M&T Bank Corporation
M&T BANK CORP (Form: 10-Q, Received: 05/07/2008 17:01:28)
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
     
 
þ   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2008
or
     
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 1-9861
M&T BANK CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
     
New York
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  16-0968385
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
     
One M & T Plaza
Buffalo, New York
(Address of principal
executive offices)
  14203
(Zip Code)
(716) 842-5445
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ   No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
             
Large accelerated filer þ   Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company o
        (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
Number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.50 par value, outstanding as of the close of business on April 25, 2008: 110,111,644 shares.
 
 

 


 

M&T BANK CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2008
             
Table of Contents of Information Required in Report   Page
Part I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION        
 
           
  Financial Statements        
 
           
 
  CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET - March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007     3  
 
           
 
  CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME - Three months ended March 31, 2008 and 2007     4  
 
           
 
  CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS - Three months ended March 31, 2008 and 2007     5  
 
           
 
  CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY - Three months ended March 31, 2008 and 2007     6  
 
           
 
  CONSOLIDATED SUMMARY OF CHANGES IN ALLOWANCE FOR CREDIT LOSSES - Three months ended March 31, 2008 and 2007     6  
 
           
 
  NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS     7  
 
           
  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     25  
 
           
  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk     60  
 
           
  Controls and Procedures     60  
 
           
Part II. OTHER INFORMATION        
 
           
  Legal Proceedings     60  
 
           
  Risk Factors     60  
 
           
  Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds     61  
 
           
  Defaults Upon Senior Securities     61  
 
           
  Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders     61  
 
           
  Other Information     62  
 
           
  Exhibits     62  
 
           
SIGNATURES     63  
 
           
EXHIBIT INDEX     64  
  EX-31.1
  EX-31.2
  EX-32.1
  EX-32.2

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Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET (Unaudited)
                         
            March 31,   December 31,
Dollars in thousands, except per share   2008   2007
 
Assets
 
Cash and due from banks
  $ 1,763,426       1,719,509  
       
Interest-bearing deposits at banks
    7,027       18,431  
       
Federal funds sold
    12,700       48,038  
       
Trading account
    372,067       281,244  
       
Investment securities (include pledged available for sale securities that can be sold or
               
       
   repledged of $2,087,546 at March 31, 2008; $1,988,128 at December 31, 2007)
               
       
Available for sale (cost: $8,369,478 at March 31, 2008; $8,451,411 at
December 31, 2007)
    8,092,117       8,379,169  
       
Held to maturity (fair value: $75,257 at March 31, 2008; $78,250 at
December 31, 2007)
    72,981       76,441  
       
Other (fair value: $511,259 at March 31, 2008; $506,388 at December 31, 2007)
    511,259       506,388  
         
       
Total investment securities
    8,676,357       8,961,998  
         
       
Loans and leases
    49,615,489       48,352,262  
       
Unearned discount
    (336,608 )     (330,700 )
       
Allowance for credit losses
    (773,624 )     (759,439 )
         
       
  Loans and leases, net
    48,505,257       47,262,123  
         
       
Premises and equipment
    366,065       370,765  
       
Goodwill
    3,192,128       3,196,433  
       
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    230,093       248,556  
       
Accrued interest and other assets
    2,960,453       2,768,542  
         
       
  Total assets
  $ 66,085,573       64,875,639  
 
 
Liabilities
 
Noninterest-bearing deposits
  $ 7,890,326       8,131,662  
       
NOW accounts
    946,018       1,190,161  
       
Savings deposits
    17,333,096       15,419,357  
       
Time deposits
    9,657,146       10,668,581  
       
Deposits at foreign office  
    5,706,424       5,856,427  
         
       
  Total deposits
    41,533,010       41,266,188  
         
       
Federal funds purchased and agreements to repurchase securities
    4,310,957       4,351,313  
       
Other short-term borrowings
    1,884,477       1,470,584  
       
Accrued interest and other liabilities
    1,196,756       984,353  
       
Long-term borrowings
    10,672,411       10,317,945  
         
       
  Total liabilities
    59,597,611       58,390,383  
 
Stockholders’ equity
 
Preferred stock, $1 par, 1,000,000 shares authorized, none outstanding
           
       
Common stock, $.50 par, 250,000,000 shares authorized, 120,396,611 shares issued at March 31, 2008 and at December 31, 2007
    60,198       60,198  
       
Common stock issuable, 77,364 shares at March 31, 2008; 82,912 shares at December 31, 2007
    4,529       4,776  
       
Additional paid-in capital
    2,849,320       2,848,752  
       
Retained earnings
    4,940,723       4,815,585  
       
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net
    (259,484 )     (114,822 )
       
Treasury stock - common, at cost - 10,365,863 shares at March 31, 2008; 10,544,259 shares at December 31, 2007
    (1,107,324 )     (1,129,233 )
         
       
  Total stockholders’ equity
    6,487,962       6,485,256  
         
       
  Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 66,085,573       64,875,639  
 

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME (Unaudited)
                     
        Three months ended March 31
In thousands, except per share   2008   2007
 
Interest income  
Loans and leases, including fees
  $ 768,391       768,121  
   
Deposits at banks
    44       66  
   
Federal funds sold
    85       260  
   
Agreements to resell securities
    871       4,541  
   
Trading account
    259       111  
   
Investment securities
               
   
Fully taxable
    111,045       84,674  
   
Exempt from federal taxes
    3,467       3,276  
     
   
Total interest income
    884,162       861,049  
 
Interest expense  
NOW accounts
    1,018       1,167  
   
Savings deposits
    66,622       60,842  
   
Time deposits
    106,643       136,682  
   
Deposits at foreign office
    38,373       47,649  
   
Short-term borrowings
    61,621       63,564  
   
Long-term borrowings
    131,035       100,718  
     
   
Total interest expense
    405,312       410,622  
     
   
Net interest income
    478,850       450,427  
   
Provision for credit losses
    60,000       27,000  
     
   
Net interest income after provision for credit losses
    418,850       423,427  
 
Other income  
Mortgage banking revenues
    40,070       13,873  
   
Service charges on deposit accounts
    103,454       94,587  
   
Trust income
    40,304       36,973  
   
Brokerage services income
    15,473       15,212  
   
Trading account and foreign exchange gains
    4,713       6,223  
   
Gain on bank investment securities
    33,447       1,063  
   
Equity in earnings of Bayview Lending Group LLC
    (1,260 )     (2,428 )
   
Other revenues from operations
    76,462       70,980  
     
   
Total other income
    312,663       236,483  
 
Other expense  
Salaries and employee benefits
    251,871       236,754  
   
Equipment and net occupancy
    46,765       42,846  
   
Printing, postage and supplies
    9,896       8,906  
   
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets
    18,483       18,356  
   
Other costs of operations
    98,689       92,175  
     
   
Total other expense
    425,704       399,037  
     
   
Income before taxes
    305,809       260,873  
   
Income taxes
    103,613       84,900  
     
   
Net income
  $ 202,196       175,973  
 
   
Net income per common share
               
   
Basic
  $ 1.84       1.60  
   
Diluted
    1.82       1.57  
   
 
               
   
Cash dividends per common share
  $ .70       .60  
   
 
               
