008 totaled $58.5 billion.
     For the first nine months of 2008, taxable-equivalent net interest income was $1.47 billion, up 5% from $1.40 billion in the similar period of 2007. Growth in average earning assets of $7.0 billion, or 14%, was the leading factor contributing to that improvement. Partially offsetting the positive impact of average earning asset growth was a decline in the Company’s net interest margin of 28 basis points to 3.38% in 2008 from 3.66% in 2007. Earning assets obtained in the fourth quarter 2007 acquisition transactions related to Partners Trust and First Horizon at the respective acquisition dates were $3.1 billion and $214 million. Included in those amounts were loans aggregating $2.4 billion, including $259 million of commercial loans and leases, $343 million of commercial real estate loans, $1.1 billion of residential real estate loans and $690 million of consumer loans. Of the $1.1 billion of residential real estate loans acquired, approximately $950 million were securitized into Fannie Mae mortgage-backed securities in December 2007.
     Average loans and leases rose $4.7 billion, or 11%, to $48.5 billion in the recently completed quarter from $43.8 billion in the third quarter of 2007. Average commercial loan and lease balances grew $1.6 billion, or 13%, to $13.9 billion in the recent quarter from $12.2 billion in 2007’s third quarter. Commercial real estate loans averaged $18.6 billion in the third quarter of 2008, up $3.1 billion or 20% from $15.5 billion in the year-earlier quarter. Average outstanding residential real estate loans declined $951 million or 16% to $5.0 billion in the recently completed quarter from $5.9 billion in the

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third quarter of 2007, largely due to securitization transactions in late June and early July 2008, which aggregated approximately $875 million. In those transactions, residential real estate loans were securitized into Fannie Mae mortgage-backed securities which now are held in the Company’s available-for-sale investment securities portfolio. The securitizations were completed to improve the Company’s liquidity and to enhance regulatory capital ratios. Consumer loans averaged $11.1 billion in the third quarter of 2008, $953 million or 9% higher than $10.1 billion in the year-earlier quarter.
     Average outstanding loan balances declined $1.0 billion from the second to the third quarter of 2008, largely due to the June and July 2008 residential real estate loan securitization transactions noted above. Relatively modest increases or decreases were experienced in the other loan categories during the third quarter of 2008 as compared with 2008’s second quarter. The following table summarizes quarterly changes in the major components of the loan and lease portfolio.
AVERAGE LOANS AND LEASES
(net of unearned discount)

Dollars in millions
                         
            Percent increase  
            (decrease) from  
    3rd Qtr.     3rd Qtr.     2nd Qtr.  
    2008     2007     2008  
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 13,882       13 %     1 %
Real estate — commercial
    18,557       20        
Real estate — consumer
    4,964       (16 )     (18 )
Consumer
                       
Automobile
    3,498       15       (4 )
Home equity lines
    4,517       9       3  
Home equity loans
    1,038       (6 )     (5 )
Other
    2,021       10       (4 )
 
                 
Total consumer
    11,074       9       (1 )
 
                 
Total
  $ 48,477       11 %     (2 )%
 
                 
     For the first three quarters of 2008, average loans and leases aggregated $48.9 billion, up 12% from $43.5 billion in the corresponding 2007 period. Growth of 13% in commercial loans and leases, 18% in commercial real estate loans and 12% in consumer loans were significant contributors to that growth.
     The Company’s portfolio of investment securities averaged $9.3 billion in the recent quarter, 28% higher than $7.3 billion in the year-earlier quarter. That growth was predominantly the result of the 2007 and 2008 securitization transactions previously noted. In December 2007, approximately $950 million of residential real estate loans obtained in the Partners Trust acquisition were securitized into Fannie Mae mortgage-backed securities, and in June and July 2008, approximately $545 million and $330 million, respectively, of residential real estate loans were also securitized into Fannie Mae mortgage-backed securities. The securities created in each of the securitizations are guaranteed by Fannie Mae and there is no credit recourse to the Company. The Company recognized no gain or loss on the transactions as all of the securities were retained and are held in the available-for-sale investment securities portfolio. The securitizations were completed to improve the Company’s liquidity position and to enhance regulatory capital ratios. Average investment securities balances in the third quarter of 2008 were up 6% from $8.8 billion during the second quarter of 2008 due to the June and July securitizations. For the first nine months of 2008 and 2007, average investment securities were $9.0 billion and $7.1 billion, respectively.
     The investment securities portfolio is largely comprised of residential and commercial mortgage-backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations, debt securities issued by municipalities, debt and preferred equity securities issued by government-sponsored agencies and certain

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financial institutions, and shorter-term U.S. Treasury and federal agency notes. When purchasing investment securities, the Company considers its overall interest-rate risk profile as well as the adequacy of expected returns relative to the risks assumed, including credit and prepayment risk. In managing the investment securities portfolio, the Company occasionally sells investment securities as a result of changes in interest rates and spreads, actual or anticipated prepayments, credit risk associated with a particular security, or as a result of restructuring its investment securities portfolio following completion of a business combination.
     During the recent quarter, the Company purchased a $142 million AAA-rated private placement mortgage-backed security that had been securitized by Bayview Financial Holdings, L.P. (together with its affiliates, “Bayview Financial”). Bayview Financial is a privately-held company and is the majority investor of Bayview Lending Group LLC (“BLG”). M&T owns 20% of BLG. Upon purchase, the security was placed in the Company’s held-to-maturity portfolio, as management determined that it had the intent and ability to hold the security to maturity. Management subsequently reconsidered whether certain other similar private placement mortgage-backed securities securitized by Bayview Financial and held in the Company’s available-for-sale portfolio should more appropriately be in the held-to-maturity portfolio. Concluding that it had the intent and ability to hold those securities to maturity as well, the Company transferred private collateralized mortgage obligations having a fair value of $298 million and a cost basis of $385 million from its available-for-sale investment securities portfolio to the held-to-maturity portfolio.
     The Company regularly reviews its investment securities for declines in value below amortized cost that might be characterized as “other than temporary.” As previously discussed, during the third quarter of 2008 the Company recognized an other-than-temporary impairment charge of $153 million related to its holdings of preferred stock of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. An other-than-temporary impairment charge of $6 million was also recognized in the second quarter of 2008 on one collateralized mortgage obligation backed by option adjustable rate residential mortgages that had an amortized cost of $7 million. Finally, during 2007’s fourth quarter, the Company recognized other-than-temporary impairment charges of $127 million related to $132 million of collateralized debt obligations. As of September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, the Company concluded that the remaining declines associated with the rest of the investment securities portfolio were temporary in nature. That conclusion was based on management’s expectations about future cash flows associated with individual investment securities as of each respective date. A further discussion of market values of investment securities is included herein under the heading “Capital.”
     Other earning assets include deposits at banks, trading account assets, federal funds sold and agreements to resell securities. Those other earning assets in the aggregate averaged $191 million, $315 million and $173 million for the quarters ended September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007 and June 30, 2008, respectively. Reflected in those balances were purchases of investment securities under agreements to resell which averaged $90 million, $236 million and $88 million during the three-month periods ended September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007 and June 30, 2008, respectively. Agreements to resell securities, which aggregated $90 million at September 30, 2008 and matured on the next business day, are accounted for similar to collateralized loans, with changes in the market value of the collateral monitored by the Company to ensure sufficient coverage. For the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, average balances of other earning assets declined to $192 million from $401 million due to lower average balances of agreements to resell securities. The amounts of investment securities and other earning assets held by the Company are influenced by such factors as demand for loans, which generally yield more than investment securities and

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other earning assets, collateral requirements for certain deposit, borrowing or interest rate swap agreements, ongoing repayments, the levels of deposits, and management of balance sheet size and resulting capital ratios.
     As a result of the changes described herein, average earning assets rose 13% to $58.0 billion in the third quarter of 2008 from $51.3 billion in the similar quarter of 2007. Average earning assets were $58.5 billion in the second quarter of 2008 and totaled $58.0 billion and $51.0 billion for the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively.
     The most significant source of funding for the Company is core deposits, which are comprised of noninterest-bearing deposits, interest-bearing transaction accounts, nonbrokered savings deposits and nonbrokered domestic time deposits under $100,000. The Company’s branch network is its principal source of core deposits, which generally carry lower interest rates than wholesale funds of comparable maturities. Certificates of deposit under $100,000 generated on a nationwide basis by M&T Bank, National Association (“M&T Bank, N.A.”), a wholly owned banking subsidiary of M&T, are also included in core deposits. Average core deposits totaled $31.6 billion in the third quarter of 2008, compared with $28.3 billion in the year-earlier quarter and $31.6 billion in the second quarter of 2008. The Partners Trust and First Horizon acquisition transaction in 2007’s fourth quarter added approximately $2.0 billion of core deposits at acquisition. The following table provides an analysis of quarterly changes in the components of average core deposits. For the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, core deposits averaged $31.3 billion and $28.4 billion, respectively. Core deposits totaled $32.6 billion at September 30, 2008, compared with $32.3 billion at June 30, 2008 and $30.7 billion at December 31, 2007.
AVERAGE CORE DEPOSITS
                         
Dollars in millions           Percent increase  
            (decrease) from  
    3rd Qtr.     3rd Qtr.     2nd Qtr.  
    2008     2007     2008  
NOW accounts
  $ 484       4 %     (5 )%
Savings deposits
    18,012       22        
Time deposits less than $100,000
    5,438       (3 )     (2 )
Noninterest-bearing deposits
    7,673       4       1  
 
                 
Total
  $ 31,607       12 %     %
 
                 
     Domestic time deposits of $100,000 or more, deposits originated through the Company’s offshore branch office, and brokered deposits provide additional sources of funding for the Company. Domestic time deposits over $100,000, excluding brokered certificates of deposit, averaged $2.4 billion in the third quarter of 2008, compared with $2.5 billion and $2.2 billion in the year-earlier quarter and the second quarter of 2008, respectively. Offshore branch deposits, primarily comprised of balances of $100,000 or more, averaged $3.8 billion for the most recent quarter and $4.3 billion for each of the three-month periods ended September 30, 2007 and June 30, 2008. Brokered time deposits averaged $1.5 billion in the recent quarter, compared with $1.8 billion in the third quarter of 2007 and $1.4 billion in 2008’s second quarter. In connection with the Company’s management of interest rate risk, interest rate swap agreements have been entered into under which the Company receives a fixed rate of interest and pays a variable rate and that have notional amounts and terms substantially similar to the amounts and terms of $70 million of brokered time deposits. The Company also had brokered money-market deposit accounts which averaged $179 million during 2008’s third quarter, compared with $87 million and $124 million during the corresponding quarter of 2007 and second quarter of 2008, respectively. Offshore branch deposits and brokered deposits have been used by the Company as alternatives to short-term borrowings. Additional amounts of offshore branch deposits or brokered deposits may be solicited in the future depending

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on market conditions, including demand by customers and other investors for those deposits, and the cost of funds and/or maturities associated with alternative funding sources at the time.
     The Company also uses borrowings from banks, securities dealers, various Federal Home Loan Banks (“FHLBs”), and others as sources of funding. Short-term borrowings averaged $5.4 billion in the recently completed quarter, compared with $5.2 billion in the third quarter of 2007 and $6.9 billion in the second quarter of 2008. Included in short-term borrowings were unsecured federal funds borrowings, which generally mature daily and averaged $4.4 billion in the third quarter of 2008, $4.5 billion in the year-earlier quarter and $5.0 billion in the second quarter of 2008. Overnight federal funds borrowings represent the largest component of short-term borrowings and are obtained daily from a wide variety of banks and other financial institutions. Also included in short-term borrowings is a $500 million structured borrowing secured by automobile loans that were transferred to M&T Auto Receivables I, LLC, a special purpose subsidiary of M&T Bank. The special purpose subsidiary, the loans and the borrowings are included in the consolidated financial statements of the Company. Average short-term borrowings in 2008’s third quarter included $239 million of borrowings from the FHLB of New York, compared with $16 million and $729 million in the third quarter of 2007 and second quarter of 2008, respectively.
     Long-term borrowings averaged $12.7 billion in the recent quarter, compared with $8.7 billion and $11.4 billion in the third quarter of 2007 and 2008’s second quarter, respectively. Included in average long-term borrowings were amounts borrowed from the FHLBs totaling $7.7 billion in the recent quarter, $4.5 billion in the third quarter of 2007 and $6.5 billion in the second quarter of 2007, and subordinated capital notes of $1.9 billion in the two most recent quarters and $1.5 billion in the third quarter of 2007. M&T issued $400 million of subordinated notes in December 2007, in part to maintain appropriate regulatory capital ratios. Junior subordinated debentures associated with trust preferred securities that were included in average long-term borrowings were $1.1 billion in the two most recent quarters and, $714 million in the quarter ended September 30, 2007. During January 2008, M&T Capital Trust IV issued $350 million of Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities bearing a fixed rate of interest of 8.50% and maturing in 2068. The related junior subordinated debentures are included in long-term borrowings. Information regarding trust preferred securities and the related junior subordinated debentures is provided in note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements. Also included in long-term borrowings were agreements to repurchase securities, which averaged $1.6 billion in each of the quarters ended September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007 and June 30, 2008.
     Beginning in the second quarter of 2008 and continuing in the recent quarter, the Company has actively sought to increase the average maturity of its non-deposit sources of funds and to reduce short-term borrowings. As a result, short-term borrowings were $2.9 billion at September 30, 2008, including $1.5 billion of overnight federal funds borrowings, compared with $6.2 billion at March 31, 2008, and long-term borrowings totaled $12.5 billion, including $7.5 billion of FHLB borrowings, compared with $10.7 billion at March 31, 2008. As previously noted, core deposits increased to $32.6 billion at September 30, 2008 from $31.7 billion at March 31, 2008 to further supplement the Company’s funding.
     Changes in the composition of the Company’s earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities as discussed herein, as well as changes in interest rates and spreads, can impact net interest income. Net interest spread, or the difference between the taxable-equivalent yield on earning assets and the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities, was 3.04% in the third quarter of 2008, compared with 3.06% in the third quarter of 2007 and 3.02% in the second quarter of 2008. The yield on earning assets during the recent quarter was

