M&T Bank Corporation
M&T BANK CORP (Form: 10-Q, Received: 07/31/2008 17:07:44)
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
     
þ   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2008
or
     
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 1-9861
M&T BANK CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
     
New York   16-0968385
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)
     
One M & T Plaza   14203
Buffalo, New York   (Zip Code)
(Address of principal  
executive offices)  
(716) 842-5445
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
             
Large accelerated filer þ     Accelerated filer o     Non-accelerated filer   o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o  
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
Number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.50 par value, outstanding as of the close of business on July 18, 2008: 110,204,721 shares.
 
 

 


 

M&T BANK CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2008
             
Table of Contents of Information Required in Report   Page
 
Part I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
   
 
       
Item 1.          
   
 
       
        3  
   
 
       
        4  
   
 
       
        5  
   
 
       
        6  
   
 
       
        6  
   
 
       
        7  
   
 
       
Item 2.       26  
   
 
       
Item 3.       64  
   
 
       
Item 4.       64  
   
 
       
Part II. OTHER INFORMATION
   
 
       
Item 1.       64  
   
 
       
    64  
   
 
       
Item 2.       65  
   
 
       
Item 3.       65  
   
 
       
Item 4.       65  
   
 
       
Item 5.       65  
   
 
       
Item 6.       66  
   
 
       
SIGNATURES     66  
   
 
       
EXHIBIT INDEX     67  
  EX-31.1
  EX-31.2
  EX-32.1
  EX-32.2

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Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET (Unaudited)
                 
    June 30,   December 31,
Dollars in thousands, except per share   2008   2007
 
Assets
               
Cash and due from banks
  $ 1,624,753       1,719,509  
Interest-bearing deposits at banks
    5,654       18,431  
Federal funds sold
    13,750       48,038  
Agreements to resell securities
    90,000        
Trading account
    243,050       281,244  
Investment securities (includes pledged available for sale securities that can be sold or repledged of $2,037,891 at June 30, 2008; $1,988,128 at December 31,2007)
               
Available for sale (cost:$8,383,504 at June 30, 2008; $8,451,411 at December 31, 2007)
    7,980,333       8,379,169  
Held to maturity (fair value: $74,808 at June 30, 2008; $78,250 at December 31, 2007)
    73,060       76,441  
Other (fair value: $605,382 at June 30, 2008; $506,388 at December 31, 2007)
    605,382       506,388  
 
Total investment securities
    8,658,775       8,961,998  
 
Loans and leases
    49,456,691       48,352,262  
Unearned discount
    (342,075 )     (330,700 )
Allowance for credit losses
    (774,076 )     (759,439 )
 
Loans and leases, net
    48,340,540       47,262,123  
 
Premises and equipment
    368,542       370,765  
Goodwill
    3,192,128       3,196,433  
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    213,528       248,556  
Accrued interest and other assets
    3,142,708       2,768,542  
 
Total assets
  $ 65,893,428       64,875,639  
 
Liabilities
               
Noninterest-bearing deposits
  $ 8,483,856       8,131,662  
NOW accounts
    991,875       1,190,161  
Savings deposits
    17,600,584       15,419,357  
Time deposits
    9,092,399       10,668,581  
Deposits at foreign office
    5,756,976       5,856,427  
 
Total deposits
    41,925,690       41,266,188  
 
Federal funds purchased and agreements to repurchase securities
    1,822,339       4,351,313  
Other short-term borrowings
    1,939,211       1,470,584  
Accrued interest and other liabilities
    917,022       984,353  
Long-term borrowings
    12,770,110       10,317,945  
 
Total liabilities
    59,374,372       58,390,383  
 
Stockholders’ equity
               
Preferred stock, $1 par, 1,000,000 shares authorized, none outstanding
           
Common stock, $.50 par, 250,000,000 shares authorized, 120,396,611 shares issued at June 30, 2008 and at December 31, 2007
    60,198       60,198  
Common stock issuable, 78,255 shares at June 30, 2008; 82,912 shares at December 31, 2007
    4,594       4,776  
Additional paid-in capital
    2,853,649       2,848,752  
Retained earnings
    5,023,817       4,815,585  
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net
    (332,917 )     (114,822 )
Treasury stock — common, at cost - 10,206,829 shares at June 30, 2008; 10,544,259 shares at December 31, 2007
    (1,090,285 )     (1,129,233 )
 
Total stockholders’ equity
    6,519,056       6,485,256  
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 65,893,428       64,875,639  
 

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME (Unaudited)
                                 
    Three months ended June 30   Six months ended June 30
In thousands, except per share   2008   2007   2008   2007
 
Interest income
                               
Loans and leases, including fees
  $ 708,083       786,421     $ 1,476,474       1,554,542  
Deposits at banks
    22       67       66       133  
Federal funds sold
    52       270       137       530  
Agreements to resell securities
    440       6,464       1,311       11,005  
Trading account
    143       235       402       346  
Investment securities
                               
Fully taxable
    105,809       82,129       216,854       166,803  
Exempt from federal taxes
    3,025       2,590       6,492       5,866  
 
Total interest income
    817,574       878,176       1,701,736       1,739,225  
 
Interest expense
                               
NOW accounts
    629       1,024       1,647       2,191  
Savings deposits
    60,317       60,953       126,939       121,795  
Time deposits
    79,467       124,020       186,110       260,702  
Deposits at foreign office
    22,075       48,001       60,448       95,650  
Short-term borrowings
    42,612       73,500       104,233       137,064  
Long-term borrowings
    125,842       108,766       256,877       209,484  
 
Total interest expense
    330,942       416,264       736,254       826,886  
 
Net interest income
    486,632       461,912       965,482       912,339  
Provision for credit losses
    100,000       30,000       160,000       57,000  
 
Net interest income after provision for credit losses
    386,632       431,912       805,482       855,339  
 
Other income
                               
Mortgage banking revenues
    38,219       35,546       78,289       49,419  
Service charges on deposit accounts
    110,340       104,626       213,794       199,213  
Trust income
    40,426       37,550       80,730       74,523  
Brokerage services income
    17,211       16,654       32,684       31,866  
Trading account and foreign exchange gains
    6,636       6,963       11,349       13,186  
Gain (loss) on bank investment securities
    (5,421 )     260       28,026       1,323  
Equity in earnings of Bayview Lending Group LLC
    (13,026 )     8,128       (14,286 )     5,700  
Other revenues from operations
    76,797       73,390       153,259       144,370  
 
Total other income
    271,182       283,117       583,845       519,600  
 
Other expense
                               
Salaries and employee benefits
    236,127       224,700       487,998       461,454  
Equipment and net occupancy
    47,252       41,099       94,017       83,945  
Printing, postage and supplies
    9,120       8,984       19,016       17,890  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets
    16,615       16,457       35,098       34,813  
Other costs of operations
    110,596       101,411       209,285       193,586  
 
Total other expense
    419,710       392,651       845,414       791,688  
 
Income before taxes
    238,104       322,378       543,913       583,251  
Income taxes
    77,839       108,209       181,452       193,109  
 
Net income
  $ 160,265       214,169     $ 362,461       390,142  
 
Net income per common share
                               
Basic
  $ 1.45       1.98     $ 3.29       3.59  
Diluted
    1.44       1.95       3.26       3.51  
 
                               
Cash dividends per common share
  $ .70       .60     $ 1.40       1.20  
 
                               
Average common shares outstanding
                               
Basic
    110,191       107,939       110,104       108,811  
Diluted
    111,227       109,919       111,097       111,046  

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
                 
    Six months ended June 30
In thousands       2008   2007
 
Cash flows from operating activities
               
Net income
  $ 362,461       390,142  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
               
Provision for credit losses
    160,000       57,000  
Depreciation and amortization of premises and equipment
    26,215       24,782  
Amortization of capitalized servicing rights
    32,723       30,994  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets
    35,098       34,813  
Provision for deferred income taxes
    (14,312 )     (31,717 )
Asset write-downs
    6,559       12,199  
Net gain on sales of assets
    (29,608 )     (6,491 )
Net change in accrued interest receivable, payable
    7,808       (1,538 )
Net change in other accrued income and expense
    (46,326 )     7,917  
Net change in loans originated for sale
    260,987       80,018  
Net change in trading account assets and liabilities  
    42,718       (10,158 )
 
Net cash provided by operating activities  
    844,323       587,961  
 
Cash flows from investing activities
               
Proceeds from sales of investment securities
               
Available for sale
    53,610       36,261  
Other
    38,689       1,625  
Proceeds from maturities of investment securities
               
Available for sale
    1,251,121       988,866  
Held to maturity
    29,023       21,108  
Purchases of investment securities
               
Available for sale
    (667,060 )     (748,010 )
Held to maturity
    (25,668 )     (19,383 )
Other
    (137,684 )     (36,260 )
Net increase in agreements to resell securities
    (240,000 )     (200,000 )
Net increase in loans and leases
    (2,116,001 )     (956,527 )
Other investments, net
    (4,925 )     (306,823 )
Additions to capitalized servicing rights
    (15,744 )     (28,406 )
Capital expenditures, net
    (24,196 )     (19,614 )
Other, net  
    (43,791 )     (18,263 )
 
Net cash used by investing activities  
    (1,902,626 )     (1,285,426 )
 
Cash flows from financing activities
               
Net increase (decrease) in deposits
    663,520       (491,050 )
Net decrease in short-term borrowings
    (2,060,092 )     (161,133 )
Proceeds from long-term borrowings
    3,650,010       1,599,895  
Payments on long-term borrowings
    (1,175,977 )     (27,876 )
Purchases of treasury stock
          (424,995 )
Dividends paid — common
    (154,121 )     (130,191 )
Other, net  
    5,919       44,669  
 
Net cash provided by financing activities  
    929,259       409,319  
 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
    (129,044 )     (288,146 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    1,767,547       1,624,964  
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 1,638,503       1,336,818  
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
               
Interest received during the period
  $ 1,763,523       1,753,066  
Interest paid during the period
    775,474       833,608  
Income taxes paid during the period  
    186,313       200,556  
 
Supplemental schedule of noncash investing and financing activities
               
Real estate acquired in settlement of loans
  $ 40,314       15,342  
Securitization of residential mortgage loans allocated to
               
Available for sale investment securities
    541,196        
Capitalized servicing rights
    4,940        
Loans held for sale transferred to loans held for investment
          870,759  

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)
                                                                 
                                                             
                                            Accumulated              
                    Common     Additional             other
comprehensive
         
    Preferred     Common     stock     paid-in     Retained     income (loss),     Treasury        
In thousands, except per share   stock     stock     issuable     capital     earnings     net     stock     Total  
 
2007
                                                               
Balance — January 1, 2007
  $       60,198       5,060       2,889,449       4,443,441       (53,574 )     (1,063,479 )     6,281,095  
Comprehensive income:
                                                               
Net income
                            390,142                   390,142  
Other comprehensive income, net of tax and reclassification adjustments:
                                                               
Unrealized losses on investment securities
                                  (14,358 )           (14,358 )
Defined benefit plan liablity adjustment
                                  (285 )           (285 )
Unrealized gains on cash flow hedge
                                  1,384             1,384  
 
                                                             
 
                                                            376,883  
 
Purchases of treasury stock
                                        (424,995 )     (424,995 )
Stock-based compensation plans:
                                                               
Stock option and purchase plans:
                                                               
Compensation expense
                      29,960                         29,960  
Exercises
                      (23,808 )                 65,682       41,874  
Directors’ stock plan
                      76                   626       702  
Deferred compensation plans, net, including dividend equivalents
                (254 )     (438 )     (100 )           771       (21 )
Common stock cash dividends — $1.20 per share
                            (130,191 )                 (130,191 )
 
Balance — June 30, 2007
  $       60,198       4,806       2,895,239       4,703,292       (66,833 )     (1,421,395 )     6,175,307  
 
2008
                                                               
Balance — January 1, 2008
  $       60,198       4,776       2,848,752       4,815,585       (114,822 )     (1,129,233 )     6,485,256  
Comprehensive income:
                                                               
Net income
                            362,461                   362,461  
Other comprehensive income, net of tax and reclassification adjustments:
                                                               
Unrealized losses on investment securities
                                  (212,309 )           (212,309 )
Defined benefit plans liability adjustment
                                  (699 )           (699 )
Unrealized losses on cash flow hedges
                                  (5,087 )           (5,087 )
 
                                                             
 
                                                            144,366  
 
Repayment of management stock ownership program receivable
                      72                         72  
Stock-based compensation plans:
                                                               
Stock option and purchase plans:
                                                               
Compensation expense
                      24,949                   3,944       28,893  
Exercises
                      (19,518 )                 33,346       13,828  
Directors’ stock plan
                      (223 )                 919       696  
Deferred compensation plans, net, including dividend equivalents
                (182 )     (383 )     (108 )           739       66  
Common stock cash dividends — $1.40 per share
                            (154,121 )                 (154,121 )
 
Balance — June 30, 2008
  $       60,198       4,594       2,853,649       5,023,817       (332,917 )     (1,090,285 )     6,519,056  
 
CONSOLIDATED SUMMARY OF CHANGES IN ALLOWANCE FOR CREDIT LOSSES (Unaudited)
                 
    Six months ended June 30  
In thousands   2008     2007  
 
Beginning balance
  $ 759,439       649,948  
Provision for credit losses
    160,000       57,000  
Allowance related to loans sold or securitized
    (327 )      
Net charge-offs
               
Charge-offs
    (165,404 )     (53,067 )
Recoveries
    20,368       14,257  
 
Total net charge-offs
    (145,036 )     (38,810 )
 
Ending balance
  $ 774,076       668,138  
 

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. Significant accounting policies
The consolidated financial statements of M&T Bank Corporation (“M&T”) and subsidiaries (“the Company”) were compiled in accordance with the accounting policies set forth in note 1 of Notes to Financial Statements included in the Company’s 2007 Annual Report, except as described below. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation have been made and were all of a normal recurring nature.
2. Earnings per share
The computations of basic earnings per share follow:
                                 
    Three months ended   Six months ended
    June 30   June 30
    2008   2007   2008   2007
    (in thousands, except per share)
Income available to common stockholders
                               
 
                               
Net income
  $ 160,265       214,169       362,461       390,142  
 
                               
Weighted-average shares outstanding (including common stock issuable)
    110,191       107,939       110,104       108,811  
 
                               
Basic earnings per share
  $ 1.45       1.98       3.29       3.59  
The computations of diluted earnings per share follow:
                                 
    Three months ended     Six months ended  
    June 30     June 30  
    2008     2007     2008     2007  
    (in thousands, except per share)  
Income available to common stockholders
  $ 160,265       214,169       362,461       390,142  
 
                               
Weighted-average shares outstanding
    110,191       107,939       110,104       108,811  
Plus: incremental shares from assumed conversion of stock-based compensation awards
    1,036       1,980       993       2,235  
 
                       
 
                               
Adjusted weighted average shares outstanding
    111,227       109,919       111,097       111,046  
 
                               
Diluted earnings per share
  $ 1.44       1.95       3.26       3.51  
     Options to purchase approximately 9.1 million and 3.4 million common shares during the three-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and 8.9 million and 3.2 million common shares during the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, were not included in the computations of diluted earnings per share because the effect on those periods would have been antidilutive.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
3. Comprehensive income
The following table displays the components of other comprehensive income (loss):
                         
    Six months ended June 30, 2008  
    Before-tax     Income        
    amount     taxes     Net  
    (in thousands)  
Unrealized losses on investment securities:
                       
Unrealized holding losses during period
  $ (302,903 )     107,664       (195,239 )
Less: reclassification adjustment for gains realized in net income
    28,026       (10,956 )     17,070  
 
                 
 
    (330,929 )     118,620       (212,309 )
 
                 
Cash flow hedges:
                       
Unrealized losses on cash flow hedges
    (20,225 )     7,887       (12,338 )
Reclassification of losses on terminated cash flow hedges to income
    11,892       (4,641 )     7,251  
 
                 
 
    (8,333 )     3,246       (5,087 )
 
                 
Defined benefit plans liability adjustment
    (1,149 )     450       (699 )
 
                 
 
                       
 
  $ (340,411 )     122,316       (218,095 )
 
                 
                         
    Six months ended June 30, 2007  
    Before-tax     Income        
    amount     taxes     Net  
    (in thousands)  
Unrealized losses on investment securities:
                       
Unrealized holding losses during period
  $ (24,587 )     11,046       (13,541 )
Less: reclassification adjustment for gains realized in net income
    1,323       (506 )     817  
 
                 
 
    (25,910 )     11,552       (14,358 )
 
                       
Gain on cash flow hedge
    2,197       (813 )     1,384  
Defined benefit plans liability adjustment
    (467 )     182       (285 )
 
                 
 
                       
 
  $ (24,180 )     10,921       (13,259 )
 
                 

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
3. Comprehensive income, continued
     Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net consisted of unrealized gains (losses) as follows:
                                 
            Cash     Defined        
    Investment     flow     benefit        
    securities     hedges     plans     Total  
    (in thousands)  
Balance — January 1, 2008
  $ (59,406 )     (8,931 )     (46,485 )     (114,822 )
 
                               
Net gain (loss) during period
    (212,309 )     (5,087 )     (699 )     (218,095 )
 
                       
 
                               
Balance — June 30, 2008
  $ (271,715 )     (14,018 )     (47,184 )     (332,917 )
 
                       
 
                               
Balance — January 1, 2007
  $ (25,311 )           (28,263 )     (53,574 )
 
                               
Net gain (loss) during period
    (14,358 )     1,384       (285 )     (13,259 )
 
                       
 
                               
Balance — June 30, 2007
  $ (39,669 )     1,384       (28,548 )     (66,833 )
 
                       
4. Borrowings
M&T Capital Trust I (“Trust I”), M&T Capital Trust II (“Trust II”), and M&T Capital Trust III (“Trust III”) have issued fixed rate preferred capital securities aggregating $310 million. On January 31, 2008 M&T Capital Trust IV (“Trust IV”), a Delaware business trust, issued $350 million of 8.50% fixed rate Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities (“8.50% Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities”). First Maryland Capital I (“Trust V”) and First Maryland Capital II (“Trust VI”) have issued floating rate preferred capital securities aggregating $300 million. The distribution rates on the preferred capital securities of Trust V and Trust VI adjust quarterly based on changes in the three-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and were 3.71% and 3.72%, respectively, at June 30, 2008 and 6.24% and 5.76%, respectively, at December 31, 2007. As a result of an acquisition in the fourth quarter of 2007, M&T assumed responsibility for $31.5 million of similar preferred capital securities previously issued by special-purpose entities consisting of $16.5 million of fixed rate preferred capital securities issued by BSB Capital Trust I (“Trust VII”) and $15 million of floating rate preferred capital securities issued by BSB Capital Trust III (“Trust VIII”). The distribution rate on the preferred capital securities of Trust VIII adjusts quarterly based on changes in the three-month LIBOR and was 6.06% at June 30, 2008 and 8.59% at December 31, 2007. Trust I, Trust II, Trust III, Trust IV, Trust V, Trust VI, Trust VII and Trust VIII are referred to herein collectively as the “Trusts.”
     Other than the following payment terms (and the redemption and certain other terms described below), the preferred capital securities issued by the Trusts (“Capital Securities”) are substantially identical in all material respects:
             
    Distribution   Distribution
Trust   rate   dates
Trust I
    8.234 %   February 1 and August 1
 
           
Trust II
    8.277 %   June 1 and December 1
 
           
Trust III
    9.25 %   February 1 and August 1
 
           
Trust IV
    8.50 %   March 15, June 15, September 15 and December 15

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
             
    Distribution   Distribution
Trust   rate   dates
Trust V
  LIBOR
plus 1.00%
  January 15, April 15, July 15 and October 15
 
           
Trust VI
  LIBOR
plus .85%
  February 1, May 1, August 1 and November 1
 
           
Trust VII
    8.125 %   January 31 and July 31
 
           
Trust VIII
  LIBOR
plus 3.35%
  January 7, April 7, July 7 and October 7
     The common securities of each Trust (“Common Securities”) are wholly owned by M&T and are the only class of each Trust’s securities possessing general voting powers. The Capital Securities represent preferred undivided interests in the assets of the corresponding Trust. Under the Federal Reserve Board’s current risk-based capital guidelines, the Capital Securities are includable in M&T’s Tier 1 (core) capital.
     The proceeds from the issuances of the Capital Securities and Common Securities were used by the Trusts to purchase junior subordinated deferrable interest debentures (“Junior Subordinated Debentures”) of M&T as follows:
             
    Capital   Common   Junior Subordinated
Trust   Securities   Securities   Debentures
Trust I
  $150 million   $4.64 million   $154.64 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.234% Junior Subordinated Debentures due February 1, 2027.
 
           
Trust II
  $100 million   $3.09 million   $103.09 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.277% Junior Subordinated Debentures due June 1, 2027.
 
           
Trust III
  $60 million   $1.856 million   $61.856 million aggregate liquidation amount of 9.25% Junior Subordinated Debentures due February 1, 2027.
 
           
Trust IV
  $350 million   $.01 million   $350.01 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.50% Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068.
 
           
Trust V
  $150 million   $4.64 million   $154.64 million aggregate liquidation amount of floating rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 15, 2027.

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
             
    Capital   Common   Junior Subordinated
Trust   Securities   Securities   Debentures
Trust VI
  $150 million   $4.64 million   $154.64 million aggregate liquidation amount of floating rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due February 1, 2027.
 
           
Trust VII
  $16.5 million   $.928 million   $17.428 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.125% Junior Subordinated Debentures due July 31, 2028.
 