   
Average common shares outstanding
               
   
Basic
    110,017       109,694  
   
Diluted
    110,967       112,187  

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
                     
        Three months ended March 31
In thousands       2008   2007
 
Cash flows from operating activities  
Net income
  $ 202,196       175,973  
   
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
               
   
Provision for credit losses
    60,000       27,000  
   
Depreciation and amortization of premises and equipment
    13,205       12,579  
   
Amortization of capitalized servicing rights
    16,414       15,591  
   
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets
    18,483       18,356  
   
Provision for deferred income taxes
    (6,203 )     (19,402 )
   
Asset write-downs
    130       12,777  
   
Net gain on sales of assets
    (32,714 )     (4,808 )
   
Net change in accrued interest receivable, payable
    24,332       15,445  
   
Net change in other accrued income and expense
    47,486       43,023  
   
Net change in loans originated for sale
    (65,976 )     136,065  
   
Net change in trading account assets and liabilities
    55,764       (20,674 )
     
   
Net cash provided by operating activities
    333,117       411,925  
 
Cash flows from investing activities  
Proceeds from sales of investment securities
               
   
Available for sale
    49,678       32,362  
   
Other
    35,188       1,365  
   
Proceeds from maturities of investment securities
               
   
Available for sale
    652,254       486,151  
   
Held to maturity
    13,706       8,388  
   
Purchases of investment securities
               
   
Available for sale
    (587,345 )     (257,403 )
   
Held to maturity
    (10,255 )     (9,013 )
   
Other
    (40,059 )     (10,412 )
   
Net increase in agreements to resell securities
          (300,000 )
   
Net increase in loans and leases
    (1,271,522 )     (736,635 )
   
Other investments, net
    (3,506 )     (302,366 )
   
Additions to capitalized servicing rights
    (9,675 )     (14,031 )
   
Capital expenditures, net
    (8,516 )     (8,915 )
   
Other, net
    (37,593 )     27,113  
     
   
Net cash used by investing activities
    (1,217,645 )     (1,083,396 )
 
Cash flows from financing activities  
Net increase (decrease) in deposits
    267,852       (973,278 )
   
Net increase in short-term borrowings
    373,623       954,568  
   
Proceeds from long-term borrowings
    1,450,010       800,000  
   
Payments on long-term borrowings
    (1,120,237 )     (27,669 )
   
Purchases of treasury stock
          (207,875 )
   
Dividends paid - common
    (77,004 )     (65,734 )
   
Other, net
    (1,137 )     34,249  
     
   
Net cash provided by financing activities
    893,107       514,261  
     
   
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
    8,579       (157,210 )
   
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    1,767,547       1,624,964  
     
   
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 1,776,126       1,467,754  
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information  
Interest received during the period
  $ 917,644       870,337  
   
Interest paid during the period
    407,838       400,530  
   
Income taxes paid during the period
    3,696       1,403  
 
Supplemental schedule of noncash investing and financing activities  
Loans held for sale transferred to loans held for investment
  $       870,759  
   
Real estate acquired in settlement of loans
    20,826       6,995  

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)
                                                                 
                                            Accumulated              
                                            other              
                    Common     Additional             comprehensive              
    Preferred     Common     stock     paid-in     Retained     income (loss),     Treasury        
In thousands, except per share   stock     stock     issuable     capital     earnings     net     stock     Total  
 
2007
                                                               
Balance - January 1, 2007
  $       60,198       5,060       2,889,449       4,443,441       (53,574 )     (1,063,479 )     6,281,095  
Comprehensive income:
                                                               
Net income
                            175,973                   175,973  
Other comprehensive income, net of tax and reclassification adjustments:
                                                               
Unrealized gains on investment securities
                                  17,407             17,407  
 
                                                             
 
                                                            193,380  
 
                                                               
Purchases of treasury stock
                                        (207,875 )     (207,875 )
Stock-based compensation plans:
                                                               
Stock option and purchase plans:
                                                               
Compensation expense
                      18,811                         18,811  
Exercises
                      (20,264 )                 53,497       33,233  
Directors’ stock plan
                      47                   280       327  
Deferred compensation plans, net, including dividend equivalents
                (321 )     (420 )     (50 )           738       (53 )
Common stock cash dividends - $0.60 per share
                            (65,734 )                 (65,734 )
 
Balance - March 31, 2007
  $       60,198       4,739       2,887,623       4,553,630       (36,167 )     (1,216,839 )     6,253,184  
 
2008
                                                               
Balance - January 1, 2008
  $       60,198       4,776       2,848,752       4,815,585       (114,822 )     (1,129,233 )     6,485,256  
Comprehensive income:
                                                               
Net income
                            202,196                   202,196  
Other comprehensive income, net of tax and reclassification adjustments:
                                                               
Unrealized losses on investment securities
                                  (134,813 )           (134,813 )
Defined benefit plans liability adjustment
                                  (205 )           (205 )
Unrealized losses on cash flow hedges
                                  (12,338 )           (12,338 )
Reclassification of losses from terminated cash flow hedges to net income
                                  2,694             2,694  
 
                                                             
 
                                                            57,534  
 
                                                               
Stock-based compensation plans:
                                                               
Stock option and purchase plans:
                                                               
Compensation expense
                      14,449                   4,032       18,481  
Exercises
                      (13,397 )                 16,711       3,314  
Directors’ stock plan
                      (101 )                 427       326  
Deferred compensation plans, net, including dividend equivalents
                (247 )     (383 )     (54 )           739       55  
Common stock cash dividends - $0.70 per share
                            (77,004 )                 (77,004 )
 
Balance - March 31, 2008
  $       60,198       4,529       2,849,320       4,940,723       (259,484 )     (1,107,324 )     6,487,962  
 
CONSOLIDATED SUMMARY OF CHANGES IN ALLOWANCE FOR CREDIT LOSSES (Unaudited)
                 
    Three months ended March 31  
In thousands   2008     2007  
 
Beginning balance
  $ 759,439     $ 649,948  
Provision for credit losses
    60,000       27,000  
Net charge-offs
               
Charge-offs
    (55,806 )     (24,507 )
Recoveries
    9,991       7,316  
 
Total net charge-offs
    (45,815 )     (17,191 )
 
Ending balance
  $ 773,624       659,757  
 

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. Significant accounting policies
The consolidated financial statements of M&T Bank Corporation (“M&T”) and subsidiaries (“the Company”) were compiled in accordance with the accounting policies set forth in note 1 of Notes to Financial Statements included in the Company’s 2007 Annual Report, except as described below. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation have been made and were all of a normal recurring nature.
2. Earnings per share
The computations of basic earnings per share follow:
                 
    Three months ended
    March 31
    2008     2007  
    (in thousands, except per share)
Income available to common stockholders
               
 
Net income
  $ 202,196       175,973  
 
Weighted-average shares outstanding (including common stock issuable)
    110,017       109,694  
 
Basic earnings per share
  $ 1.84       1.60  
 
     The computations of diluted earnings per share follow:
    Three months ended  
    March 31  
    2008     2007  
    (in thousands, except per share)  
Income available to common stockholders
  $ 202,196       175,973  
 
Weighted-average shares outstanding
    110,017       109,694  
Plus: incremental shares from assumed conversion of stock-based compensation awards
    950       2,493  
 
           
 
Adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding
    110,967       112,187  
 
Diluted earnings per share
  $ 1.82       1.57  
     Options to purchase approximately 8.6 million and 3.0 million common shares during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively, were not included in the computations of diluted earnings per share because the effect on those periods would have been antidilutive.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
3. Comprehensive income
The following table displays the components of other comprehensive income:
                         