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5.54%, down 140 basis points from 6.94% in the corresponding quarter of 2007, while the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities decreased 138 basis points to 2.50% from 3.88%. In the second quarter of 2008, the yield on earning assets was 5.66% and the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities was 2.64%. For the first nine months of 2008, the net interest spread was 3.00%, down 6 basis points from the year-earlier period. That decline was due, in part, to lower yields earned on loans that were only partially offset by lower rates paid on deposits and variable-rate borrowings. The yield on earning assets and the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities were 5.80% and 2.80%, respectively, for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2008, compared with 6.94% and 3.88%, respectively, in the similar 2007 period.
     Net interest-free funds consist largely of noninterest-bearing demand deposits and stockholders’ equity, partially offset by bank owned life insurance and non-earning assets, including goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets and M&T’s investment in BLG. Net interest-free funds averaged $8.1 billion in each of the second and third quarters of 2008, compared with $7.9 billion in the third quarter of 2007. The increase in average net interest-free funds in the recent quarter as compared with the year-earlier quarter was due largely to higher average balances of noninterest-bearing deposits and stockholders’ equity. During the first nine months of 2008 and 2007, average net interest-free funds were $8.0 billion and $7.9 billion, respectively. Goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets averaged $3.4 billion during each of the two most recent quarters, and $3.1 billion during the third quarter of 2007. The cash surrender value of bank owned life insurance averaged $1.2 billion during each of the two most recent quarters and $1.1 billion during 2007’s third quarter. Increases in the cash surrender value of bank owned life insurance are not included in interest income, but rather are recorded in “other revenues from operations.”
     The contribution of net interest-free funds to net interest margin was .35% in the third quarter of 2008, compared with .59% in the year-earlier quarter and .37% in the second quarter of 2008. For the first three quarters of 2008 and 2007, the contribution of net interest-free funds to net interest margin was .38% and .60%, respectively. The decrease in the contribution to net interest margin ascribed to net interest-free funds in the 2008 periods as compared to the corresponding 2007 periods resulted largely from the impact of lower interest rates on interest-bearing liabilities used to value such contribution.
     Reflecting the changes to the net interest spread and the contribution of interest-free funds as described herein, the Company’s net interest margin was 3.39% in the recent quarter, 26 basis points lower than 3.65% in the third quarter of 2007, but equal to the second quarter of 2008. During the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, the net interest margin was 3.38% and 3.66%, respectively. Future changes in market interest rates or spreads, as well as changes in the composition of the Company’s portfolios of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities that result in reductions in spreads, could adversely impact the Company’s net interest income and net interest margin.
     Management assesses the potential impact of future changes in interest rates and spreads by projecting net interest income under several interest rate scenarios. In managing interest rate risk, the Company utilizes interest rate swap agreements to modify the repricing characteristics of certain portions of its portfolios of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. Periodic settlement amounts arising from these agreements are generally reflected in either the yields earned on assets or, as appropriate, the rates paid on interest-bearing liabilities. The notional amount of interest rate swap agreements entered into for interest rate risk management purposes was $1.1 billion as of September 30, 2008, $2.4 billion as of September 30, 2007 and $2.3 billion as of December 31, 2007. Under the terms

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of all of the swap agreements outstanding at the recent quarter-end, and $892 million and $842 million of the swap agreements outstanding at September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively, the Company received payments based on the outstanding notional amount of the swap agreements at fixed rates and made payments at variable rates. Those swap agreements were designated as fair value hedges of certain fixed rate time deposits and long-term borrowings. Under the terms of the additional $1.5 billion of swap agreements outstanding at September 30 and December 31, 2007, the Company paid a fixed rate of interest and received a variable rate. During the first quarter of 2008, those swap agreements, which had been designated as cash flow hedges, were terminated by the Company resulting in the realization of a loss of $37 million. That loss is being amortized over the original hedge period as an adjustment to interest expense associated with the previously hedged long-term borrowings.
     In a fair value hedge, the fair value of the derivative (the interest rate swap agreement) and changes in the fair value of the hedged item are recorded in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet with the corresponding gain or loss recognized in current earnings. The difference between changes in the fair value of the interest rate swap agreements and the hedged items represents hedge ineffectiveness and is recorded in “other revenues from operations” in the Company’s consolidated statement of income. In a cash flow hedge, unlike in a fair value hedge, the effective portion of the derivative’s gain or loss is initially reported as a component of other comprehensive income and subsequently reclassified into earnings when the forecasted transaction affects earnings. The ineffective portion of the gain or loss is reported in “other revenues from operations” immediately. The amounts of hedge ineffectiveness recognized as a result of these activities during the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007 and during the quarter ended June 30, 2008 were not material to the Company’s results of operations. The estimated aggregate fair value of interest rate swap agreements designated as fair value hedges represented gains of approximately $5 million and $17 million at September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively, and a loss of $9 million at September 30, 2007. The fair values of such swap agreements were substantially offset by changes in the fair values of the hedged items. The estimated fair values of the interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges were losses of approximately $3 million and $17 million at September 30 and December 31, 2007, respectively. The changes in the fair values of the interest rate swap agreements and the hedged items result from the effects of changing interest rates.
     The weighted-average rates to be received and paid under interest rate swap agreements in effect at September 30, 2008 were 6.25% and 4.57%, respectively. The average notional amounts of interest rate swap agreements and the related effect on net interest income and margin, and weighted-average interest rates paid or received on those swap agreements, are presented in the accompanying table.

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INTEREST RATE SWAP AGREEMENTS
Dollars in thousands
                                 
    Three months ended September 30  
    2008     2007  
    Amount     Rate*     Amount     Rate*  
Increase (decrease) in:
                               
Interest income
  $       %   $       %
Interest expense
    (5,001 )     (.04 )     538        
 
                           
Net interest income/margin
  $ 5,001       .04 %   $ (538 )     %
 
                       
Average notional amount
  $ 1,120,556             $ 1,368,926          
 
                           
Rate received**
            6.31 %             5.71 %
Rate paid**
            4.54 %             5.86 %
 
                           
                                 
    Nine months ended September 30  
    2008     2007  
    Amount     Rate*     Amount     Rate*  
Increase (decrease) in:
                               
Interest income
  $       %   $       %
Interest expense
    (11,342 )     (.03 )     3,182       .01  
 
                           
Net interest income/margin
  $ 11,342       .02 %   $ (3,182 )     (.01 )%
 
                       
Average notional amount
  $ 1,323,336             $ 1,083,560          
 
                           
Rate received**
            6.09 %             5.80 %
Rate paid**
            4.94 %             6.19 %
 
                           
 
*   Computed as an annualized percentage of average earning assets or interest-bearing liabilities.
 
**   Weighted-average rate paid or received on interest rate swap agreements in effect during the period.
     As a financial intermediary, the Company is exposed to various risks, including liquidity and market risk. Liquidity refers to the Company’s ability to ensure that sufficient cash flow and liquid assets are available to satisfy current and future obligations, including demands for loans and deposit withdrawals, funding operating costs, and other corporate purposes. Liquidity risk arises whenever the maturities of financial instruments included in assets and liabilities differ. M&T’s banking subsidiaries have access to additional funding sources through borrowings from the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York, lines of credit with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, and other available borrowing facilities. The Company has, from time to time, issued subordinated capital notes to provide liquidity and enhance regulatory capital ratios. Such notes qualify for inclusion in the Company’s total capital as defined by federal regulators.
     The Company has informal and sometimes reciprocal sources of funding available through various arrangements for unsecured short-term borrowings from a wide group of banks and other financial institutions. Short-term federal funds borrowings aggregated $1.5 billion, $4.1 billion and $4.2 billion at September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively. In general, these borrowings were unsecured and matured on the following business day. As already noted, offshore branch deposits and brokered certificates of deposit have been used by the Company as alternatives to short-term borrowings. Offshore branch deposits also generally mature on the next business day and totaled $5.8 billion at September 30, 2008, $6.2 billion at September 30, 2007 and $5.9 billion at December 31, 2007. Outstanding brokered time deposits at September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007 were $1.1 billion, $1.6 billion and

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$1.8 billion, respectively. At September 30, 2008, the weighted-average remaining term to maturity of such deposits was 8 months. Certain of these brokered time deposits have provisions that allow for early redemption.
     The Company’s ability to obtain funding from these or other sources could be negatively impacted should the Company experience a substantial deterioration in its financial condition or its debt ratings, or should the availability of short-term funding become restricted due to a disruption in the financial markets. The Company attempts to quantify such credit-event risk by modeling scenarios that estimate the liquidity impact resulting from a short-term ratings downgrade over various grading levels. Such impact is estimated by attempting to measure the effect on available unsecured lines of credit, available capacity from secured borrowing sources and securitizable assets. In addition to deposits and borrowings, other sources of liquidity include maturities of investment securities and other earning assets, repayments of loans and investment securities, and cash generated from operations, such as fees collected for services.
     Certain customers of the Company obtain financing through the issuance of variable rate demand bonds (“VRDBs”). The VRDBs are generally enhanced by direct-pay letters of credit provided by M&T Bank. M&T Bank oftentimes acts as remarketing agent for the VRDBs and, at its discretion, may from time-to-time own some of the VRDBs while such instruments are remarketed. When this occurs, the VRDBs are classified as trading assets in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. Nevertheless, M&T Bank is not contractually obligated to purchase the VRDBs. The value of VRDBs in the Company’s trading account totaled $136 million and $27 million at September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $63 million at December 31, 2007. The total amount of VRDBs outstanding backed by M&T Bank letters of credit was approximately $1.9 billion at September 30, 2008, $1.6 billion at September 30, 2007 and $1.7 billion at December 31, 2007. M&T Bank also serves as remarketing agent for most of those bonds.
     The Company enters into contractual obligations in the normal course of business which require future cash payments. Such obligations include, among others, payments related to deposits, borrowings, leases and other contractual commitments. Off-balance sheet commitments to customers may impact liquidity, including commitments to extend credit, standby letters of credit, commercial letters of credit, financial guarantees and indemnification contracts, and commitments to sell real estate loans. Because many of these commitments or contracts expire without being funded in whole or in part, the contract amounts are not necessarily indicative of future cash flows. Further information relating to these commitments is provided in note 6 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     M&T’s primary source of funds to pay for operating expenses, shareholder dividends and treasury stock repurchases has historically been the receipt of dividends from its banking subsidiaries, which are subject to various regulatory limitations. Dividends from any banking subsidiary to M&T are limited by the amount of earnings of the banking subsidiary in the current year and the two preceding years. For purposes of that test, at September 30, 2008 approximately $705 million was available for payment of dividends to M&T from banking subsidiaries without prior regulatory approval. These historic sources of cash flow have been augmented in the past by the issuance of trust preferred securities, including $350 million of Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities issued by M&T Capital Trust IV in January 2008, and the issuance by M&T of $300 million of senior notes payable during the second quarter of 2007. Information regarding trust preferred securities and the related junior subordinated debentures is included in note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements. M&T also maintains a $30 million line of credit with an unaffiliated commercial bank, of which there were no borrowings outstanding at September 30, 2008 or at December 31, 2007.

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     Management closely monitors the Company’s liquidity position on an ongoing basis for compliance with internal policies and believes that available sources of liquidity are adequate to meet funding needs anticipated in the normal course of business. Management does not anticipate engaging in any activities, either currently or in the long-term, for which adequate funding would not be available and would therefore result in a significant strain on liquidity at either M&T or its subsidiary banks.
     Market risk is the risk of loss from adverse changes in market prices and/or interest rates of the Company’s financial instruments. The primary market risk the Company is exposed to is interest rate risk. Interest rate risk arises from the Company’s core banking activities of lending and deposit-taking, because assets and liabilities reprice at different times and by different amounts as interest rates change. As a result, net interest income earned by the Company is subject to the effects of changing interest rates. The Company measures interest rate risk by calculating the variability of net interest income in future periods under various interest rate scenarios using projected balances for earning assets, interest-bearing liabilities and derivatives used to hedge interest rate risk. Management’s philosophy toward interest rate risk management is to limit the variability of net interest income. The balances of financial instruments used in the projections are based on expected growth from forecasted business opportunities, anticipated prepayments of loans and investment securities, and expected maturities of investment securities, loans and deposits. Management uses a “value of equity” model to supplement the modeling technique described above. Those supplemental analyses are based on discounted cash flows associated with on- and off-balance sheet financial instruments. Such analyses are modeled to reflect changes in interest rates and provide management with a long-term interest rate risk metric.
     The Company’s Risk Management Committee, which includes members of senior management, monitors the sensitivity of the Company’s net interest income to changes in interest rates with the aid of a computer model that forecasts net interest income under different interest rate scenarios. In modeling changing interest rates, the Company considers different yield curve shapes that consider both parallel (that is, simultaneous changes in interest rates at each point on the yield curve) and non-parallel (that is, allowing interest rates at points on the yield curve to vary by different amounts) shifts in the yield curve. In utilizing the model, market-implied forward interest rates over the subsequent twelve months are generally used to determine a base interest rate scenario for the net interest income simulation. That calculated base net interest income is then compared to the income calculated under the varying interest rate scenarios. The model considers the impact of ongoing lending and deposit gathering activities, as well as interrelationships in the magnitude and timing of the repricing of financial instruments, including the effect of changing interest rates on expected prepayments and maturities. When deemed prudent, management has taken actions to mitigate exposure to interest rate risk through the use of on- or off-balance sheet financial instruments, and intends to do so in the future. Possible actions include, but are not limited to, changes in the pricing of loan and deposit products, modifying the composition of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, and adding to, modifying or terminating existing interest rate swap agreements or other financial instruments used for interest rate risk management purposes.
     The accompanying table as of September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007 displays the estimated impact on net interest income from non-trading financial instruments in the base scenario described above resulting from parallel changes in interest rates across repricing categories during the first modeling year.