           
Trust VIII
  $15 million   $.464 million   $15.464 million aggregate liquidation amount of floating rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 7, 2033.
     The Junior Subordinated Debentures represent the sole assets of each Trust and payments under the Junior Subordinated Debentures are the sole source of cash flow for each Trust. The financial statement carrying values of junior subordinated debentures associated with preferred capital securities at June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007 of Trust III, Trust V, Trust VI and Trust VII include the unamortized portions of purchase accounting adjustments to reflect estimated fair value as of the date of M&T’s acquisition of the common securities of each respective trust. The interest rates payable on the Junior Subordinated Debentures of Trust V, Trust VI and Trust VIII were 3.71%, 3.72% and 6.06%, respectively, at June 30, 2008 and were 6.24%, 5.76% and 8.59%, respectively, at December 31, 2007.
     Holders of the Capital Securities receive preferential cumulative cash distributions on each distribution date at the stated distribution rate unless M&T exercises its right to extend the payment of interest on the Junior Subordinated Debentures for up to ten semi-annual periods (in the case of Trust I, Trust II, Trust III and Trust VII), twenty quarterly periods (in the case of Trust V, Trust VI and Trust VIII) or, with respect to Trust IV, for up to twenty quarterly periods without being subject to the alternative payment mechanism (as described below), and for up to forty quarterly periods, without giving rise to an event of default, in which case payment of distributions on the respective Capital Securities will be deferred for comparable periods. During an extended interest period, M&T may not pay dividends or distributions on, or repurchase, redeem or acquire any shares of its capital stock. In the event of an extended interest period exceeding twenty quarterly periods for the Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068 held by Trust IV, M&T must fund the payment of accrued and unpaid interest through the alternative payment mechanism, which requires M&T to issue common stock, non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock or warrants to purchase common stock until M&T has raised an amount of eligible proceeds at least equal to the aggregate amount of accrued and unpaid deferred interest on the Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068 held by Trust IV. The agreements governing the Capital Securities, in the aggregate, provide a full, irrevocable and unconditional guarantee by M&T of the payment of distributions on, the redemption of, and any liquidation distribution with respect to the Capital Securities. The obligations under such guarantee and the Capital Securities are subordinate and junior in right of payment to all senior indebtedness of M&T.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
     The Capital Securities will remain outstanding until the Junior Subordinated Debentures are repaid at maturity, are redeemed prior to maturity or are distributed in liquidation to the Trusts. The Capital Securities are mandatorily redeemable in whole, but not in part, upon repayment at the stated maturity dates of the Junior Subordinated Debentures or the earlier redemption of the Junior Subordinated Debentures in whole upon the occurrence of one or more events set forth in the indentures relating to the Capital Securities, and in whole or in part at any time after an optional redemption contemporaneously with the optional redemption of the related Junior Subordinated Debentures in whole or in part, subject to possible regulatory approval. In connection with the issuance of the 8.50% Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities by Trust IV, M&T entered into a replacement capital covenant that provides that neither M&T nor any of its subsidiaries will repay, redeem or purchase any of the Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068 or the 8.50% Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities prior to January 31, 2048, with certain limited exceptions, except to the extent that, during the 180 days prior to the date of that repayment, redemption or purchase, M&T and its subsidiaries have received proceeds from the sale of qualifying securities that (i) have equity-like characteristics that are the same as, or more equity-like than, the applicable characteristics of the 8.50% Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities or the Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068, as applicable, at the time of repayment, redemption or purchase, and (ii) M&T has obtained the prior approval of the Federal Reserve Board, if required.
     Allfirst Preferred Capital Trust (“Allfirst Capital Trust”) has issued $100 million of Floating Rate Non-Cumulative Subordinated Trust Enhanced Securities (“SKATES”). Allfirst Capital Trust is a Delaware business trust that was formed for the exclusive purposes of (i) issuing the SKATES and common securities, (ii) purchasing Asset Preferred Securities issued by Allfirst Preferred Asset Trust (“Allfirst Asset Trust”) and (iii) engaging in only those other activities necessary or incidental thereto. M&T holds 100% of the common securities of Allfirst Capital Trust. Allfirst Asset Trust is a Delaware business trust that was formed for the exclusive purposes of (i) issuing Asset Preferred Securities and common securities, (ii) investing the gross proceeds of the Asset Preferred Securities in junior subordinated debentures of M&T and other permitted investments and (iii) engaging in only those other activities necessary or incidental thereto. M&T holds 100% of the common securities of Allfirst Asset Trust and Allfirst Capital Trust holds 100% of the Asset Preferred Securities of Allfirst Asset Trust. M&T currently has outstanding $105.3 million aggregate liquidation amount Floating Rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due July 15, 2029 that are payable to Allfirst Asset Trust. The interest rates payable on such debentures were 4.14% and 6.67% at June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively.
     Distributions on the SKATES are non-cumulative. The distribution rate on the SKATES and on the Floating Rate Junior Subordinated Debentures is a rate per annum of three-month LIBOR plus 1.50% and three-month LIBOR plus 1.43%, respectively, reset quarterly two business days prior to the distribution dates of January 15, April 15, July 15, and October 15 in each year. Distributions on the SKATES will be paid if, as and when Allfirst Capital Trust has funds available for payment. The SKATES are subject to mandatory redemption if the Asset Preferred Securities of Allfirst Asset Trust are redeemed. Allfirst Asset Trust will redeem the Asset Preferred Securities if the junior subordinated debentures of M&T held by Allfirst Asset Trust are redeemed. M&T may redeem such junior subordinated debentures, in whole or in part, at any time on or after July 15, 2009, subject to regulatory approval. Allfirst Asset Trust will redeem the Asset Preferred Securities at par plus accrued and unpaid distributions from the last distribution payment date. M&T has guaranteed, on a subordinated basis, the payment in full of all distributions and other payments on the SKATES and on the Asset Preferred Securities to the extent that Allfirst Capital Trust and Allfirst

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
Asset Trust, respectively, have funds legally available. Under the Federal Reserve Board’s current risk-based capital guidelines, the SKATES are includable in M&T’s Tier 1 Capital.
     Including the unamortized portions of purchase accounting adjustments to reflect estimated fair value at the acquisition dates of the common securities of Trust III, Trust V, Trust VI, Trust VII and Allfirst Asset Trust, the junior subordinated debentures associated with preferred capital securities had financial statement carrying values as follows:
                 
    June 30,     December 31,  
    2008     2007  
    (in thousands)  
Trust I
  $ 154,640       154,640  
 
               
Trust II
    103,093       103,093  
 
               
Trust III
    67,897       68,059  
 
               
Trust IV
    350,010        
 
               
Trust V
    144,476       144,201  
 
               
Trust VI
    142,317       141,986  
 
               
Trust VII
    16,914       16,902  
 
               
Trust VIII
    15,464       15,464  
 
               
Allfirst Asset Trust
    102,030       101,952  
 
           
 
               
 
  $ 1,096,841       746,297  
 
           
5. Segment information
Reportable segments have been determined based upon the Company’s internal profitability reporting system, which is organized by strategic business unit. Certain strategic business units have been combined for segment information reporting purposes where the nature of the products and services, the type of customer and the distribution of those products and services are similar. The reportable segments are Business Banking, Commercial Banking, Commercial Real Estate, Discretionary Portfolio, Residential Mortgage Banking and Retail Banking.
     The financial information of the Company’s segments was compiled utilizing the accounting policies described in note 21 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2007. The management accounting policies and processes utilized in compiling segment financial information are highly subjective and, unlike financial accounting, are not based on authoritative guidance similar to generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). As a result, the financial information of the reported segments is not necessarily comparable with similar information reported by other financial institutions. As also described in note 21 to the Company’s 2007 consolidated financial statements, neither goodwill nor core deposit and other intangible assets (and the amortization charges associated with such assets) resulting from acquisitions of financial institutions have been allocated to the Company’s reportable segments, but are included in the “All Other” category. The Company has, however,

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
5. Segment information, continued
assigned such intangible assets to business units for purposes of testing for impairment.
Information about the Company’s segments is presented in the following table:
                                                 
    Three months ended June 30  
    2008     2007  
            Inter-     Net             Inter-     Net  
    Total     segment     income     Total     segment     income  
    revenues (a)     revenues     (loss)     revenues (a)(b)     revenues     (loss) (b)  
    (in thousands)  
Business Banking
  $ 91,995       3       29,547       92,030             34,674  
 
                                               
Commercial Banking
    153,566       165       53,516       139,843       95       54,074  
 
                                               
Commercial Real Estate
    88,273       203       42,646       77,812       224       39,016  
 
                                               
Discretionary Portfolio
    28,792       (4,170 )     5,324       33,505       (3,196 )     20,724  
 
                                               
Residential Mortgage Banking
    64,021       12,953       (10,420 )     65,176       12,556       10,409  
 
                                               
Retail Banking
    292,175       3,355       62,927       304,312       3,429       85,081  
 
                                               
All Other
    38,992       (12,509 )     (23,275 )     32,351       (13,108 )     (29,809 )
 
                                   
 
                                               
Total
  $ 757,814             160,265       745,029             214,169  
 
                                   
                                                 
    Six months ended June 30  
    2008     2007  
            Inter-     Net             Inter-     Net  
    Total     segment     income     Total     segment     income  
    revenues (a)     revenues     (loss)     revenues (a)(b)     revenues     (loss) (b)  
    (in thousands)  
Business Banking
  $ 187,244       3       62,330       181,109             66,252  
 
                                               
Commercial Banking
    316,150       250       120,325       275,548       220       108,552  
 
                                               
Commercial Real Estate
    174,551       411       85,455       149,131       375       73,304  
 
                                               
Discretionary Portfolio
    72,267       (8,499 )     21,301       62,781       (5,542 )     39,662  
 
                                               
Residential Mortgage Banking
    131,439       26,284       (5,361 )     110,844       23,447       7,886  
 
                                               
Retail Banking
    595,043       6,322       138,397       589,062       6,457       160,885  
 
                                               
All Other
    72,633       (24,771 )     (59,986 )     63,464       (24,957 )     (66,399 )
 
                                   
 
                                               
Total
  $ 1,549,327             362,461       1,431,939             390,142  
 
                                   

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
5. Segment information, continued
                         
    Average total assets  
    Six months ended     Year ended  
    June 30     December 31  
    2008     2007 (b)     2007 (b)  
    (in millions)  
Business Banking
  $ 4,415       4,144       4,179  
 
                       
Commercial Banking
    14,692       12,762       12,989  
 
                       
Commercial Real Estate
    11,230       9,337       9,550  
 
                       
Discretionary Portfolio
    14,725       12,316       12,953  
 
                       
Residential Mortgage Banking
    2,743       3,128       2,874  
 
                       
Retail Banking
    11,459       10,119       10,360  
 
                       
All Other
    6,035       5,560       5,640  
 
                 
 
                       
Total
  $ 65,299       57,366       58,545  
 
                 
 
(a)   Total revenues are comprised of net interest income and other income. Net interest income is the difference between taxable-equivalent interest earned on assets and interest paid on liabilities owed by a segment and a funding charge (credit) based on the Company’s internal funds transfer methodology. Segments are charged a cost to fund any assets (e.g. loans) and are paid a funding credit for any funds provided (e.g. deposits). The taxable-equivalent adjustment aggregated $5,851,000 and $4,972,000 for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $11,634,000 and $10,095,000 for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and is eliminated in “All Other” total revenues. Intersegment revenues are included in total revenues of the reportable segments. The elimination of intersegment revenues is included in the determination of “All Other” total revenues.
 
(b)   Effective January 1, 2008, the Company changed its internal profitability reporting to move a New York City-based lending unit from the Commercial Banking segment to the Commercial Real Estate segment. Accordingly, financial information presented herein for periods prior to January 1, 2008 has been reclassified to conform to current year presentation. As a result, total revenues and net income decreased in the Commercial Banking segment and increased in the Commercial Real Estate segment for the three-month period ended June 30, 2007 by $6 million and $4 million, respectively, and for the six-month period ended June 30, 2007 by $13 million and $6 million, respectively, as compared with amounts previously reported. The lending unit had average total assets of $621 million during the six-months ended June 30, 2007 and $667 million during the year ended December 31, 2007. Accordingly, average total assets presented for those periods differ from amounts previously reported.

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
6. Commitments and contingencies
In the normal course of business, various commitments and contingent liabilities are outstanding. The following table presents the Company’s significant commitments. Certain of these commitments are not included in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.
                 
    June 30,   December 31,
    2008   2007
    (in thousands)
Commitments to extend credit
               
Home equity lines of credit
  $ 6,098,767       5,937,903  
Commercial real estate loans to be sold
    67,723       96,995  
Other commercial real estate and construction
    2,531,003       2,869,961  
Residential real estate loans to be sold
    477,259       492,375  
Other residential real estate
    315,092       425,579  
Commercial and other
    6,991,615       7,346,790  
 
               
Standby letters of credit
    3,788,172       3,691,971  
 
               
Commercial letters of credit
    60,552       34,105  
 
               
Financial guarantees and indemnification contracts
    1,435,350       1,318,733  
 
               
Commitments to sell real estate loans
    780,343       946,457  
     Commitments to extend credit are agreements to lend to customers, generally having fixed expiration dates or other termination clauses that may require payment of a fee. Standby and commercial letters of credit are conditional commitments issued to guarantee the performance of a customer to a third party. Standby letters of credit generally are contingent upon the failure of the customer to perform according to the terms of the underlying contract with the third party, whereas commercial letters of credit are issued to facilitate commerce and typically result in the commitment being funded when the underlying transaction is consummated between the customer and a third party. The credit risk associated with commitments to extend credit and standby and commercial letters of credit is essentially the same as that involved with extending loans to customers and is subject to normal credit policies. Collateral may be obtained based on management’s assessment of the customer’s creditworthiness.
     Financial guarantees and indemnification contracts are oftentimes similar to standby letters of credit and include mandatory purchase agreements issued to ensure that customer obligations are fulfilled, recourse obligations associated with sold loans, and other guarantees of customer performance or compliance with designated rules and regulations. Included in financial guarantees and indemnification contracts are loan principal amounts sold with recourse in conjunction with the Company’s involvement in the Federal National Mortgage Association Delegated Underwriting and Servicing program. The Company’s maximum credit risk for recourse associated with loans sold under this program totaled approximately $1.1 billion and $1.0 billion as of June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively.
     Since many loan commitments, standby letters of credit, and guarantees and indemnification contracts expire without being funded in whole or in part, the contract amounts are not necessarily indicative of future cash flows.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
6. Commitments and contingencies, continued
     The Company utilizes commitments to sell real estate loans to hedge exposure to changes in the fair value of real estate loans held for sale. Such commitments are considered derivatives in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” as amended, and along with commitments to originate real estate loans to be held for sale are generally recorded in the consolidated balance sheet at estimated fair market value. Until January 1, 2008, in estimating that fair value for commitments to originate loans for sale, value ascribable to cash flows to be realized in connection with loan servicing activities was not included. Value ascribable to that portion of cash flows was recognized at the time the underlying mortgage loans were sold. Effective January 1, 2008, the Company adopted the provisions of Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 109 issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), which reversed previous conclusions expressed by the SEC staff regarding written loan commitments that are accounted for at fair value through earnings. Specifically, the SEC staff now believes that the expected net future cash flows related to the associated servicing of the loan should be included in the fair value measurement of the derivative loan commitment. In accordance with SAB No. 105, “Application of Accounting Principles to Loan Commitments,” the Company had not included such amount in the value of loan commitments accounted for as derivatives at December 31, 2007. As a result of the Company’s adoption of required changes in accounting pronouncements on January 1, 2008, there was an acceleration of the recognition of mortgage banking revenues of approximately $7 million during the first quarter of 2008. If not for the changes in accounting pronouncements, those revenues would have been recognized later in 2008 when the underlying loans were sold.
     The Company has an agreement with the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League whereby the Company obtained the naming rights to a football stadium in Baltimore, Maryland. Under the agreement, the Company is obligated to pay $5 million per year through 2013 and $6 million per year from 2014 through 2017.
     The Company also has commitments under long-term operating leases.
     The Company reinsures credit life and accident and health insurance purchased by consumer loan customers. The Company also enters into reinsurance contracts with third party insurance companies who insure against the risk of a mortgage borrower’s payment default in connection with certain mortgage loans originated by the Company. When providing reinsurance coverage, the Company receives a premium in exchange for accepting a portion of the insurer’s risk of loss. The outstanding loan principal balances reinsured by the Company were approximately $108 million at June 30, 2008. Assets of subsidiaries providing reinsurance that are available to satisfy claims totaled approximately $59 million at June 30, 2008. The amounts noted above are not necessarily indicative of losses which may ultimately be incurred. Such losses are expected to be substantially less because most loans are repaid by borrowers in accordance with the original loan terms. The amount of the Company’s recorded liability for reported reinsurance losses as well as estimated losses incurred but not yet reported was not significant at either June 30, 2008 or December 31, 2007.
     In October 2007, Visa completed a reorganization in contemplation of its initial public offering (“IPO”) expected to occur in 2008. As part of that reorganization, M&T Bank, M&T’s principal banking subsidiary, and other member banks of Visa received shares of Class B common stock of Visa. Those banks are also obligated under various agreements with Visa to share in losses stemming from certain litigation involving Visa (“Covered Litigation”). As of December 31, 2007, although Visa was expected to set aside a portion of the proceeds from

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
6. Commitments and contingencies, continued
its IPO in an escrow account to fund any judgments or settlements that may arise out of the Covered Litigation, guidance from the SEC indicated that Visa member banks should record a liability for the fair value of the contingent obligation to Visa. The estimation of the Company’s proportionate share of any potential losses related to the Covered Litigation was extremely difficult and involved a great deal of judgment. Nevertheless, in the fourth quarter of 2007 the Company recorded a pre-tax charge of $23 million ($14 million after tax effect) related to the Covered Litigation. In accordance with GAAP and consistent with the SEC guidance, the Company did not recognize any value for its common stock ownership interest in Visa as of December 31, 2007. During the first quarter of 2008, Visa completed its IPO and, as part of the transaction, funded an escrow account for $3 billion from the proceeds of the IPO to cover potential settlements arising out of the Covered Litigation. As a result, during the first three months of 2008, the Company reversed approximately $15 million of the $23 million accrued during the fourth quarter of 2007 for the Covered Litigation. The initial accrual in 2007 and the partial reversal in 2008 were included in “other costs of operations” in the consolidated statement of income. In addition, M&T Bank was allocated 1,967,028 Class B common shares of Visa. Of those shares, 760,455 were mandatorily redeemed in March 2008 resulting in a pre-tax gain of $33 million ($20 million after tax) which has been included in “gain on bank investment securities” in the consolidated statement of income.
     M&T and its subsidiaries are subject in the normal course of business to various pending and threatened legal proceedings in which claims for monetary damages are asserted. Management, after consultation with legal counsel, does not anticipate that the aggregate ultimate liability arising out of litigation pending against M&T or its subsidiaries will be material to the Company’s consolidated financial position, but at the present time is not in a position to determine whether such litigation will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations in any future reporting period.
7. Pension plans and other postretirement benefits
The Company provides defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefits (including health care and life insurance benefits) to qualified retired employees. Net periodic defined benefit cost for defined benefit plans consisted of the following:
                                 
                    Other  
    Pension     postretirement  
    benefits     benefits  
    Three months ended June 30  
    2008     2007     2008     2007  
    (in thousands)  
Service cost
  $ 4,362       5,542       115       150  
Interest cost on projected benefit obligation
    10,508       9,375       941       925  
Expected return on plan assets
    (11,933 )     (10,025 )            
Amortization of prior service cost
    (1,639 )     (1,650 )     96       50  
Amortization of net actuarial loss
    751       1,742       (21 )     168  
 
                       
Net periodic benefit cost
  $ 2,049       4,984       1,131       1,293  
 
                       

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
7. Pension plans and other postretirement benefits, continued
                                 
                    Other  
    Pension     postretirement  
    benefits     benefits  
    Six months ended June 30  
    2008     2007     2008     2007  
    (in thousands)  
Service cost
  $ 9,705       11,017       279       300  
Interest cost on projected benefit obligation
    21,272       18,750       2,017       1,850  
Expected return on plan assets
    (23,047 )     (20,050 )            
Amortization of prior service cost
    (3,279 )     (3,300 )     138       100  
Amortization of net actuarial loss
    1,971       2,942       21       218  
 
                       
Net periodic benefit cost
  $ 6,622       9,359       2,455       2,468  
 
                       
     Expense incurred in connection with the Company’s defined contribution pension and retirement savings plans totaled $7,990,000 and $7,248,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $18,317,000 and $16,417,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively.
8. Acquisitions
On November 30, 2007, M&T completed the acquisition of Partners Trust Financial Group, Inc. (“Partners Trust”), a bank holding company headquartered in Utica, New York. Partners Trust was merged with and into M&T on that date. Partners Trust Bank, the primary banking subsidiary of Partners Trust, was merged into M&T Bank on that date. Partners Trust Bank operated 33 branch offices in upstate New York at the date of acquisition. The results of operations acquired in the Partners Trust transaction have been included in the Company’s financial results since November 30, 2007, but did not have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations in 2007 or in the first six months of 2008. After application of the election, allocation and proration procedures contained in the merger agreement with Partners Trust, M&T paid $282 million in cash and issued 3,096,861 shares of M&T common stock in exchange for Partners Trust shares and stock options outstanding at the time of acquisition. The purchase price was approximately $559 million based on the cash paid to Partners Trust shareholders, the fair value of M&T common stock exchanged, and the cash paid to holders of Partners Trust stock options. The acquisition of Partners Trust expands M&T’s presence in upstate New York, making M&T Bank the deposit market share leader in the Utica-Rome and Binghamton markets, while strengthening its lead position in Syracuse.
     Assets acquired from Partners Trust on November 30, 2007 totaled $3.5 billion, including $2.2 billion of loans and leases (largely residential real estate and consumer loans), liabilities assumed aggregated $3.0 billion, including $2.2 billion of deposits (largely savings, money-market and time deposits), and $277 million was added to stockholders’ equity. In connection with the acquisition, the Company recorded approximately $283 million of goodwill and $50 million of core deposit intangible. The core deposit intangible is being amortized over 7 years using an accelerated method.
     As a condition of the approval of the Partners Trust acquisition by regulators, M&T Bank was required to divest three branch offices in Binghamton, New York. The three branches were sold on March 15, 2008, including loans of $13 million and deposits of $65 million. No gain or loss was recognized on that transaction.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
8. Acquisitions, continued
     On December 7, 2007, M&T Bank acquired 13 branch offices in the Mid-Atlantic region from First Horizon Bank in a cash transaction. The offices had approximately $214 million of loans, $216 million of deposits and $80 million of trust and investment assets under management on the transaction date.
     The Company incurred merger-related expenses related to systems conversions and other costs of integrating and conforming acquired operations with and into the Company of $4 million ($2 million net of applicable income taxes) during the first quarter of 2008. There were no similar expenses in the second quarter of 2008, nor in the first six months of 2007.
9. Relationship with Bayview Lending Group LLC and Bayview Financial Holdings, L.P.
On February 5, 2007 M&T invested $300 million to acquire a minority interest in Bayview Lending Group LLC (“BLG”), a privately-held commercial mortgage lender that specializes in originating, securitizing and servicing small balance commercial real estate loans. M&T recognizes income from BLG using the equity method of accounting.
     Bayview Financial Holdings, L.P. (together with its affiliates, “Bayview Financial”), a privately-held specialty mortgage finance company, is BLG’s majority investor. In addition to their common investment in BLG, the Company and Bayview Financial conduct other business activities with each other. The Company has purchased loan servicing rights for small balance commercial mortgage loans from BLG and Bayview Financial having outstanding principal balances of $5.8 billion and $4.9 billion at June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively. Amounts recorded as capitalized servicing assets for such loans totaled $64 million at June 30, 2008 and $57 million at December 31, 2007. In addition, capitalized servicing rights at June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007 also included $32 million and $40 million, respectively, for servicing rights that were purchased from Bayview Financial related to residential mortgage loans with outstanding principal balances of $4.3 billion at June 30, 2008 and $4.6 billion at December 31, 2007. Revenues from servicing residential and small balance commercial mortgage loans purchased from BLG and Bayview Financial were $13 million and $12 million for the three months ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $27 million and $23 million for the six months ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. M&T Bank provides $107 million of credit facilities to Bayview Financial of which $87 million was outstanding at June 30, 2008. There was no outstanding balance at December 31, 2007. Finally, at June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, the Company held $347 million and $450 million, respectively, of private collateralized mortgage obligations in its available for sale investment securities portfolio that were securitized by Bayview Financial.
10. Fair value measurements
Effective January 1, 2008, the Company adopted SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements,” for fair value measurements of certain of its financial instruments. The provisions of SFAS No. 157 that pertain to measurement of non-financial assets and liabilities have been deferred by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) until 2009. The adoption of SFAS No. 157 did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
     The provisions of SFAS No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities,” which permit an entity to choose to measure eligible financial instruments and other items at fair value, also became effective January 1, 2008. The Company has not made any fair value elections under SFAS No.159 as of June 30, 2008.
     The definition of fair value is clarified by SFAS No. 157 to be the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. SFAS No. 157 establishes a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability.
    Level 1 — Valuation is based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.
 