    Three months ended March 31, 2008  
    Before-tax     Income        
    amount     taxes     Net  
    (in thousands)  
Unrealized losses on investment securities:
                       
Unrealized holding losses during period
  $ (171,672 )     57,245       (114,427 )
Less: reclassification adjustment for gains realized in net income
    33,447       (13,061 )     20,386  
 
                 
 
    (205,119 )     70,306       (134,813 )
 
                 
 
                       
Cash flow hedges:
                       
Unrealized losses on cash flow hedges
    (20,225 )     7,887       (12,338 )
Reclassification of losses on terminated cash flow hedges to income
    4,419       (1,725 )     2,694  
 
                 
 
    (15,806 )     6,162       (9,644 )
 
                 
 
                       
Defined benefit plans liability adjustment
    (336 )     131       (205 )
 
                 
 
                       
 
  $ (221,261 )     76,599       (144,662 )
 
                 
                         
    Three months ended March 31, 2007  
    Before-tax     Income        
    amount     taxes     Net  
    (in thousands)  
Unrealized gains on investment securities:
                       
Unrealized holding gains during period
  $ 27,815       (9,751 )     18,064  
Less: reclassification adjustment for gains realized in net income
    1,063       (406 )     657  
 
                 
 
                       
 
  $ 26,752       (9,345 )     17,407  
 
                 
     Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net consisted of unrealized gains (losses) as follows:
                                 
            Cash     Defined          
    Investment     flow     benefit          
    securities     hedges     plans   Total  
    (in thousands)  
Balance - January 1, 2008
  $ (59,406 )     (8,931 )     (46,485 )     (114,822 )
 
Net gain (loss) during period
    (134,813 )     (9,644 )     (205 )     (144,662 )
 
                       
 
Balance - March 31, 2008
  $ (194,219 )     (18,575 )     (46,690 )     (259,484 )
 
                       
 
Balance - January 1, 2007
  $ (25,311 )           (28,263 )     (53,574 )
 
Net gain (loss) during period
    17,407                   17,407  
 
                       
 
Balance - March 31, 2007
  $ (7,904 )           (28,263 )     (36,167 )
 
                       

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings
M&T Capital Trust I (“Trust I”), M&T Capital Trust II (“Trust II”), and M&T Capital Trust III (“Trust III”) have issued fixed rate preferred capital securities aggregating $310 million. First Maryland Capital I (“Trust V”) and First Maryland Capital II (“Trust VI”) have issued floating rate preferred capital securities aggregating $300 million. The distribution rates on the preferred capital securities of Trust V and Trust VI adjust quarterly based on changes in the three-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and were 5.26% and 4.09%, respectively, at March 31, 2008 and 6.24% and 5.76%, respectively, at December 31, 2007. As a result of an acquisition in the fourth quarter of 2007, M&T assumed responsibility for $31.5 million of similar preferred capital securities previously issued by special-purpose entities consisting of $16.5 million of fixed rate preferred capital securities issued by BSB Capital Trust I (“Trust VII”) and $15 million of floating rate preferred capital securities issued by BSB Capital Trust III (“Trust VIII”). The distribution rate on the preferred capital securities of Trust VIII adjusts quarterly based on changes in the three-month LIBOR and was 7.61% at March 31, 2008 and 8.59% at December 31, 2007. On January 31, 2008 M&T Capital Trust IV (“Trust IV”), a Delaware business trust, issued $350 million of 8.50% fixed rate Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities (“8.50% Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities”). Trust I, Trust II, Trust III, Trust IV, Trust V, Trust VI, Trust VII and Trust VIII are referred to herein collectively as the “Trusts.”
     Other than the following payment terms (and the redemption and certain other terms described below), the preferred capital securities issued by the Trusts (“Capital Securities”) are substantially identical in all material respects:
             
    Distribution   Distribution
  Trust   rate   dates
Trust I
    8.234 %   February 1 and August 1
 
           
Trust II
    8.277 %   June 1 and December 1
 
           
Trust III
    9.25 %   February 1 and August 1
 
           
Trust IV
    8.50 %   March 15, June 15, September 15 and December 15
 
           
Trust V
  LIBOR
plus 1.00%
  January 15, April 15, July 15 and October 15
 
           
Trust VI
  LIBOR
plus .85%
  February 1, May 1, August 1 and November 1
 
           
Trust VII
    8.125 %   January 31 and July 31
 
           
Trust VIII
  LIBOR
plus 3.35%
  January 7, April 7, July 7 and October 7
     The common securities of each Trust (“Common Securities”) are wholly owned by M&T and are the only class of each Trust’s securities possessing general voting powers. The Capital Securities represent preferred undivided interests in the assets of the corresponding Trust. Under the Federal Reserve Board’s current risk-based capital guidelines, the Capital Securities are includable in M&T’s Tier 1 (core) capital.

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
     The proceeds from the issuances of the Capital Securities and Common Securities were used by the Trusts to purchase junior subordinated deferrable interest debentures (“Junior Subordinated Debentures”) of M&T as follows:
             
    Capital   Common   Junior Subordinated
Trust   Securities   Securities   Debentures
Trust I
  $150 million   $4.64 million   $154.64 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.234% Junior Subordinated Debentures due February 1, 2027.
 
           
Trust II
  $100 million   $3.09 million   $103.09 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.277% Junior Subordinated Debentures due June 1, 2027.
 
           
Trust III
  $60 million   $1.856 million   $61.856 million aggregate liquidation amount of 9.25% Junior Subordinated Debentures due February 1, 2027.
 
           
Trust IV
  $350 million   $.01 million   $350.01 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.50% Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068.
 
           
Trust V
  $150 million   $4.64 million   $154.64 million aggregate liquidation amount of floating rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 15, 2027.
 
           
Trust VI
  $150 million   $4.64 million   $154.64 million aggregate liquidation amount of floating rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due February 1, 2027.
 
           
Trust VII
  $16.5 million   $.928 million   $17.428 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.125% Junior Subordinated Debentures due July 31, 2028.
 
           
Trust VIII
  $15 million   $.464 million   $15.464 million aggregate liquidation amount of floating rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 7, 2033.
     The Junior Subordinated Debentures represent the sole assets of each Trust and payments under the Junior Subordinated Debentures are the sole source of cash flow for each Trust. The financial statement carrying values of junior subordinated debentures associated with preferred capital securities at March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007 of Trust III, Trust V, Trust VI and Trust VII include the unamortized portions of purchase accounting adjustments to reflect estimated fair value as of the date of M&T’s acquisition of the common securities of each respective trust. The interest rates payable on the Junior Subordinated