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SENSITIVITY OF NET INTEREST INCOME
TO CHANGES IN INTEREST RATES
Dollars in thousands
                 
    Calculated increase (decrease)
    in projected net interest income
Changes in interest rates   September 30, 2008   December 31, 2007
+200 basis points
  $ 33,552       4,707  
+100 basis points
    8,068       (996 )
-100 basis points
    (11,197 )     (16,432 )
-200 basis points
    (30,880 )     (24,284 )
     The Company utilized many assumptions to calculate the impact that changes in interest rates may have on net interest income. The more significant of those assumptions included the rate of prepayments of mortgage-related assets, cash flows from derivative and other financial instruments held for non-trading purposes, loan and deposit volumes and pricing, and deposit maturities. In the scenarios presented, the Company also assumed gradual changes in interest rates during a twelve-month period of 100 and 200 basis points as compared with the assumed base scenario. In the event that a 100 or 200 basis point rate change cannot be achieved, the applicable rate changes are limited to lesser amounts such that interest rates cannot be less than zero. The assumptions used in interest rate sensitivity modeling are inherently uncertain and, as a result, the Company cannot precisely predict the impact of changes in interest rates on net interest income. Actual results may differ significantly from those presented due to the timing, magnitude and frequency of changes in interest rates and changes in market conditions and interest rate differentials (spreads) between maturity/repricing categories, as well as any actions, such as those previously described, which management may take to counter such changes. In light of the uncertainties and assumptions associated with the process, the amounts presented in the table are not considered significant to the Company’s past or projected net interest income.
     Changes in fair value of the Company’s financial instruments can also result from a lack of trading activity for similar instruments in the financial markets. That impact is most notable on the values assigned to the Company’s investment securities. Information about the fair valuation of such securities is presented herein under the heading “Capital” and in note 10 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     The Company engages in trading activities to meet the financial needs of customers, to fund the Company’s obligations under certain deferred compensation plans and, to a limited extent, to profit from perceived market opportunities. Financial instruments utilized in trading activities consist predominantly of interest rate contracts, such as swap agreements, and forward and futures contracts related to foreign currencies, but have also included forward and futures contracts related to mortgage-backed securities and investments in U.S. Treasury and other government securities, mortgage-backed securities and mutual funds and, as previously described, a limited number of VRDBs. The Company generally mitigates the foreign currency and interest rate risk associated with trading activities by entering into offsetting trading positions. The amounts of gross and net trading positions, as well as the type of trading activities conducted by the Company, are subject to a well-defined series of potential loss exposure limits established by management and approved by M&T’s Board of Directors. However, as with any non-government guaranteed financial instrument, the Company is exposed to credit risk associated with counterparties to the Company’s trading activities.
     The notional amounts of interest rate contracts entered into for trading purposes totaled $14.2 billion at September 30, 2008, compared with $9.5 billion at September 30, 2007 and $11.7 billion at December 31, 2007. The increase in the notional amounts of such contracts from September 30, 2007 to December 31,

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2007 and September 30, 2008 was due largely to increased commercial lending volumes and the desire of commercial customers to use swap agreements to modify the characteristics of their borrowings. The notional amounts of foreign currency and other option and futures contracts entered into for trading purposes were $820 million, $899 million and $801 million at September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively. Although the notional amounts of these trading contracts are not recorded in the consolidated balance sheet, the fair values of all financial instruments used for trading activities are recorded in the consolidated balance sheet. The fair values of all trading account assets and liabilities were $370 million and $158 million, respectively, at September 30, 2008, $180 million and $82 million, respectively, at September 30, 2007, and $281 million and $143 million, respectively, at December 31, 2007. Included in trading account assets at September 30, 2008 were $40 million related to deferred compensation plans, compared with $47 million at each of September 30 and December 31, 2007. Changes in the fair value of such assets are recorded as trading account and foreign exchange gains in the consolidated statement of income. Included in other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet at September 30, 2008 were $43 million of liabilities related to deferred compensation plans, compared with $50 million at each of September 30 and December 31, 2007. Changes in the balances of such liabilities due to the valuation of allocated investment options to which the liabilities are indexed are recorded in “other costs of operations” in the consolidated statement of income.
     Given the Company’s policies, limits and positions, management believes that the potential loss exposure to the Company resulting from market risk associated with trading activities was not material, however, as previously noted, the Company is exposed to credit risk associated with counterparties to transactions associated with the Company’s trading activities.
Provision for Credit Losses
The Company maintains an allowance for credit losses that in management’s judgment is adequate to absorb losses inherent in the loan and lease portfolio. A provision for credit losses is recorded to adjust the level of the allowance as deemed necessary by management. The provision for credit losses in the third quarter of 2008 was $101 million, compared with $34 million in the year-earlier quarter and $100 million in the second quarter of 2008. For the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, the provision for credit losses was $261 million and $91 million, respectively. The higher levels of the provision in the 2008 periods compared with the 2007 periods reflect the impact of declining real estate valuations and higher delinquencies and charge-offs related to the Company’s alternative (“Alt-A”) residential real estate loan portfolio and to the residential real estate builder and developer loan portfolio.
     Through early 2007, the Company had been an active participant in the origination of Alt-A residential real estate loans and the sale of such loans in the secondary market. Alt-A loans originated by the Company typically included some form of limited documentation requirements as compared with more traditional residential real estate loans. Unfavorable market conditions during the first quarter of 2007, including a lack of liquidity by previously active purchasers, impacted the Company’s willingness to sell Alt-A loans, as an auction of such loans initiated by the Company at that time received fewer bids than normal and the pricing of those bids was substantially lower than expected. As a result, $883 million of Alt-A loans previously held for sale (including $808 million of first mortgage loans and $75 million of second mortgage loans) were transferred in March 2007 to the Company’s held-for-investment loan portfolio. In total, Alt-A residential mortgage loans aggregated $1.0 billion, $1.3 billion and $1.2 billion at September 30, 2008,

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September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively, and included $44 million, $69 million and $59 million of second mortgage loans at those respective dates. This Alt-A portfolio of first and second mortgage loans has experienced higher delinquencies and charge-offs than the Company’s other first and second mortgage loans.
     The Company’s portfolio of loans to builders and developers of residential real estate totaled $2.0 billion at September 30, 2008, compared with $2.1 billion at each of September 30 and December 31, 2007. This portfolio has experienced increased delinquencies and charge-offs during 2008, particularly related to properties in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States.
     Net loan charge-offs were $94 million in the recent quarter, compared with $22 million in the third quarter of 2007 and $99 million in the second quarter of 2008. Net charge-offs as an annualized percentage of average loans and leases were .77% in the third quarter of 2008, compared with .20% and .81% in the third quarter of 2007 and the second quarter of 2008, respectively. Net charge-offs for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2008 totaled $239 million in 2008 and $60 million in 2007, representing .65% and .19% of average loans and leases. A summary of net charge-offs by loan type follows.
NET CHARGE-OFFS
BY LOAN/LEASE TYPE
In thousands
                                 
    2008  
                            Year  
    1st Qtr.     2nd Qtr.     3rd Qtr.     to-date  
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 4,377       20,284       8,312       32,973  
Real estate:
                               
Commercial
    4,380       39,559       39,713       83,652  
Residential
    15,097       12,490       16,081       43,668  
Consumer
    21,961       26,888       30,089       78,938  
 
                       
 
  $ 45,815       99,221       94,195       239,231  
 
                       
                                 
    2007  
                            Year  
    1st Qtr.     2nd Qtr.     3rd Qtr.     to-date  
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 4,533       7,393       2,917       14,843  
Real estate:
                               
Commercial
    671       1,021       285       1,977  
Residential
    1,369       2,483       4,603       8,455  
Consumer
    10,618       10,722       13,835       35,175  
 
                       
 
  $ 17,191       21,619       21,640       60,450  
 
                       
     Included in net charge-offs of commercial real estate loans were net charge-offs of loans to residential homebuilders and developers of $33 million and $38 million for the quarters ended September 30 and June 30, 2008, respectively. There were no such loans charged off in the quarter ended September 30, 2007. Approximately $14 million of the $33 million of builder and developer net charge-offs in the recent quarter and essentially all of the $38 million of net charge-offs in the second quarter of 2008 were related to real estate located in the Mid-Atlantic region. The impact of declining real estate values that has contributed to higher levels of residential real estate loan delinquencies and charge-offs has been particularly noteworthy in the $1.0 billion portfolio of Alt-A residential mortgage loans held by the Company. Net charge-offs of Alt-A first mortgage

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loans in the third quarter of 2008 were $12 million, compared with $3 million and $10 million during the quarters ended September 30, 2007 and June 30, 2008, respectively. Included in net charge-offs of consumer loans and leases were net charge-offs during the quarters ended September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007 and June 30, 2008, respectively, of: indirect automobile loans of $13 million, $7 million and $11 million; recreational vehicle loans of $6 million, $2 million and $5 million; and home equity loans and lines of credit, including Alt-A second lien loans, of $7 million, $3 million and $9 million. Including both first and second lien mortgages, net charge-offs of Alt-A loans totaled $15 million for each of the quarters ended September 30, 2008 and June 30, 2008, compared with $5 million in the third quarter of 2007.
     Nonperforming loans, consisting of nonaccrual and restructured loans, totaled $710 million or 1.46% of total loans and leases outstanding at September 30, 2008, compared with $371 million or .83% at September 30, 2007, $447 million or .93% at December 31, 2007, and $587 million or 1.20% at June 30, 2008. Major factors contributing to the rise in nonperforming loans from the third quarter of 2007 were a $156 million increase in residential real estate loans and a $100 million rise in loans to builders and developers of residential real estate. The increase in nonperforming residential real estate loans was the result of the residential real estate market turmoil and its impact on the portfolio of Alt-A loans and also reflected a change in accounting procedure in December 2007 whereby residential real estate loans previously classified as nonaccrual when payments were 180 days past due now stop accruing interest when principal or interest is delinquent 90 days. The impact of the acceleration of the classification of such loans as nonaccrual resulted in an increase in nonperforming loans of $72 million, $84 million and $65 million at September 30, 2008, December 31, 2007 and June 30, 2008, respectively. The higher level of nonaccrual loans to builders and developers was largely due to deteriorating residential real estate values. The most significant factors contributing to the higher level of nonperforming loans at September 30, 2008 as compared with December 31, 2007 and June 30, 2008 was the addition of commercial real estate loans, including loans to builders and developers of residential real estate, and residential real estate loans.
     Accruing loans past due 90 days or more were $96 million or .20% of total loans and leases at September 30, 2008, compared with $140 million or .31% a year earlier, $77 million or .16% at December 31, 2007 and $94 million or .19% at June 30, 2008. Those loans included $90 million, $70 million, $73 million and $89 million at September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007, December 31, 2007 and June 30, 2008, respectively, of loans guaranteed by government-related entities. Such guaranteed loans included one-to-four family residential mortgage loans serviced by the Company that were repurchased to reduce servicing costs, including a requirement to advance principal and interest payments that had not been received from individual mortgagors. Despite the loans being purchased by the Company, the insurance or guarantee by the applicable government-related entity remains in force. The outstanding principal balances of the repurchased loans are fully guaranteed by government-related entities and totaled $86 million, $61 million, $67 million and $78 million at September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007, December 31, 2007 and June 30, 2008. Loans past due 90 days or more and accruing interest that were guaranteed by government-related entities also included foreign commercial and industrial loans supported by the Export-Import Bank of the United States that totaled $3 million at September 30, 2008, compared with $9 million a year earlier, $5 million at December 31, 2007 and $10 million at June 30, 2008.
     Commercial loans and leases classified as nonperforming aggregated $94 million at September 30, 2008, $114 million at September 30, 2007, $79 million at December 31, 2007, and $90 million at June 30, 2008. The decline in such loans from September 30, 2007 to the recent quarter-end was largely due to a reduction of nonperforming loans to automobile dealers predominantly

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due to payments received. The rise in nonperforming commercial loans and leases at September 30 and June 30, 2008 as compared with December 31, 2007 was largely due to the addition of a $16 million relationship with a publishing company in 2008’s second quarter.
     Nonperforming commercial real estate loans totaled $291 million at September 30, 2008, $112 million a year earlier, $118 million at December 31, 2007 and $227 million at June 30, 2008. Included in nonperforming commercial real estate loans were loans to residential homebuilders and developers of $180 million, $80 million, $85 million and $161 million at September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007, December 31, 2007 and June 30, 2008, respectively, reflecting the impact of the downturn in the residential real estate market, including declining real estate values. The collateral securing those loans is largely located in the Mid-Atlantic region.
     Residential real estate loans classified as nonperforming totaled $242 million at September 30, 2008, $86 million at September 30, 2007, $181 million at December 31, 2007 and $200 million at June 30, 2008. As already noted, the significant increase in such loans from September 30, 2007 reflects the turmoil present in the residential real estate marketplace that has resulted in declining property values as well as the effect of the change in accounting procedure for nonaccrual residential real estate loans that became effective during the fourth quarter of 2007. Included in nonperforming residential real estate loans were nonperforming Alt-A loans which totaled $130 million, $41 million, $90 million and $106 million at September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007, December 31, 2007 and June 30, 2008, respectively. Residential real estate loans past due 90 days or more and accruing interest totaled $86 million at September 30, 2008, compared with $118 million a year-earlier, and $66 million and $78 million at December 31, 2007 and June 30, 2008, respectively. Such amounts consist predominantly of guaranteed loans repurchased from government-related entities.
     Nonperforming consumer loans and leases totaled $82 million at September 30, 2008, compared with $59 million a year earlier, $69 million at December 31, 2007 and $70 million at June 30, 2008. Included in nonperforming consumer loans and leases at September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007, December 31, 2007 and June 30, 2008 were indirect automobile loans of $40 million, $26 million, $30 million and $33 million, respectively; recreational vehicle loans of $9 million, $5 million, $11 million and $11 million, respectively; and outstanding balances of home equity lines of credit of $17 million, $11 million, $12 million and $13 million, respectively. As a percentage of consumer loan balances outstanding, nonperforming consumer loans and leases were .74% and .58% at September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, .61% at December 31, 2007 and .63% at June 30, 2008.
     Real estate and other assets owned, largely comprised of assets acquired in settlement of defaulted loans, totaled $85 million at September 30, 2008, $22 million at September 30, 2007, $40 million at December 31, 2007 and $53 million at June 30, 2008. The increase from September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007 resulted from higher residential real estate loan defaults and additions during the recent quarter from residential real estate development projects. The rise from June 30, 2008 was attributable to the residential real estate development project additions.

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     A comparative summary of nonperforming assets and certain past due loan data and credit quality ratios as of the end of the periods indicated is presented in the accompanying table.
NONPERFORMING ASSET AND PAST DUE LOAN DATA
Dollars in thousands
                                         
    2008 Quarters     2007 Quarters  
    Third     Second     First     Fourth     Third  
Nonaccrual loans
  $ 688,214       568,460       477,436       431,282       356,438  
Renegotiated loans
    21,804       18,905       17,084       15,884       14,953  
 
                             
Total nonperforming loans
    710,018       587,365       494,520       447,166       371,391  
Real estate and other assets owned
    85,305       52,606       52,805       40,175       22,080  
 
                             
Total nonperforming assets
  $ 795,323       639,971       547,325       487,341       393,471  
 
                             
 
                                       
Accruing loans past due 90 days or more*
  $ 96,206       93,894       81,316       77,319       140,313  
 
                             
 
                                       
Government guaranteed loans included in totals above:
                                       
Nonperforming loans
  $ 30,075       24,658       22,320       19,125       15,999  
Accruing loans past due 90 days or more
    89,945       89,163       76,511       72,705       69,956  
 
                             
 
                                       
Nonperforming loans to total loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    1.46 %     1.20 %     1.00 %     .93 %     .83 %
Nonperforming assets to total net loans and leases and real estate and other assets owned
    1.63 %     1.30 %     1.11 %     1.01 %     .88 %
Accruing loans past due 90 days or more to total loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    .20 %     .19 %     .17 %     .16 %     .31 %
 
                             
 
*   Predominately residential mortgage loans.
     Management regularly assesses the adequacy of the allowance for credit losses by performing ongoing evaluations of the loan and lease portfolio, including such factors as the differing economic risks associated with each loan category, the financial condition of specific borrowers, the economic environment in which borrowers operate, the level of delinquent loans, the value of any collateral and, where applicable, the existence of any guarantees or indemnifications. Management evaluated the impact of changes in interest rates and overall economic conditions on the ability of borrowers to meet repayment obligations when quantifying the Company’s exposure to credit losses and assessing the adequacy of the Company’s allowance for such losses as of each reporting date. Factors also considered by management when performing its assessment, in addition to general economic conditions and the other factors described above, included, but were not limited to: (i) the impact of declining residential real estate values in the Company’s portfolio of loans to residential real estate builders and developers; (ii) the repayment performance associated with the Company’s portfolio of Alt-A residential mortgage loans; (iii) the concentration of commercial real estate loans in the Company’s loan portfolio, particularly the large concentration of loans secured by properties in New York State, in general, and in the New York City metropolitan area, in particular; (iv) the amount of commercial and industrial loans to businesses in areas of New York State outside of the New York City metropolitan area and in central Pennsylvania that have historically experienced less economic growth and vitality than the vast majority of other regions of the country; and (v) the