    Level 2 — Valuation is determined from quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active or by model-based techniques in which all significant inputs are observable in the market.
 
    Level 3 — Valuation is derived from model-based techniques in which at least one significant input is unobservable and based on the Company’s own estimates about the assumptions that market participants would use to value the asset or liability.
     When available, the Company attempts to use quoted market prices to determine fair value and classifies such items as Level 1 or Level 2. If quoted market prices are not available, fair value is often determined using model-based techniques incorporating various assumptions including interest rates, prepayment speeds and credit losses. Assets and liabilities valued using model-based techniques are classified as either Level 2 or Level 3, depending on the lowest level classification of an input that is considered significant to the overall valuation. The following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured on a recurring basis at estimated fair value.
Trading account assets and liabilities
Trading account assets and liabilities consist primarily of interest rate swap agreements and foreign exchange contracts with customers who require such services with offsetting trading positions with third parties to minimize the Company’s risk with respect to such transactions. The Company generally determines the fair value of its derivative trading account assets and liabilities using externally developed pricing models based on market observable inputs and therefore classifies such valuations as Level 2. Prices for certain foreign exchange contracts are more observable and therefore have been classified as Level 1. Mutual funds held in connection with deferred compensation arrangements have also been classified as Level 1 valuations. Valuations of investments in municipal and other bonds can generally be obtained through reference to quoted prices in less active markets for the same or similar securities or through model-based techniques in which all significant inputs are observable and, therefore, such valuations have been classified as Level 2.
Investment securities available for sale
The majority of the Company’s available-for-sale investment securities have been valued by reference to prices for similar securities or through model-based techniques in which all significant inputs are observable and, therefore, such valuations have been classified as Level 2. Certain investments in mutual funds and equity securities are actively traded and therefore have been classified as Level 1 valuations. For many privately issued mortgage-backed securities and other securities where there is limited trading activity or less observable valuation inputs, the Company has classified such valuations as Level 3.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
Real estate loans held for sale
The Company utilizes commitments to sell real estate loans to hedge the exposure to changes in fair value of real estate loans held for sale. The carrying value of hedged real estate loans held for sale includes changes in estimated fair value during the hedge period, typically from the date of close through the sale date. Most of the Company’s real estate loans held for sale have generally been hedged since the origination date. The fair value of hedged real estate loans held for sale is generally calculated by reference to quoted prices in secondary markets for commitments to sell real estate loans with similar characteristics and, as such, have been classified as a Level 2 valuation.
Commitments to originate real estate loans for sale and commitments to sell real estate loans
The Company enters into various commitments to originate real estate loans for sale and commitments to sell real estate loans. Such commitments are considered to be derivative financial instruments and, therefore, are carried at estimated fair value on the consolidated balance sheet. The estimated fair values of such commitments were generally calculated by reference to quoted prices in secondary markets for commitments to sell real estate loans to certain government-sponsored entities and other parties. The fair valuations of commitments to sell real estate loans generally result in a Level 2 classification. The estimated fair value of commitments to originate real estate loans for sale are oftentimes adjusted to reflect the Company’s anticipated commitment expirations. Estimated commitment expirations are considered a significant unobservable input, which results in a Level 3 classification. Additionally, during the first quarter of 2008 the Company adopted the provisions of SAB No. 109 for written loan commitments issued or modified after January 1, 2008. SAB No. 109 reversed previous conclusions expressed by the SEC staff regarding written loan commitments that are accounted for at fair value through earnings. Specifically, the SEC staff now believes that the expected net future cash flows related to the associated servicing of the loan should be included in the fair value measurement of the derivative loan commitment. In accordance with SAB No. 105, the Company had not included such amount in the value of commitments to originate real estate loans for sale at December 31, 2007. The estimated value ascribed to the expected net future servicing cash flows is also considered a significant unobservable input contributing to the Level 3 classification of commitments to originate real estate loans for sale.
Interest rate swap agreements used for interest rate risk management
The Company utilizes interest rate swap agreements as part of the management of interest rate risk to modify the repricing characteristics of certain portions of its portfolios of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. The Company generally determines the fair value of its interest rate swap agreements using externally developed pricing models based on market observable inputs and therefore classifies such valuations as Level 2.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
     A summary of assets and liabilities at June 30, 2008 measured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis were as follows:
                                 
    Fair value                    
    measurements                    
    at June 30,                    
    2008     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3  
    (in thousands)  
Trading account assets
  $ 243,050       47,687       195,363        
Investment securities available for sale
    7,980,333       199,104       6,773,915       1,007,314  
Real estate loans held for sale
    652,360             652,360        
Other assets (a)
    25,080             20,259       4,821  
 
                       
Total assets
  $ 8,900,823       246,791       7,641,897       1,012,135  
 
                       
 
                               
Trading account liabilities
  $ 147,549       4,823       142,726        
Other liabilities (a)
    32,572             31,870       702  
 
                       
Total liabilities
  $ 180,121       4,823       174,596       702  
 
                       
 
(a)   Comprised predominantly of interest rate swap agreements used for interest rate risk management (Level 2), commitments to sell real estate loans (Level 2)and commitments to originate real estate loans to be held for sale (Level 3).
     The changes in Level 3 assets and liabilities measured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis during the three-month and six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 were as follows:
                 
    Investment        
    securities     Other assets  
    available     and other  
    for sale     liabilities  
    (in thousands)  
Balance — April 1, 2008
  $ 1,172,801       8,128  
Total realized/unrealized gains (losses):
               
Included in earnings
          2,242 (a)
Included in other comprehensive income
    (27,981 )      
Purchases, sales, issuances and settlements, net
    (52,287 )      
Transfers in and/or out of Level 3
    (85,219 )     (6,251 )
 
           
Balance — June 30, 2008
  $ 1,007,314       4,119  
 
           

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
                 
    Investment        
    securities     Other assets  
    available     and other  
    for sale     liabilities  
    (in thousands)  
Balance — January 1, 2008
  $ 1,313,821       2,654  
Total realized/unrealized gains (losses):
               
Included in earnings
          14,962 (a)
Included in other comprehensive income
    (89,492 )      
Purchases, sales, issuances and settlements, net
    (102,860 )      
Transfers in and/or out of Level 3
    (114,155 )     (13,497 )
 
           
Balance — June 30, 2008
  $ 1,007,314       4,119  
 
           
 
               
Changes in unrealized gains (losses) included in earnings for the three months ended June 30, 2008 related to assets and liabilities still recorded on the balance sheet at June 30, 2008
  $       3,596 (a)
 
               
Changes in unrealized gains (losses) included in earnings for the six months ended June 30, 2008 related to assets and liabilities still recorded on the balance sheet at June 30, 2008
  $       4,119 (a)
 
(a)   Reported as mortgage banking revenues in the consolidated statement of income and includes the fair value of commitment issuances and expirations.
     The Company is required, on a nonrecurring basis, to adjust the carrying value of certain assets or provide valuation allowances related to certain assets using fair value measurements in accordance with GAAP.
Loans
Loans are generally not recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. Periodically, the Company records nonrecurring adjustments to the carrying value of loans based on fair value measurements for partial charge-offs of the uncollectible portions of those loans. Nonrecurring adjustments also include certain impairment amounts for collateral-dependent loans calculated in accordance with SFAS No. 114, “Accounting by Creditors for Impairment of a Loan,” when establishing the allowance for credit losses. Such amounts are generally based on the fair value of the underlying collateral supporting the loan and, as a result, the carrying value of the loan less the calculated valuation amount does not necessarily represent the fair value of the loan. Real estate collateral is typically valued using independent appraisals or other indications of value based on recent comparable sales of similar properties or

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
assumptions generally observable in the marketplace and the related nonrecurring fair value measurement adjustments have generally been classified as Level 2. Estimates of fair value used for other collateral supporting commercial loans generally are based on assumptions not observable in the marketplace and therefore such valuations have been classified as Level 3. Loans subject to nonrecurring fair value measurement were $288 million at June 30, 2008, $214 million and $74 million of which were classified as Level 2 and Level 3, respectively. Changes in fair value recognized for partial charge-offs of loans and loan impairment reserves on loans held by the Company on June 30, 2008 were decreases of $71 million and $88 million for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2008, respectively.
Capitalized servicing rights
Capitalized servicing rights are initially measured at fair value in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. The Company utilizes the amortization method to subsequently measure its capitalized servicing assets. In accordance with SFAS No. 156, “Accounting for Servicing of Financial Assets — an amendment to FASB Statement No. 140,” the Company must record impairment charges, on a nonrecurring basis, when the carrying value of certain strata exceed their estimated fair value. To estimate the fair value of servicing rights, the Company considers market prices for similar assets and the present value of expected future cash flows associated with the servicing rights calculated using assumptions that market participants would use in estimating future servicing income and expense. Such assumptions include estimates of the cost of servicing loans, loan default rates, an appropriate discount rate, and prepayment speeds. For purposes of evaluating and measuring impairment of capitalized servicing rights, the Company stratifies such assets based on the predominant risk characteristics of the underlying financial instruments that are expected to have the most impact on projected prepayments, cost of servicing and other factors affecting future cash flows associated with the servicing rights. Such factors may include financial asset or loan type, note rate and term. The amount of impairment recognized is the amount by which the carrying value of the capitalized servicing rights for a stratum exceed estimated fair value. Impairment is recognized through a valuation allowance. The determination of fair value of capitalized servicing rights is considered a Level 3 valuation. At June 30, 2008, $20 million of capitalized servicing rights had a carrying value equal to their fair value. Changes in fair value of capitalized servicing rights recognized for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2008 were increases of $9 million and $5 million, respectively.

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Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Overview
Net income for M&T Bank Corporation (“M&T”) in the second quarter of 2008 was $160 million or $1.44 of diluted earnings per common share, down 25% and 26%, respectively, from $214 million or $1.95 of diluted earnings per common share in the second quarter of 2007. During the first quarter of 2008, net income totaled $202 million or $1.82 of diluted earnings per common share. Basic earnings per common share were $1.45 in the recent quarter, compared with $1.98 in the year-earlier quarter and $1.84 in the initial quarter of 2008. The after-tax impact of acquisition and integration-related expenses (included herein as merger-related expenses) associated with the November 30, 2007 acquisition of Partners Trust Financial Group, Inc. (“Partners Trust”) and the December 7, 2007 acquisition by M&T Bank, the principal bank subsidiary of M&T, of the Mid-Atlantic retail banking franchise of First Horizon Bank (“First Horizon”) was $2 million ($4 million pre-tax) or $.02 of basic and diluted earnings per share in the first quarter of 2008. There were no similar expenses in the second quarter of 2008 or during 2007. For the first six months of 2008, net income totaled $362 million or $3.26 per diluted share, compared with $390 million or $3.51 per diluted share in the similar 2007 period. Basic earnings per share for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007 were $3.29 and $3.59, respectively.
     The annualized rate of return on average total assets for M&T and its consolidated subsidiaries (“the Company”) in the second quarter of 2008 was .98%, compared with 1.49% in the year-earlier quarter and 1.25% in the first quarter of 2008. The annualized rate of return on average common stockholders’ equity was 9.96% in the recently completed quarter, compared with 13.92% in the second quarter of 2007 and 12.49% in the initial 2008 quarter. During the first six months of 2008, the annualized rates of return on average assets and average common stockholders’ equity were 1.12% and 11.23%, respectively, compared with 1.37% and 12.65%, respectively, in the first half of 2007.
     Second quarter 2008 results recorded by the Company were damped by higher credit costs and a decline in the contribution of M&T’s pro-rata portion of the operating results of Bayview Lending Group LLC (“BLG”), a privately-held commercial mortgage lender in which M&T invested $300 million in February 2007. BLG specializes in originating, securitizing and servicing small balance commercial real estate loans. The provision for credit losses in the recent quarter was $100 million, up from $30 million in the second quarter of 2007 and $60 million in 2008’s initial quarter. That higher level of the provision reflects increased charge-offs and delinquencies, particularly in the Company’s portfolios of loans backed by residential real estate, including loans to builders and developers of residential real estate. M&T’s pro-rata share of the operating results of BLG was a loss of $13 million (pre-tax) in the second quarter of 2008, compared with income of $8 million in the year-earlier quarter and a loss of $1 million in the first quarter of 2008. Disruptions in the commercial mortgage-backed securities marketplace have limited BLG’s ability to sell securities backed by small balance commercial mortgage loans and have, therefore, reduced the amount of income recognized by BLG as a result of such activities. As a result, BLG has begun utilizing its contingent liquidity sources and has reduced it origination activities and staffing levels.
     The Company’s financial results in the first quarter of 2008 reflected $29 million, or $.26 of diluted earnings per share, resulting from M&T Bank’s status as a member bank of Visa. During the last quarter of 2007, Visa completed a reorganization in contemplation of its initial public offering (“IPO”) in 2008. As part of that reorganization M&T Bank and other member banks of Visa received shares of Class B common stock of Visa. Those banks are also obligated under various agreements with Visa to share in losses stemming from certain litigation involving Visa (“Covered Litigation”). As of December 31, 2007, although Visa

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was expected to set aside a portion of the proceeds from its IPO in an escrow account to fund any judgments or settlements that may arise out of the Covered Litigation, guidance from the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) indicated that Visa member banks should record a liability for the fair value of the contingent obligation to Visa. The estimation of the Company’s proportionate share of any potential losses related to the Covered Litigation was extremely difficult and involved a great deal of judgment. Nevertheless, in the fourth quarter of 2007 the Company recorded a pre-tax charge of $23 million ($14 million after tax effect, or $.13 per diluted share) related to the Covered Litigation. In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and consistent with the SEC guidance, the Company did not recognize any value for its common stock ownership interest in Visa as of the 2007 year-end. During the first quarter of 2008, Visa completed its IPO and, as part of the transaction, funded an escrow account with $3 billion from the proceeds of the IPO to cover potential settlements arising out of the Covered Litigation. As a result, during the first three months of 2008, the Company reversed approximately $15 million of the $23 million accrued during the fourth quarter of 2007 for the Covered Litigation. In addition, M&T Bank was allocated 1,967,028 Class B common shares of Visa based on its proportionate ownership of Visa. Of those shares, 760,455 were mandatorily redeemed in March 2008 for a pre-tax gain of $33 million ($20 million after-tax), which was recorded as gain on bank investment securities in the consolidated statement of income for 2008’s initial quarter.
Supplemental Reporting of Non-GAAP Results of Operations
As a result of business combinations and other acquisitions, the Company had intangible assets consisting of goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets totaling $3.4 billion at each of June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, and $3.1 billion at June 30, 2007. Included in such intangible assets was goodwill of $3.2 billion at each of June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, and $2.9 billion at June 30, 2007. Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets, after tax effect, was $10 million ($.09 per diluted share) during each of the second quarters of 2008 and 2007, and $11 million ($.10 per diluted share) in the first quarter of 2008. For each of the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets, after tax effect, totaled $21 million ($.19 per diluted share).
     M&T consistently provides supplemental reporting of its results on a “net operating” or “tangible” basis, from which M&T excludes the after-tax effect of amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets (and the related goodwill, core deposit intangible and other intangible asset balances, net of applicable deferred tax amounts, when calculating certain performance ratios) and expenses associated with merging acquired operations into the Company, since such expenses are considered by management to be “nonoperating” in nature. Although “net operating income” as defined by M&T is not a GAAP measure, M&T’s management believes that this information helps investors understand the effect of acquisition activity in reported results.
     Net operating income was $170 million in the recent quarter, compared with $224 million in the second quarter of 2007. Diluted net operating earnings per share for the second quarter of 2008 were $1.53, compared with $2.04 in the similar 2007 period. Net operating income and diluted net operating earnings per share were $216 million and $1.94, respectively, in the initial 2008 quarter. For the first half of 2008, net operating income and diluted net operating earnings per share were $386 million and $3.47, respectively, compared with $411 million and $3.70, respectively, in the corresponding 2007 period.
     Net operating income expressed as an annualized return on average tangible assets was 1.10% in the second quarter of 2008, compared with 1.65% in the year-earlier quarter and 1.41% in the first quarter of 2008. Net operating income expressed as an annualized return on average tangible common equity was 22.20% in

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the recent quarter, compared with 29.35% in the year-earlier quarter and 27.86% in the first 2008 quarter. For the first six months of 2008, net operating income represented an annualized return on average tangible assets and average tangible common stockholders’ equity of 1.25% and 25.04%, respectively, compared with 1.53% and 26.71%, respectively, in the six-month period ended June 30, 2007.
     Reconciliations of GAAP amounts with corresponding non-GAAP amounts are provided in table 2.
Taxable-equivalent Net Interest Income
Taxable-equivalent net interest income rose 5% to $492 million in the second quarter of 2008 from $467 million in the year-earlier quarter. The improvement from 2007’s second quarter was the result of higher average earning assets, which increased $7.5 billion, or 15%, to $58.5 billion in the recent quarter from $51.0 billion in the second quarter of 2007, offset partially by a 28 basis point (hundredths of one percent) narrowing of the Company’s net interest margin, or taxable-equivalent net interest income expressed as an annualized percentage of average earning assets. Taxable-equivalent net interest income aggregated $485 million in the initial 2008 quarter. The recent quarter’s improvement from the immediately preceding quarter resulted from a rise in average earning assets of $751 million and a 1 basis point widening of the net interest margin. Earning assets obtained in the Partners Trust and First Horizon transactions at the respective acquisition dates in the fourth quarter of 2007 were $3.1 billion and $214 million, respectively.
     For the first half of 2008, taxable-equivalent net interest income was $977 million, 6% above $922 million in the similar period of 2007. Growth in average earning assets of 14% or $7.3 billion was the leading factor contributing to that improvement. Partially offsetting the impact of average earning asset growth was a decline in the Company’s net interest margin of 28 basis points.
     Average loans and leases rose $5.9 billion, or 14%, to $49.5 billion in the second quarter of 2008 from $43.6 billion in the year-earlier quarter, and were $947 million, or 2%, higher than the $48.6 billion average in the initial 2008 quarter. Included in average loans and leases in the recent quarter were loans obtained in the 2007 acquisitions of approximately $1.2 billion, compared with $1.4 billion in the first quarter of 2008. Commercial loans and leases averaged $13.8 billion in the second quarter of 2008, up $1.6 billion or 14% from $12.2 billion in the year-earlier quarter. Commercial real estate loans averaged $18.5 billion in the recent quarter, $2.9 billion or 19% higher than $15.6 billion in 2007’s second quarter. Average outstanding residential real estate loans increased $151 million, or 3%, in the second quarter of 2008 as compared with the year-earlier quarter. Included in that portfolio were loans held for sale, which averaged $728 million in the recent quarter, compared with $956 million in the second quarter of 2007. Average consumer loans rose 12% or $1.2 billion from the year-earlier period. That growth was due largely to higher average automobile loan balances outstanding, including approximately $309 million of such loans related to the 2007 acquisition transactions.
     Contributing to the growth in average loans outstanding from $48.6 billion in 2008’s initial quarter to $49.5 billion in the second quarter of 2008 were commercial loans and leases, which increased $492 million, and commercial real estate loans, which rose $496 million. During that same period, average residential real estate loans increased $50 million, while average balances of consumer loans declined $91 million. The accompanying table summarizes quarterly changes in the major components of the loan and lease portfolio.