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
Debentures of Trust V, Trust VI and Trust VIII were 5.26%, 4.09% and 7.61%, respectively, at March 31, 2008 and were 6.24%, 5.76% and 8.59%, respectively, at December 31, 2007.
     Holders of the Capital Securities receive preferential cumulative cash distributions on each distribution date at the stated distribution rate unless M&T exercises its right to extend the payment of interest on the Junior Subordinated Debentures for up to ten semi-annual periods (in the case of Trust I, Trust II, Trust III and Trust VII), twenty quarterly periods (in the case of Trust V, Trust VI and Trust VIII) or, with respect to Trust IV, for up to twenty quarterly periods without being subject to the alternative payment mechanism (as described below), and for up to forty quarterly periods, without giving rise to an event of default, in which case payment of distributions on the respective Capital Securities will be deferred for comparable periods. During an extended interest period, M&T may not pay dividends or distributions on, or repurchase, redeem or acquire any shares of its capital stock. In the event of an extended interest period exceeding twenty quarterly periods for the Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068 held by Trust IV, M&T must fund the payment of accrued and unpaid interest through the alternative payment mechanism, which requires M&T to issue common stock, non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock or warrants to purchase common stock until M&T has raised an amount of eligible proceeds at least equal to the aggregate amount of accrued and unpaid deferred interest on the Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068 held by Trust IV. The agreements governing the Capital Securities, in the aggregate, provide a full, irrevocable and unconditional guarantee by M&T of the payment of distributions on, the redemption of, and any liquidation distribution with respect to the Capital Securities. The obligations under such guarantee and the Capital Securities are subordinate and junior in right of payment to all senior indebtedness of M&T.
     The Capital Securities will remain outstanding until the Junior Subordinated Debentures are repaid at maturity, are redeemed prior to maturity or are distributed in liquidation to the Trusts. The Capital Securities are mandatorily redeemable in whole, but not in part, upon repayment at the stated maturity dates of the Junior Subordinated Debentures or the earlier redemption of the Junior Subordinated Debentures in whole upon the occurrence of one or more events set forth in the indentures relating to the Capital Securities, and in whole or in part at any time after an optional redemption contemporaneously with the optional redemption of the related Junior Subordinated Debentures in whole or in part, subject to possible regulatory approval. In connection with the issuance of the 8.50% Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities by Trust IV, M&T entered into a replacement capital covenant that provides that neither M&T nor any of its subsidiaries will repay, redeem or purchase any of the Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068 or the 8.50% Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities prior to January 31, 2048, with certain limited exceptions, except to the extent that, during the 180 days prior to the date of that repayment, redemption or purchase, M&T and its subsidiaries have received proceeds from the sale of qualifying securities that (i) have equity-like characteristics that are the same as, or more equity-like than, the applicable characteristics of the 8.50% Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities or the Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 31, 2068, as applicable, at the time of repayment, redemption or purchase, and (ii) M&T has obtained the prior approval of the Federal Reserve Board, if required.

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
     Allfirst Preferred Capital Trust (“Allfirst Capital Trust”) has issued $100 million of Floating Rate Non-Cumulative Subordinated Trust Enhanced Securities (“SKATES”). Allfirst Capital Trust is a Delaware business trust that was formed for the exclusive purposes of (i) issuing the SKATES and common securities, (ii) purchasing Asset Preferred Securities issued by Allfirst Preferred Asset Trust (“Allfirst Asset Trust”) and (iii) engaging in only those other activities necessary or incidental thereto. M&T holds 100% of the common securities of Allfirst Capital Trust. Allfirst Asset Trust is a Delaware business trust that was formed for the exclusive purposes of (i) issuing Asset Preferred Securities and common securities, (ii) investing the gross proceeds of the Asset Preferred Securities in junior subordinated debentures of M&T and other permitted investments and (iii) engaging in only those other activities necessary or incidental thereto. M&T holds 100% of the common securities of Allfirst Asset Trust and Allfirst Capital Trust holds 100% of the Asset Preferred Securities of Allfirst Asset Trust. M&T currently has outstanding $105.3 million aggregate liquidation amount Floating Rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due July 15, 2029 that are payable to Allfirst Asset Trust. The interest rates payable on such debentures were 5.69% and 6.67% at March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively.
     Distributions on the SKATES are non-cumulative. The distribution rate on the SKATES and on the Floating Rate Junior Subordinated Debentures is a rate per annum of three-month LIBOR plus 1.50% and three-month LIBOR plus 1.43%, respectively, reset quarterly two business days prior to the distribution dates of January 15, April 15, July 15, and October 15 in each year. Distributions on the SKATES will be paid if, as and when Allfirst Capital Trust has funds available for payment. The SKATES are subject to mandatory redemption if the Asset Preferred Securities of Allfirst Asset Trust are redeemed. Allfirst Asset Trust will redeem the Asset Preferred Securities if the junior subordinated debentures of M&T held by Allfirst Asset Trust are redeemed. M&T may redeem such junior subordinated debentures, in whole or in part, at any time on or after July 15, 2009, subject to regulatory approval. Allfirst Asset Trust will redeem the Asset Preferred Securities at par plus accrued and unpaid distributions from the last distribution payment date. M&T has guaranteed, on a subordinated basis, the payment in full of all distributions and other payments on the SKATES and on the Asset Preferred Securities to the extent that Allfirst Capital Trust and Allfirst Asset Trust, respectively, have funds legally available. Under the Federal Reserve Board’s current risk-based capital guidelines, the SKATES are includable in M&T’s Tier 1 Capital.

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
     Including the unamortized portions of purchase accounting adjustments to reflect estimated fair value at the acquisition dates of the common securities of Trust III, Trust V, Trust VI, Trust VII and Allfirst Asset Trust, the junior subordinated debentures associated with preferred capital securities had financial statement carrying values as follows:
                 
    March 31,     December 31,  
    2008     2007  
    (in thousands)  
Trust I
  $ 154,640       154,640  
 
Trust II
    103,093       103,093  
 
Trust III
    67,978       68,059  
 
Trust IV
    350,010        
 
Trust V
    144,338       144,201  
 
Trust VI
    142,152       141,986  
 
Trust VII
    16,908       16,902  
 
Trust VIII
    15,464       15,464  
 
Allfirst Asset Trust
    101,991       101,952  
 
           
 
 
  $ 1,096,574       746,297  
 
           
5. Segment information
Reportable segments have been determined based upon the Company’s internal profitability reporting system, which is organized by strategic business unit. Certain strategic business units have been combined for segment information reporting purposes where the nature of the products and services, the type of customer and the distribution of those products and services are similar. The reportable segments are Business Banking, Commercial Banking, Commercial Real Estate, Discretionary Portfolio, Residential Mortgage Banking and Retail Banking.
     The financial information of the Company’s segments was compiled utilizing the accounting policies described in note 21 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2007. The management accounting policies and processes utilized in compiling segment financial information are highly subjective and, unlike financial accounting, are not based on authoritative guidance similar to generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). As a result, the financial information of the reported segments is not necessarily comparable with similar information reported by other financial institutions. As also described in note 21 to the Company’s 2007 consolidated financial statements, neither goodwill nor core deposit and other intangible assets (and the amortization charges associated with such assets) resulting from acquisitions of financial institutions have been allocated to the Company’s reportable segments, but are included in the “All Other” category. The Company has, however, assigned such intangible assets to business units for purposes of testing for impairment.