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size of the Company’s portfolio of loans to individual consumers, which historically have experienced higher net charge-offs as a percentage of loans outstanding than other loan types. The level of the allowance is adjusted based on the results of management’s analysis.
     Management cautiously and conservatively evaluated the allowance for credit losses as of September 30, 2008 in light of (i) the declining residential real estate values and emergence of higher levels of delinquencies of residential real estate loans; (ii) the declining pace of economic growth in many of the markets served by the Company; (iii) continuing weakness in industrial employment in upstate New York and central Pennsylvania; (iv) the significant subjectivity involved in commercial real estate valuations for properties located in areas with stagnant or low growth economies; and (v) the amount of loan growth experienced by the Company in late-2007 and through 2008’s third quarter. Although the national economy experienced moderate growth in 2007 with inflation being reasonably well contained, concerns exist in 2008 about a deepening economic downturn in both national and international markets; the level and volatility of energy prices; a weakened housing market; the troubled state of financial and credit markets; Federal Reserve positioning of monetary policy; rising private sector layoffs and unemployment, which could cause consumer spending to slow; the underlying impact on businesses’ operations and abilities to repay loans should consumer spending slow; continued stagnant population growth in the upstate New York and central Pennsylvania regions; and continued slowing of domestic automobile sales.
     Factors that influence the Company’s credit loss experience include overall economic conditions affecting businesses and consumers generally, such as those described above, but also residential and commercial real estate valuations, in particular, given the size of the real estate loan portfolios. Although concerns exist about the factors and conditions described herein, through September 30, 2008 the increases in nonperforming loans and net charge-offs have largely been centered in the Company’s portfolios of residential real estate loans, including second lien Alt-A mortgage loans, and loans to developers and builders of residential real estate. Commercial real estate valuations can be highly subjective, as they are based upon many assumptions. Such valuations can be significantly affected over relatively short periods of time by changes in business climate, economic conditions, interest rates and, in many cases, the results of operations of businesses and other occupants of the real property. Similarly, residential real estate valuations, including valuations of residential real estate development or construction projects, can be impacted by housing trends, the availability of financing at reasonable interest rates, and general economic conditions affecting consumers.
     Management believes that the allowance for credit losses at September 30, 2008 was adequate to absorb credit losses inherent in the portfolio as of that date. The allowance for credit losses was $781 million, or 1.60% of total loans and leases at September 30, 2008, compared with $680 million or 1.52% at September 30, 2007, $759 million or 1.58% at December 31, 2007 and $774 million or 1.58% at June 30, 2008. The increase in the level of the allowance as a percentage of outstanding loans and leases since September 30, 2007 reflects management’s evaluation of the loan and lease portfolio as described herein, including the impact of lower real estate values and higher levels of delinquencies and charge-offs in the Company’s portfolio of Alt-A residential real estate loans and in the residential real estate builder and developer loan portfolio. The December 2007 change in accounting procedure that accelerated the recognition of charge-offs on residential real estate loans and home equity lines of credit has damped the rise in the allowance as a percentage of loans. The excess of such loan balances over the net realizable value of the property collateralizing the loan is now charged off when the loans become 150 days delinquent, whereas previously the Company

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provided an allowance for credit losses for such amounts and charged off loans upon foreclosure of the underlying property. Nevertheless, should the various credit factors considered by management in establishing the allowance for credit losses change and should management’s assessment of losses inherent in the loan portfolio also change, the level of the allowance as a percentage of loans could increase or decrease in future periods. The ratio of the allowance for credit losses to nonperforming loans was 110% at September 30, 2008, compared with 183% a year earlier, 170% at December 31, 2007 and 132% at June 30, 2008. Given the Company’s position as a secured lender, changes in that ratio are generally not an indicative measure of the adequacy of the Company’s allowance for credit losses. The level of the allowance reflects management’s evaluation of the loan and lease portfolio as of each respective date.
Other Income
Other income totaled $114 million in the third quarter of 2008, compared with $253 million in the corresponding quarter of 2007 and $271 million in the second quarter of 2008. The decrease from the prior periods resulted from the previously discussed $153 million (pre-tax) non-cash accounting charge during the recent quarter for other-than-temporary declines in value of preferred stock of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Excluding the impact of losses from investment securities, other income in the recent quarter was $266 million, up 5% from the year-earlier quarter, but 4% below the second quarter of 2008. Contributing to the improvement from the third quarter of 2007 were higher service charges on deposit accounts, mortgage banking revenues and credit-related fees. The decline from the immediately preceding quarter was due, in part, to lower credit-related fees and trading account and foreign exchange gains.
     Mortgage banking revenues totaled $38 million in the recent quarter, equal to the second quarter of 2008, but up 20% from $32 million in the third quarter of 2007. Mortgage banking revenues are comprised of both residential and commercial mortgage banking activities.
     Residential mortgage banking revenues, consisting of realized gains from sales of residential mortgage loans and loan servicing rights, unrealized gains and losses on residential mortgage loans held for sale and related commitments, residential mortgage loan servicing fees, and other residential mortgage loan-related fees and income, totaled $28 million in the recent quarter, compared with $27 million in each of the third quarter of 2007 and the second quarter of 2008.
     Residential mortgage loans originated for sale to other investors were approximately $960 million in the recent quarter, compared with $1.4 billion in the third quarter of 2007 and $1.2 billion in 2008’s second quarter. Residential mortgage loans sold to investors totaled $1.1 billion in the third quarter of 2008, compared with $1.3 billion in each of the year-earlier quarter and the second quarter of 2008. Realized gains from sales of residential mortgage loans and loan servicing rights and recognized net unrealized gains and losses attributable to residential mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to originate loans for sale and commitments to sell loans aggregated to a gain of $6 million in each of the recently completed quarter, the third quarter of 2007 and the second quarter of 2008.
     Revenues from servicing residential mortgage loans for others were $21 million in the most recent quarter, compared with $18 million in the third quarter of 2007 and $20 million in the second quarter of 2008. Included in such servicing revenues were amounts related to purchased servicing rights associated with small balance commercial mortgage loans which totaled $8 million in the recent quarter, $6 million in the third quarter of 2007 and $7

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million in 2008’s second quarter. Residential mortgage loans serviced for others were $21.2 billion at September 30, 2008, $18.6 billion a year earlier and $19.4 billion at December 31, 2007, including the small balance commercial mortgage loans noted above of approximately $5.8 billion and $4.5 billion at September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $4.9 billion at December 31, 2007. Capitalized residential mortgage servicing assets, net of a valuation allowance for impairment, were $171 million at September 30, 2008, compared with $166 million at September 30, 2007 and $170 million at December 31, 2007. Included in capitalized residential mortgage servicing assets were $63 million at September 30, 2008, $55 million a year earlier and $57 million at December 31, 2007 of purchased servicing rights associated with the small balance commercial mortgage loans noted above. Servicing rights for the small balance commercial mortgage loans were purchased from BLG or its affiliates. In addition, at September 30, 2008 capitalized servicing rights included $30 million for servicing rights for $4.2 billion of residential real estate loans that were purchased from affiliates of BLG. Additional information about the Company’s relationship with BLG and its affiliates is provided in note 9 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     Loans held for sale that are secured by residential real estate totaled $439 million and $950 million at September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $774 million at December 31, 2007. Commitments to sell loans and commitments to originate loans for sale at pre-determined rates were $736 million and $657 million, respectively, at September 30, 2008, $984 million and $579 million, respectively, at September 30, 2007 and $772 million and $492 million, respectively, at December 31, 2007. Net unrealized losses on residential mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to sell loans, and commitments to originate loans for sale were $5 million at each of September 30, 2008 and 2007, and $7 million at December 31, 2007. Changes in such net unrealized losses are recorded in mortgage banking revenues and resulted in net decreases in revenues of $300 thousand in the third quarter of 2008, compared with net decreases of $2 million in the third quarter of 2007 and $3 million in the second quarter of 2008.
     Commercial mortgage banking revenues in the recent quarter were $10 million, compared with $5 million in 2007’s third quarter and $11 million in the second quarter of 2008. Included in such amounts were revenues from loan origination and sales activities of $7 million in the third quarter of 2008, compared with $2 million in the corresponding 2007 period and $8 million in 2008’s second quarter. Commercial mortgage loan servicing revenues were $3 million in each of the third quarters of 2008 and 2007 and in the second quarter of 2008. Capitalized commercial mortgage servicing assets totaled $25 million at September 30, 2008 and $20 million at each of September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007. Commercial mortgage loans held for sale at September 30, 2008 and 2007 were $71 million and $43 million, respectively, and $79 million at December 31, 2007. Commitments to sell commercial mortgage loans and commitments to originate commercial mortgage loans for sale were $150 million and $79 million, respectively, at September 30, 2008, $198 million and $154 million, respectively, at September 30, 2007 and $176 million and $97 million, respectively, at December 31, 2007. Net unrealized gains on commercial mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to sell commercial mortgage loans, and commitments to originate commercial mortgage loans for sale were $1 million at September 30, 2008. There were no net unrealized gains or losses on commercial mortgage loans held for sale and the related commitments at September 30 or December 31, 2007.
     Service charges on deposit accounts totaled $110 million in the two most recent quarters, compared with $104 million in the third quarter of 2007. Nearly half of the increase from the third quarter of 2007 to the recent quarter was due to the impact of the fourth quarter 2007 acquisition transactions. Trust income totaled $39 million in the recent quarter, compared with $38 million in last year’s third quarter and $40 million in the second

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quarter of 2008. Brokerage services income, which includes revenues from the sale of mutual funds and annuities and securities brokerage fees, totaled $16 million in the third quarter of 2008, compared with $15 million in the similar quarter of 2007 and $17 million in the second quarter of 2008. Trading account and foreign exchange activity resulted in gains of $4 million during the most recent quarter, and $7 million in each of the third quarter of 2007 and second quarter of 2008.
     M&T’s pro-rata share of the operating loss of BLG in the recent quarter was $14 million, compared with losses of $11 million in the third quarter of 2007 and $13 million in the second 2008 quarter. The loss in 2007’s third quarter was due to the timing of the recognition of gains from loan sales and securitizations. The operating results of BLG in the two most recent quarters resulted from the disruptions in the commercial mortgage-backed securities market and reflected lower gains from loan securitization and sales activities, lower values ascribed to loans held for sale, and costs associated with severance and certain lease terminations. Despite the credit and liquidity disruptions that began in 2007, BLG had been successfully securitizing and selling significant volumes of small-balance commercial real estate loans until the first quarter of 2008. In response to the illiquidity in the market place, BLG has reduced its originations activities, scaled back its workforce and made use of its contingent liquidity sources. BLG is also evaluating alternatives for the placement of small-balance commercial real estate loan originations should the securitization market not improve. Nevertheless, significant fluctuations are expected as part of the business cycle of any mortgage origination and securitization business. Additionally, the Company believes that BLG is capable of realizing positive cash flows that could be available for distribution to its owners, including M&T, despite a lack of positive GAAP-earnings. Nevertheless, if BLG is not able to realize sufficient cash flows for the benefit of M&T, the Company may be required to recognize an other-than-temporary impairment charge in a future period for some portion of the $280 million book value of its investment in BLG. Information about the Company’s relationship with BLG and its affiliates is included in note 9 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     During the third quarter of 2008, the Company realized losses on investment securities of $152 million, compared with losses of $138 thousand and $5 million in the third quarter of 2007 and second quarter of 2008, respectively. As previously described, recognized in the recent quarter was a $153 million other-than-temporary impairment charge for the Company’s holdings of preferred stock of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
     Other revenues from operations totaled $73 million in the recent quarter, compared with $68 million in 2007’s third quarter and $77 million in the second quarter of 2008. Included in other revenues from operations were the following significant components. Letter of credit and other credit-related fees totaled $23 million in the recent quarter, $19 million in the third quarter of 2007 and $25 million in the second quarter of 2008. Tax-exempt income from bank owned life insurance, which includes increases in the cash surrender value of life insurance policies and benefits received, totaled $12 million in the recent quarter, $14 million in the year-earlier quarter and $11 million in 2008’s second quarter. Revenues from merchant discount and credit card fees were $10 million in each of the two most recent quarters, compared with $9 million in the third quarter of 2007. Insurance-related sales commissions and other revenues totaled $7 million in the quarter ended September 30, 2008 and $8 million in each of the quarters ended September 30, 2007 and June 30, 2008.
     Other income totaled $698 million in the first nine months of 2008, compared with $772 million in the corresponding 2007 period. The two factors causing the decline in such income were the previously noted $153 million charge recognized in the third quarter of 2008 related to the other-than-

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temporary decline in value of the preferred stock of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and losses from M&T’s investment in BLG. Partially offsetting those factors were higher mortgage banking revenues, service charges on deposit accounts and credit-related fees, and a $33 million gain recognized in 2008’s initial quarter on the redemption of common stock of Visa.
     For the first nine months of 2008, mortgage banking revenues aggregated $116 million, up 43% from $81 million in the year-earlier period. Residential mortgage banking revenues increased to $88 million during the nine-month period ended September 30, 2008 from $62 million in the similar 2007 period. Residential mortgage loans originated for sale to other investors were $3.4 billion in the first three quarters of 2008, compared with $4.2 billion in the corresponding 2007 period. Realized gains from sales of residential mortgage loans and loan servicing rights and recognized unrealized gains and losses on residential mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to originate loans for sale and commitments to sell loans aggregated to gains of $23 million and $1 million during the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. Reflected in the 2008 gains were approximately $5 million of revenues related to the January 1, 2008 adoption of Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 109 for written loan commitments issued or modified after January 1, 2008. In November 2007, the SEC issued SAB No. 109, which reversed previous conclusions expressed by the SEC staff regarding written loan commitments that are accounted for at fair value through earnings. Specifically, the SEC staff now believes that the expected net future cash flows related to the associated servicing of the loan should be included in the fair value measurement of the derivative loan commitment. In accordance with SAB No. 105, “Application of Accounting Principles to Loan Commitments,” the Company had not included such amounts in the value of loan commitments accounted for as derivatives in 2007. Reflected in the 2007 gains were $18 million of losses related to Alt-A residential mortgage loans that were recognized during the first quarter of 2007. As discussed herein under the heading “Provision for Credit Losses,” in March 2007 the Company transferred $883 million of Alt-A loans originally held for sale to its held-for-investment loan portfolio. In accordance with GAAP, loans held for sale must be recorded at the lower of cost or market value. Accordingly, prior to reclassifying the Alt-A mortgage loans to the held-for-investment portfolio, the carrying value of such loans was reduced by $12 million. Additionally, the Company may be contractually obligated to repurchase some previously sold residential real estate loans that do not ultimately meet investor sale criteria, including instances where mortgagors failed to make timely payments during the first 90 days subsequent to the sale date. Requests from investors for the Company to repurchase residential real estate loans increased significantly in early 2007, particularly related to Alt-A loans. As a result, during 2007’s first quarter the Company reduced mortgage banking revenues by $6 million related to declines in market values of previously sold residential real estate loans that the Company may be required to repurchase. Most of those loans have not been repurchased as of September 30, 2008.
     Revenues from servicing residential mortgage loans for others were $60 million and $54 million for the first nine-months of 2008 and 2007, respectively. Included in such amounts were revenues related to purchased servicing rights associated with the previously noted small balance commercial mortgage loans of $22 million and $15 million for the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. Commercial mortgage banking revenues totaled $29 million during the first three quarters of September 30, 2008, up from $19 million in the similar 2007 period due to higher loan origination and sales activities.