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AVERAGE LOANS AND LEASES
(net of unearned discount)
Dollars in millions
                         
            Percent increase  
            (decrease) from  
    2nd Qtr.     2nd Qtr.     1st Qtr.  
    2008     2007     2008  
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 13,800       14 %     4 %
Real estate — commercial
    18,491       19       3  
Real estate — consumer
    6,026       3       1  
Consumer
                       
Automobile
    3,630       25       (3 )
Home equity lines
    4,387       6       2  
Home equity loans
    1,087       (5 )     (5 )
Other
    2,101       19       1  
 
                 
Total consumer
    11,205       12       (1 )
 
                 
Total
  $ 49,522       14 %     2 %
 
                 
     For the first two quarters of 2008, average loans and leases totaled $49.0 billion, 13% above $43.3 billion in the first six months of 2007. Increases in average balances of commercial loans and leases, commercial real estate loans and consumer loans all contributed to that growth.
     The investment securities portfolio averaged $8.8 billion in the second quarter of 2008, up 27% from $6.9 billion in the year-earlier quarter. The increase in such securities from the second quarter of 2007 reflects a December 2007 securitization of approximately $950 million of loans obtained in the Partners Trust acquisition into Federal National Mortgage Association (“FNMA”) mortgage-backed securities. Those securities are guaranteed by FNMA and there is no credit recourse to the Company. The Company recognized no gain or loss on the transaction as it retained all of the resulting securities, which are held in the available-for-sale investment securities portfolio. Average investment securities aggregated $8.9 billion in the first quarter of 2008. In June 2008, the Company completed another securitization of approximately $550 million of residential mortgage loans into FNMA mortgage-backed securities. Those securities are guaranteed by FNMA and there is no credit recourse to the Company. The Company recognized no gain or loss on that transaction as it retained all of the resulting securities, which are held in the available-for-sale investment securities portfolio. An additional securitization of approximately $330 million of residential mortgage loans was completed on July 2, 2008. The June 2008 securitization decreased the average balances of residential real estate loans and correspondingly increased average investment securities during the second quarter of 2008 by approximately $66 million. The securitizations were completed to improve the Company’s liquidity and to enhance regulatory capital ratios.
     The investment securities portfolio is largely comprised of residential and commercial mortgage-backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations, debt securities issued by municipalities, debt and preferred equity securities issued by government-sponsored agencies and certain financial institutions, and shorter-term U.S. Treasury and federal agency notes. When purchasing investment securities, the Company considers its overall interest-rate risk profile as well as the adequacy of expected returns relative to the risks assumed, including credit and prepayment risk. In managing its investment securities portfolio, the Company occasionally sells investment securities as a result of changes in interest rates and spreads, actual or anticipated prepayments, credit risk associated with a particular security, or as a result of restructuring its investment securities portfolio following completion of a business combination. The Company regularly reviews its investment securities for declines in value below amortized cost that might be characterized as “other than temporary.” During the second quarter of 2008, an other-than-temporary impairment charge of $6 million was recognized on one collateralized mortgage obligation backed by option adjustable rate residential mortgages that had an amortized cost of $7 million. During 2007’s fourth quarter, the Company recognized other-than-temporary impairment charges of $127 million related to $132 million of

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collateralized debt obligations. As of June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, the Company concluded that the declines in value of its other investment securities were temporary in nature. Further discussion of the fair value of investment securities is included herein under the heading “Capital.”
     Other earning assets include deposits at banks, trading account assets, federal funds sold and agreements to resell securities. Those other earning assets in the aggregate averaged $173 million in the recent quarter, compared with $524 million and $214 million in the second quarter of 2007 and the first quarter of 2008, respectively. The decline in such assets in the recent quarter as compared with the second quarter of 2007 resulted from maturities of investment securities under agreements to resell. Those resell agreements had been entered into primarily to collateralize municipal deposits. Resell agreements are accounted for similar to collateralized loans, with changes in the fair value of the collateral monitored by the Company to ensure sufficient coverage. Such agreements averaged $88 million, $429 million and $115 million during the quarters ended June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007 and March 31, 2008, respectively. The amounts of investment securities and other earning assets held by the Company are influenced by such factors as demand for loans, which generally yield more than investment securities and other earning assets, ongoing repayments, the level of deposits, and management of balance sheet size and resulting capital ratios.
     As a result of the changes described herein, average earning assets rose 15% to $58.5 billion in the second quarter of 2008 from $51.0 billion in the corresponding quarter in 2007. Average earning assets were $57.7 billion in the initial quarter of 2008 and aggregated $58.1 billion and $50.8 billion during the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively.
     The most significant source of funding for the Company is core deposits, which are comprised of noninterest-bearing deposits, interest-bearing transaction accounts, nonbrokered savings deposits and nonbrokered domestic time deposits under $100,000. The Company’s branch network is its principal source of core deposits, which generally carry lower interest rates than wholesale funds of comparable maturities. Certificates of deposit under $100,000 generated on a nationwide basis by M&T Bank, National Association (“M&T Bank, N.A.”), a wholly owned banking subsidiary of M&T, are also included in core deposits. Average core deposits aggregated $31.6 billion in the second quarter of 2008, compared with $28.5 billion in the year-earlier quarter and $30.6 billion in the initial quarter of 2008. The Partners Trust and First Horizon acquisition transactions in 2007’s fourth quarter added approximately $2.0 billion of core deposits at acquisition. The following table provides an analysis of quarterly changes in the components of average core deposits. For the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, core deposits averaged $31.1 billion and $28.5 billion, respectively. Core deposits totaled $32.3 billion at June 30, 2008, compared with $31.7 billion at March 31, 2008 and $30.7 billion at December 31, 2007.
AVERAGE CORE DEPOSITS
Dollars in millions
                         
            Percent increase  
            (decrease) from  
    2nd Qtr.     2nd Qtr.     1st Qtr.  
    2008     2007     2008  
NOW accounts
  $ 512       13 %     6 %
Savings deposits
    17,968       20       7  
Time deposits less than $100,000
    5,540       (4 )     (7 )
Noninterest-bearing deposits
    7,577       3       2  
 
                 
Total
  $ 31,597       11 %     3 %
 
                 
     Domestic time deposits of $100,000 or more, deposits originated through the Company’s offshore branch office, and brokered deposits provide additional sources of funding for the Company. Domestic time deposits over $100,000, excluding brokered certificates of deposit, averaged $2.2 billion in the second quarter of 2008, compared with $2.7 billion in the year-earlier quarter and $2.6

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billion in the first quarter of 2008. Offshore branch deposits, primarily comprised of accounts with balances of $100,000 or more, averaged $4.3 billion, $3.7 billion and $4.8 billion for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007 and March 31, 2008, respectively. Brokered time deposits averaged $1.4 billion in the second quarter of 2008, compared with $2.0 billion in the year-earlier quarter and $1.8 billion in 2008’s initial quarter. In connection with the Company’s management of interest rate risk, interest rate swap agreements have been entered into under which the Company receives a fixed rate of interest and pays a variable rate and that have notional amounts and terms substantially similar to the amounts and terms of $115 million of brokered time deposits. The Company also had brokered money-market deposit accounts which averaged $124 million during the second quarter of 2008, compared with $81 million and $102 million during the corresponding quarter of 2007 and the first quarter of 2008, respectively. Offshore branch deposits and brokered deposits have been used by the Company as alternatives to short-term borrowings. Additional amounts of offshore branch deposits or brokered deposits may be solicited in the future depending on market conditions, including demand by customers and other investors for such deposits, and the cost of funds and/or maturities associated with such funding that will be available from alternative sources at the time.
     The Company also uses borrowings from banks, securities dealers, various Federal Home Loan Banks (“FHLBs”), and others as sources of funding. Short-term borrowings averaged $6.9 billion in the recent quarter, compared with $5.6 billion in the second quarter of 2007 and $7.2 billion in the initial quarter of 2008. Included in average short-term borrowings were unsecured federal funds borrowings, which generally mature daily and averaged $5.0 billion, $4.8 billion and $5.6 billion in the second quarters of 2008 and 2007, and the first quarter of 2008, respectively. Overnight federal funds borrowings represent the largest component of short-term borrowings and are obtained daily from a wide variety of banks and other financial institutions. Also included in short-term borrowings is a $500 million revolving asset-backed structured borrowing secured by automobile loans that were transferred to M&T Auto Receivables I, LLC, a special purpose subsidiary of M&T Bank. The special purpose subsidiary, the loans and the borrowings are included in the consolidated financial statements of the Company. Average short-term borrowings during 2008’s second quarter included $729 million of borrowings from the FHLB of New York, compared with $781 million in the first quarter of 2008. There were no similar short-term borrowings outstanding during the second quarter of 2007.
     Long-term borrowings averaged $11.4 billion in the second quarter of 2008, compared with $7.9 billion in the year-earlier quarter and $10.3 billion in the first quarter of 2008. Included in average long-term borrowings were amounts borrowed from the FHLBs of $6.5 billion in the recent quarter, compared with $3.7 billion and $5.4 billion in the second quarter of 2007 and the initial quarter of 2008, respectively, and subordinated capital notes of $1.9 billion in the two most recent quarters and $1.7 billion in the second quarter of 2007. M&T Bank issued $400 million of subordinated notes in December 2007, in part to maintain appropriate regulatory capital ratios. Junior subordinated debentures associated with trust preferred securities that were included in average long-term borrowings were $1.1 billion in the second quarter of 2008, compared with $713 million in the second quarter of 2007 and $981 million in the first quarter of 2008. During January 2008, M&T Capital Trust IV issued $350 million of Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities, bearing a fixed rate of interest of 8.50% and maturing in 2068. The related junior subordinated debentures are included in long-term borrowings. Information regarding trust preferred securities and the related junior subordinated debentures is provided in note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements. Also included in long-term borrowings were agreements to repurchase securities, which averaged $1.6 billion during the quarters ended June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007 and March 31, 2008.

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     During the second quarter of 2008, the Company actively sought to increase the average maturity of its non-deposit sources of funds and to reduce short-term borrowings. As a result, short-term borrowings were reduced to $3.8 billion at June 30, 2008, including $1.6 billion of overnight federal funds borrowings, and long-term borrowings increased to $12.8 billion, including $7.9 billion of FHLB borrowings. As previously noted, core deposits increased by $606 million to $32.3 billion at June 30, 2008 from $31.7 billion at March 31, 2008 to further supplement the Company’s funding.
     Changes in the composition of the Company’s earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities as discussed herein, as well as changes in interest rates and spreads, can impact net interest income. Net interest spread, or the difference between the taxable-equivalent yield on earning assets and the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities, was 3.02% in the second quarter of 2008, compared with 3.08% in the year-earlier quarter. The yield on earning assets during the recent quarter was 5.66%, down 129 basis points from 6.95% in the second quarter of 2007, while the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities decreased 123 basis points to 2.64% from 3.87% in 2007’s second quarter. In the first quarter of 2008, the net interest spread was 2.94%, the yield on earning assets was 6.20% and the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities was 3.26%. For the first six months of 2008, the net interest spread was 2.98%, a decrease of 8 basis points from the corresponding 2007 period. The yield on earning assets and the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities were 5.93% and 2.95%, respectively, in the first half of 2008, compared with 6.94% and 3.88%, respectively, in the similar period of 2007.
     Net interest-free funds consist largely of noninterest-bearing demand deposits and stockholders’ equity, partially offset by bank owned life insurance and non-earning assets, including goodwill, core deposit and other intangible assets and M&T’s investment in BLG. Net interest-free funds averaged $8.1 billion in the second quarter of 2008, compared with $7.8 billion in the corresponding quarter of 2007 and $7.7 billion in the first quarter of 2008. The increase in such funds from the year-earlier period was due, in part, to higher average balances of noninterest-bearing deposits and stockholders’ equity, while the increase in net interest-free funds as compared with the first quarter of 2008 was largely due to higher average balances of noninterest-bearing deposits. During each of the first six months of 2008 and 2007, average net interest-free funds aggregated $7.9 billion. Goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets averaged $3.4 billion during the quarters ended June 30, 2008 and March 31, 2008, and $3.1 billion in the second quarter of 2007. The cash surrender value of bank owned life insurance averaged $1.2 billion during each of the two most recent quarters, and $1.1 billion in the second quarter of 2007. Increases in the cash surrender value of bank owned life insurance are not included in interest income, but rather are recorded in “other revenues from operations.”
     The contribution of net interest-free funds to net interest margin was .37% in the recent quarter, compared with .59% in the second quarter of 2007 and .44% in the first quarter of 2008. The contribution of net interest-free funds to net interest margin for the first half of the year was .40% in 2008 and .60% in 2007. The decrease in the contribution to net interest margin ascribed to net interest-free funds in the 2008 periods as compared with the similar 2007 periods resulted largely from the impact of lower interest rates on interest-bearing liabilities used to value such contribution.
     Reflecting the changes to the net interest spread and the contribution of interest-free funds as described herein, the Company’s net interest margin was 3.39% in the recent quarter, down from 3.67% in the similar quarter of 2007, but 1 basis point higher than 3.38% in the initial quarter of 2008. During the first six months of 2008 and 2007, the net interest margin was 3.38% and 3.66%, respectively. Future changes in market interest rates or spreads, as well as changes in the composition of the Company’s portfolios of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities that result in reductions in spreads, could adversely impact the Company’s net interest income and net interest margin.

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     Management assesses the potential impact of future changes in interest rates and spreads by projecting net interest income under several interest rate scenarios. In managing interest rate risk, the Company utilizes interest rate swap agreements to modify the repricing characteristics of certain portions of its portfolios of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. Periodic settlement amounts arising from these agreements are generally reflected in either the yields earned on assets or, as appropriate, the rates paid on interest-bearing liabilities. The notional amount of interest rate swap agreements entered into for interest rate risk management purposes was approximately $1.2 billion at June 30, 2008, $902 million at June 30, 2007 and $2.3 billion at December 31, 2007. Under the terms of all of the swap agreements outstanding at June 30, 2008 and 2007, and $842 million of the swap agreements outstanding at December 31, 2007, the Company received payments based on the outstanding notional amount of the swap agreements at fixed rates and made payments at variable rates. Those swap agreements were designated as fair value hedges of certain fixed rate time deposits and long-term borrowings. There were no interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges at June 30, 2008 or at June 30, 2007. Under the terms of the additional $1.5 billion of swap agreements outstanding at the 2007 year-end, the Company paid a fixed rate of interest and received a variable rate. Those agreements had been designated as cash flow hedges of certain variable rate long-term borrowings. During the first quarter of 2008, those swap agreements were terminated by the Company resulting in the realization of a loss of $37 million. That loss is being amortized over the original hedge period as an adjustment to interest expense associated with the previously hedged long-term borrowings.
     In a fair value hedge, the fair value of the derivative (the interest rate swap agreement) and changes in the fair value of the hedged item are recorded in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet with the corresponding gain or loss recognized in current earnings. The difference between changes in the fair value of the interest rate swap agreements and the hedged items represents hedge ineffectiveness and is recorded in “other revenues from operations” in the Company’s consolidated statement of income. In a cash flow hedge, unlike in a fair value hedge, the effective portion of the derivative’s gain or loss is initially reported as a component of other comprehensive income and subsequently reclassified into earnings when the forecasted transaction affects earnings. The ineffective portion of the gain or loss is reported in “other revenues from operations” immediately. The amounts of hedge ineffectiveness recognized during the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007 were not material to the Company’s results of operations. The estimated aggregate fair value of interest rate swap agreements designated as fair value hedges represented losses of approximately $8 million and $32 million at June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and a gain of $17 million at December 31, 2007. The fair values of such swap agreements were substantially offset by changes in the fair values of the hedged items. The estimated fair values of interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges were losses of approximately $17 million at December 31, 2007. No interest rate swap agreements were designated as cash flow hedges at either June 30, 2008 or 2007. The changes in the fair values of the interest rate swap agreements and the hedged items result from the effects of changing interest rates.
     The weighted-average rates to be received and paid under interest rate swap agreements currently in effect were 6.22% and 4.37%, respectively, at June 30, 2008. The average notional amounts of interest rate swap agreements and the related effect on net interest income and margin, and the weighted-average interest rates paid or received on those swap agreements are presented in the accompanying table.

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INTEREST RATE SWAP AGREEMENTS
Dollars in thousands
                                 
    Three months ended June 30  
    2008     2007  
    Amount     Rate*     Amount     Rate*  
Increase (decrease) in:
                               
Interest income
  $       %   $       %
Interest expense
    (4,901 )     (.04 )     1,289       .01  
 
                           
Net interest income/margin
  $ 4,901       .04 %   $ (1,289 )     (.01 )%
 
                       
Average notional amount
  $ 1,126,582             $ 881,362          
 
                           
Rate received**
            6.48 %             6.05 %
Rate paid**
            4.73 %             6.63 %
 
                           
                                 
    Six months ended June 30  
    2008     2007  
    Amount     Rate*     Amount     Rate*  
Increase (decrease) in:
                               
Interest income
  $       %   $       %
Interest expense
    (6,341 )     (.03 )     2,644       .01  
 
                           
Net interest income/margin
  $ 6,341       .02 %   $ (2,644 )     (.01 )%
 
                       
Average notional amount
  $ 1,425,840             $ 938,512          
 
                           
Rate received**
            6.00 %             5.87 %
Rate paid**
            5.11 %             6.43 %
 
                           
 
*   Computed as an annualized percentage of average earning assets or interest-bearing liabilities.
 
**   Weighted-average rate paid or received on interest rate swap agreements in effect during the period.
     As a financial intermediary, the Company is exposed to various risks, including liquidity and market risk. Liquidity refers to the Company’s ability to ensure that sufficient cash flow and liquid assets are available to satisfy current and future obligations, including demands for loans and deposit withdrawals, funding operating costs, and for other corporate purposes. Liquidity risk arises whenever the maturities of financial instruments included in assets and liabilities differ. M&T’s banking subsidiaries have access to additional funding sources through borrowings from the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York, lines of credit with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, and other available borrowing facilities. The Company has, from time to time, issued subordinated capital notes to provide liquidity and enhance regulatory capital ratios. Such notes qualify for inclusion in the Company’s total capital as defined by federal regulators. In December 2007, M&T Bank issued $400 million of subordinated notes. The notes bear a fixed rate of interest of 6.625% and mature in December 2017. As an additional source of funding, the Company maintains a $500 million revolving asset-backed structured borrowing which is collateralized by automobile loans and related assets that have been transferred to a special purpose subsidiary of M&T Bank. That subsidiary, the loans and the borrowing are included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. As existing loans of the subsidiary pay down, monthly proceeds, after payment of certain fees and debt service costs, are used to obtain additional automobile loans from M&T Bank or other subsidiaries to replenish the collateral and maintain the existing borrowing base.
     The Company has informal and sometimes reciprocal sources of funding available through various arrangements for unsecured short-term borrowings from a wide group of banks and other financial institutions. Short-term federal funds borrowings aggregated $1.6 billion, $2.2 billion and $4.2 billion at June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively. In

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general, these borrowings were unsecured and matured on the following business day. As already noted, offshore branch deposits and brokered certificates of deposit have been used by the Company as alternatives to short-term borrowings. Offshore branch deposits also generally mature on the next business day and totaled $5.8 billion at June 30, 2008, $6.6 billion at June 30, 2007 and $5.9 billion at December 31, 2007. Outstanding brokered time deposits at June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007 were $1.5 billion, $1.9 billion and $1.8 billion, respectively. At June 30, 2008, the weighted-average remaining term to maturity of brokered time deposits was 11 months. Certain of these brokered time deposits have provisions that allow for early redemption.
     The Company’s ability to obtain funding from these or other sources could be negatively impacted should the Company experience a substantial deterioration in its financial condition or its debt ratings, or should the availability of short-term funding become restricted due to a disruption in the financial markets. The Company attempts to quantify such credit-event risk by modeling scenarios that estimate the liquidity impact resulting from a short-term ratings downgrade over various grading levels. Such impact is estimated by attempting to measure the effect on available unsecured lines of credit, available capacity from secured borrowing sources and securitizable assets. In addition to deposits and borrowings, other sources of liquidity include maturities of investment securities and other earning assets, repayments of loans and investment securities, and cash generated from operations, such as fees collected for services.
     Certain customers of the Company obtain financing through the issuance of variable rate demand bonds (“VRDBs”). The VRDBs are generally enhanced by direct-pay letters of credit provided by M&T Bank. M&T Bank oftentimes acts as remarketing agent for the VRDBs and, at its discretion, may from time-to-time own some of the VRDBs while such instruments are remarketed. When this occurs, the VRDBs are classified as trading assets in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. Nevertheless, M&T Bank is not contractually obligated to purchase the VRDBs. The value of VRDBs in the Company’s trading account totaled $21 million and $14 million at June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $63 million at December 31, 2007. The total amount of VRDBs outstanding backed by M&T Bank letters of credit was approximately $1.7 billion at each of June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007. M&T Bank also serves as remarketing agent for most of those bonds.
     The Company enters into contractual obligations in the normal course of business which require future cash payments. Such obligations include, among others, payments related to deposits, borrowings, leases and other contractual commitments. Off-balance sheet commitments to customers may impact liquidity, including commitments to extend credit, standby letters of credit, commercial letters of credit, financial guarantees and indemnification contracts, and commitments to sell real estate loans. Because many of these commitments or contracts expire without being funded in whole or in part, the contract amounts are not necessarily indicative of future cash flows. Further information relating to these commitments is provided in note 6 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     M&T’s primary source of funds to pay for operating expenses, shareholder dividends and treasury stock repurchases has historically been the receipt of dividends from its banking subsidiaries, which are subject to various regulatory limitations. Dividends from any banking subsidiary to M&T are limited by the amount of earnings of the banking subsidiary in the current year and the two preceding years. For purposes of that test, at June 30, 2008 approximately $590 million was available for payment of dividends to M&T from banking subsidiaries without prior regulatory approval. These historic sources of cash flow have been augmented in the past by the issuance of trust preferred securities, including $350 million of Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities issued by M&T Capital Trust IV in January 2008, and the issuance

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by M&T of $300 million of senior notes payable during the second quarter of 2007. Information regarding trust preferred securities and the related junior subordinated debentures is included in note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements. M&T also maintains a $30 million line of credit with an unaffiliated commercial bank, of which there were no borrowings outstanding at June 30, 2008 or at December 31, 2007.
     Management closely monitors the Company’s liquidity position on an ongoing basis for compliance with internal policies and believes that available sources of liquidity are adequate to meet funding needs anticipated in the normal course of business. Management does not anticipate engaging in any activities, either currently or in the long-term, for which adequate funding would not be available and would therefore result in a significant strain on liquidity at either M&T or its subsidiary banks.
     Market risk is the risk of loss from adverse changes in the market prices and/or interest rates of the Company’s financial instruments. The primary market risk the Company is exposed to is interest rate risk. Interest rate risk arises from the Company’s core banking activities of lending and deposit-taking, because assets and liabilities reprice at different times and by different amounts as interest rates change. As a result, net interest income earned by the Company is subject to the effects of changing interest rates. The Company measures interest rate risk by calculating the variability of net interest income in future periods under various interest rate scenarios using projected balances for earning assets, interest-bearing liabilities and derivatives used to hedge interest rate risk. Management’s philosophy toward interest rate risk management is to limit the variability of net interest income. The balances of financial instruments used in the projections are based on expected growth from forecasted business opportunities, anticipated prepayments of loans and investment securities, and expected maturities of investment securities, loans and deposits. Management uses a “value of equity” model to supplement the modeling technique described above. Those supplemental analyses are based on discounted cash flows associated with on- and off-balance sheet financial instruments. Such analyses are modeled to reflect changes in interest rates and provide management with a long-term interest rate risk metric.
     The Company’s Risk Management Committee, which includes members of senior management, monitors the sensitivity of the Company’s net interest income to changes in interest rates with the aid of a computer model that forecasts net interest income under different interest rate scenarios. In modeling changing interest rates, the Company considers different yield curve shapes that consider both parallel (that is, simultaneous changes in interest rates at each point on the yield curve) and non-parallel (that is, allowing interest rates at points on the yield curve to vary by different amounts) shifts in the yield curve. In utilizing the model, market-implied forward interest rates over the subsequent twelve months are generally used to determine a base interest rate scenario for the net interest income simulation. That calculated base net interest income is then compared to the income calculated under the varying interest rate scenarios. The model considers the impact of ongoing lending and deposit-gathering activities, as well as interrelationships in the magnitude and timing of the repricing of financial instruments, including the effect of changing interest rates on expected prepayments and maturities. When deemed prudent, management has taken actions to mitigate exposure to interest rate risk through the use of on- or off-balance sheet financial instruments and intends to do so in the future. Possible actions include, but are not limited to, changes in the pricing of loan and deposit products, modifying the composition of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, and adding to, modifying or terminating existing interest rate swap agreements or other financial instruments used for interest rate risk management purposes.