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
5. Segment information, continued
     Information about the Company’s segments is presented in the following table:
                                                 
    Three months ended March 31  
    2008     2007  
            Inter-     Net             Inter-     Net  
    Total     segment     income     Total     segment     income  
    revenues(a)     revenues     (loss)     revenues(a)(b)     revenues     (loss)(b)  
    (in thousands)  
Business Banking
  $ 95,249             32,783       89,079             31,578  
 
Commercial Banking
    162,584       85       66,809       135,705       125       54,478  
 
Commercial Real Estate
    86,278       208       42,809       71,319       151       34,288  
 
Discretionary Portfolio
    43,475       (4,329 )     15,977       29,276       (2,346 )     18,938  
 
Residential Mortgage Banking
    67,418       13,331       5,059       45,668       10,891       (2,523 )
 
Retail Banking
    302,868       2,967       75,470       284,750       3,028       75,804  
 
All Other
    33,641       (12,262 )     (36,711 )     31,113       (11,849 )     (36,590 )
 
                                   
 
Total
  $ 791,513             202,196       686,910             175,973  
 
                                   
                         
    Average total assets  
    Three months ended     Year ended  
    March 31     December 31  
    2008     2007(b)     2007(b)  
    (in millions)  
Business Banking
  $ 4,410       4,127       4,179  
 
Commercial Banking
    14,370       12,571       12,989  
 
Commercial Real Estate
    11,045       9,273       9,550  
 
Discretionary Portfolio
    14,927       11,997       12,953  
 
Residential Mortgage Banking
    2,691       3,592       2,874  
 
Retail Banking
    11,514       10,116       10,360  
 
All Other
    6,058       5,531       5,640  
 
                 
 
Total
  $ 65,015       57,207       58,545  
 
                 
 
(a)   Total revenues are comprised of net interest income and other income. Net interest income is the difference between taxable-equivalent interest earned on assets and interest paid on liabilities owed by a segment and a funding charge (credit) based on the Company’s internal funds transfer methodology.

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
5. Segment information, continued
Segments are charged a cost to fund any assets (e.g. loans) and are paid a funding credit for any funds provided (e.g. deposits). The taxable-equivalent adjustment aggregated $5,783,000 and $5,123,000 for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and is eliminated in “All Other” total revenues. Intersegment revenues are included in total revenues of the reportable segments. The elimination of intersegment revenues is included in the determination of “All Other” total revenues.
(b)   Effective January 1, 2008, the Company changed its internal profitability reporting to move a New York City-based lending unit from the Commercial Banking segment to the Commercial Real Estate segment. Accordingly, financial information presented herein for periods prior to January 1, 2008 has been reclassified to conform to current year presentation. As a result, total revenues and net income decreased in the Commercial Banking segment and increased in the Commercial Real Estate segment for the quarter ended March 31, 2007 by $6 million and $3 million, respectively, as compared with amounts previously reported. The lending unit had average total assets of $665 million during the quarter ended March 31, 2007 and $667 million during the year ended December 31, 2007. Accordingly, average total assets presented for those periods differ from amounts previously reported.
6. Commitments and contingencies
In the normal course of business, various commitments and contingent liabilities are outstanding. The following table presents the Company’s significant commitments. Certain of these commitments are not included in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.
                 
    March 31,     December 31,  
    2008     2007  
    (in thousands)  
Commitments to extend credit
             
Home equity lines of credit
  $ 6,009,922       5,937,903  
Commercial real estate loans to be sold
    179,119       96,995  
Other commercial real estate and construction
    3,006,300       2,869,961  
Residential real estate loans to be sold
    834,940       492,375  
Other residential real estate
    445,958       425,579  
Commercial and other
    7,237,796       7,346,790  
 
Standby letters of credit
    3,679,294       3,691,971  
 
Commercial letters of credit
    43,774       34,105  
 
Financial guarantees and indemnification contracts
    1,350,622       1,318,733  
 
Commitments to sell real estate loans
    1,299,019       946,457  
     Commitments to extend credit are agreements to lend to customers, generally having fixed expiration dates or other termination clauses that may require payment of a fee. Standby and commercial letters of credit are conditional commitments issued to guarantee the performance of a customer to a

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
6. Commitments and contingencies, continued
third party. Standby letters of credit generally are contingent upon the failure of the customer to perform according to the terms of the underlying contract with the third party, whereas commercial letters of credit are issued to facilitate commerce and typically result in the commitment being funded when the underlying transaction is consummated between the customer and a third party. The credit risk associated with commitments to extend credit and standby and commercial letters of credit is essentially the same as that involved with extending loans to customers and is subject to normal credit policies. Collateral may be obtained based on management’s assessment of the customer’s creditworthiness.
     Financial guarantees and indemnification contracts are oftentimes similar to standby letters of credit and include mandatory purchase agreements issued to ensure that customer obligations are fulfilled, recourse obligations associated with sold loans, and other guarantees of customer performance or compliance with designated rules and regulations. Included in financial guarantees and indemnification contracts are loan principal amounts sold with recourse in conjunction with the Company’s involvement in the Federal National Mortgage Association Delegated Underwriting and Servicing program. The Company’s maximum credit risk for recourse associated with loans sold under this program totaled approximately $1 billion at each of March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007.
     Since many loan commitments, standby letters of credit, and guarantees and indemnification contracts expire without being funded in whole or in part, the contract amounts are not necessarily indicative of future cash flows.
     The Company utilizes commitments to sell real estate loans to hedge exposure to changes in the fair value of real estate loans held for sale. Such commitments are considered derivatives in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” as amended, and along with commitments to originate real estate loans to be held for sale are generally recorded in the consolidated balance sheet at estimated fair market value. Until January 1, 2008, in estimating that fair value for commitments to originate loans for sale, value ascribable to cash flows to be realized in connection with loan servicing activities was not included. Value ascribable to that portion of cash flows was recognized at the time the underlying mortgage loans were sold. Effective January 1, 2008, the Company adopted the provisions of Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 109 issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), which reversed previous conclusions expressed by the SEC staff regarding written loan commitments that are accounted for at fair value through earnings. Specifically, the SEC staff now believes that the expected net future cash flows related to the associated servicing of the loan should be included in the fair value measurement of the derivative loan commitment. In accordance with SAB No. 105, “Application of Accounting Principles to Loan Commitments,” the Company had not included such amount in the value of loan commitments accounted for as derivatives at December 31, 2007. As a result of the Company’s adoption of required changes in accounting pronouncements on January 1, 2008, there was an acceleration of the recognition of mortgage banking revenues of approximately $7 million during the first quarter of 2008. If not for the changes in accounting pronouncements, those revenues would have been recognized later in 2008 when the underlying loans were sold.
     The Company has an agreement with the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League whereby the Company obtained the naming rights to a football stadium in Baltimore, Maryland. Under the agreement, the Company is obligated to pay $5 million per year through 2013 and $6 million per year from 2014 through 2017.