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     Service charges on deposit accounts rose 7% to $324 million during the first nine months of 2008 from $304 million in the similar 2007 period, reflecting increases in both commercial and consumer service charges, the latter largely related to debit card usage. Approximately 40% of the increase in service charges reflects the impact of the late-2007 acquisition transactions. Trust income increased 6% to $120 million from $113 million a year earlier, due predominantly to fees resulting from higher proprietary money-market mutual fund balances. Brokerage services income rose 4% to $49 million during the first nine months of 2008 from $47 million in the corresponding 2007 period. Trading account and foreign exchange activity resulted in gains of $16 million and $20 million for the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. M&T’s February 2007 investment in BLG resulted in losses of $29 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2008, compared with losses of $6 million in the year-earlier period. The increased losses were largely driven by changes in the commercial mortgage-backed securities market as was described earlier. Losses on investment securities aggregated $124 million during the first three quarters of 2008, compared with gains from investment securities of $1 million in the similar 2007 period. The losses in 2008 were largely the result of the $153 million accounting charge for the other-than-temporary decline in value of the Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac preferred stock, partially offset by the recognition of a $33 million gain from the redemption of common shares of Visa during the first quarter of 2008. Other revenues from operations were $226 million in the first nine months of 2008, up from $212 million in the corresponding 2007 period. Included in other revenues from operations during the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007 were letter of credit and other credit-related fees of $77 million and $62 million, respectively, income from bank owned life insurance of $35 million in each period, merchant discount and credit card fees of $30 million and $26 million, respectively, and insurance-related sales commissions and other revenues of $25 million and $24 million, respectively.
Other Expense
Other expense totaled $435 million in the third quarter of 2008, 11% higher than $391 million in the year-earlier period and 4% above $420 million in 2008’s second quarter. Included in the amounts noted above are expenses considered by management to be “nonoperating” in nature consisting of amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets of $16 million in each of the third quarters of 2008 and 2007 and $17 million in the second quarter of 2008. Exclusive of these nonoperating expenses, noninterest operating expenses aggregated $419 million in the recent quarter, compared with $375 million in the third quarter of 2007 and $403 million in the second quarter of 2008.
     Other expense for the nine-month period ended September 30, 2008 aggregated $1.28 billion, up $98 million or 8% from $1.18 billion in the corresponding 2007 period. Included in those amounts are expenses considered to be “nonoperating” in nature consisting of amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets of $51 million in each of 2008 and 2007, and merger-related expenses of $4 million in the first nine months of 2008. Exclusive of these nonoperating expenses, noninterest operating expenses through the first nine months of 2008 increased $94 million or 8% to $1.23 billion from $1.13 billion in the similar 2007 period. Table 2 provides a reconciliation of other expense to noninterest operating expense.
     Salaries and employee benefits expense totaled $237 million in the third quarter of 2008, compared with $221 million in the similar 2007 quarter and $236 million in the second quarter of 2008. For the first three quarters of 2008, salaries and employee benefits expense rose 6% to $725 million from $682 million in the year-earlier period. The higher expense levels in 2008 as

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compared with 2007 reflect annual merit increases, higher incentive compensation and the impact of the fourth quarter acquisition transactions. Stock-based compensation totaled $10 million during each of the quarters ended September 30, 2008 and June 30, 2008, $11 million during the quarter ended September 30, 2007, and $39 million and $41 million for the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. The number of full-time equivalent employees was 12,914 at September 30, 2008, 12,534 at September 30, 2007, 13,246 at December 31, 2007 and 13,052 at June 30, 2008.
     Excluding the nonoperating expense items described earlier from each quarter, nonpersonnel operating expenses were $182 million in the third quarter of 2008, compared with $154 million in the similar quarter of 2007 and $167 million in the second quarter of 2008. On the same basis, such expenses were $501 million and $449 million during the first nine months of 2008 and 2007, respectively. The rise in nonpersonnel operating expenses in 2008’s third quarter as compared with the year-earlier quarter was due, in part, to higher costs for equipment and net occupancy, professional services and advertising, as well as increased expenses related to the foreclosure process for residential real estate properties. Contributing to the higher level of expense in 2008’s third quarter compared with the second quarter of 2008 were changes to the valuation allowance for the impairment of capitalized residential mortgage servicing rights. During the recent quarter, there was a $1 million addition to the valuation allowance while there was a $9 million reversal of a portion of such valuation allowance in the second quarter of 2008. Also contributing to the higher expenses in the recent quarter as compared with 2008’s second quarter were higher costs related to professional services and advertising. Contributing to the rise in nonpersonnel expenses in the first three quarters of 2008 as compared with 2007 were higher costs related to professional services, advertising and the foreclosure process for residential real estate properties. Partially offsetting those increases was a reversal in the first quarter of 2008 of approximately $15 million of the $23 million accrued during the fourth quarter of 2007 for estimated losses stemming from certain litigation involving Visa (“Covered Litigation”). As part of Visa’s initial public offering, M&T Bank and other member banks are obligated to share in losses from the Covered Litigation. As Visa settles the Covered Litigation and provides information regarding any such settlements to its member banks, increases or decreases in M&T’s accrual for Covered Litigation are possible. Additional information about the Covered Litigation is included in note 6 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     The efficiency ratio, or noninterest operating expenses (as defined above) divided by the sum of taxable-equivalent net interest income and noninterest income (exclusive of gains and losses from bank investment securities), measures the relationship of noninterest operating expenses to revenues. The Company’s efficiency ratio was 55.2% during the recent quarter, compared with 51.6% during the third quarter of 2007 and 52.4% in the second quarter of 2008. The efficiency ratios for the nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007 were 53.5% and 52.2%, respectively. Noninterest operating expenses used in calculating the efficiency ratio do not include the amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets or the acquisition-related costs noted earlier. If charges for amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets were included, the efficiency ratio for the three-month periods ended September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007 and June 30, 2008 would have been 57.2%, 53.8% and 54.6%, respectively, and for the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007 would have been 55.7% and 54.6%, respectively.
Income Taxes
The provision for income taxes for the third quarter of 2008 was a benefit of $25 million, compared with income tax expense of $97 million and $78 million

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in the third quarter of 2007 and second quarter of 2008, respectively. The income tax benefit recorded in the recent quarter reflects the resolution of previously uncertain tax positions related to the Company’s activities in various jurisdictions during the years 1999-2007 that allowed the Company to reduce its accrual for income taxes in late September 2008 by $40 million. Exclusive of the impact of the $40 million credit to income taxes, the effective tax rate in 2008’s third quarter was 22.7%. That compares with 32.7% in each of the quarters ended September 30, 2007 and June 30, 2008. For the nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, the provision for income taxes was $156 million and $290 million, respectively, resulting in effective tax rates of 25.6% in 2008 and 33.0% in 2007.
     The effective tax rate is impacted by the level of income earned that is exempt from tax relative to the overall level of pre-tax income and by the level of income allocated to the various state and local jurisdictions where the Company operates, because tax rates differ among those jurisdictions. Although the other-than-temporary impairment charge related to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac preferred stock is fully deductible for purposes of computing income tax expense, that charge had an impact on the effective tax rate because it significantly lowered pre-tax income relative to the amounts of tax-exempt income and other permanent differences that impact the effective tax rate. Excluding the impact of the (i) other than temporary impairment charge from pre-tax income and income tax expense and (ii) the $40 million credit to income tax expense resulting from the resolution of previously uncertain tax positions, the Company’s effective tax rates for the three- and nine-month periods ended September 30, 2008 would have been 32.1% and 33.0%, respectively.
     The Company’s effective tax rate in future periods will also be affected by the results of operations allocated to the various tax jurisdictions within which the Company operates, any change in income tax regulations within those jurisdictions, or interpretations of income tax regulations that differ from the Company’s interpretations by any of various tax authorities that may examine tax returns filed by M&T or any of its subsidiaries.
Capital
Stockholders’ equity totaled $6.4 billion at September 30, 2008, compared with $6.2 billion at September 30, 2007 and $6.5 billion at December 31, 2007. As a percentage of total assets, stockholders’ equity at September 30, 2008, September 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007 was 9.83%, 10.40% and 10.00%, respectively. On a per share basis, stockholders’ equity was $58.17 at September 30, 2008, compared with $58.40 and $58.99 at September 30 and December 31, 2007, respectively. Tangible equity per share, which excludes goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets and applicable deferred tax balances, was $27.67 at September 30, 2008, compared with $29.48 a year earlier and $27.98 at December 31, 2007. A reconciliation of total stockholders’ equity and tangible equity as of each of those respective dates is presented in table 2.
     Stockholders’ equity reflects accumulated other comprehensive income or loss, which includes the net after-tax impact of unrealized gains or losses on investment securities classified as available for sale, gains or losses associated with interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges, and adjustments to reflect the funded status of defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans. Net unrealized losses on investment securities, net of applicable tax effect, reflected in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) were $405 million, or $3.67 per common share, at September 30, 2008, compared with $58 million, or $.54 per share, at September 30, 2007 and $59 million, or $.54 per share, at December 31, 2007. Such unrealized losses are generally due to changes in interest rates and/or a temporary lack of

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liquidity in the market, and represent the difference, net of applicable income tax effect, between the estimated fair value and amortized cost of investment securities classified as available for sale. Reflected in net unrealized losses at September 30, 2008 were pre tax-effect unrealized losses of $597 million on available-for-sale investment securities with an amortized cost of $4.7 billion and pre-tax effect unrealized gains of $39 million on securities with an amortized cost of $3.2 billion. The pre-tax effect unrealized losses reflect $481 million of losses on $3.2 billion of privately issued collateralized mortgage obligations (considered Level 3 valuations) and $94 million of losses on $251 million of trust preferred securities issued by financial institutions and securities backed by trust preferred securities issued by financial institutions ($22 million of such unrealized losses were on $27 million of securities using a Level 3 valuation, with the remainder classified as Level 2 valuations).
     During the third quarter of 2008, an other-than-temporary impairment charge of $153 million (pre-tax) was recorded on preferred stock holdings of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac that the Company continues to hold in its available-for-sale investment securities portfolio. Following the impairment charge, those preferred stock holdings have a remaining cost-basis of $9 million. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac were placed under conservatorship on September 7, 2008 by the U.S. Government. The impairment charge and the recognition of available income tax benefits resulted in a reduction of the Company’s recent quarter net income of $97 million, or $.88 of diluted earnings per share. During the second quarter of 2008, an other-than-temporary impairment charge of $6 million (pre-tax) was recorded on one floating rate private collateralized mortgage obligation that was backed by option adjustable rate residential mortgages.
     As of September 30, 2008, based on a review of each of the remaining securities in the investment securities portfolio, the Company concluded that it was not probable that it would be unable to realize the cost basis investment and appropriate interest payments on such securities. Accordingly, the Company concluded that the declines in the values of those securities were temporary and that any additional other-than-temporary impairment charges were not appropriate at September 30, 2008.
     As of September 30, 2008, the Company had the ability and intent to hold each of the impaired securities, that is where market value is less than the cost basis of the security, to recovery. The Company intends to closely monitor the performance of the privately issued mortgage-backed securities and other securities to assess if changes in their underlying credit performance or other events cause the cost basis of those securities to become other than temporarily impaired. However, because the unrealized losses described have already been reflected in the financial statement values for investment securities and stockholders’ equity, any recognition of an other-than-temporary decline in value of these investment securities would have no effect on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. Additional information concerning fair value measurements and the Company’s approach to and classification of such measurements is included in note 10 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     Also reflected in accumulated other comprehensive income were net losses of $9 million, or $.09 per share, representing the remaining unamortized losses related to the termination of interest rate swap agreements that had been designated as cash flow hedges. Included in this amount were unamortized losses of $10 million related to swap agreements terminated by the Company during the first quarter of 2008 that had originally been entered into as a cash flow hedge of variable rate long-term borrowings. Net unrealized fair value losses associated with interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges were $390 thousand at September 30, 2007 and $9 million, or $.08 per share, at December 31, 2007.

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There were no outstanding interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges at September 30, 2008. Adjustments to reflect the funded status of defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans as required under SFAS No. 158, net of applicable tax effect, reduced accumulated other comprehensive income by $47 million, or $.43 per share, at September 30, 2008, $28 million, or $.26 per share, at September 30, 2007, and $46 million, or $.42 per share, at December 31, 2007.
     In February 2007, M&T announced that it had been authorized by its Board of Directors to purchase up to 5,000,000 shares of its common stock. There were no repurchases during the first nine months of 2008. Through September 30, 2008, M&T had repurchased a total of 2,818,500 shares of common stock pursuant to that authorization at an average cost of $108.30 per share.
     Federal regulators generally require banking institutions to maintain “core capital” and “total capital” ratios of at least 4% and 8%, respectively, of risk-adjusted total assets. In addition to the risk-based measures, Federal bank regulators have also implemented a minimum “leverage” ratio guideline of 3% of the quarterly average of total assets. At September 30, 2008, core capital included $1.1 billion of the trust preferred securities described in note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements, and total capital further included $1.6 billion of subordinated notes. In December 2007, M&T Bank issued $400 million of 6.625% fixed rate subordinated notes due 2017 and in January 2008, M&T Capital Trust IV issued $350 million of Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities that pay a fixed rate of interest of 8.50%. For further discussion of the Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities, see note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     The rate of regulatory core capital generation, or net operating income (as previously defined) less the sum of dividends paid and the after-tax effect of merger-related expenses expressed as an annualized percentage of regulatory “core capital” at the beginning of each period was 2.10% during the third quarter of 2008, compared with 14.02% in the corresponding quarter of 2007 and 8.63% in the second quarter of 2008. The recent quarter’s rate of regulatory core capital generation was adversely impacted by the other-than-temporary impairment charge recorded on the preferred stock of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which reduced net operating income by $97 million. Excluding that charge from the recent quarter’s results, the rate of regulatory core capital generation was 10.77%.
     The regulatory capital ratios of the Company, M&T Bank and M&T Bank, N.A., as of September 30, 2008 are presented in the accompanying table.
REGULATORY CAPITAL RATIOS
September 30, 2008
                         
    M&T   M&T   M&T
    (Consolidated)   Bank   Bank, N.A.
Core capital
    7.89 %     7.21 %     24.97 %
Total capital
    11.98 %     11.33 %     25.55 %
Leverage
    7.34 %     6.73 %     12.44 %
Segment Information
In accordance with SFAS No. 131, “Disclosures About Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information,” the Company’s reportable segments have been determined based upon its internal profitability reporting system, which is organized by strategic business unit. Financial information about the Company’s segments is presented in note 5 of Notes to Financial Statements.