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     The accompanying table as of June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007 displays the estimated impact on net interest income from non-trading financial instruments in the base scenario described above resulting from parallel changes in interest rates across repricing categories during the first modeling year.
SENSITIVITY OF NET INTEREST INCOME
TO CHANGES IN INTEREST RATES
Dollars in thousands
                 
    Calculated increase (decrease)
    in projected net interest income
Changes in interest rates   June 30, 2008   December 31, 2007
+200 basis points
  $ 29,229       4,707  
+100 basis points
    14,665       (996 )
-100 basis points
    (17,106 )     (16,432 )
-200 basis points
    (27,808 )     (24,284 )
     The Company utilized many assumptions to calculate the impact that changes in interest rates may have on net interest income. The more significant of those assumptions included the rate of prepayments of mortgage-related assets, cash flows from derivative and other financial instruments held for non-trading purposes, loan and deposit volumes and pricing, and deposit maturities. In the scenarios presented, the Company also assumed gradual changes in interest rates during a twelve-month period of 100 and 200 basis points as compared with the assumed base scenario. In the event that a 100 or 200 basis point rate change cannot be achieved, the applicable rate changes are limited to lesser amounts such that interest rates cannot be less than zero. The assumptions used in interest rate sensitivity modeling are inherently uncertain and, as a result, the Company cannot precisely predict the impact of changes in interest rates on net interest income. Actual results may differ significantly from those presented due to the timing, magnitude and frequency of changes in interest rates and changes in market conditions and interest rate differentials (spreads) between maturity/repricing categories, as well as any actions, such as those previously described, which management may take to counter such changes. In light of the uncertainties and assumptions associated with the process, the amounts presented in the table are not considered significant to the Company’s past or projected net interest income.
     Changes in fair value of the Company’s financial instruments can also result from a lack of trading activity for similar instruments in the financial markets. That impact is most notable on the values assigned to the Company’s investment securities. Information about the fair valuation of such securities is presented herein under the heading “Capital” and in note 10 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     The Company engages in trading activities to meet the financial needs of customers, to fund the Company’s obligations under certain deferred compensation plans and, to a limited extent, to profit from perceived market opportunities. Financial instruments utilized in trading activities consist predominantly of interest rate contracts, such as swap agreements, and forward and futures contracts related to foreign currencies, but have also included forward and futures contracts related to mortgage-backed securities and investments in U.S. Treasury and other government securities, mortgage-backed securities and mutual funds, and as previously described, a limited number of VRDBs. The Company generally mitigates the foreign currency and interest rate risk associated with trading activities by entering into offsetting trading positions. The amounts of gross and net trading positions, as well as the type of trading activities conducted by the Company, are subject to a well-defined series of potential loss exposure limits established by management and approved by M&T’s Board of Directors. However, as with any non-government guaranteed financial instrument, the Company is exposed to credit risk associated with counterparties to the Company’s trading activities.

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     The notional amounts of interest rate contracts entered into for trading purposes totaled $13.5 billion at June 30, 2008, compared with $8.4 billion and $11.7 billion at June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively. The increase in the notional amounts of such contracts from June 30, 2007 to December 31, 2007 and June 30, 2008 was due largely to increased commercial lending volumes and the desire of commercial customers to use swap agreements to modify the characteristics of their borrowings. The notional amounts of foreign currency and other option and futures contracts entered into for trading purposes were $973 million, $798 million and $801 million at June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively. Although the notional amounts of these trading contracts are not recorded in the consolidated balance sheet, the fair values of all financial instruments used for trading activities are recorded in the consolidated balance sheet. The fair values of all trading account assets and liabilities totaled $243 million and $148 million, respectively, at June 30, 2008, $152 million and $71 million, respectively, at June 30, 2007, and $281 million and $143 million, respectively, at December 31, 2007. The higher asset and liability balances at June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007 as compared with June 30, 2007 were the result of higher interest rate swap agreements in the trading portfolio, for which the related fair values largely offset each other, as the Company generally enters into offsetting positions. Included in trading account assets were assets related to deferred compensation plans totaling $43 million at June 30, 2008 and $47 million at June 30 and December 31, 2007. Changes in the fair value of such assets are recorded as trading account and foreign exchange gains in the consolidated statement of income. Included in other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet at June 30, 2008 were $45 million of liabilities related to deferred compensation plans, while at June 30, 2007 and at December 31, 2007, $50 million of such liabilities related to deferred compensation plans. Changes in the balances of such liabilities due to the valuation of allocated investment options to which the liabilities are indexed are recorded in “other costs of operations” in the consolidated statement of income.
     Given the Company’s policies, limits and positions, management believes that the potential loss exposure to the Company resulting from market risk associated with trading activities was not material, however, as previously noted, the Company is exposed to credit risk associated with counterparties to transactions related to the Company’s trading activities.
Provision for Credit Losses
The Company maintains an allowance for credit losses that in management’s judgment is adequate to absorb losses inherent in the loan and lease portfolio. A provision for credit losses is recorded to adjust the level of the allowance as deemed necessary by management. The provision for credit losses in the second quarter of 2008 was $100 million, compared with $30 million in the year-earlier quarter and $60 million in the first quarter of 2008. For the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, the provision for credit losses was $160 million and $57 million, respectively. The higher levels of the provision in the 2008 periods as compared with the 2007 periods reflect the impact of declining real estate valuations and higher delinquencies and charge-offs related to the Company’s alternative (“Alt-A”) residential real estate loan portfolio and to the residential real estate builder and developer loan portfolio.
     Through early 2007, the Company had been an active participant in the origination of Alt-A residential real estate loans and the sale of such loans in the secondary market. Alt-A loans originated by the Company typically included some form of limited documentation requirements as compared with more traditional residential real estate loans. Unfavorable market conditions during the first quarter of 2007, including a lack of liquidity by previously active

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purchasers, impacted the Company’s willingness to sell Alt-A loans, as an auction of such loans initiated by the Company at that time received fewer bids than normal and the pricing of those bids was substantially lower than expected. As a result, $883 million of Alt-A loans previously held for sale (including $808 million of first mortgage loans and $75 million of second mortgage loans) were transferred in March 2007 to the Company’s held-for-investment loan portfolio. In total, Alt-A residential mortgage loans aggregated $1.1 billion, $1.3 billion and $1.2 billion at June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively, and included $48 million, $74 million and $59 million of second mortgage loans at those respective dates. This Alt-A portfolio of first and second mortgage loans has experienced higher delinquencies and charge-offs than the Company’s other first and second mortgage loans.
     The Company’s portfolio of loans to builders and developers of residential real estate totaled $2.1 billion at each of June 30, 2008 and December 31, 2007, compared with $2.0 billion at June 30, 2007. This portfolio has experienced increasing delinquencies and charge-offs during 2008, particularly related to properties in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States.
     Net loan charge-offs were $99 million in the recent quarter, compared with $22 million in the second quarter of 2007 and $46 million in the initial 2008 quarter. Net charge-offs as an annualized percentage of average loans and leases were .81% in the recently completed quarter, compared with .20% and .38% in the quarters ended June 30, 2007 and March 31, 2008, respectively. Net charge-offs for the six-month period ended June 30 aggregated $145 million in 2008 and $39 million in 2007, representing .59% and .18%, respectively, of average loans and leases. A summary of net charge–offs by loan type follows.
NET CHARGE-OFFS
BY LOAN/LEASE TYPE
In thousands
                         
    2008  
                    Year  
    1st Qtr.     2nd Qtr.     to-date  
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 4,377       20,284       24,661  
Real estate:
                       
Commercial
    4,380       39,559       43,939  
Residential
    15,097       12,490       27,587  
Consumer
    21,961       26,888       48,849  
 
                 
 
  $ 45,815       99,221       145,036  
 
                 
                         
    2007  
                    Year  
    1st Qtr.     2nd Qtr.     to-date  
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 4,533       7,393       11,926  
Real estate:
                       
Commercial
    671       1,021       1,692  
Residential
    1,369       2,483       3,852  
Consumer
    10,618       10,722       21,340  
 
                 
 
  $ 17,191       21,619       38,810  
 
                 

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     Net charge-offs of commercial loans and leases in the recent quarter reflect an $8 million partial charge-off of a relationship with a workforce service provider. Included in net charge-offs of commercial real estate loans were net charge-offs of loans to residential homebuilders and developers of $38 million and $3 million for the quarters ended June 30 and March 31, 2008, respectively. There were no such loans charged off in the quarter ended June 30, 2007. Essentially all of the $38 million of net charge-offs in the second quarter of 2008 were related to real estate located in the Mid-Atlantic region. The impact of declining real estate values that has contributed to higher levels of residential real estate loan delinquencies and charge-offs has been particularly noteworthy in the $1.1 billion portfolio of Alt-A residential mortgage loans held by the Company. Net charge-offs of Alt-A first mortgage loans in the second quarter of 2008 were $10 million, compared with $2 million and $12 million during the quarters ended June 30, 2007 and March 31, 2008, respectively. Included in net charge-offs of consumer loans and leases were net charge-offs during the quarters ended June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007 and March 31, 2008, respectively, of: indirect automobile loans of $11 million, $5 million and $10 million; recreational vehicle loans of $5 million, $3 million and $3 million; and home equity loans and lines of credit, including Alt-A second lien loans, of $9 million, $2 million and $6 million. Including both first and second lien mortgages, net charge-offs of Alt-A loans totaled $15 million, $3 million and $16 million for the quarters ended June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007 and March 31, 2008, respectively.
     Nonperforming loans, consisting of nonaccrual and restructured loans, totaled $587 million or 1.20% of total loans and leases outstanding at June 30, 2008, compared with $296 million or .68% at June 30, 2007, $447 million or .93% at December 31, 2007, and $495 million or 1.00% at March 31, 2008. Major factors contributing to the rise in nonperforming loans from the second quarter of 2007 were a $139 million increase in residential real estate loans and a $124 million rise in loans to builders and developers of residential real estate. The increase in nonperforming residential real estate loans was the result of the residential real estate market turmoil and its impact on the portfolio of Alt-A loans and also reflected a change in accounting procedure in December 2007 whereby residential real estate loans previously classified as nonaccrual when payments were 180 days past due now stop accruing interest when principal or interest is delinquent 90 days. The impact of the acceleration of the classification of such loans as nonaccrual resulted in an increase in nonperforming loans of $65 million, $84 million and $79 million at June 30, 2008, December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2008, respectively. The higher level of nonaccrual loans to builders and developers was largely due to deteriorating residential real estate values. The most significant factor contributing to the higher level of nonperforming loans at June 30, 2008 as compared with December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2008 was the addition of loans to builders and developers of residential real estate.
     Accruing loans past due 90 days or more were $94 million or .19% of total loans and leases at June 30, 2008, compared with $135 million or .31% a year earlier, $77 million or .16% at December 31, 2007 and $81 million or .17% at March 31, 2008. Those loans included $89 million, $70 million, $73 million and $77 million at June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007, December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2008, respectively, of loans guaranteed by government-related entities. Such guaranteed loans included one-to-four family residential mortgage loans serviced by the Company that were repurchased to reduce servicing costs, including a requirement to advance principal and interest payments that had not been received from individual mortgagors. Despite the loans being purchased by the Company, the insurance or guarantee by the applicable government-related entity remains in force. The outstanding principal balances of the repurchased loans are fully guaranteed by government–related entities and totaled $78 million, $58 million, $67 million

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and $72 million at June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007, December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2008, respectively. Loans past due 90 days or more and accruing interest that were guaranteed by government-related entities also included foreign commercial and industrial loans supported by the Export-Import Bank of the United States that totaled $10 million at June 30, 2008, compared with $12 million a year earlier, $5 million at December 31, 2007 and $4 million at March 31, 2008.
     Commercial loans and leases classified as nonperforming aggregated $90 million at June 30, 2008, $115 million at June 30, 2007, $79 million at December 31, 2007 and $85 million at March 31, 2008. The decline in such loans from June 30, 2007 to the last three quarter-ends was due, in part, to a reduction of nonperforming loans to automobile dealers predominantly due to payments received. The rise in nonperforming commercial loans and leases at the current quarter-end as compared with December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2008 was largely due to the recent quarter’s addition of a $16 million relationship with a publishing company.
     Nonperforming commercial real estate loans totaled $227 million at June 30, 2008, $72 million at June 30, 2007, $118 million at December 31, 2007 and $141 million at March 31, 2008. Included in nonperforming commercial real estate loans were loans to residential homebuilders and developers of $161 million, $37 million, $85 million and $94 million at June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007, December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2008, respectively, reflecting the impact of the downturn in the residential real estate market, including declining real estate values. The collateral securing those loans is largely located in the Mid-Atlantic region.
     Residential real estate loans classified as nonperforming were $200 million at June 30, 2008, $61 million at June 30, 2007, $181 million at December 31, 2007 and $198 million at March 31, 2008. As already noted, the significant increase in such loans from June 30, 2007 reflects the turmoil present in the residential real estate marketplace that has resulted in declining property values as well as the effect of the change in accounting procedure for nonaccrual residential real estate loans that became effective during the fourth quarter of 2007. Included in nonperforming residential real estate loans were nonperforming Alt-A loans which totaled $106 million, $19 million, $90 million and $107 million at June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007, December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2008, respectively. Residential real estate loans past due 90 days or more and accruing interest totaled $78 million at June 30, 2008, compared with $110 million a year-earlier, and $66 million and $72 million at December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2008, respectively. Such amounts consist predominantly of guaranteed loans repurchased from government-related entities.
     Nonperforming consumer loans and leases totaled $70 million at the recent quarter-end, compared with $48 million a year earlier, $69 million at December 31, 2007 and $71 million at March 31, 2008. Included in nonperforming consumer loans and leases at June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007, December 31, 2007 and March 31, 2008 were indirect automobile loans of $33 million, $22 million, $30 million and $32 million, respectively; recreational vehicle loans of $11 million, $4 million, $11 million and $12 million, respectively; and outstanding balances of home equity lines of credit of $13 million, $9 million, $12 million and $13 million, respectively. As a percentage of consumer loan balances outstanding, nonperforming consumer loans and leases were .67% and .47% at June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, .61% at December 31, 2007 and .63% at March 31, 2008.
     Assets acquired in settlement of defaulted loans were $53 million at each of June 30 and March 31, 2008, compared with $18 million at June 30, 2007 and $40 million at December 31, 2007. The increases from June 30, 2007 resulted from higher residential real estate loan defaults.

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     A comparative summary of nonperforming assets and certain past due loan data and credit quality ratios as of the end of the periods indicated is presented in the accompanying table.
NONPERFORMING ASSET AND PAST DUE LOAN DATA
Dollars in thousands
                                         
    2008 Quarters     2007 Quarters  
    Second     First     Fourth     Third     Second  
Nonaccrual loans
  $ 568,460       477,436       431,282       356,438       282,133  
Renegotiated loans
    18,905       17,084       15,884       14,953       13,706  
 
                             
Total nonperforming loans
    587,365       494,520       447,166       371,391       295,839  
Real estate and other assets owned
    52,606       52,805       40,175       22,080       17,837  
 
                             
Total nonperforming assets
  $ 639,971       547,325       487,341       393,471       313,676  
 
                             
 
                                       
Accruing loans past due 90 days or more*
  $ 93,894       81,316       77,319       140,313       134,906  
 
                             
 
                                       
Government guaranteed loans included in totals above:
                                       
Nonperforming loans
  $ 24,658       22,320       19,125       15,999       16,717  
Accruing loans past due 90 days or more
    89,163       76,511       72,705       69,956       69,563  
 
                             
 
                                       
Nonperforming loans to total loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    1.20 %     1.00 %     .93 %     .83 %     .68 %
Nonperforming assets to total net loans and leases and real estate and other assets owned
    1.30 %     1.11 %     1.01 %     .88 %     .72 %
Accruing loans past due 90 days or more to total loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    .19 %     .17 %     .16 %     .31 %     .31 %
 
                             
 
*   Predominantly residential mortgage loans.
     Management regularly assesses the adequacy of the allowance for credit losses by performing ongoing evaluations of the loan and lease portfolio, including such factors as the differing economic risks associated with each loan category, the financial condition of specific borrowers, the economic environment in which borrowers operate, the level of delinquent loans, the value of any collateral and, where applicable, the existence of any guarantees or indemnifications. Management evaluated the impact of changes in interest rates and overall economic conditions on the ability of borrowers to meet repayment obligations when quantifying the Company’s exposure to credit losses and assessing the adequacy of the Company’s allowance for such losses as of each reporting date. Factors also considered by management when performing its assessment, in addition to general economic conditions and the other factors described above, included, but were not limited to: (i) the impact of declining residential real estate values in the Company’s portfolio of loans to residential real estate builders and developers; (ii) the repayment performance associated with the Company’s portfolio of Alt-A residential mortgage loans; (iii) the concentration of commercial real estate loans in the Company’s loan portfolio, particularly the large concentration of loans secured by properties in New York State, in general, and in the New York City metropolitan area, in particular; (iv) the amount of commercial and industrial loans to businesses in areas of New York State outside of the New York City metropolitan area and in central Pennsylvania that have historically experienced less economic growth and vitality than the vast majority of other regions of the country; and (v)

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the size of the Company’s portfolio of loans to individual consumers, which historically have experienced higher net charge-offs as a percentage of loans outstanding than other loan types. The level of the allowance is adjusted based on the results of management’s analysis.
     Management cautiously and conservatively evaluated the allowance for credit losses as of June 30, 2008 in light of (i) the declining residential real estate values and emergence of higher levels of delinquencies of residential real estate loans; (ii) the sluggish pace of economic growth in many of the markets served by the Company; (iii) continuing weakness in industrial employment in upstate New York and central Pennsylvania; (iv) the significant subjectivity involved in commercial real estate valuations for properties located in areas with stagnant or low growth economies; and (v) the amount of loan growth experienced by the Company in late 2007 and early 2008. Although the national economy experienced moderate growth in 2007 with inflation being reasonably well contained, concerns exist in 2008 about a deepening economic downturn in both national and international markets; the level and volatility of energy prices; a weakened housing market; the troubled state of financial and credit markets; Federal Reserve positioning of monetary policy; sluggish job creation and rising unemployment, which could cause consumer spending to slow; the underlying impact on businesses’ operations and abilities to repay loans should consumer spending slow; continued stagnant population growth in the upstate New York and central Pennsylvania regions; and continued slowing of domestic automobile sales.
     Factors that influence the Company’s credit loss experience include overall economic conditions affecting businesses and consumers generally, such as those described above, but also residential and commercial real estate valuations, in particular, given the size of the real estate loan portfolios. Commercial real estate valuations can be highly subjective, as they are based upon many assumptions. Such valuations can be significantly affected over relatively short periods of time by changes in business climate, economic conditions, interest rates and, in many cases, the results of operations of businesses and other occupants of the real property. Similarly, residential real estate valuations can be impacted by housing trends, the availability of financing at reasonable interest rates, and general economic conditions affecting consumers.
     Management believes that the allowance for credit losses at June 30, 2008 was adequate to absorb credit losses inherent in the portfolio as of that date. The allowance for credit losses was $774 million, or 1.58% of total loans and leases at June 30, 2008, compared with $668 million or 1.53% a year earlier, $759 million or 1.58% at December 31, 2007 and $774 million or 1.57% at March 31, 2008. The increase in the level of the allowance as a percentage of outstanding loans and leases since June 30, 2007 reflects management’s evaluation of the loan and lease portfolio as described herein, including the impact of lower real estate values and higher levels of delinquencies and charge-offs in the Company’s portfolio of Alt-A residential real estate loans and in the residential real estate builder and developer loan portfolio. The December 2007 change in accounting procedure that accelerated the recognition of charge-offs on residential real estate loans and home equity lines of credit has damped the rise in the allowance as a percentage of loans. The excess of such loan balances over the net realizable value of the property collateralizing the loan is now charged off when the loans become 150 days delinquent, whereas previously the Company provided an allowance for credit losses for such amounts and charged off loans upon foreclosure of the underlying property. Nevertheless, should the various credit factors considered by management in establishing the allowance for credit losses change and should management’s assessment of losses inherent in the loan portfolio also change, the level of the allowance as a percentage of loans could increase or decrease in future periods. The ratio of the allowance for credit losses to nonperforming loans was 132% at June