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
6. Commitments and contingencies, continued
     The Company also has commitments under long-term operating leases.
     The Company reinsures credit life and accident and health insurance purchased by consumer loan customers. The Company also enters into reinsurance contracts with third party insurance companies who insure against the risk of a mortgage borrower’s payment default in connection with certain mortgage loans originated by the Company. When providing reinsurance coverage, the Company receives a premium in exchange for accepting a portion of the insurer’s risk of loss. The outstanding loan principal balances reinsured by the Company were approximately $109 million at March 31, 2008. Assets of subsidiaries providing reinsurance that are available to satisfy claims totaled approximately $59 million at March 31, 2008. The amounts noted above are not necessarily indicative of losses which may ultimately be incurred. Such losses are expected to be substantially less because most loans are repaid by borrowers in accordance with the original loan terms. The amount of the Company’s recorded liability for reported reinsurance losses as well as estimated losses incurred but not yet reported was not significant at either March 31, 2008 or December 31, 2007.
     In October 2007, Visa completed a reorganization in contemplation of its initial public offering (“IPO”) expected to occur in 2008. As part of that reorganization, M&T Bank, M&T’s principal banking subsidiary, and other member banks of Visa received shares of Class B common stock of Visa. Those banks are also obligated under various agreements with Visa to share in losses stemming from certain litigation involving Visa (“Covered Litigation”). As of December 31, 2007, although Visa was expected to set aside a portion of the proceeds from its IPO in an escrow account to fund any judgments or settlements that may arise out of the Covered Litigation, guidance from the SEC indicated that Visa member banks should record a liability for the fair value of the contingent obligation to Visa. The estimation of the Company’s proportionate share of any potential losses related to the Covered Litigation was extremely difficult and involved a great deal of judgment. Nevertheless, in the fourth quarter of 2007 the Company recorded a pre-tax charge of $23 million ($14 million after tax effect) related to the Covered Litigation. In accordance with GAAP and consistent with the SEC guidance, the Company did not recognize any value for its common stock ownership interest in Visa as of December 31, 2007. During the first quarter of 2008, Visa completed its IPO and, as part of the transaction, funded an escrow account for $3 billion from the proceeds of the IPO to cover potential settlements arising out of the Covered Litigation. As a result, during the first three months of 2008, the Company reversed approximately $15 million of the $23 million accrued during the fourth quarter of 2007 for the Covered Litigation. The initial accrual in 2007 and the partial reversal in 2008 were included in “other costs of operations” in the consolidated statement of income. In addition, M&T Bank was allocated 1,967,028 Class B common shares of Visa. Of those shares, 760,455 were mandatorily redeemed in March 2008 resulting in pre-tax gain of $33 million ($20 million after tax) which has been included in “gain on bank investment securities” in the consolidated statement of income.
     M&T and its subsidiaries are subject in the normal course of business to various pending and threatened legal proceedings in which claims for monetary damages are asserted. Management, after consultation with legal counsel, does not anticipate that the aggregate ultimate liability arising out of litigation pending against M&T or its subsidiaries will be material to the Company’s consolidated financial position, but at the present time is not in a position to determine whether such litigation will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations in any future reporting period.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
7. Pension plans and other postretirement benefits
The Company provides defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefits (including health care and life insurance benefits) to qualified retired employees. Net periodic benefit cost for defined benefit plans consisted of the following:
                                 
                    Other  
    Pension     postretirement  
    benefits     benefits  
    Three months ended March 31  
    2008     2007     2008     2007  
    (in thousands)  
Service cost
  $ 5,343       5,475       164       150  
Interest cost on projected benefit obligation
    10,764       9,375       1,076       925  
Expected return on plan assets
    (11,114 )     (10,025 )            
Amortization of prior service cost
    (1,640 )     (1,650 )     42       50  
Amortization of net actuarial loss
    1,220       1,200       42       50  
 
                       
Net periodic benefit cost
  $ 4,573       4,375       1,324       1,175  
 
                       
     Expense incurred in connection with the Company’s defined contribution pension and retirement savings plans totaled $10,327,000 and $9,169,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively.
8. Acquisitions
On November 30, 2007, M&T completed the acquisition of Partners Trust Financial Group, Inc. (“Partners Trust”), a bank holding company headquartered in Utica, New York. Partners Trust was merged with and into M&T on that date. Partners Trust Bank, the primary banking subsidiary of Partners Trust, was merged into M&T Bank on that date. Partners Trust Bank operated 33 branch offices in upstate New York at the date of acquisition. The results of operations acquired in the Partners Trust transaction have been included in the Company’s financial results since November 30, 2007, but did not have a significant effect on the Company’s results of operations in 2007 or in the first quarter of 2008. After application of the election, allocation and proration procedures contained in the merger agreement with Partners Trust, M&T paid $282 million in cash and issued 3,096,861 shares of M&T common stock in exchange for Partners Trust shares and stock options outstanding at the time of acquisition. The purchase price was approximately $559 million based on the cash paid to Partners Trust shareholders, the fair value of M&T common stock exchanged, and the cash paid to holders of Partners Trust stock options. The acquisition of Partners Trust expands M&T’s presence in upstate New York, making M&T Bank the deposit market share leader in the Utica-Rome and Binghamton markets, while strengthening its lead position in Syracuse.
     Assets acquired from Partners Trust on November 30, 2007 totaled $3.5 billion, including $2.2 billion of loans and leases (largely residential real estate and consumer loans), liabilities assumed aggregated $3.0 billion, including $2.2 billion of deposits (largely savings, money-market and time deposits), and $277 million was added to stockholders’ equity. In connection with the acquisition, the Company recorded approximately $283 million of goodwill and $50 million of core deposit intangible. The core deposit intangible is being amortized over 7 years using an accelerated method.
     As a condition of the approval of the Partners Trust acquisition by regulators, M&T Bank was required to divest three branch offices in Binghamton, New York. The three branches were sold on March 15, 2008, including loans of $13 million and deposits of $65 million. No gain or loss was recognized on that transaction.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
8. Acquisitions, continued
     On December 7, 2007, M&T Bank acquired 13 branch offices in the Mid-Atlantic region from First Horizon Bank in a cash transaction. The offices had approximately $214 million of loans, $216 million of deposits and $80 million of trust and investment assets under management on the transaction date.
     The Company incurred merger-related expenses related to systems conversions and other costs of integrating and conforming acquired operations with and into the Company of $4 million ($2 million net of applicable income taxes) during the first quarter of 2008 and $15 million ($9 million net of applicable income taxes) during the fourth quarter of 2007. There were no similar expenses in the first quarter of 2007. Those expenses consisted largely of professional services and other temporary help fees associated with the conversion of systems and/or integration of operations; costs related to branch and office consolidations; incentive compensation; initial marketing and promotion expenses designed to introduce the Company to customers of the acquired operations; travel costs; and printing, postage and supplies and other costs of commencing operations in new offices.
9. Relationship with Bayview Lending Group LLC and Bayview Financial Holdings, L.P.
On February 5, 2007 M&T invested $300 million to acquire a minority interest in Bayview Lending Group LLC (“BLG”), a privately-held commercial mortgage lender that specializes in originating, securitizing and servicing small balance commercial real estate loans. M&T recognizes income from BLG using the equity method of accounting.
     Bayview Financial Holdings, L.P. (together with its affiliates, “Bayview Financial”), a privately-held specialty mortgage finance company, is BLG’s majority investor. In addition to their common investment in BLG, the Company and Bayview Financial conduct other business activities with each other. The Company has purchased loan servicing rights for small balance commercial mortgage loans from BLG and Bayview Financial having outstanding principal balances of $5.1 billion and $4.9 billion at March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively. Amounts recorded as capitalized servicing assets for such loans totaled $63 million at March 31, 2008 and $57 million at December 31, 2007. In addition, capitalized servicing rights at March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007 also included $36 million and $40 million, respectively, for servicing rights that were purchased from Bayview Financial related to residential mortgage loans with outstanding principal balances of $4.5 billion at March 31, 2008 and $4.6 billion at December 31, 2007. Revenues from servicing residential and small balance commercial mortgage loans purchased from BLG and Bayview Financial were $13 million and $11 million for the quarters ended March 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively. M&T Bank provided a $120 million revolving line of credit facility to Bayview Financial at each of March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, of which $77 million was outstanding at March 31, 2008. There was no outstanding balance at December 31, 2007. Finally, at March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, the Company held $384 million and $450 million, respectively, of private collateralized mortgage obligations in its available for sale investment securities portfolio that were securitized by Bayview Financial.
10. Fair value measurements
Effective January 1, 2008, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements,” for fair value measurements of certain of its financial instruments. The provisions of SFAS No. 157 that pertain to measurement of non-financial assets and liabilities have been deferred by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) until 2009. The

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
adoption of SFAS No. 157 did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.
     The provisions of SFAS No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities,” which permit an entity to choose to measure eligible financial instruments and other items at fair value, also became effective January 1, 2008. The Company has not made any fair value elections under SFAS No. 159 as of March 31, 2008.
     The definition of fair value is clarified by SFAS No. 157 to be the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. SFAS No. 157 establishes a three-level hierarchy for fair value measurements based upon the inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability.
    Level 1 — Valuation is based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities.
 