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     Net income earned by the Business Banking segment totaled $30 million in each of the second and third quarters of 2008, compared with $35 million in the third quarter of 2007. The recent quarter’s unfavorable performance as compared with the third quarter of 2007 was the result of a $4 million increase in the provision for credit losses, due to higher net charge-offs of loans, a $2 million increase in personnel costs and lower net interest income of $2 million. The decline in net interest income resulted from a 52 basis point narrowing of the net interest margin on deposit products, offset, in part, by the impact of a $260 million increase in average deposit balances. As compared with the second quarter of 2008, a $2 million increase in net interest income, primarily the result of higher average deposit balances of $180 million, was offset by an increase in noninterest expenses of $2 million. For the first nine months of 2008, the Business Banking segment’s net income declined 9% to $92 million from $101 million in the year-earlier period. That decline was mainly due to an $11 million increase in each of the provision for credit losses, the result of higher net loan charge-offs, and noninterest expenses, reflecting higher personnel costs. Partially offsetting those unfavorable factors was a $4 million rise in service charges on deposit accounts.
     The Commercial Banking segment contributed $60 million to the Company’s net income in the third quarter of 2008, 14% higher than $53 million in 2007’s third quarter and 12% above the $54 million earned in the second quarter of 2008. The favorable performance as compared with the third quarter of 2007 was predominantly the result of higher net interest income of $11 million, attributable to a $2.1 billion increase in average loan balances outstanding, a $4 million increase in fees received for providing corporate advisory and credit-related services, and higher service charges on deposit accounts of $2 million. Partially offsetting those favorable factors were $2 million increases in each of the provision for credit losses and personnel costs. The higher net income as compared with the immediately preceding quarter was primarily due to a $13 million decrease in the provision for credit losses, the result of lower net charge-offs of loans, and a $6 million increase in net interest income, largely due to a $442 million increase in average deposit balances. Those positive factors were offset, in part, by a $7 million decline in noninterest income, due largely to declines in fees received from providing credit-related services and income related to end-of-term sales of commercial lease equipment. Net contribution for the Commercial Banking segment increased to $180 million for the first nine months of 2008, up 12% from $161 million in the similar 2007 period. The main contributors to that improvement were a $32 million increase in net interest income, primarily the result of a $2.0 billion increase in average loan balances outstanding, and a $27 million increase in noninterest income. Contributing to the higher noninterest income were higher fees of $9 million for providing credit-related services, a $7 million rise in deposit service charges, and a $3 million increase in income related to end-of-term sales of commercial lease equipment. Partially offsetting those favorable factors was an $11 million increase in the provision for credit losses, due to higher net charge-offs of loans, and higher noninterest expenses of $15 million, largely due to increased personnel costs.
     The Commercial Real Estate segment’s net income aggregated $36 million in the recent quarter, compared with $39 million in 2007’s third quarter and $43 million in the second quarter of 2008. The decline in net income in the recent quarter from the third quarter of 2007 was due to a $10 million increase in the provision for credit losses, primarily the result of higher net charge-offs of loans, and a $3 million rise in personnel costs, offset, in part, by $4 million increases in each of commercial mortgage banking revenues and net interest income. The higher net interest income predominantly resulted from a $2.1 billion increase in average loans outstanding, partially offset by a 31 basis point narrowing of the net interest margin associated with such loans. The lower net income as compared

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with 2008’s second quarter reflects an $8 million increase in the provision for credit losses, due to higher net charge-offs of loans, and lower net interest income of $2 million, resulting from a 7 basis point narrowing of the net interest margin on loans. Through September 30, 2008, net income for this segment rose to $121 million, up 8% from $112 million earned in the corresponding 2007 period. The increase from the prior year resulted from a $22 million increase in net interest income, primarily due to a $2.0 billion increase in average loan balances outstanding, partially offset by a 19 basis point narrowing of the loan net interest margin, and an $8 million increase in commercial mortgage banking revenues. Partially offsetting those positive factors was a $10 million increase in the provision for credit losses, mainly due to higher net charge-offs of loans, and a $7 million increase in personnel costs.
     The Discretionary Portfolio segment incurred a net loss of $78 million in the third quarter of 2008, compared with net income of $21 million in the corresponding quarter of last year and $5 million in 2008’s second quarter. Included in the assets of this segment are the Company’s holdings of preferred stock of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The predominant factor contributing to the net loss recorded in the recent quarter was the $153 million other-than-temporary impairment charge related to that preferred stock. As compared with 2007’s third quarter, the recent quarter’s provision for credit losses rose $13 million, mainly due to higher net charge-offs of Alt-A loans, and noninterest expenses increased $11 million, reflecting higher foreclosure-related costs. Partially offsetting those factors was a $12 million increase in net interest income, largely due to a $2.0 billion increase in average investment securities, and a 35 basis point widening of the net interest margin on investment securities. The growth in average balances resulted from securitization transactions in December 2007, and in June and July 2008. The decrease in net contribution from the second quarter of 2008 mainly resulted from the preferred stock impairment charge in the recent quarter and a $4 million increase in noninterest expenses, largely from higher professional services and foreclosure-related costs, offset, in part, by a $9 million increase in net interest income, attributable to a 12 basis point widening of net interest margin, and a second quarter 2008 other-than-temporary impairment charge of $6 million related to one private collateralized mortgage obligation. For the first nine months of 2008, the Discretionary Portfolio segment incurred a net loss of $57 million, compared with net income of $61 million in the similar 2007 period. The other-than-temporary impairment charges related to the preferred stock issuances of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and the private collateralized mortgage obligation of $153 million and $6 million, respectively, a $44 million increase in the provision for credit losses, resulting largely from higher net charge-offs of Alt-A loans, and higher noninterest expenses of $21 million, mainly from increases in professional services and foreclosure-related costs, were the main factors contributing to the poorer performance in the current year as compared with 2007. Partially offsetting those unfavorable factors was a $28 million rise in net interest income, primarily the result of a 26 basis point widening of the net interest margin on investment securities, and a 27% increase in the average investment securities portfolio, reflecting the late-2007 and 2008 securitization transactions.
     The Residential Mortgage Banking segment incurred net losses of $18 million and $10 million in the two most recent quarters, compared with net income of $6 million in the third quarter of 2007. The decline in net contribution as compared with the third quarter of 2007 resulted from a $33 million increase in the provision for credit losses, due predominantly to higher net charge-offs of loans to builders and developers of residential real estate properties, and a $4 million decrease in net interest income, largely due to a 38 basis point narrowing of the net interest margin on loans and the impact of a $191 million decrease in average loan balances outstanding. The higher net loss in the third quarter of 2008 as compared

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with the immediately preceding quarter mainly resulted from a $1 million addition to the capitalized mortgage servicing rights valuation allowance in the recent quarter, compared with a $9 million partial reversal of such allowance in the second quarter of 2008. Also contributing to the unfavorable performance was a decline in net interest income of $4 million, the result of a 31 basis point narrowing of the loan net interest margin and a $275 million decline in average loan balances outstanding, partially offset by a $6 million decrease in the provision for credit losses, primarily due to lower net charge-offs of loans to builders and developers of residential real estate properties in the recent quarter. For the nine-month period ended September 30, 2008, the Residential Mortgage Banking segment incurred a net loss of $23 million, compared with net income of $14 million in the corresponding 2007 period. The main factor contributing to that decline was a $76 million increase in the provision for credit losses due to higher net charge-offs of loans to builders and developers of residential real estate properties. Also contributing to the decline was an $11 million decrease in net interest income, largely due to lower average loan balances outstanding of $376 million and a 15 basis point narrowing of the net interest margin associated with such loans, and reversals of portions of the valuation allowance for the impairment of capitalized mortgage servicing rights, which totaled $3 million and $6 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. Partially offsetting those unfavorable factors was a $27 million increase in mortgage banking revenues, largely due to the $18 million loss recognized in 2007 related to Alt-A residential mortgage loans, and a $5 million current year increase from the adoption of accounting pronouncements that accelerated the recognition of certain mortgage banking revenues.
     Net income for the Retail Banking segment totaled $58 million in 2008’s third quarter, down 28% from the $81 million earned in the year-earlier quarter, and 7% below the $63 million earned in the second quarter of 2008. The unfavorable performance as compared with last year’s third quarter was largely due to a $15 million decline in net interest income, the result of a 54 basis point narrowing of the net interest margin on deposit products, offset, in part, by the impact of a $1.9 billion increase in average deposit balances; a higher provision for credit losses of $11 million, mainly due to higher net loan charge-offs; and a $13 million increase in noninterest expenses, reflecting higher costs for personnel, net occupancy, and advertising and promotion, due in part to the impact of the late-2007 acquisition transactions. As compared with the second quarter of 2008, a $6 million increase in the provision for credit losses, reflecting higher charge-offs of loans, and lower net interest income of $5 million, largely the result of a 9 basis point narrowing of the net interest margin on deposits, were the main factors contributing to the decline in net income. Net contribution for this segment aggregated $197 million during the first nine months of 2008, down 19% from $242 million earned in the similar 2007 period. Increases in the provision for credit losses of $25 million, due to higher net charge-offs of loans; personnel costs of $18 million, reflecting merit increases, higher benefits expense and the impact of the late-2007 acquisitions; net occupancy expenses of $11 million, largely the result of the 2007 acquisitions, and higher advertising and promotion costs of $5 million were the leading factors contributing to the unfavorable performance as compared with the first nine months of 2007. Also contributing to the decline in net contribution was lower net interest income of $9 million, largely due to the narrowing of the net interest margins on deposits and loans of 31 basis points and 13 basis points, respectively, offset, in part, by the impact of higher average deposit and loan balances of $1.3 billion and $1.2 billion, respectively.
     The “All Other” category reflects other activities of the Company that are not directly attributable to the reported segments as determined in accordance with SFAS No. 131, such as the M&T Investment Group, which

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includes the Company’s trust, brokerage and insurance businesses. Also reflected in this category are the amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets resulting from the acquisitions of financial institutions, M&T’s equity in the earnings of BLG, merger-related expenses resulting from acquisitions and the net impact of the Company’s allocation methodologies for internal funds transfer pricing and the provision for credit losses. The various components of the “All Other” category resulted in net income of $4 million in the third quarter of 2008, compared with net losses in the year-earlier quarter and the second quarter of 2008 of $35 million and $23 million, respectively. As compared with the third quarter of 2007, the increase in net income mainly resulted from a $40 million reduction of income tax expense in the current quarter relating to M&T’s resolution of certain tax issues related to its activities in various jurisdictions. Also contributing to the improvement was the favorable impact from the Company’s allocation methodologies for internal transfers for funding charges and credits associated with earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities of the Company’s reportable segments and the provision for credit losses. Partially offsetting those positive factors were increases in personnel and professional services costs of $15 million and $10 million, respectively, related to the business and support units included in the “All Other” category, and a $3 million charitable contribution made in the recent quarter to The M&T Charitable Foundation. Included in the recent quarter’s results was an $11 million after-tax reduction of net income from M&T’s investment in BLG (inclusive of interest expense to fund that investment), compared with a similar $9 million reduction in the third quarter of 2007. The higher net income in the recent quarter as compared with the second quarter of 2008 resulted from the previously mentioned $40 million reduction of income tax expense, offset, in part, by the negative impact from the Company’s allocation methodologies for internal transfers for funding charges and credits associated with the earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities of the Company’s reportable segments and the provision for credit losses, a $4 million increase in professional services costs related to the business and support units included in the “All Other” category, and the $3 million charitable contribution. M&T’s pro-rata portion of the operating results of BLG reduced net income in the second quarter of 2008 by $10 million. For the first nine months of 2008, the “All Other” category incurred a net loss of $56 million, compared with a net loss of $102 million in the similar 2007 period. The lower net loss in 2008 as compared with 2007 resulted from several factors, including the $40 million reduction of income tax expense noted above; the previously mentioned $33 million gain realized in the first quarter of 2008 from the mandatory partial redemption of Visa stock owned by M&T Bank; the $15 million related to the reversal in the first quarter of 2008 of the Visa litigation-related accruals initially made in the fourth quarter of 2007; and the favorable impact from the Company’s allocation methodologies for internal transfers for funding charges and credits associated with earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities of the Company’s reportable segments and the provision for credit losses. Partially offsetting those favorable factors were higher personnel and professional services costs of $12 million and $18 million, respectively, related to the business and support units included in the “All Other” category; a $14 million after-tax reduction of the contribution from M&T’s investment in BLG, inclusive of interest expense to fund that investment; and the $3 million charitable contribution.
Recent Accounting Developments
Effective January 1, 2008, the Company adopted Statement of Financial (“SFAS”) No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements,” for fair value measurements of certain of its financial instruments. The provisions of SFAS No. 157 that pertain to measurement of non-financial assets and liabilities have been deferred by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) until 2009.