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30, 2008, compared with 226% a year earlier, 170% at December 31, 2007 and 156% at March 31, 2008. Given the Company’s position as a secured lender, changes in that ratio are generally not an indicative measure of the adequacy of the Company’s allowance for credit losses. The level of the allowance reflects management’s evaluation of the loan and lease portfolio as of each respective date.
Other Income
Other income aggregated $271 million in the second quarter of 2008, down 4% from $283 million in the year-earlier quarter and 13% below $313 million in the first quarter of 2008. The decrease in such income in the recent quarter as compared with the second quarter of 2007 was due largely to a recent quarter loss of $13 million related to M&T’s pro-rata portion of the operating results of BLG, compared with earnings of $8 million in last year’s second quarter, and losses on investment securities of $5 million during the recent quarter. Partially offsetting those factors were increases in deposit account service charges and higher income from providing trust and mortgage banking services. The decline in other income from the first quarter of 2008 was predominantly the result of the $33 million gain realized in 2008’s initial quarter from the mandatory sale of a portion of M&T’s common stock holdings of Visa and a $12 million decline in the contribution from M&T’s pro-rata portion of the operating results of BLG. Partially offsetting those decreases were higher deposit account service charges.
     Mortgage banking revenues were $38 million in the recent quarter, up 8% from $36 million in the similar quarter of 2007, but down 5% from $40 million in the initial quarter of 2008. Mortgage banking revenues are comprised of both residential and commercial mortgage banking activities. The Company’s involvement in commercial mortgage banking activities is largely comprised of the origination, sales and servicing of loans in conjunction with the FNMA Delegated Underwriting and Servicing (“DUS”) program.
     Residential mortgage banking revenues, consisting of realized gains from sales of residential mortgage loans and loan servicing rights, unrealized gains and losses on residential mortgage loans held for sale and related commitments, residential mortgage loan servicing fees, and other residential mortgage loan-related fees and income, were $27 million in the recent quarter, compared with $28 million in the year-earlier period and $32 million in the first quarter of 2008. Contributing to the increased revenues in 2008’s first quarter as compared with the second quarters of 2008 and 2007 was the adoption of SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 109 for written loan commitments issued or modified after January 1, 2008. In November 2007, the SEC issued SAB No. 109, which reversed previous conclusions expressed by the SEC staff regarding written loan commitments that are accounted for at fair value through earnings. Specifically, the SEC staff now believes that the expected net future cash flows related to the associated servicing of the loan should be included in the fair value measurement of the derivative loan commitment. In accordance with SAB No. 105, “Application of Accounting Principles to Loan Commitments,” the Company had not included such amounts in the value of loan commitments accounted for as derivatives in 2007. As a result of the Company’s adoption of required changes in accounting pronouncements on January 1, 2008, an additional $5 million of residential mortgage banking revenues were recognized during the first quarter of 2008.
     Residential mortgage loans originated for sale to other investors were approximately $1.2 billion during each of the three-month periods ended March 31 and June 30, 2008, compared with $1.4 billion during the second quarter of 2007. Residential mortgage loans sold to investors totaled $1.3 billion in each of the second quarters of 2008 and 2007, compared with $1.1 billion in the first quarter of 2008. Realized gains from sales of residential mortgage loans and

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loan servicing rights and recognized net unrealized gains and losses attributable to residential mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to originate loans for sale and commitments to sell loans totaled to a gain of $6 million in the recent quarter, compared with gains of $8 million in the second quarter of 2007 and $10 million in the first quarter of 2008.
     Revenues from servicing residential mortgage loans for others were $20 million in each of the first two 2008 quarters, compared with $18 million in the second quarter of 2007. Included in servicing revenues were amounts related to purchased servicing rights associated with small balance commercial mortgage loans which totaled $7 million in the two most recent quarters, compared with $5 million in the second quarter of 2007. Residential mortgage loans serviced for others totaled $21.0 billion at June 30, 2008, compared with $17.1 billion at June 30, 2007 and $19.4 billion at December 31, 2007, including the small balance commercial mortgage loans noted above of approximately $5.8 billion and $3.4 billion at June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $4.9 billion at December 31, 2007. Capitalized residential mortgage servicing assets, net of a valuation allowance for impairment, were $173 million at June 30, 2008, compared with $161 million a year earlier and $170 million at December 31, 2007. Included in capitalized residential mortgage servicing assets were $64 million at June 30, 2008, $43 million at June 30, 2007 and $57 million at December 31, 2007 of purchased servicing rights associated with the small balance commercial mortgage loans noted above. Servicing rights for the small balance commercial mortgage loans were purchased from BLG or its affiliates. In addition, at June 30, 2008, capitalized servicing rights included $32 million for servicing rights for $4.3 billion of residential real estate loans that were purchased from affiliates of BLG. Additional information about the Company’s relationship with BLG and its affiliates is provided in note 9 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     Loans held for sale that are secured by residential real estate totaled $612 million at June 30, 2008, $1.0 billion at June 30, 2007 and $774 million at December 31, 2007. Commitments to sell loans and commitments to originate loans for sale at pre-determined rates were $671 million and $477 million, respectively, at June 30, 2008, $1.0 billion and $549 million, respectively, at June 30, 2007, and $772 million and $492 million, respectively, at December 31, 2007. Net unrealized losses on residential mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to sell loans, and commitments to originate loans for sale were $5 million at June 30, 2008, $3 million at June 30, 2007 and $7 million at December 31, 2007. Changes in such net unrealized losses are recorded in mortgage banking revenues and resulted in net decreases in revenues of $3 million and $2 million in the recent quarter and the second quarter of 2007, respectively, compared with a net increase of $5 million in the first quarter of 2008.
     Commercial mortgage banking revenues were $11 million and $7 million in the second quarters of 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $8 million in the first quarter of 2008. Included in such amounts were revenues from loan origination and sales activities of $8 million and $4 million in the second quarters of 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $5 million in the initial 2008 quarter. The aforementioned adoption of required accounting changes prescribed by SAB No. 109 for written loan commitments accounted for as derivatives resulted in the accelerated recognition of approximately $2 million of commercial mortgage banking revenues during the first quarter of 2008. Commercial mortgage loan servicing revenues were $3 million in each of the second quarters of 2008 and 2007 and in the first quarter of 2008. Capitalized commercial mortgage servicing assets totaled $23 million and $21 million at June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $20 million at December 31, 2007. Commercial mortgage loans held for sale at June 30, 2008 and 2007 were $41 million and $30 million, respectively, and $79 million at December 31, 2007. Commitments to sell commercial mortgage loans and commitments to originate commercial mortgage loans for sale were $109 million and $68 million,

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respectively, at June 30, 2008, $99 million and $69 million, respectively, at June 30, 2007 and $176 million and $97 million, respectively, at December 31, 2007. Net unrealized gains on commercial mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to sell commercial mortgage loans, and commitments to originate commercial mortgage loans for sale were $1 million at June 30, 2008. There were no net unrealized gains or losses on commercial mortgage loans held for sale and the related commitments at June 30 or December 31, 2007.
     Service charges on deposit accounts aggregated $110 million in the second quarter of 2008, compared with $105 million in the year-earlier quarter and $103 million in the first quarter of 2008. The increase from the immediately preceding quarter related to consumer deposit service charges and was due, in part, to lower seasonal volume levels typically experienced in the first quarter of each year. The increase from the year-earlier quarter reflects higher commercial service charges and consumer debit card interchange fees. Such increase also reflects the impact of the fourth quarter 2007 acquisition transactions. Trust income aggregated $40 million in each of the first and second quarters of 2008, and $38 million in last year’s second quarter. Brokerage services income, which includes revenues from the sale of mutual funds and annuities and securities brokerage fees, totaled $17 million in each of the second quarters of 2008 and 2007, compared with $15 million in the first quarter of 2008. Trading account and foreign exchange activity resulted in gains of $7 million during the second quarters of 2008 and 2007, and $5 million in the initial 2008 quarter.
     M&T’s pro-rata share of the operating income or loss of BLG in the recent quarter was a loss of $13 million, compared with a gain of $8 million in the second quarter of 2007 and a loss of $1 million in the first 2008 quarter. The decline in the operating results of BLG resulted from the disruptions in the commercial mortgage-backed securities market and reflected lower gains from loan securitization and sales activities, lower values ascribed to loans held for sale, and operating losses due to costs incurred in the recent quarter associated with severance and certain lease terminations. Despite the credit and liquidity disruptions that began in 2007, BLG had been successfully securitizing and selling significant volumes of small-balance commercial real estate loans up until the first quarter of 2008. In response to the deteriorating market conditions, BLG has reduced its originations activities, scaled back its workforce and begun using its contingent liquidity sources. The Company anticipates operating losses at BLG in the third quarter of 2008 due largely to reduced volume of and pricing for loan sales, as well as additional severance costs, but believes BLG has sufficient liquidity and an appropriately-sized business plan to preserve its franchise through this time of reduced liquidity in the securitization market. BLG is also evaluating alternatives for the placement of small-balance commercial real estate loan originations should the securitization market not improve. Significant fluctuations are expected as part of the normal business cycle of any mortgage origination and securitization business. The Company believes that the fundamental business model of BLG has not been significantly altered as a result of the market turmoil in the first two quarters of 2008 and that when sufficient liquidity returns to the marketplace, BLG should be capable of returning to a normalized business plan. Additionally, the Company believes that BLG is capable of realizing positive cash flows that could be available for distribution to its owners, including M&T, despite a lack of positive GAAP-earnings. Nevertheless, if BLG is not able to realize sufficient cash flows for the benefit of M&T, the Company may be required to recognize an other-than-temporary impairment charge for some portion of the $295 million book value of its investment in BLG. Information about the Company’s relationship with BLG and its affiliates is included in note 9 of Notes to Financial Statements.

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     Other revenues from operations totaled $77 million in the second quarter of 2008, compared with $73 million in the corresponding 2007 quarter and $76 million in the first quarter of 2008. Included in other revenues from operations were the following significant components. Letter of credit and other credit-related fees totaled $25 million and $22 million in the second quarter of 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $28 million in the first quarter of 2008. Tax-exempt income from bank owned life insurance, which includes increases in the cash surrender value of life insurance policies and benefits received, totaled $11 million in each of the second quarters of 2008 and 2007 and $12 million in the first quarter of 2008. Revenues from merchant discount and credit card fees were $10 million in each of the last two quarters, compared with $9 million in the quarter ended June 30, 2007. Insurance-related sales commissions and other revenues totaled $8 million in each of the second quarters of 2008 and 2007, and $9 million in 2008’s first quarter.
     Other income increased 12% to $584 million in the first half of 2008 from $520 million in the corresponding period in 2007. Increases in mortgage banking revenues, service charges on deposit accounts, gains on bank investment securities, and revenues from providing trust, loan syndication and brokerage services, were partially offset by losses from M&T’s investment in BLG.
     Mortgage banking revenues were $78 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2008, 58% above $49 million in the year-earlier period. Residential mortgage banking revenues increased to $60 million in the first half of 2008 from $35 million in the similar period of 2007. Residential mortgage loans originated for sale to other investors during the first six months of 2008 totaled $2.4 billion, compared with $2.9 billion in the corresponding 2007 period. Realized gains from sales of residential mortgage loans and loan servicing rights and recognized unrealized gains and losses on residential mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to originate loans for sale and commitments to sell loans totaled to a gain of $17 million during the six-month period ended June 30, 2008, compared with a loss of $5 million during the first six months of 2007. Reflected in the 2008 gains were approximately $7 million of revenues related to the January 1, 2008 adoption of SAB No. 109. Included in the 2007 loss was $18 million of losses related to Alt-A residential mortgage loans that were recognized during the first quarter of 2007. As previously discussed, in March 2007 the Company transferred $883 million of Alt-A loans originally held for sale to its held-for-investment loan portfolio. In accordance with GAAP, loans held for sale must be recorded at the lower of cost or market value. Accordingly, prior to reclassifying the Alt-A mortgage loans to the held-for-investment portfolio, the carrying value of such loans was reduced by $12 million. Those loans were reclassified because management believed at that time that the value of the Alt-A residential real estate loans was greater than the amount implied by the few bidders who were active in the market. Additionally, the Company may be contractually obligated to repurchase some previously sold residential real estate loans that do not ultimately meet investor sale criteria, including instances where mortgagors failed to make timely payments during the first 90 days subsequent to the sale date. Requests from investors for the Company to repurchase residential real estate loans increased significantly in early 2007, particularly related to Alt-A loans. As a result, during 2007’s first quarter the Company reduced mortgage banking revenues by $6 million related to declines in market values of previously sold residential real estate loans that the Company may be required to repurchase. Most of those loans have not been repurchased as of June 30, 2008.
     Revenues from servicing residential mortgage loans for others were $40 million and $35 million for the first half of 2008 and 2007, respectively. Included in such amounts were revenues related to purchased servicing rights

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associated with the previously noted small balance commercial mortgage loans of $14 million and $9 million for the first six months of 2008 and 2007, respectively. Commercial mortgage banking revenues totaled $19 million during the first half of 2008, up from $14 million in the similar 2007 period due to higher revenues from loan origination and sales activities.
     Service charges on deposit accounts rose 7% to $214 million during the first half of 2008 from $199 million in the similar 2007 period, reflecting increases in both commercial and consumer service charges, the latter predominantly related to debit card usage. Trust income increased 8% to $81 million from $75 million a year earlier, due largely to higher fee income from proprietary mutual funds. Brokerage services income increased 3% to $33 million during the first six months of 2008 from $32 million in the corresponding 2007 period. Trading account and foreign exchange activity resulted in gains of $11 million and $13 million for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. M&T’s February 2007 investment in BLG resulted in losses of $14 million for the six months ended June 30, 2008, compared with income of $6 million a year earlier. Investment securities gains totaled $28 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2008, compared with gains of $1 million in the corresponding 2007 period. The increase was due to the recognition of the $33 million gain from the redemption of common shares of Visa during the first quarter of 2008, partially offset by the previously noted $6 million other-than-temporary impairment charge in the recent quarter related to one private collateralized mortgage obligation. Other revenues from operations were $153 million in the first six months of 2008 and $144 million in the corresponding 2007 period. Included in other revenues from operations during the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007 were letter of credit and other credit-related fees of $54 million and $43 million, respectively, income from bank owned life insurance of $23 million and $22 million, respectively, merchant discount and credit card fees of $19 million and $17 million, respectively, and insurance-related sales commissions and other revenues of $18 million and $16 million, respectively.
Other Expense
Other expense totaled $420 million in the second quarter of 2008, 7% higher than $393 million in the corresponding quarter of 2007, but 1% lower than $426 million in the first 2008 quarter. Included in the amounts noted above are expenses considered by management to be “nonoperating” in nature consisting of amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets of $17 million in the second quarter of 2008, $16 million in the second quarter of 2007 and $18 million in the first quarter of 2008, and merger-related expenses of $4 million in the three-month period ended March 31, 2008. There were no merger-related expenses in the second quarters of 2008 or 2007. Exclusive of these nonoperating expenses, noninterest operating expenses totaled $403 million in the recent quarter, compared with $376 million in the year-earlier quarter and $404 million in the first quarter of 2008.
     Other expense for the first two quarters of 2008 aggregated $845 million, up 7% from $792 million in the similar period of 2007. Included in those amounts are expenses considered to be “nonoperating” in nature consisting of amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets of $35 million in each of the first six months of 2008 and 2007, and merger-related expenses of $4 million in the first six months of 2008. Exclusive of these nonoperating expenses, noninterest operating expenses for the six-month period ended June 30, 2008 increased 7% to $807 million from $757 million in the corresponding 2007 period. Table 2 provides a reconciliation of other expense to noninterest operating expense.

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     Salaries and employee benefits expense totaled $236 million in the recent quarter, compared with $225 million in the second quarter of 2007 and $252 million in the initial quarter of 2008. The higher expense level in the recent quarter as compared with the year-earlier quarter was largely the result of higher salaries-related costs, reflecting the impact of the fourth quarter 2007 acquisition transactions, annual merit increases, and incentive compensation. The decline in salaries and benefits expense in the second quarter of 2008 as compared with the immediately preceding quarter was largely due to lower stock-based compensation, payroll-related taxes and Company contributions for retirement savings plan benefits related to annual incentive compensation awards made in 2008’s first quarter. For the first six months of 2008, salaries and employee benefits expense rose 6% to $488 million from $461 million in the similar 2007 period. The largest factor leading to the increase was higher salaries-related costs, reflecting the impact of the fourth quarter 2007 acquisition transactions, annual merit increases and higher incentive compensation costs. The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 123 (revised 2004), “Share-Based Payment,” (“SFAS No. 123R”). As required, the Company has accelerated the recognition of compensation costs for stock-based awards granted to retirement-eligible employees and employees who will become retirement-eligible prior to full vesting of the award. As a result, stock-based compensation expense during each of the first quarters of 2008 and 2007 included $8 million that would have been recognized over the normal four-year vesting period if not for the accelerated expense recognition provisions of SFAS No. 123R. That acceleration had no effect on the value of stock-based compensation awarded to employees. Salaries and benefits expense included stock-based compensation of $10 million, $11 million and $18 million during the quarters ended June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007 and March 31, 2008, and $29 million and $30 million for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007, respectively. The number of full-time equivalent employees was 13,052 at June 30, 2008, 12,701 at June 30, 2007, 13,246 at December 31, 2007 and 12,854 at March 31, 2008.
     As noted previously, during the first quarter of 2008, the Company reversed approximately $15 million of the $23 million accrued during the fourth quarter of 2007 for the Visa Covered Litigation. Excluding the nonoperating expense items described earlier from each quarter and the impact of the Covered Litigation-related accrual activity from the first quarter of 2008, nonpersonnel operating expenses were $167 million in the two most recent quarters, compared with $151 million in the second quarter of 2007. On the same basis, such expenses were $334 million and $295 million during the first six months of 2008 and 2007, respectively. The rise in nonpersonnel operating expenses in 2008’s second quarter as compared with the year-earlier quarter was due, in part, to higher costs for professional services, increased expenses related to the foreclosure process for residential real estate properties, and higher occupancy and advertising costs. As compared with the initial quarter of 2008, the recent quarter reflected higher costs for professional services, increased expenses related to the foreclosure process for residential real estate properties and higher advertising costs, offset predominantly by changes to the valuation allowance for the impairment of capitalized residential mortgage servicing rights. During the recent quarter, there was a $9 million reversal of a portion of such valuation allowance, while there was a $5 million addition to the valuation allowance in the first quarter of 2008. During the second quarter of 2007, a $5 million partial reversal of the valuation allowance was recorded. Contributing to the rise in nonpersonnel operating expenses in the first half of 2008 as compared with 2007 were higher costs for professional services, increased expenses related to the foreclosure process for residential real estate properties and higher advertising costs. For the six-month period ended June 30, partial reversals of the valuation allowance for the impairment of capitalized residential mortgage servicing rights totaled $5 million in 2008 and $6 million in 2007.

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     The efficiency ratio, or noninterest operating expenses (as defined above) divided by the sum of taxable-equivalent net interest income and noninterest income (exclusive of gains and losses from bank investment securities), measures the relationship of noninterest operating expenses to revenues. The Company’s efficiency ratio was 52.4% during the recent quarter, compared with 50.2% during the year-earlier quarter and 52.8% in the first quarter of 2008. The efficiency ratios for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007 were 52.6% and 52.5%, respectively. Noninterest operating expenses used in calculating the efficiency ratio do not include the acquisition-related costs and amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets noted earlier, but do reflect the previously mentioned amounts associated with the Covered Litigation. If charges for amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets were included, the efficiency ratio for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007 and March 31, 2008 would have been 54.6%, 52.4% and 55.3%, respectively, and for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2008 and 2007 would have been 54.9% and 55.0%, respectively.
Income Taxes
The provision for income taxes for the second quarter of 2008 was $78 million, compared with $108 million and $104 million in the second quarter of 2007 and first quarter of 2008, respectively. The effective tax rates were 32.7%, 33.6% and 33.9% for the quarters ended June 30, 2008, June 30, 2007 and March 31, 2008, respectively. For the first half of 2008 and 2007, the provision for income taxes totaled $181 million and $193 million, respectively, and the effective tax rates were 33.4% and 33.1%, respectively. The effective tax rate is affected by the level of income earned that is exempt from tax and by the level of income allocated to the various state and local jurisdictions where the Company operates, because tax rates differ among such jurisdictions.
     The Company’s effective tax rate in future periods will be affected by the results of operations allocated to the various tax jurisdictions within which the Company operates, any change in income tax regulations within those jurisdictions, or interpretations of income tax regulations that differ from the Company’s interpretations by any of various tax authorities that may examine tax returns filed by M&T or any of its subsidiaries. During the first quarter of 2008, the Company settled various federal and state examinations. The settlement of these examinations resulted in a decrease of $5.9 million of unrecognized tax benefits that did not affect the effective tax rate, but rather reduced the carrying value of goodwill associated with a past acquisition.
Capital
Stockholders’ equity was $6.5 billion at June 30, 2008, representing 9.89% of total assets, compared with $6.2 billion or 10.67% of total assets a year earlier and $6.5 billion or 10.00% at December 31, 2007. On a per share basis, stockholders’ equity was $59.12 at June 30, 2008, compared with $57.59 and $58.99 at June 30 and December 31, 2007, respectively. Tangible equity per share, which excludes goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets and applicable deferred tax balances, was $28.50 at the end of 2008’s second quarter, compared with $28.66 a year earlier and $27.98 at December 31, 2007. A reconciliation of total stockholders’ equity and tangible equity as of each of those respective dates is presented in table 2.
     Stockholders’ equity reflects accumulated other comprehensive income or loss, which includes the net after-tax impact of unrealized gains or losses on investment securities classified as available for sale, gains or losses

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associated with interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges, and adjustments to reflect the funded status of defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans. Net unrealized losses on available-for-sale investment securities, net of applicable tax effect, were $272 million, or $2.46 per common share, at June 30, 2008, compared with similar losses of $40 million, or $.37 per share, at June 30, 2007 and $59 million, or $.54 per share, at December 31, 2007. Such unrealized losses are generally due to changes in interest rates and/or a temporary lack of liquidity in the market, and represent the difference, net of applicable income tax effect, between the estimated fair value and amortized cost of investment securities classified as available for sale. Reflected in net unrealized losses at June 30, 2008 were pre-tax effect unrealized losses of $430 million on available-for-sale investment securities with an amortized cost of $6.2 billion and pre-tax effect unrealized gains of $27 million on securities with an amortized cost of $2.2 billion. The pre-tax effect unrealized losses reflect $302 million of losses on $3.6 billion of privately issued collateralized mortgage obligations ($104 million of such unrealized losses were on $893 million of securities using a Level 3 valuation, with the remainder classified as Level 2 valuations), $42 million of losses on $162 million of preferred stock issued by FNMA and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (considered Level 2 valuations), and $40 million of losses on $216 million of trust preferred securities issued by financial institutions (considered Level 2 valuations).
     During the second quarter of 2008, an other-than-temporary impairment charge of $6 million (pre-tax) was recorded on one floating rate private collateralized mortgage obligation that was backed by option adjustable rate residential mortgages. As of June 30, 2008, based on a review of each of the other collateralized mortgage obligations noted above, the Company believed that it will receive all principal and interest payments on such securities. Accordingly, the Company concluded that the declines in the values of those securities were temporary and that any additional other-than-temporary impairment charges were not appropriate at June 30, 2008. Substantially all of the $42 million of unrealized losses on the variable-rate preferred stock issuances of government-sponsored entities occurred since late-2007. The Company concluded that as of June 30, 2008, the impairment was largely attributable to a temporary widening of rate of return spreads required by market participants that has resulted from the current interest rate environment and a lack of trading activity for such securities, reflecting the housing market downturn and its possible impact on those government-sponsored agencies. The United States Treasury Department and the Federal Reserve Board have publicly expressed Federal government support for FNMA and FHLMC and obtained approval for measures to provide liquidity and capital to the agencies, if necessary. These measures, coupled with changes in the level of interest rates and rate of return spreads, could significantly enhance the valuation of these investment securities. As such, the Company believed that as of June 30, 2008 it was not appropriate to conclude that the unrealized losses on those securities represented an other-than-temporary impairment. The Company intends to closely monitor legislative, regulatory and financial developments affecting these government-sponsored agencies and to evaluate the market’s reaction to those future developments to assess if the declines in value of these investment securities below the Company’s cost basis become other than temporary. The majority of the $40 million of unrealized losses on the trust preferred securities occurred in the last two quarters. Due to the short-term duration of the unrealized losses and the fact that the Company fully expects to receive all principal and interest payments on those securities, the Company concluded that the decline in the value was temporary and that an other-than-temporary impairment charge was not appropriate at June 30, 2008.