    Level 2 — Valuation is determined from quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active or by model-based techniques in which all significant inputs are observable in the market.
 
    Level 3 — Valuation is derived from model-based techniques in which at least one significant input is unobservable and based on the Company’s own estimates about the assumptions that market participants would use to value the asset or liability.
     When available, the Company attempts to use quoted market prices to determine fair value and classifies such items as Level 1 or Level 2. If quoted market prices are not available, fair value is often determined using model-based techniques incorporating various assumptions including interest rates, prepayment speeds and credit losses. Assets and liabilities valued using model-based techniques are classified as either Level 2 or Level 3, depending on the lowest level classification of an input that is considered significant to the overall valuation. The following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured on a recurring basis at estimated fair value.
Trading account assets and liabilities
Trading account assets and liabilities consist primarily of interest rate swap agreements and foreign exchange contracts with customers who require such services with offsetting trading positions with third parties to minimize the Company’s risk with respect to such transactions. The Company generally determines the fair value of its derivative trading account assets and liabilities using externally developed pricing models based on market observable inputs and therefore classifies such valuations as Level 2. Certain foreign exchange contracts are actively traded and therefore have been classified as Level 1. Mutual funds held in connection with deferred compensation arrangements have also been classified as Level 1 valuations. Valuations of investments in municipal and other bonds can generally be obtained through reference to quoted prices in less active markets for the same or similar securities or through model-based techniques in which all significant inputs are observable and, therefore, such valuations have been classified as Level 2.
Investment securities available for sale
The majority of the Company’s available-for-sale investment securities have been valued by reference to prices for similar securities or through model-based techniques in which all significant inputs are observable and, therefore, such valuations have been classified as Level 2. Certain investments in mutual funds and equity securities are actively traded and therefore have been classified as Level 1

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
valuations. For many privately issued mortgage-backed securities and other securities where there is limited trading activity or less observable valuation inputs, the Company has classified such valuations as Level 3.
Real estate loans held for sale

The Company utilizes commitments to sell real estate loans to hedge the exposure to changes in fair value of real estate loans held for sale. The carrying value of hedged real estate loans held for sale includes changes in estimated fair value during the hedge period, typically from the date of close through the sale date. Most of the Company’s real estate loans held for sale have generally been hedged since the origination date. The fair value of hedged real estate loans held for sale is generally calculated by reference to quoted prices in secondary markets for commitments to sell real estate loans with similar characteristics and, as such, have been classified as a Level 2 valuation.
Commitments to originate real estate loans for sale and commitments to sell real estate loans

The Company enters into various commitments to originate real estate loans for sale and commitments to sell real estate loans. Such commitments are considered to be derivative financial instruments and, therefore, are carried at estimated fair value on the consolidated balance sheet. The estimated fair values of such commitments were generally calculated by reference to quoted prices in secondary markets for commitments to sell real estate loans to certain government-sponsored entities and other parties. The fair valuations of commitments to sell real estate loans generally result in a Level 2 classification. The estimated fair value of commitments to originate real estate loans for sale are oftentimes adjusted to reflect the Company’s anticipated commitment expirations. Estimated commitment expirations are considered a significant unobservable input, which results in a Level 3 classification. Additionally, during the first quarter of 2008 the Company adopted the provisions of SAB No. 109 for written loan commitments issued or modified after January 1, 2008. SAB No. 109 reversed previous conclusions expressed by the SEC staff regarding written loan commitments that are accounted for at fair value through earnings. Specifically, the SEC staff now believes that the expected net future cash flows related to the associated servicing of the loan should be included in the fair value measurement of the derivative loan commitment. In accordance with SAB No. 105, the Company had not included such amount in the value of commitments to originate real estate loans for sale at December 31, 2007. The estimated value ascribed to the expected net future servicing cash flows is also considered a significant unobservable input contributing to the Level 3 classification of commitments to originate real estate loans for sale.
Interest rate swap agreements used for interest rate risk management

The Company utilizes interest rate swap agreements as part of the management of interest rate risk to modify the repricing characteristics of certain portions of its portfolios of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. The Company generally determines the fair value of its interest rate swap agreements using externally developed pricing models based on market observable inputs and therefore classifies such valuations as Level 2.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
     A summary of assets and liabilities at March 31, 2008 measured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis were as follows:
                                 
    Fair value                    
    measurements                    
    at March 31,                    
    2008     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3  
    (in thousands)  
Trading account assets
  $ 372,067       57,003       315,064        
Investment securities available for sale
    8,092,117       201,126       6,718,190       1,172,801  
Real estate loans held for sale
    956,381             956,381        
Other assets (a)
    60,492             49,400       11,092  
 
                       
Total assets
  $ 9,481,057       258,129       8,039,035       1,183,893  
 
                       
 
                               
Trading account liabilities
  $ 289,612       11,994       277,618        
Other liabilities (a)
    25,302             22,338       2,964  
 
                       
Total liabilities
  $ 314,914       11,994       299,956       2,964  
 
                       
 
(a)   Comprised predominantly of interest rate swap agreements used for interest rate risk management (Level 2), commitments to sell real estate loans (Level 2) and commitments to originate real estate loans to be held for sale (Level 3).
     The changes in Level 3 assets and liabilities measured at estimated fair value on a recurring basis during the three-month period ended March 31, 2008 were as follows:
                 
    Investment        
    securities     Other assets  
    available     and other  
    for sale     liabilities  
    (in thousands)  
Balance — January 1, 2008
  $ 1,313,821       2,654  
Total realized/unrealized gains (losses):
               
Included in earnings
          12,720 (a)
Included in other comprehensive income
    (61,511 )      
Purchases, sales, issuances and settlements, net
    (50,573 )      
Transfers in and/or out of Level 3
    (28,936 )     (7,246 )
 
           
Balance — March 31, 2008
  $ 1,172,801       8,128  
 
           
 
               
Changes in unrealized gains (losses) included in earnings related to assets
and liabilities still recorded on the balance sheet at March 31, 2008
  $       8,128 (a)
 
(a)   Reported as mortgage banking revenues in the consolidated statement of income and includes the fair value of commitment issuances and expirations.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
     The Company is required, on a nonrecurring basis, to adjust the carrying value of certain assets or provide valuation allowances related to certain assets using fair value measurements in accordance with GAAP.
Loans