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SFAS No. 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in GAAP, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. SFAS No. 157 applies to fair value measurements required or permitted under other accounting pronouncements, but does not require any new fair value measurements. The definition of fair value is clarified by SFAS No. 157 to be the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. At September 30, 2008, approximately $2.9 billion or 34% of the Company’s $8.5 billion of assets and liabilities measured using fair value measurements on a recurring basis were classified as Level 3 valuations. The Level 3 classified assets and liabilities are primarily comprised of available-for-sale privately issued collateralized mortgage obligations. Such securities have been classified as a Level 3 valuation because of limited trading activities or less observable valuation inputs. Fair valuation losses on Level 3 available-for-sale investment securities of $34 million and $124 million were recognized during the third quarter of 2008 and the nine-month period ended September 30, 2008, respectively, as a reduction of other comprehensive income, with no gains or losses recognized through earnings. As previously disclosed, with the exception of the security upon which the Company recognized a $6 million other-than-temporary impairment charge in 2008’s second quarter, as of September 30, 2008 the Company believed that it was not probable that it would be unable to collect all principal and interest payments on its portfolio of collateralized mortgage obligations and, therefore, the Company believed that the unrealized losses on those securities were temporary. Nevertheless, as previously noted, the Company closely monitors the repayment performance of investment securities and underlying collateral on a regular basis and as a result of such monitoring it is possible that additional investment securities could be identified as other-than-temporarily impaired in future periods.
     As a result of market inactivity and a lack of observable valuation inputs, approximately $2.2 billion of privately issued collateralized mortgage obligations in the Company’s available-for-sale investment securities portfolio were transferred out of a Level 2 classification and into a Level 3 classification during the third quarter of 2008. Offsetting the transfer into Level 3 were certain privately issued mortgage-backed securities securitized by Bayview Financial with a fair value of $298 million that were transferred from the Company’s available-for-sale portfolio to its held-to- maturity portfolio during the quarter ended September 30, 2008, and thus are no longer measured at fair value. In October 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position FAS 157-3, “Determining the Fair Value of a Financial Asset When the Market for That Asset Is Not Active” (“FSP 157-3”). FSP 157-3 clarifies the application of SFAS No. 157 and provides an example to illustrate key considerations in determining the fair value of a financial asset when the market for that financial asset is not active. FSP 157-3 allows for the use of the reporting entity’s own assumptions about future cash flows and appropriately risk-adjusted discount rates when relevant observable inputs are not available to determine the fair value for a financial asset in a dislocated market. The Company considered the guidance provided by FSP 157-3 in its determination of the fair value of its portfolio of privately issued collateralized mortgage obligations. Additionally, at September 30, 2008 commitments to originate mortgage loans for sale with a net fair value loss of $2 million have been classified as a Level 3 valuation. Approximately $1 million and $16 million of fair value changes on commitments to originate mortgage loans for sale were recognized in mortgage banking revenues during the third quarter of 2008 and the nine-month period ended September 30, 2008, respectively. Upon loan origination, the fair value of the derivative loan commitments becomes part of the basis of the closed loans held for sale. Approximately $7 million and $21 million of fair value was transferred from Level 3 to Level 2 classification to reflect the closing of commitments into originated loans held for sale during the third quarter of 2008 and the nine-month period ended September 30, 2008, respectively. Information concerning fair value

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measurements and the Company’s approach to and classification of such measurements is included in note 10 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     In December 2007, the FASB issued a revised SFAS No. 141, “Business Combinations” (“SFAS No. 141R”). SFAS No. 141R retains the fundamental requirements of SFAS No. 141 that the acquisition method of accounting be used for all business combinations and for an acquirer to be identified for each business combination. SFAS No. 141R defines the acquirer as the entity that obtains control of one or more businesses in the business combination and establishes the acquisition date as the date the acquirer achieves control. SFAS No. 141R retains the guidance in SFAS No. 141 for identifying and recognizing intangible assets separately from goodwill. With limited exceptions, the statement requires an acquirer to recognize the assets acquired, the liabilities assumed and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date, measured at their fair value as of that date. That replaces SFAS No. 141’s cost-allocation process, which required the cost of an acquisition to be allocated to the individual assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values. As a result, certain acquisition-related costs previously included in the cost of an acquisition will be required to be expensed as incurred. In addition, certain restructuring costs previously recognized as if they were an assumed liability from an acquisition, will be required to be expensed. SFAS No. 141R also requires the acquirer in a business combination achieved in stages (sometimes referred to as a step acquisition) to recognize the identifiable assets and liabilities, as well as the noncontrolling interest in the acquiree, at the full amounts of their fair values. SFAS No. 141R also requires an acquirer to recognize assets acquired and liabilities assumed arising from contractual contingencies as of the acquisition date, measured at their acquisition-date fair values. An acquirer is required to recognize assets or liabilities arising from all other contingencies (noncontractual contingencies) as of the acquisition date, measured at their acquisition-date fair values, only if it is more likely than not that they meet the definition of an asset or a liability in FASB Concepts Statement No. 6, “Elements of Financial Statements.” The statement requires the acquirer to recognize goodwill as of the acquisition date measured as a residual, which in most types of business combinations will result in measuring goodwill as the excess of the consideration transferred plus the fair value of any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date over the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired. SFAS No. 141R also eliminates the recognition of a separate valuation allowance, such as an allowance for credit losses, as of the acquisition date for assets acquired in a business combination that are measured at their acquisition-date fair values because the effects of uncertainty about future cash flows should be included in the fair value measurement of those assets. SFAS No. 141R should be applied prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is prohibited. The Company believes that the adoption of SFAS No. 141R will significantly impact its accounting for any acquisitions it may consummate in 2009 and beyond.
     Also in December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements — an amendment of ARB No. 51.” A noncontrolling interest, sometimes called a minority interest, is a portion of equity in a subsidiary not attributable, directly or indirectly, to a parent. SFAS No. 160 requires that the ownership interest in subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent be clearly identified, labeled and presented in the consolidated statement of financial position within equity, but separate from the parent’s equity. The amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest is required to be clearly identified and presented on the face of the consolidated statement of income. SFAS No. 160 also requires entities to provide disclosures that clearly identify and distinguish between the interests of the parent and the interests of the noncontrolling owners. SFAS No. 160 should be applied

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prospectively as of the beginning of a fiscal year beginning on or after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is prohibited. The Company does not anticipate that the adoption of SFAS No. 160 will have a significant impact on the reporting of its financial position or results of its operations.
     In February 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position FAS 140-3, “Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishment of Liabilities” (“FSP 140-3”). FSP 140-3 was issued to provide guidance on accounting for a transfer of a financial asset and repurchase financing. FSP 140-3 presumes that an initial transfer of a financial asset and a repurchase financing are considered part of the same arrangement (“linked transaction”) under SFAS No. 140, “Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishments of Liabilities.” However, if certain criteria are met, the initial transfer and repurchase financing should not be evaluated as a linked transaction and should be evaluated separately under SFAS No. 140. FSP 140-3 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008 and interim periods within those fiscal years. Earlier application is not permitted. FSP 140-3 should be applied prospectively to initial transfers and repurchase financings for which the initial transfer is executed on or after the beginning of the fiscal year for which FSP 140-3 is effective. The Company does not believe that the adoption of FSP 140-3 will have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.
     The FASB issued SFAS No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” in March 2008. SFAS No. 161 requires enhanced disclosures about an entity’s derivative and hedging activities including (a) how and why an entity uses derivative instruments, (b) how derivative instruments and related hedging items are accounted for under SFAS No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” and its related interpretations, and (c) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entity’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows. SFAS No. 161 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after November 15, 2008, with earlier application encouraged. The Company intends to comply with the disclosure requirements of SFAS No. 161.
     In September 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position FAS 133-1 and FIN 45-4, “Disclosures about Credit Derivatives and Certain Guarantees: An Amendment of FASB Statement No. 133 and FASB Interpretation No. 45; and Clarification of the Effective Date of FASB Statement No. 161” (“FSP 133-1 & FIN 45-4”). FSP 133-1 & FIN 45-4 was issued to require sellers of credit derivatives, including credit derivatives embedded in a hybrid instrument, to provide disclosures about the current status of the payment/performance risk of guarantees, and to clarify the effective date of FASB Statement No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities.” Disclosures about credit derivatives will include the nature of the credit derivative, the maximum potential amount of future payments the seller could be required to make, the fair value of the credit derivative, and the nature of any recourse provisions and collateral. For guarantors that provide credit risk-related guarantees, the payment/performance risk disclosure could be based on either recently issued external credit ratings or current internal groupings used by the guarantor to manage its risk. FSP 133-1 & FIN 45-4 is effective for reporting periods ending after November 15, 2008. The Company is still evaluating the provisions of FSP 133-1 & FIN 45-4 and intends to comply with its disclosure requirements.
Forward-Looking Statements
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and other sections of this quarterly report contain forward-looking statements that are based on current expectations, estimates and projections

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about the Company’s business, management’s beliefs and assumptions made by management. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions (“Future Factors”) which are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements.
     Future Factors include changes in interest rates, spreads on earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, and interest rate sensitivity; prepayment speeds, loan originations, credit losses and market values on loans, other assets and collateral securing loans; sources of liquidity; common shares outstanding; common stock price volatility; fair value of and number of stock-based compensation awards to be issued in future periods; legislation affecting the financial services industry as a whole, and M&T and its subsidiaries individually or collectively, including tax legislation; regulatory supervision and oversight, including monetary policy and required capital levels; changes in accounting policies or procedures as may be required by the Financial Accounting Standards Board or other regulatory agencies; increasing price and product/service competition by competitors, including new entrants; rapid technological developments and changes; the ability to continue to introduce competitive new products and services on a timely, cost-effective basis; the mix of products/services; containing costs and expenses; governmental and public policy changes; protection and validity of intellectual property rights; reliance on large customers; technological, implementation and cost/financial risks in large, multi-year contracts; the outcome of pending and future litigation and governmental proceedings, including tax-related examinations and other matters; continued availability of financing; financial resources in the amounts, at the times and on the terms required to support M&T and its subsidiaries’ future businesses; and material differences in the actual financial results of merger, acquisition and investment activities compared with M&T’s initial expectations, including the full realization of anticipated cost savings and revenue enhancements.
     These are representative of the Future Factors that could affect the outcome of the forward-looking statements. In addition, such statements could be affected by general industry and market conditions and growth rates, general economic and political conditions, either nationally or in the states in which M&T and its subsidiaries do business, including interest rate and currency exchange rate fluctuations, changes and trends in the securities markets, and other Future Factors.

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 1
QUARTERLY TRENDS
                                                         
    2008 Quarters   2007 Quarters
    Third   Second   First   Fourth   Third   Second   First
 
Earnings and dividends
                                                       
Amounts in thousands, except per share
                                                       
Interest income (taxable-equivalent basis)
  $ 806,614       823,425       889,945       918,200       898,126       883,148       866,172  
Interest expense
    313,115       330,942       405,312       442,364       425,326       416,264       410,622  
 
Net interest income
    493,499       492,483       484,633       475,836       472,800       466,884       455,550  
Less: provision for credit losses
    101,000       100,000       60,000       101,000       34,000       30,000       27,000  
Other income
    113,717       271,182       312,663       160,490       252,899       283,117       236,483  
Less: other expense
    434,763       419,710       425,704       445,473       390,528       392,651       399,037  
 
Income before income taxes
    71,453       243,955       311,592       89,853       301,171       327,350       265,996  
Applicable income taxes (benefit)
    (24,992 )     77,839       103,613       19,297       96,872       108,209       84,900  
Taxable-equivalent adjustment
    5,260       5,851       5,783       5,626       5,112       4,972       5,123  
 
Net income
  $ 91,185       160,265       202,196       64,930       199,187       214,169       175,973  
 
Per common share data
                                                       
Basic earnings
  $ .83       1.45       1.84       .60       1.86       1.98       1.60  
Diluted earnings
    .82       1.44       1.82       .60       1.83       1.95       1.57  
Cash dividends
  $ .70       .70       .70       .70       .70       .60       .60  
Average common shares outstanding
                                                       
Basic
    110,265       110,191       110,017       107,859       107,056       107,939       109,694  
Diluted
    110,807       111,227       110,967       109,034       108,957       109,919       112,187  
 
Performance ratios, annualized
                                                       
Return on
                                                       
Average assets
    .56 %     .98 %     1.25 %     .42 %     1.37 %     1.49 %     1.25 %
Average common stockholders’ equity
    5.66 %     9.96 %     12.49 %     4.05 %     12.78 %     13.92 %     11.38 %
Net interest margin on average earning assets (taxable-equivalent basis)
    3.39 %     3.39 %     3.38 %     3.45 %     3.65 %     3.67 %     3.64 %
Nonperforming loans to total loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    1.46 %     1.20 %     1.00 %     .93 %     .83 %     .68 %     .63 %
Efficiency ratio (a)
    57.24 %     54.57 %     55.27 %     56.39 %     53.80 %     52.37 %     57.75 %
 
Net operating (tangible) results (b)
                                                       
Net operating income (in thousands)
  $ 100,809       170,361       215,597       83,719       208,749       224,190       187,162  
Diluted net operating income per common share
    .91       1.53       1.94       .77       1.92       2.04       1.67  
Annualized return on
                                                       
Average tangible assets
    .65 %     1.10 %     1.41 %     .57 %     1.51 %     1.65 %     1.40 %
Average tangible common stockholders’ equity
    13.17 %     22.20 %     27.86 %     10.49 %     26.80 %     29.35 %     24.11 %
Efficiency ratio (a)
    55.16 %     52.41 %     52.85 %     54.30 %     51.64 %     50.18 %     55.09 %
 
Balance sheet data
                                                       
In millions, except per share
                                                       
Average balances
                                                       
Total assets (c)
  $ 64,997       65,584       65,015       61,549       57,862       57,523       57,207  
Total tangible assets (c)
    61,627       62,201       61,614       58,355       54,766       54,415       54,085  
Earning assets
    57,971       58,465       57,713       54,765       51,325       50,982       50,693  
Investment securities
    9,303       8,770       8,924       7,905       7,260       6,886       7,214  
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    48,477       49,522       48,575       46,055       43,750       43,572       43,114  
Deposits
    39,503       39,711       39,999       38,565       36,936       37,048       37,966  
Stockholders’ equity (c)
    6,415       6,469       6,513       6,360       6,186       6,172       6,270  
Tangible stockholders’ equity (c)
    3,045       3,086       3,112       3,166       3,090       3,064       3,148  
 
At end of quarter
                                                       
Total assets (c)
  $ 65,247       65,893       66,086       64,876       60,008       57,869       57,842  
Total tangible assets (c)
    61,883       62,517       62,696       61,467       56,919       54,767       54,727  
Earning assets
    57,430       57,949       58,030       57,163       53,267       51,131       51,046  
Investment securities
    8,433       8,659       8,676       8,962       8,003       6,982       7,028  
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    48,694       49,115       49,279       48,022       44,778       43,744       43,507  
Deposits
    42,501       41,926       41,533       41,266       38,473       39,419       38,938  
Stockholders’ equity (c)
    6,417       6,519       6,488       6,485       6,238       6,175       6,253  
Tangible stockholders’ equity (c)
    3,053       3,143       3,098       3,076       3,149       3,073       3,138  
Equity per common share
    58.17       59.12       58.92       58.99       58.40       57.59       57.32  
Tangible equity per common share
    27.67       28.50       28.14       27.98       29.48       28.66       28.77  
 
Market price per common share
                                                       
High
  $ 108.53       98.38       94.03       108.32       115.81       114.33       125.13  
Low
    53.61       69.90       70.49       77.39       97.26       104.00       112.05  
Closing
    89.25       70.54       80.48       81.57       103.45       106.90       115.83  
 
(a)   Excludes impact of merger-related expenses and net securities transactions.
 
(b)   Excludes amortization and balances related to goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets and merger-related expenses which, except in the calculation of the efficiency ratio, are net of applicable income tax effects. A reconciliation of net income and net operating income appears in table 2.
 
(c)   The difference between total assets and total tangible assets, and stockholders’ equity and tangible stockholders’ equity, represents goodwill, core deposit and other intangible assets, net of applicable deferred tax balances. A reconciliation of such balances appears in table 2.