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     As of June 30, 2008, the Company had the ability and intent to hold each of the impaired securities to recovery. The Company intends to closely monitor the performance of the privately issued mortgage-backed securities, the preferred stock of the government-sponsored agencies, and other securities to assess if changes in their underlying credit performance or other events cause the cost basis of those securities to become other than temporarily impaired. However, because the unrealized losses described have already been reflected in the financial statement values for investment securities and stockholders’ equity, any recognition of an other-than-temporary decline in value of these investment securities would have no effect on the Company’s consolidated financial condition. Additional information concerning fair value measurements and the Company’s approach to and classification of such measurements is included in note 10 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     Also reflected in accumulated other comprehensive income were net losses of $14 million, or $.13 per share, representing the remaining unamortized losses related to the termination of interest rate swap agreements that had been designated as cash flow hedges. Included in this amount were unamortized losses of $15 million related to swap agreements terminated by the Company during the first quarter of 2008 that had originally been entered into as a cash flow hedge of variable rate long-term borrowings. Net unrealized fair value losses associated with interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges were $10 million, or $.09 per share, at December 31, 2007. There were no outstanding interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges at June 30, 2007 or June 30, 2008. Adjustments to reflect the funded status of defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans as required under SFAS No. 158, net of applicable tax effect, reduced accumulated other comprehensive income by $47 million, or $.43 per share, at June 30, 2008, $29 million, or $.27 per share, at June 30, 2007, and $46 million, or $.42 per share, at December 31, 2007.
     In February 2007, M&T announced that it had been authorized by its Board of Directors to purchase up to 5,000,000 shares of its common stock. There were no repurchases during the first two quarters of 2008. Through June 30, 2008, M&T had repurchased a total of 2,818,500 shares of common stock pursuant to that authorization at an average cost of $108.30 per share.
     Federal regulators generally require banking institutions to maintain “core capital” and “total capital” ratios of at least 4% and 8%, respectively, of risk-adjusted total assets. In addition to the risk-based measures, Federal bank regulators have also implemented a minimum “leverage” ratio guideline of 3% of the quarterly average of total assets. As of June 30, 2008, core capital included $1.1 billion of trust preferred securities described in note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements and total capital further included $1.6 billion of subordinated capital notes. In December 2007, M&T Bank issued $400 million of 6.625% fixed rate subordinated notes due 2017 and in January 2008, M&T Capital Trust IV issued $350 million of Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities that pay a fixed rate of interest of 8.50%. For further discussion of the Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities, see note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     The Company generates significant amounts of regulatory capital from its ongoing operations. The rate of regulatory core capital generation, or net operating income (as previously defined) less the sum of dividends paid and the after-tax effect of merger-related expenses expressed as an annualized percentage of regulatory “core capital” at the beginning of each period was 8.63% during the second quarter of 2008, compared with 16.78% in the year-earlier quarter and 14.32% in the first quarter of 2008.

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     The regulatory capital ratios of the Company, M&T Bank and M&T Bank, N.A., as of June 30, 2008 are presented in the accompanying table.
REGULATORY CAPITAL RATIOS
June 30, 2008
                         
    M&T   M&T   M&T
    (Consolidated)   Bank   Bank, N.A.
Core capital
    7.76 %     6.89 %     36.74 %
Total capital
    11.85 %     11.01 %     37.42 %
Leverage
    7.16 %     6.38 %     17.58 %
Segment Information
In accordance with SFAS No. 131, “Disclosures About Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information,” the Company’s reportable segments have been determined based upon its internal profitability reporting system, which is organized by strategic business unit. Financial information about the Company’s segments is presented in note 5 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     Net income for the Business Banking segment totaled $30 million in the second quarter of 2008, down 15% from the $35 million earned in 2007’s second quarter, and 10% below the $33 million earned in the immediately preceding quarter. The unfavorable performance as compared with last year’s second quarter was largely due to a $5 million increase in the provision for credit losses, the result of higher net loan charge-offs, a $2 million decrease in net interest income and higher personnel costs of $2 million. The decline in net interest income was due to a 43 basis point narrowing of the net interest margin on deposit products, offset, in part, by the impact of a $162 million increase in average deposit balances. As compared with the first quarter of 2008, a $4 million decline in net interest income, largely due to the narrowing of the net interest margins on loans and deposits by 26 basis points and 25 basis points, respectively, and a $2 million increase in the provision for credit losses contributed to the decline in earnings. Net income for this segment totaled $62 million in the first six months of 2008, down from $66 million in the first half of 2007. The main factor contributing to the decline from the 2007 period was a $7 million increase in the provision for credit losses, the result of higher net charge-offs.
     The Commercial Banking segment recorded net income of $54 million in the second quarter of 2008, unchanged from the year-earlier quarter, but down from $67 million in 2008’s first quarter. As compared with the corresponding 2007 quarter, a $10 million increase in the provision for credit losses, resulting from higher net charge-offs of loans, and higher personnel costs of $3 million were largely offset by a $5 million increase in net interest income, a $3 million increase in service charges on deposit accounts and higher fees received from providing loan syndication services. The rise in net interest income resulted from a $2.0 billion increase in average loan balances outstanding, partially offset by a 17 basis point narrowing of the net interest margin associated with such loans. The decline in net income in the recent quarter as compared with the first quarter of 2008 was due to a $13 million increase in the provision for credit losses, the result of higher net charge-offs, and lower net interest income of $11 million. The primary factor for the lower net interest income was a 38 basis point narrowing of the net interest margin on loans, offset, in part, by the impact of a $607 million increase in average loan balances outstanding. Net income for the Commercial Banking segment aggregated $120 million during the first six months of 2008, compared with $109 million in the corresponding 2007 period. Contributing to that improvement was higher net interest income of $21 million, predominantly the result of a $1.9 billion increase in average loan

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balances outstanding; a $9 million increase in fees for providing loan syndication services; and higher service charges on deposit accounts of $5 million. Partially offsetting those positive factors were a $10 million increase in the provision for credit losses and higher personnel costs of $6 million.
     The Commercial Real Estate segment’s net income totaled $43 million in each of the two most recent quarters, compared with $39 million in the second quarter of 2007. The favorable performance in the recent quarter as compared with the year-earlier quarter was the result of higher net interest income of $5 million, due to higher average loan balances outstanding of $2.0 billion, partially offset by a 28 basis point narrowing of the loan net interest margin, and a $2 million increase in commercial mortgage banking revenues. These favorable factors were offset, in part, by an increase of $2 million in personnel costs. As compared with the first quarter of 2008, higher personnel costs were offset by increases in commercial mortgage banking revenues and commercial real estate-related loan fees. For the six-month period ended June 30, 2008, the Commercial Real Estate segment’s net income totaled $85 million, compared with $73 million in the first six months of 2007. Factors contributing to the improved performance include higher net interest income of $18 million, a result of increases in average loan and deposit balances of $1.9 billion and $151 million, respectively, offset, in part, by a 13 basis point narrowing of the loan net interest margin, and an increase in commercial mortgage banking revenues of $4 million. Those factors were partially offset by a $4 million rise in personnel costs.
     The Discretionary Portfolio segment contributed net income of $5 million in the second quarter of 2008, down from $21 million in the second quarter of 2007 and $16 million in the immediately preceding quarter. As compared with last year’s second quarter, the lower net income resulted from a $14 million increase in the provision for credit losses, the result of higher net charge-offs of Alt-A residential mortgage loans, higher foreclosure-related costs of $4 million, and a $6 million other-than-temporary impairment charge recorded in the recent quarter related to one private collateralized mortgage obligation. The lower net income as compared with 2008’s first quarter reflects a $9 million decrease in net interest income, the result of an 11 basis point narrowing of this segment’s net interest margin, the recent quarter’s $6 million other-than-temporary impairment charge, and a $3 million increase in foreclosure-related expenses. This segment’s net income declined to $21 million in the first half of 2008 from $40 million in the similar 2007 period. The lower net income was mainly due to a $31 million increase in the provision for credit losses, the result of higher net charge-offs of Alt-A mortgage loans, a $7 million increase in other noninterest expense, primarily from foreclosure-related costs, and the previously mentioned other-than-temporary impairment charge of $6 million, partially offset by a $16 million rise in net interest income. The higher net interest income was primarily due to a 22 basis point widening of the net interest margin on investment securities and the favorable impact from higher average balances of investment securities and residential mortgage loans of $1.8 billion and $658 million, respectively.
     The Residential Mortgage segment incurred a net loss of $10 million in the second quarter of 2008, compared with net income in the year-earlier quarter and in the first quarter of 2008 of $10 million and $5 million, respectively. As compared with the second quarter of 2007, the poorer results were primarily the result of a $39 million increase in the provision for credit losses, mainly due to higher net charge-offs of loans to builders and developers of residential real estate properties, offset, in part, by a higher partial reversal of the capitalized mortgage servicing rights valuation allowance of $4 million. The decrease in net income as compared with the first quarter of 2008 was primarily the result of a $36 million increase in the provision for credit losses, largely due to higher net

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charge-offs of loans to builders and developers of residential real estate properties, and a $5 million decline in mortgage banking revenues, mainly resulting from required changes from accounting pronouncements that were effective January 1, 2008 that added $5 million to mortgage banking revenues in the initial 2008 quarter. Partially offsetting those unfavorable factors was the recognition of a partial reversal of the capitalized mortgage servicing rights valuation allowance in the second quarter of 2008 that totaled $9 million, compared with a $5 million addition to such allowance in the first 2008 quarter. For the first six months of 2008, this segment incurred a net loss of $5 million, compared with net income in the corresponding 2007 period of $8 million. That decline resulted from a $43 million increase in the provision for credit losses, mainly due to higher net charge-offs of loans to builders and developers of residential real estate properties, and a $7 million decrease in net interest income, partially offset by a $27 million increase in mortgage banking revenues that resulted largely from the $18 million loss recognized in 2007 related to Alt-A residential mortgage loans, and a $7 million current year increase from the adoption of accounting pronouncements that accelerated the recognition of certain mortgage banking revenues. The decrease in net interest income was predominantly the result of lower average loan balances outstanding of $470 million.
     Net income for the Retail Banking segment totaled $63 million in the second quarter of 2008, down 26% from $85 million in the year-earlier quarter and 17% below $75 million earned in 2008’s first quarter. Factors contributing to the unfavorable performance as compared with 2007’s second quarter include an $11 million decline in net interest income, primarily due to a narrowing of the net interest margin on deposits, partially offset by a $1.4 billion increase in such balances; higher personnel costs of $10 million, due in part to the impact of the late-2007 acquisitions; an increase in the provision for credit losses of $8 million; and a $5 million increase in net occupancy expenses, reflecting higher operating costs related to the 2007 acquisition transactions. Contributing to the unfavorable performance as compared with the first quarter of 2008 was a $15 million decrease in net interest income, largely due to the narrowing of the net interest margins for loans and deposits offset, in part, by the impact of a $518 million increase in average deposit balances, and a $3 million increase in the provision for credit losses, due to higher net charge-offs of loans. For the first six months of 2008, the Retail Banking segment’s net income declined 14% to $138 million from $161 million in the year-earlier period. Increases in personnel costs of $21 million, reflecting merit increases, higher benefits expense and the impact of the late-2007 acquisitions; net occupancy expenses of $8 million, largely the result of the 2007 acquisitions; and $14 million in the provision for credit losses, due to higher net charge-offs of loans, were the main factors contributing to the unfavorable performance as compared with the first half of 2007. Partially offsetting those factors were $6 million increases in each of net interest income and deposit service charges. The increase in net interest income resulted from a $1.3 billion increase in average loan balances outstanding and higher deposit balances of $987 million, partially offset by a narrowing of the segment’s net interest margin.
     The “All Other” category reflects other activities of the Company that are not directly attributable to the reported segments as determined in accordance with SFAS No. 131, such as the M&T Investment Group, which includes the Company’s trust, brokerage and insurance businesses. Also reflected in this category are the amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets resulting from the acquisitions of financial institutions, M&T’s equity in the earnings of BLG, merger-related expenses resulting from acquisitions and the net impact of the Company’s allocation methodologies for internal funds transfer pricing and the provision for credit losses. The various components of the “All Other” category resulted in net losses of $23

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million in the second quarter of 2008, $30 million in the year-earlier quarter, and $37 million in the first quarter of 2008. The lower net loss in the recent quarter as compared with the second quarter of 2007 resulted from the favorable impact from the Company’s allocation methodologies for internal transfers for funding charges and credits associated with earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities of the Company’s reportable segments and the provision for credit losses, offset, in part, by a recent quarter $10 million after-tax effect reduction of net income resulting from M&T’s investment in BLG, inclusive of interest expense to fund that investment, while the results for the second quarter of 2007 included a $2 million addition to net income from that investment. The lower net loss in 2008’s second quarter as compared with its first quarter also reflects the impact from the Company’s allocation methodologies for internal transfers for funding charges and credits associated with earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities of the Company’s reportable segments and the provision for credit losses, plus a $19 million decrease in personnel-related costs, largely due to lower stock-based compensation expense, payroll-related taxes and other employee benefits related to incentive compensation payments made in 2008’s first quarter. Partially offsetting those factors were the previously mentioned $33 million gain realized in the first quarter of 2008 from the mandatory partial redemption of Visa stock owned by M&T Bank and $15 million related to the reversal in that quarter of the Visa litigation-related accruals initially made in the fourth quarter of 2007, and a $7 million reduction of net income resulting from M&T’s investment in BLG (inclusive of interest expense to fund that investment). For the first six months of 2008, the “All Other” category reported a net loss of $60 million, compared with a $66 million net loss in the first half of 2007. The lower net loss experienced in 2008 reflects the $33 million gain from the sale of Visa stock and the $15 million partial reversal of Visa litigation-related accruals. Partially offsetting those favorable factors were the Company’s allocation methodologies for internal transfers for funding charges and credits associated with earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities of the Company’s reportable segments and the provision for credit losses, a $13 million reduction of net income resulting from M&T’s investment in BLG (inclusive of interest expense to fund that investment), and an $8 million increase in professional service costs related to the business and support units included in the “All Other” category.
Recent Accounting Developments
Effective January 1, 2008, the Company adopted SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements,” for fair value measurements of certain of its financial instruments. The provisions of SFAS No. 157 that pertain to measurement of non-financial assets and liabilities have been deferred by the FASB until 2009. SFAS No. 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in GAAP, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. SFAS No. 157 applies to fair value measurements required or permitted under other accounting pronouncements, but does not require any new fair value measurements. The definition of fair value is clarified by SFAS No. 157 to be the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The adoption of SFAS No. 157 did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations. At June 30, 2008, approximately $1.0 billion or 11% of the Company’s $9.1 billion of assets and liabilities measured using fair value measurements on a recurring basis were classified as Level 3 valuations. The Level 3 classified assets and liabilities are primarily comprised of approximately $1.0 billion of available-for-sale investment securities. Such securities are mainly comprised of privately issued collateralized mortgage obligations that have been classified as a Level 3 valuation because of limited trading activities or less observable valuation inputs. Fair valuation losses on Level 3 available-for-sale investment securities of $28 million and $89 million were

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recognized during the second quarter of 2008 and the six-month period ended June 30, 2008, respectively, as a reduction of other comprehensive income, with no gains or losses recognized through earnings. As previously disclosed, as of June 30, 2008 the Company believed, with the exception of the $6 million other-than-temporary impairment charge on the floating rate private collateralized mortgage obligation already noted, which was classified as a Level 2 investment security, that all principal and interest payments on its portfolio of collateralized mortgage obligations will be received and therefore, the Company believed that the aforementioned unrealized losses will not ultimately be realized. Nevertheless, as previously noted, the Company closely monitors the repayment performance of investment securities and underlying collateral on a regular basis and as a result of such monitoring it is possible that additional investment securities could be identified as other-than-temporarily impaired in future periods. Approximately $85 million of available for sale investment securities were transferred out of a Level 3 classification and into a Level 2 classification during the second quarter of 2008 due to increased transparency in the inputs used to determine fair value. Additionally, at June 30, 2008 commitments to originate mortgage loans for sale with a net fair value of $4 million have been classified as a Level 3 valuation. Approximately $2 million of fair value changes on commitments to originate mortgage loans for sale were recognized in mortgage banking revenues during the second quarter of 2008. Upon loan origination, the fair value of the derivative loan commitments becomes part of the basis of the closed loans held for sale. Approximately $6 million of fair value was transferred from Level 3 to Level 2 classification to reflect the closing of commitments into originated loans held for sale during the second quarter of 2008. Additional information concerning fair value measurements and the Company’s approach to and classification of such measurements is included in note 10 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     In December 2007, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued a revised SFAS No. 141, “Business Combinations” (“SFAS No. 141R”). SFAS No. 141R retains the fundamental requirements of SFAS No. 141 that the acquisition method of accounting be used for all business combinations and for an acquirer to be identified for each business combination. SFAS No. 141R defines the acquirer as the entity that obtains control of one or more businesses in the business combination and establishes the acquisition date as the date the acquirer achieves control. SFAS No. 141R retains the guidance in SFAS No. 141 for identifying and recognizing intangible assets separately from goodwill. With limited exceptions, the statement requires an acquirer to recognize the assets acquired, the liabilities assumed and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date, measured at their fair value as of that date. That replaces SFAS No. 141’s cost-allocation process, which required the cost of an acquisition to be allocated to the individual assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values. As a result, certain acquisition-related costs previously included in the cost of an acquisition will be required to be expensed as incurred. In addition, certain restructuring costs previously recognized as if they were an assumed liability from an acquisition, will be required to be expensed. SFAS No. 141R also requires the acquirer in a business combination achieved in stages (sometimes referred to as a step acquisition) to recognize the identifiable assets and liabilities, as well as the noncontrolling interest in the acquiree, at the full amounts of their fair values. SFAS No. 141R also requires an acquirer to recognize assets acquired and liabilities assumed arising from contractual contingencies as of the acquisition date, measured at their acquisition-date fair values. An acquirer is required to recognize assets or liabilities arising from all other contingencies (noncontractual contingencies) as of the acquisition date, measured at their acquisition-date fair values, only if it is more likely than not that they meet the definition of an asset or a liability in FASB Concepts Statement No. 6, “Elements of Financial Statements.” The statement requires the acquirer to recognize goodwill as of the

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acquisition date measured as a residual, which in most types of business combinations will result in measuring goodwill as the excess of the consideration transferred plus the fair value of any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date over the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired. SFAS No. 141R also eliminates the recognition of a separate valuation allowance, such as an allowance for credit losses, as of the acquisition date for assets acquired in a business combination that are measured at their acquisition-date fair values because the effects of uncertainty about future cash flows should be included in the fair value measurement of those assets. SFAS No. 141R should be applied prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is prohibited. The Company is still evaluating the provisions of SFAS No. 141R, but believes that its adoption will significantly impact its accounting for any acquisitions it may consummate in 2009 and beyond.
     Also in December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements — an amendment of ARB No. 51.” A noncontrolling interest, sometimes called a minority interest, is a portion of equity in a subsidiary not attributable, directly or indirectly, to a parent. SFAS No. 160 requires that the ownership interest in subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent be clearly identified, labeled and presented in the consolidated statement of financial position within equity, but separate from the parent’s equity. The amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest is required to be clearly identified and presented on the face of the consolidated statement of income. SFAS No. 160 also requires entities to provide disclosures that clearly identify and distinguish between the interests of the parent and the interests of the noncontrolling owners. SFAS No. 160 should be applied prospectively as of the beginning of a fiscal year beginning on or after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is prohibited. The Company does not anticipate that the adoption of SFAS No. 160 will have a significant impact on the reporting of its financial position or results of its operations.
     In February 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position FAS 140-3, “Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishment of Liabilities” (“FSP FAS 140-3”). FSP FAS 140-3 was issued to provide guidance on accounting for a transfer of a financial asset and repurchase financing. FSP FAS 140-3 presumes that an initial transfer of a financial asset and a repurchase financing are considered part of the same arrangement (“linked transaction”) under SFAS No. 140, “Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishments of Liabilities.” However, if certain criteria are met, the initial transfer and repurchase financing should not be evaluated as a linked transaction and should be evaluated separately under SFAS No. 140. FSP FAS 140-3 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008 and interim periods within those fiscal years. Earlier application is not permitted. FSP FAS 140-3 should be applied prospectively to initial transfers and repurchase financings for which the initial transfer is executed on or after the beginning of the fiscal year for which FSP FAS 140-3 is effective. The Company is still evaluating the provisions of FSP FAS 140-3, but does not believe its adoption will have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.
     The FASB issued SFAS No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” in March 2008. SFAS No. 161 requires enhanced disclosures about an entity’s derivative and hedging activities including (a) how and why an entity uses derivative instruments, (b) how derivative instruments and related hedging items are accounted for under SFAS No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” and its related interpretations, and (c) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entity’s financial position, financial performance and

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cash flows. SFAS No. 161 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after November 15, 2008, with earlier application encouraged. The Company is currently evaluating SFAS No. 161 and intends to comply with its disclosure requirements as required.
Forward-Looking Statements
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and other sections of this quarterly report contain forward-looking statements that are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about the Company’s business, management’s beliefs and assumptions made by management. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions (“Future Factors”) which are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements.
     Future Factors include changes in interest rates, spreads on earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, and interest rate sensitivity; prepayment speeds, loan originations, credit losses and market values on loans, other assets and collateral securing loans; sources of liquidity; common shares outstanding; common stock price volatility; fair value of and number of stock-based compensation awards to be issued in future periods; legislation affecting the financial services industry as a whole, and M&T and its subsidiaries individually or collectively, including tax legislation; regulatory supervision and oversight, including monetary policy and required capital levels; changes in accounting policies or procedures as may be required by the Financial Accounting Standards Board or other regulatory agencies; increasing price and product/service competition by competitors, including new entrants; rapid technological developments and changes; the ability to continue to introduce competitive new products and services on a timely, cost-effective basis; the mix of products/services; containing costs and expenses; governmental and public policy changes; protection and validity of intellectual property rights; reliance on large customers; technological, implementation and cost/financial risks in large, multi-year contracts; the outcome of pending and future litigation and governmental proceedings, including tax-related examinations and other matters; continued availability of financing; financial resources in the amounts, at the times and on the terms required to support M&T and its subsidiaries’ future businesses; and material differences in the actual financial results of merger, acquisition and investment activities compared with M&T’s initial expectations, including the full realization of anticipated cost savings and revenue enhancements.
     These are representative of the Future Factors that could affect the outcome of the forward-looking statements. In addition, such statements could be affected by general industry and market conditions and growth rates, general economic and political conditions, either nationally or in the states in which M&T and its subsidiaries do business, including interest rate and currency exchange rate fluctuations, changes and trends in the securities markets, and other Future Factors.