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 2
RECONCILIATION OF QUARTERLY GAAP TO NON-GAAP MEASURES
                                                         
    2008 Quarters   2007 Quarters
    Third   Second   First   Fourth   Third   Second   First
 
Income statement data
                                                       
In thousands, except per share
                                                       
Net income
                                                       
Net income
  $ 91,185       160,265       202,196       64,930       199,187       214,169       175,973  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets (a)
    9,624       10,096       11,241       9,719       9,562       10,021       11,189  
Merger-related expenses (a)
                2,160       9,070                    
 
Net operating income
  $ 100,809       170,361       215,597       83,719       208,749       224,190       187,162  
 
Earnings per share
                                                       
Diluted earnings per common share
  $ .82       1.44       1.82       .60       1.83       1.95       1.57  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets (a)
    .09       .09       .10       .09       .09       .09       .10  
Merger-related expenses (a)
                .02       .08                    
 
Diluted net operating earnings per share
  $ .91       1.53       1.94       .77       1.92       2.04       1.67  
 
Other expense
                                                       
Other expense
  $ 434,763       419,710       425,704       445,473       390,528       392,651       399,037  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets
    (15,840 )     (16,615 )     (18,483 )     (15,971 )     (15,702 )     (16,457 )     (18,356 )
Merger-related expenses
                (3,547 )     (14,887 )                  
 
Noninterest operating expense
  $ 418,923       403,095       403,674       414,615       374,826       376,194       380,681  
 
Merger-related expenses
                                                       
Salaries and employee benefits
  $             62       1,333                    
Equipment and net occupancy
                49       238                    
Printing, postage and supplies
                367       1,474                    
Other costs of operations
                3,069       11,842                    
 
Total
  $             3,547       14,887                    
 
Balance sheet data
                                                       
In millions
                                                       
Average assets
                                                       
Average assets
  $ 64,997       65,584       65,015       61,549       57,862       57,523       57,207  
Goodwill
    (3,192 )     (3,192 )     (3,196 )     (3,006 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (206 )     (222 )     (239 )     (213 )     (208 )     (223 )     (241 )
Deferred taxes
    28       31       34       25       21       24       28  
 
Average tangible assets
  $ 61,627       62,201       61,614       58,355       54,766       54,415       54,085  
 
Average equity
                                                       
Average equity
  $ 6,415       6,469       6,513       6,360       6,186       6,172       6,270  
Goodwill
    (3,192 )     (3,192 )     (3,196 )     (3,006 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (206 )     (222 )     (239 )     (213 )     (208 )     (223 )     (241 )
Deferred taxes
    28       31       34       25       21       24       28  
 
Average tangible equity
  $ 3,045       3,086       3,112       3,166       3,090       3,064       3,148  
 
At end of quarter
                                                       
Total assets
                                                       
Total assets
  $ 65,247       65,893       66,086       64,876       60,008       57,869       57,842  
Goodwill
    (3,192 )     (3,192 )     (3,192 )     (3,196 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (199 )     (214 )     (230 )     (249 )     (200 )     (216 )     (232 )
Deferred taxes
    27       30       32       36       20       23       26  
 
Total tangible assets
  $ 61,883       62,517       62,696       61,467       56,919       54,767       54,727  
 
Total equity
                                                       
Total equity
  $ 6,417       6,519       6,488       6,485       6,238       6,175       6,253  
Goodwill
    (3,192 )     (3,192 )     (3,192 )     (3,196 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (199 )     (214 )     (230 )     (249 )     (200 )     (216 )     (232 )
Deferred taxes
    27       30       32       36       20       23       26  
 
Total tangible equity
  $ 3,053       3,143       3,098       3,076       3,149       3,073       3,138  
 
(a)   After any related tax effect.

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 3
AVERAGE BALANCE SHEETS AND ANNUALIZED TAXABLE-EQUIVALENT RATES
                                                                         
    2008 Third Quarter     2008 Second Quarter     2008 First Quarter  
    Average             Average     Average             Average     Average             Average  
Average balance in millions; interest in thousands   Balance     Interest     Rate     Balance     Interest     Rate     Balance     Interest     Rate  
 
Assets
                                                                       
Earning assets
                                                                       
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount*
                                                                       
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 13,882     $ 177,497       5.09 %     13,800       176,353       5.14 %     13,308       200,509       6.06 %
Real estate — commercial
    18,557       260,879       5.62       18,491       266,323       5.76       17,994       285,831       6.35  
Real estate — consumer
    4,964       74,582       6.01       6,026       91,035       6.04       5,977       92,179       6.17  
Consumer
    11,074       175,558       6.31       11,205       178,598       6.41       11,296       193,938       6.91  
 
Total loans and leases, net
    48,477       688,516       5.65       49,522       712,309       5.79       48,575       772,457       6.40  
 
Interest-bearing deposits at banks
    9       25       1.09       8       22       1.14       10       44       1.65  
Federal funds sold and agreements to resell securities
    102       515       2.01       101       492       1.96       129       956       2.99  
Trading account
    80       359       1.81       64       143       .90       75       259       1.39  
Investment securities**
                                                                       
U.S. Treasury and federal agencies
    4,067       50,085       4.90       3,462       40,996       4.76       3,523       41,757       4.77  
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    129       2,191       6.79       140       2,455       7.03       149       2,436       6.56  
Other
    5,107       64,923       5.06       5,168       67,008       5.22       5,252       72,036       5.52  
 
Total investment securities
    9,303       117,199       5.01       8,770       110,459       5.07       8,924       116,229       5.24  
 
Total earning assets
    57,971       806,614       5.54       58,465       823,425       5.66       57,713       889,945       6.20  
 
Allowance for credit losses
    (790 )                     (792 )                     (778 )                
Cash and due from banks
    1,236                       1,209                       1,297                  
Other assets
    6,580                       6,702                       6,783                  
 
Total assets
  $ 64,997                       65,584                       65,015                  
 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
                                                                       
Interest-bearing liabilities
                                                                       
Interest-bearing deposits
                                                                       
NOW accounts
  $ 484       655       .54       512       629       .49       484       1,018       .85  
Savings deposits
    18,191       58,917       1.29       18,092       60,317       1.34       16,843       66,622       1.59  
Time deposits
    9,318       72,100       3.08       9,216       79,467       3.47       10,416       106,643       4.12  
Deposits at foreign office
    3,837       18,709       1.94       4,314       22,075       2.06       4,821       38,373       3.20  
 
Total interest-bearing deposits
    31,830       150,381       1.88       32,134       162,488       2.03       32,564       212,656       2.63  
 
Short-term borrowings
    5,392       28,155       2.08       6,869       42,612       2.49       7,153       61,621       3.46  
Long-term borrowings
    12,666       134,579       4.23       11,407       125,842       4.44       10,270       131,035       5.13  
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
    49,888       313,115       2.50       50,410       330,942       2.64       49,987       405,312       3.26  
 
Noninterest-bearing deposits
    7,673                       7,577                       7,435                  
Other liabilities
    1,021                       1,128                       1,080                  
 
Total liabilities
    58,582                       59,115                       58,502                  
 
Stockholders’ equity
    6,415                       6,469                       6,513                  
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 64,997                       65,584                       65,015                  
 
Net interest spread
                    3.04                       3.02                       2.94  
Contribution of interest-free funds
                    .35                       .37                       .44  
 
Net interest income/margin on earning assets
          $ 493,499       3.39 %             492,483       3.39 %             484,633       3.38 %
 
*   Includes nonaccrual loans.   (continued)
 
**   Includes available for sale securities at amortized cost.    

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 3 (continued)
AVERAGE BALANCE SHEETS AND ANNUALIZED TAXABLE-EQUIVALENT RATES (continued)
                                                 
    2007 Fourth Quarter     2007 Third Quarter  
    Average             Average     Average             Average  
Average balance in millions; interest in thousands   Balance     Interest     Rate     Balance     Interest     Rate  
 
Assets
                                               
Earning assets
                                               
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount*
                                               
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 12,551     $ 218,318       6.90 %     12,239       223,525       7.25 %
Real estate — commercial
    16,459       293,135       7.12       15,474       291,569       7.54  
Real estate — consumer
    6,327       97,009       6.13       5,915       95,629       6.47  
Consumer
    10,718       198,509       7.35       10,122       191,628       7.51  
 
Total loans and leases, net
    46,055       806,971       6.95       43,750       802,351       7.28  
 
Interest-bearing deposits at banks
    12       103       3.48       8       64       3.27  
Federal funds sold and agreements to resell securities
    725       8,871       4.86       248       3,429       5.47  
Trading account
    68       253       1.48       59       145       .98  
Investment securities**
                                               
U.S. Treasury and federal agencies
    2,364       26,828       4.50       2,156       23,935       4.40  
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    121       2,046       6.75       108       2,040       7.55  
Other
    5,420       73,128       5.35       4,996       66,162       5.25  
 
Total investment securities
    7,905       102,002       5.12       7,260       92,137       5.04  
 
Total earning assets
    54,765       918,200       6.65       51,325       898,126       6.94  
 
Allowance for credit losses
    (711 )                     (675 )                
Cash and due from banks
    1,302                       1,235                  
Other assets
    6,193                       5,977                  
 
Total assets
  $ 61,549                       57,862                  
 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
                                               
Interest-bearing liabilities
                                               
Interest-bearing deposits
                                               
NOW accounts
  $ 491       1,465       1.18       464       982       .84  
Savings deposits
    15,265       65,635       1.71       14,908       62,883       1.67  
Time deposits
    10,353       118,612       4.55       9,880       117,064       4.70  
Deposits at foreign office
    4,975       56,674       4.52       4,324       55,666       5.11  
 
Total interest-bearing deposits
    31,084       242,386       3.09       29,576       236,595       3.17  
 
Short-term borrowings
    5,899       68,639       4.62       5,228       68,376       5.19  
Long-term borrowings
    9,809       131,339       5.31       8,661       120,355       5.51  
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
    46,792       442,364       3.75       43,465       425,326       3.88  
 
Noninterest-bearing deposits
    7,481                       7,360                  
Other liabilities
    916                       851                  
 
Total liabilities
    55,189                       51,676                  
 
Stockholders’ equity
    6,360                       6,186                  
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 61,549                       57,862                  
 
Net interest spread
                    2.90                       3.06  
Contribution of interest-free funds
                    .55                       .59  
 
Net interest income/margin on earning assets
          $ 475,836       3.45 %             472,800       3.65 %
 
*   Includes nonaccrual loans.
 
**   Includes available for sale securities at amortized cost.

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
     Incorporated by reference to the discussion contained under the caption “Taxable-equivalent Net Interest Income” in Part I, Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
     (a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. Based upon their evaluation of the effectiveness of M&T’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)), Robert G. Wilmers, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, and René F. Jones, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, concluded that M&T’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2008.
     (b) Changes in internal control over financial reporting. M&T regularly assesses the adequacy of its internal control over financial reporting and enhances its controls in response to internal control assessments and internal and external audit and regulatory recommendations. No changes in internal control over financial reporting have been identified in connection with the evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures during the quarter ended September 30, 2008 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, M&T’s internal control over financial reporting.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
     M&T and its subsidiaries are subject in the normal course of business to various pending and threatened legal proceedings in which claims for monetary damages are asserted. Management, after consultation with legal counsel, does not anticipate that the aggregate ultimate liability arising out of litigation pending against M&T or its subsidiaries will be material to M&T’s consolidated financial position, but at the present time is not in a position to determine whether such litigation will have a material adverse effect on M&T’s consolidated results of operations in any future reporting period.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
     For a discussion of risk factors relating to M&T, refer to the response to Item 1A. to Part I of Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007, as well as to Part I, Item I, “Financial Statements” and Part I, Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Additional risk factors for M&T include:
    The significant downturn in the residential real estate market that began in 2007 has continued in 2008. The impact of that downturn has resulted in declining home prices, higher foreclosures and loan charge-offs, and lower market prices on investment securities backed by residential real estate. These factors could negatively impact M&T’s results of operations.
 
    Lower demand for M&T’s products and services and lower revenues and earnings could result from an economic recession.
 
    Lower fee income from M&T’s brokerage, and trust businesses could result from significant declines in stock market prices.
 
    Lower earnings could result from other-than temporary impairment charges related to M&T’s investment securities portfolio.
 
    Higher FDIC insurance costs due to bank failures that have caused the FDIC Deposit Insurance Fund to fall below minimum required levels.
 
    There is no assurance that the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 will improve the condition of the financial markets.

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
     (a) – (b) Not applicable.
     (c)
                                 
    Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities  
                            (d)Maximum  
                    (c)Total     Number (or  
                    Number of     Approximate  
                    Shares     Dollar Value)  
                    (or Units)     of Shares  
                    Purchased     (or Units)  
    (a)Total             as Part of     that may yet  
    Number     (b)Average     Publicly     be Purchased  
    of Shares     Price Paid     Announced     Under the  
    (or Units)     per Share     Plans or     Plans or  
Period   Purchased (1)     (or Unit)     Programs     Programs (2)  
July 1 - July 31, 2008
        $             2,181,500  
 
                               
August 1 - August 31, 2008
                      2,181,500  
 
                               
September 1 - September 30, 2008
    298       93.50             2,181,500  
                         
 
                               
Total
    298     $ 93.50                
                         
 
(1)   The total number of shares purchased during the periods indicated includes shares deemed to have been received from employees who exercised stock options by attesting to previously acquired shares in satisfaction of the exercise price, as is permitted under M&T’s stock option plans.
 
(2)   On February 22, 2007, M&T announced a program to purchase up to 5,000,000 shares of its common stock. No shares were purchased under such program during the periods indicated.
Item 3.   Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
(Not applicable.)
Item 4.   Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.
(None.)
Item 5.   Other Information.
(None.)

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Item 6. Exhibits.
     The following exhibits are filed as a part of this report.
     
Exhibit    
No.    
 
   
31.1
  Certificate of Chief Executive Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
31.2
  Certificate of Chief Financial Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
         
    M&T BANK CORPORATION
 
 
Date: November 7, 2008  By:   /s/ René F. Jones    
    René F. Jones   
    Executive Vice President
and Chief Financial Officer 
 
 

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EXHIBIT INDEX
     
Exhibit    
No.    
 
   
31.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
31.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.

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EXHIBIT 31.1
CERTIFICATIONS
I, Robert G. Wilmers, certify that:
     
1.   I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation;
 
2.   Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
 
3.   Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
 
4.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
 
a)   designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
 
b)   designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
 
c)   evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
 
d)   disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
 
5.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
 
a)   all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
 
b)   any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: November 7, 2008
         
By:
  /s/ Robert G. Wilmers    
 
       
 
  Robert G. Wilmers    
 
  Chairman of the Board and
Chief Executive Officer
   

 

EXHIBIT 31.2
CERTIFICATIONS
I, René F. Jones, certify that:
1.  I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation;
2.  Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.  Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.  The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b) designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.  The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: November 7, 2008
         
By:
  /s/ René F. Jones    
 
       
 
  René F. Jones    
 
  Executive Vice President
and Chief Financial Officer
   

 

EXHIBIT 32.1
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER UNDER 18 U.S.C. §1350
I, Robert G. Wilmers, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of M&T Bank Corporation, certify, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:
  (1)   the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2008 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o(d)); and
 
  (2)   the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of M&T Bank Corporation.
The foregoing certification is being furnished solely pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350 and is not being filed as part of the Report or as a separate disclosure document.
     
/s/ Robert G. Wilmers
 
Robert G. Wilmers
    
November 7, 2008
   
A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to M&T Bank Corporation and will be retained by M&T Bank Corporation and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

 

EXHIBIT 32.2
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER UNDER 18 U.S.C. §1350
I, René F. Jones, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of M&T Bank Corporation, certify, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:
  (1)   the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2008 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o(d)); and
 
  (2)   the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of M&T Bank Corporation.
The foregoing certification is being furnished solely pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350 and is not being filed as part of the Report or as a separate disclosure document.
     
/s/ René F. Jones
 
René F. Jones
    
November 7, 2008
   
A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to M&T Bank Corporation and will be retained by M&T Bank Corporation and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.