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 1
QUARTERLY TRENDS
                                                 
    2008 Quarters   2007 Quarters
    Second   First   Fourth   Third   Second   First
 
Earnings and dividends
                                               
Amounts in thousands, except per share
                                               
Interest income (taxable-equivalent basis)
  $ 823,425       889,945       918,200       898,126       883,148       866,172  
Interest expense
    330,942       405,312       442,364       425,326       416,264       410,622  
 
Net interest income
    492,483       484,633       475,836       472,800       466,884       455,550  
Less: provision for credit losses
    100,000       60,000       101,000       34,000       30,000       27,000  
Other income
    271,182       312,663       160,490       252,899       283,117       236,483  
Less: other expense
    419,710       425,704       445,473       390,528       392,651       399,037  
 
Income before income taxes
    243,955       311,592       89,853       301,171       327,350       265,996  
Applicable income taxes
    77,839       103,613       19,297       96,872       108,209       84,900  
Taxable-equivalent adjustment
    5,851       5,783       5,626       5,112       4,972       5,123  
 
Net income
  $ 160,265       202,196       64,930       199,187       214,169       175,973  
 
Per common share data
                                               
Basic earnings
  $ 1.45       1.84       .60       1.86       1.98       1.60  
Diluted earnings
    1.44       1.82       .60       1.83       1.95       1.57  
Cash dividends
  $ .70       .70       .70       .70       .60       .60  
Average common shares outstanding
                                               
Basic
    110,191       110,017       107,859       107,056       107,939       109,694  
Diluted
    111,227       110,967       109,034       108,957       109,919       112,187  
 
Performance ratios, annualized
                                               
Return on
                                               
Average assets
    .98 %     1.25 %     .42 %     1.37 %     1.49 %     1.25 %
Average common stockholders’ equity
    9.96 %     12.49 %     4.05 %     12.78 %     13.92 %     11.38 %
Net interest margin on average earning assets (taxable-equivalent basis)
    3.39 %     3.38 %     3.45 %     3.65 %     3.67 %     3.64 %
Nonperforming loans to total loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    1.20 %     1.00 %     .93 %     .83 %     .68 %     .63 %
Efficiency ratio (a)
    54.57 %     55.27 %     56.39 %     53.80 %     52.37 %     57.75 %
 
Net operating (tangible) results (b)
                                               
Net operating income (in thousands)
  $ 170,361       215,597       83,719       208,749       224,190       187,162  
Diluted net operating income per common share
    1.53       1.94       .77       1.92       2.04       1.67  
Annualized return on
                                               
Average tangible assets
    1.10 %     1.41 %     .57 %     1.51 %     1.65 %     1.40 %
Average tangible common stockholders’ equity
    22.20 %     27.86 %     10.49 %     26.80 %     29.35 %     24.11 %
Efficiency ratio (a)
    52.41 %     52.85 %     54.30 %     51.64 %     50.18 %     55.09 %
 
Balance sheet data
                                               
In millions, except per share
                                               
Average balances
                                               
Total assets (c)
  $ 65,584       65,015       61,549       57,862       57,523       57,207  
Total tangible assets (c)
    62,201       61,614       58,355       54,766       54,415       54,085  
Earning assets
    58,465       57,713       54,765       51,325       50,982       50,693  
Investment securities
    8,770       8,924       7,905       7,260       6,886       7,214  
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    49,522       48,575       46,055       43,750       43,572       43,114  
Deposits
    39,711       39,999       38,565       36,936       37,048       37,966  
Stockholders’ equity (c)
    6,469       6,513       6,360       6,186       6,172       6,270  
Tangible stockholders’ equity (c)
    3,086       3,112       3,166       3,090       3,064       3,148  
 
At end of quarter
                                               
Total assets (c)
  $ 65,893       66,086       64,876       60,008       57,869       57,842  
Total tangible assets (c)
    62,517       62,696       61,467       56,919       54,767       54,727  
Earning assets
    57,949       58,030       57,163       53,267       51,131       51,046  
Investment securities
    8,659       8,676       8,962       8,003       6,982       7,028  
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    49,115       49,279       48,022       44,778       43,744       43,507  
Deposits
    41,926       41,533       41,266       38,473       39,419       38,938  
Stockholders’ equity (c)
    6,519       6,488       6,485       6,238       6,175       6,253  
Tangible stockholders’ equity (c)
    3,143       3,098       3,076       3,149       3,073       3,138  
Equity per common share
    59.12       58.92       58.99       58.40       57.59       57.32  
Tangible equity per common share
    28.50       28.14       27.98       29.48       28.66       28.77  
 
Market price per common share
                                               
High
  $ 98.38       94.03       108.32       115.81       114.33       125.13  
Low
    69.90       70.49       77.39       97.26       104.00       112.05  
Closing
    70.54       80.48       81.57       103.45       106.90       115.83  
 
(a)   Excludes impact of merger-related expenses and net securities transactions.
 
(b)   Excludes amortization and balances related to goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets and merger-related expenses which, except in the calculation of the efficiency ratio, are net of applicable income tax effects. A reconciliation of net income and net operating income appears in table 2.
 
(c)   The difference between total assets and total tangible assets, and stockholders’ equity and tangible stockholders’ equity, represents goodwill, core deposit and other intangible assets, net of applicable deferred tax balances. A reconciliation of such balances appears in table 2.

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 2
RECONCILIATION OF QUARTERLY GAAP TO NON-GAAP MEASURES
                                                 
    2008 Quarters           2007 Quarters    
    Second   First   Fourth   Third   Second   First
 
Income statement data
                                               
In thousands, except per share
                                               
Net income
                                               
Net income
  $ 160,265       202,196       64,930       199,187       214,169       175,973  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets (a)
    10,096       11,241       9,719       9,562       10,021       11,189  
Merger-related expenses (a)
          2,160       9,070                    
 
Net operating income
  $ 170,361       215,597       83,719       208,749       224,190       187,162  
 
Earnings per share
                                               
Diluted earnings per common share
  $ 1.44       1.82       .60       1.83       1.95       1.57  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets (a)
    .09       .10       .09       .09       .09       .10  
Merger-related expenses (a)
          .02       .08                    
 
Diluted net operating earnings per share
  $ 1.53       1.94       .77       1.92       2.04       1.67  
 
Other expense
                                               
Other expense
  $ 419,710       425,704       445,473       390,528       392,651       399,037  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets
    (16,615 )     (18,483 )     (15,971 )     (15,702 )     (16,457 )     (18,356 )
Merger-related expenses
          (3,547 )     (14,887 )                  
 
Noninterest operating expense
  $ 403,095       403,674       414,615       374,826       376,194       380,681  
 
Merger-related expenses
                                               
Salaries and employee benefits
  $       62       1,333                    
Equipment and net occupancy
          49       238                    
Printing, postage and supplies
          367       1,474                    
Other costs of operations
          3,069       11,842                    
 
Total
  $       3,547       14,887                    
 
Balance sheet data
                                               
In millions
                                               
Average assets
                                               
Average assets
  $ 65,584       65,015       61,549       57,862       57,523       57,207  
Goodwill
    (3,192 )     (3,196 )     (3,006 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (222 )     (239 )     (213 )     (208 )     (223 )     (241 )
Deferred taxes
    31       34       25       21       24       28  
 
Average tangible assets
  $ 62,201       61,614       58,355       54,766       54,415       54,085  
 
Average equity
                                               
Average equity
  $ 6,469       6,513       6,360       6,186       6,172       6,270  
Goodwill
    (3,192 )     (3,196 )     (3,006 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (222 )     (239 )     (213 )     (208 )     (223 )     (241 )
Deferred taxes
    31       34       25       21       24       28  
 
Average tangible equity
  $ 3,086       3,112       3,166       3,090       3,064       3,148  
 
At end of quarter
                                               
Total assets
                                               
Total assets
  $ 65,893       66,086       64,876       60,008       57,869       57,842  
Goodwill
    (3,192 )     (3,192 )     (3,196 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (214 )     (230 )     (249 )     (200 )     (216 )     (232 )
Deferred taxes
    30       32       36       20       23       26  
 
Total tangible assets
  $ 62,517       62,696       61,467       56,919       54,767       54,727  
 
Total equity
                                               
Total equity
  $ 6,519       6,488       6,485       6,238       6,175       6,253  
Goodwill
    (3,192 )     (3,192 )     (3,196 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (214 )     (230 )     (249 )     (200 )     (216 )     (232 )
Deferred taxes
    30       32       36       20       23       26  
 
Total tangible equity
  $ 3,143       3,098       3,076       3,149       3,073       3,138  
 
(a)   After any related tax effect.

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 3
AVERAGE BALANCE SHEETS AND ANNUALIZED TAXABLE-EQUIVALENT RATES
                                                                         
    2008 Second Quarter   2008 First Quarter   2007 Fourth Quarter
    Average           Average   Average           Average   Average           Average
Average balance in millions; interest in thousands   Balance   Interest   Rate   Balance   Interest   Rate   Balance   Interest   Rate
 
Assets
                                                                       
Earning assets
                                                                       
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount*
                                                                       
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 13,800     $ 176,353       5.14 %     13,308       200,509       6.06 %     12,551       218,318       6.90 %
Real estate — commercial
    18,491       266,323       5.76       17,994       285,831       6.35       16,459       293,135       7.12  
Real estate — consumer
    6,026       91,035       6.04       5,977       92,179       6.17       6,327       97,009       6.13  
Consumer
    11,205       178,598       6.41       11,296       193,938       6.91       10,718       198,509       7.35  
 
Total loans and leases, net
    49,522       712,309       5.79       48,575       772,457       6.40       46,055       806,971       6.95  
 
Interest-bearing deposits at banks
    8       22       1.14       10       44       1.65       12       103       3.48  
Federal funds sold and agreements to resell securities
    101       492       1.96       129       956       2.99       725       8,871       4.86  
Trading account
    64       143       .90       75       259       1.39       68       253       1.48  
Investment securities**
                                                                       
U.S. Treasury and federal agencies
    3,462       40,996       4.76       3,523       41,757       4.77       2,364       26,828       4.50  
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    140       2,455       7.03       149       2,436       6.56       121       2,046       6.75  
Other
    5,168       67,008       5.22       5,252       72,036       5.52       5,420       73,128       5.35  
 
Total investment securities
    8,770       110,459       5.07       8,924       116,229       5.24       7,905       102,002       5.12  
 
Total earning assets
    58,465       823,425       5.66       57,713       889,945       6.20       54,765       918,200       6.65  
 
Allowance for credit losses
    (792 )                     (778 )                     (711 )                
Cash and due from banks
    1,209                       1,297                       1,302                  
Other assets
    6,702                       6,783                       6,193                  
 
Total assets
  $ 65,584                       65,015                       61,549                  
 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
                                                                       
Interest-bearing liabilities
                                                                       
Interest-bearing deposits
                                                                       
NOW accounts
  $ 512       629       .49       484       1,018       .85       491       1,465       1.18  
Savings deposits
    18,092       60,317       1.34       16,843       66,622       1.59       15,265       65,635       1.71  
Time deposits
    9,216       79,467       3.47       10,416       106,643       4.12       10,353       118,612       4.55  
Deposits at foreign office
    4,314       22,075       2.06       4,821       38,373       3.20       4,975       56,674       4.52  
 
Total interest-bearing deposits
    32,134       162,488       2.03       32,564       212,656       2.63       31,084       242,386       3.09  
 
Short-term borrowings
    6,869       42,612       2.49       7,153       61,621       3.46       5,899       68,639       4.62  
Long-term borrowings
    11,407       125,842       4.44       10,270       131,035       5.13       9,809       131,339       5.31  
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
    50,410       330,942       2.64       49,987       405,312       3.26       46,792       442,364       3.75  
 
Noninterest-bearing deposits
    7,577                       7,435                       7,481                  
Other liabilities
    1,128                       1,080                       916                  
 
Total liabilities
    59,115                       58,502                       55,189                  
 
Stockholders’ equity
    6,469                       6,513                       6,360                  
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 65,584                       65,015                       61,549                  
 
Net interest spread
                    3.02                       2.94                       2.90  
Contribution of interest-free funds
                    .37                       .44                       .55  
 
Net interest income/margin on earning assets
          $ 492,483       3.39 %             484,633       3.38 %             475,836       3.45 %
 
(continued)
*   Includes nonaccrual loans.
 
**   Includes available for sale securities at amortized cost.

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 3 (continued)
AVERAGE BALANCE SHEETS AND ANNUALIZED TAXABLE-EQUIVALENT RATES (continued)
                                                 
    2007 Third Quarter   2007 Second Quarter
    Average           Average   Average           Average
Average balance in millions; interest in thousands   Balance   Interest   Rate   Balance   Interest   Rate
 
Assets
                                               
Earning assets
                                               
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount*
                                               
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 12,239     $ 223,525       7.25 %     12,155       219,011       7.23 %
Real estate — commercial
    15,474       291,569       7.54       15,578       290,130       7.45  
Real estate — consumer
    5,915       95,629       6.47       5,875       95,327       6.49  
Consumer
    10,122       191,628       7.51       9,964       185,553       7.47  
 
Total loans and leases, net
    43,750       802,351       7.28       43,572       790,021       7.27  
 
Interest-bearing deposits at banks
    8       64       3.27       9       67       3.12  
Federal funds sold and agreements to resell securities
    248       3,429       5.47       448       6,734       6.03  
Trading account
    59       145       .98       67       235       1.40  
Investment securities**
                                               
U.S. Treasury and federal agencies
    2,156       23,935       4.40       2,151       23,238       4.33  
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    108       2,040       7.55       122       2,299       7.53  
Other
    4,996       66,162       5.25       4,613       60,554       5.27  
 
Total investment securities
    7,260       92,137       5.04       6,886       86,091       5.01  
 
Total earning assets
    51,325       898,126       6.94       50,982       883,148       6.95  
 
Allowance for credit losses
    (675 )                     (667 )                
Cash and due from banks
    1,235                       1,244                  
Other assets
    5,977                       5,964                  
 
Total assets
  $ 57,862                       57,523                  
 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
                                               
Interest-bearing liabilities
                                               
Interest-bearing deposits
                                               
NOW accounts
  $ 464       982       .84       453       1,024       .91  
Savings deposits
    14,908       62,883       1.67       15,027       60,953       1.63  
Time deposits
    9,880       117,064       4.70       10,523       124,020       4.73  
Deposits at foreign office
    4,324       55,666       5.11       3,706       48,001       5.19  
 
Total interest-bearing deposits
    29,576       236,595       3.17       29,709       233,998       3.16  
 
Short-term borrowings
    5,228       68,376       5.19       5,555       73,500       5.31  
Long-term borrowings
    8,661       120,355       5.51       7,905       108,766       5.52  
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
    43,465       425,326       3.88       43,169       416,264       3.87  
 
Noninterest-bearing deposits
    7,360                       7,339                  
Other liabilities
    851                       843                  
 
Total liabilities
    51,676                       51,351                  
 
Stockholders’ equity
    6,186                       6,172                  
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 57,862                       57,523                  
 
Net interest spread
                    3.06                       3.08  
Contribution of interest-free funds
                    .59                       .59  
 
Net interest income/margin on earning assets
          $ 472,800       3.65 %             466,884       3.67 %
 
*   Includes nonaccrual loans.
 
**   Includes available for sale securities at amortized cost.

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
     Incorporated by reference to the discussion contained under the caption “Taxable-equivalent Net Interest Income” in Part I, Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
     (a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. Based upon their evaluation of the effectiveness of M&T’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)), Robert G. Wilmers, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, and René F. Jones, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, concluded that M&T’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2008.
     (b) Changes in internal control over financial reporting. M&T regularly assesses the adequacy of its internal control over financial reporting and enhances its controls in response to internal control assessments and internal and external audit and regulatory recommendations. No changes in internal control over financial reporting have been identified in connection with the evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures during the quarter ended June 30, 2008 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, M&T’s internal control over financial reporting.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
     M&T and its subsidiaries are subject in the normal course of business to various pending and threatened legal proceedings in which claims for monetary damages are asserted. Management, after consultation with legal counsel, does not anticipate that the aggregate ultimate liability arising out of litigation pending against M&T or its subsidiaries will be material to M&T’s consolidated financial position, but at the present time is not in a position to determine whether such litigation will have a material adverse effect on M&T’s consolidated results of operations in any future reporting period.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
     There have been no material changes in risk factors relating to M&T to those disclosed in response to Item 1A. to Part I of Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007.

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
     (a) — (b) Not applicable.
     (c)
                                 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
                            (d) Maximum  
                    (c) Total     Number (or  
                    Number of     Approximate  
                    Shares     Dollar Value)  
                    (or Units)     of Shares  
                    Purchased     (or Units)  
    (a) Total             as Part of     that may yet  
    Number     (b) Average     Publicly     be Purchased  
    of Shares     Price Paid     Announced     Under the  
    (or Units)     per Share     Plans or     Plans or  
Period   Purchased (1)     (or Unit)     Programs     Programs (2)  
 
April 1 – April 30, 2008
    2,309     $ 91.07             2,181,500  
May 1 – May 31, 2008
    1,071       93.27             2,181,500  
June 1 – June 30, 2008
                      2,181,500  
 
                       
Total
    3,380     $ 91.77                
 
                         
 
(1)   The total number of shares purchased during the periods indicated includes shares deemed to have been received from employees who exercised stock options by attesting to previously acquired common shares in satisfaction of the exercise price, as is permitted under M&T’s stock option plans.
 
(2)   On February 22, 2007, M&T announced a program to purchase up to 5,000,000 shares of its common stock. No shares were purchased under such program during the periods indicated.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
            (Not applicable.)
Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.
     Information concerning the matters submitted to a vote of stockholders at M&T’s Annual Meeting of Stockholders held on April 15, 2008 was previously reported in response to Item 4 of Part II of M&T’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2008.
Item 5. Other Information.
            (None.)

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Table of Contents

Item 6. Exhibits.
     The following exhibits are filed as a part of this report.
     
Exhibit    
No.    
 
   
31.1
  Certificate of Chief Executive Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
31.2
  Certificate of Chief Financial Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
             
 
      M&T BANK CORPORATION    
 
           
Date: July 31, 2008
  By:   /s/ René F. Jones
 
René F. Jones
   
 
      Executive Vice President
and Chief Financial Officer
   

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Table of Contents

EXHIBIT INDEX
     
Exhibit    
No.    
 
   
31.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
31.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.

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EXHIBIT 31.1
CERTIFICATIONS
I, Robert G. Wilmers, certify that:
1.   I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation;
 
2.   Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
 
3.   Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
 
4.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
 
a)   designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
 
b)   designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
 
c)   evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
 
d)   disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
 
5.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
 
a)   all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
 
b)   any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: July 31, 2008
         
By:
  /s/ Robert G. Wilmers
 
Robert G. Wilmers
   
 
  Chairman of the Board and    
 
  Chief Executive Officer    

 

EXHIBIT 31.2
CERTIFICATIONS
I, René F. Jones, certify that:
1.   I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation;
 
2.   Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
 
3.   Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
 
4.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
 
a)   designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
 
b)   designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
 
c)   evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
 
d)   disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
 
5.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
 
a)   all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
 
b)   any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: July 31, 2008
         
By:
  /s/ René F. Jones
 
René F. Jones
   
 
  Executive Vice President    
 
  and Chief Financial Officer    

 

EXHIBIT 32.1
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER UNDER 18 U.S.C. §1350
I, Robert G. Wilmers, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of M&T Bank Corporation, certify, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:
  (1)   the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2008 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o(d)); and
 
  (2)   the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of M&T Bank Corporation.
The foregoing certification is being furnished solely pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350 and is not being filed as part of the Report or as a separate disclosure document.
/s/ Robert G. Wilmers           
Robert G. Wilmers
July 31, 2008
A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to M&T Bank Corporation and will be retained by M&T Bank Corporation and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

 

EXHIBIT 32.2
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER UNDER 18 U.S.C. §1350
I, René F. Jones, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of M&T Bank Corporation, certify, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:
  (1)   the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2008 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o(d)); and
 
  (2)   the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of M&T Bank Corporation.
The foregoing certification is being furnished solely pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350 and is not being filed as part of the Report or as a separate disclosure document.
/s/ René F. Jones          
René F. Jones
July 31, 2008
A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to M&T Bank Corporation and will be retained by M&T Bank Corporation and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.