Loans are generally not recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. Periodically, the Company records nonrecurring adjustments to the carrying value of loans based on fair value measurements for partial charge-offs of the uncollectible portions of those loans. Nonrecurring adjustments also include certain impairment amounts for collateral-dependent loans calculated in accordance with SFAS No. 114, “Accounting by Creditors for Impairment of a Loan,” when establishing the allowance for credit losses. Such amounts are generally based on the fair value of the underlying collateral supporting the loan and, as a result, the carrying value of the loan less the calculated valuation amount does not necessarily represent the fair value of the loan. Real estate collateral is typically valued using independent appraisals or other indications of value based on recent comparable sales of similar properties or assumptions generally observable in the marketplace and the related nonrecurring fair value measurement adjustments have generally been classified as Level 2. Estimates of fair value used for other collateral supporting commercial loans generally are based on assumptions not observable in the marketplace and therefore such valuations have been classified as Level 3.
Capitalized servicing rights

Capitalized servicing rights are initially measured at fair value in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. The Company utilizes the amortization method to subsequently measure its capitalized servicing assets. In accordance with SFAS No. 156, “Accounting for Servicing of Financial Assets — an amendment to FASB Statement No. 140,” the Company must record impairment charges, on a nonrecurring basis, when the carrying value of certain strata exceed their estimated fair value. To estimate the fair value of servicing rights, the Company considers market prices for similar assets and the present value of expected future cash flows associated with the servicing rights calculated using assumptions that market participants would use in estimating future servicing income and expense. Such assumptions include estimates of the cost of servicing loans, loan default rates, an appropriate discount rate, and prepayment speeds. For purposes of evaluating and measuring impairment of capitalized servicing rights, the Company stratifies such assets based on the predominant risk characteristics of the underlying financial instruments that are expected to have the most impact on projected prepayments, cost of servicing and other factors affecting future cash flows associated with the servicing rights. Such factors may include financial asset or loan type, note rate and term. The amount of impairment recognized is the amount by which the carrying value of the capitalized servicing rights for a stratum exceed estimated fair value. Impairment is recognized through a valuation allowance. The determination of fair value of capitalized servicing rights is considered a Level 3 valuation.

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
10. Fair value measurements, continued
     Assets subject to the nonrecurring fair value measurements described herein included in the consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2008 are summarized in the following table.
                                         
                                    Fair value  
                                    losses  
                                    recognized  
    Carrying value at March 31, 2008     during the  
                                    quarter ended  
    Total     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     March 31, 2008  
            (in thousands)                  
Loans
  $ 201,882             147,554       54,328       (22,552 )
Capitalized servicing rights
    67,161                   67,161       (4,500 )

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Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Overview
M&T Bank Corporation (“M&T”) recorded net income in the first quarter of 2008 of $202 million or $1.82 of diluted earnings per common share, up 15% and 16%, respectively, from $176 million or $1.57 of diluted earnings per common share in the first quarter of 2007. During the fourth quarter of 2007, net income was $65 million or $.60 of diluted earnings per common share. Basic earnings per common share were $1.84 in the initial quarter of 2008, compared with $1.60 and $.60 in the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively. The after-tax impact of acquisition and integration-related expenses (included herein as merger-related expenses) associated with the November 30, 2007 acquisition of Partners Trust Financial Group, Inc. (“Partners Trust”) and the December 7, 2007 acquisition by M&T Bank, the principal bank subsidiary of M&T, of the Mid-Atlantic retail banking franchise of First Horizon Bank (“First Horizon”) was $2 million ($4 million pre-tax) or $.02 of basic and diluted earnings per share in the first quarter of 2008, compared with $9 million ($15 million pre-tax) or $.08 of basic and diluted earnings per share in the fourth quarter of 2007. There were no similar expenses in 2007’s initial quarter.
     The annualized rate of return on average total assets for M&T and its consolidated subsidiaries (“the Company”) in each of the first quarters of 2008 and 2007 was 1.25%, compared with .42% in the fourth quarter of 2007. The annualized rate of return on average common stockholders’ equity was 12.49% in the first three months of 2008, compared with 11.38% and 4.05% in the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively.
     The Company’s financial results for the first three months of 2008 reflect $29 million, or $.26 of diluted earnings per share, resulting from M&T Bank’s status as a member bank of Visa. During the last quarter of 2007, Visa completed a reorganization in contemplation of its initial public offering (“IPO”) in 2008. As part of that reorganization M&T Bank and other member banks of Visa received shares of Class B common stock of Visa. Those banks are also obligated under various agreements with Visa to share in losses stemming from certain litigation involving Visa (“Covered Litigation”). As of December 31, 2007, although Visa was expected to set aside a portion of the proceeds from its IPO in an escrow account to fund any judgments or settlements that may arise out of the Covered Litigation, guidance from the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) indicated that Visa member banks should record a liability for the fair value of the contingent obligation to Visa. The estimation of the Company’s proportionate share of any potential losses related to the Covered Litigation was extremely difficult and involved a great deal of judgment. Nevertheless, in the fourth quarter of 2007 the Company recorded a pre-tax charge of $23 million ($14 million after tax effect, or $.13 per diluted share) related to the Covered Litigation. In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and consistent with the SEC guidance, the Company did not recognize any value for its common stock ownership interest in Visa as of the 2007 year-end. During the first quarter of 2008, Visa completed its IPO and, as part of the transaction, funded an escrow account with $3 billion from the proceeds of the IPO to cover potential settlements arising out of the Covered Litigation. As a result, during the first three months of 2008, the Company reversed approximately $15 million of the $23 million accrued during the fourth quarter of 2007 for the Covered Litigation. In addition, M&T Bank was allocated 1,967,028 Class B common shares of Visa based on its proportionate ownership of Visa. Of those shares, 760,455 were mandatorily redeemed in March 2008 for an after-tax gain of $20 million ($33 million pre-tax), which has been recorded as gain on bank investment securities in the consolidated statement of income.

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     Throughout 2007 and the first three months of 2008, the residential real estate marketplace in the United States has experienced unprecedented turbulence. Problems experienced by lenders in the sub-prime residential mortgage lending market also had negative repercussions on the rest of the residential real estate marketplace. Those marketplace conditions had a direct impact on the Company’s financial results during that time frame. Specifically, financial results for the first and fourth quarters of 2007 were adversely impacted by several events.
     Through early 2007, the Company had been an active participant in the origination of alternative (“Alt-A”) residential real estate loans and the sale of such loans in the secondary market. Alt-A loans originated by the Company typically included some form of limited documentation requirements as compared with more traditional residential real estate loans. Unfavorable market conditions during the first quarter of 2007, including a lack of liquidity by previously active purchasers, impacted the Company’s willingness to sell Alt-A loans, as an auction of such loans initiated by the Company at that time received fewer bids than normal and the pricing of those bids was substantially lower than expected. As a result, $883 million of Alt-A loans previously held for sale (including $808 million of first mortgage loans and $75 million of second mortgage loans) were transferred in March 2007 to the Company’s held-for-investment loan portfolio. In accordance with GAAP, loans held for sale must be recorded at the lower of cost or market value. Accordingly, prior to reclassifying the Alt-A mortgage loans to the held-for-investment portfolio, the carrying value of such loans was reduced by $12 million ($7 million after tax effect, or $.07 of diluted earnings per share). Those loans were reclassified because management believed at that time that the value of the Alt-A residential real estate loans was greater than the amount implied by the few bidders who were active in the market.
     The downturn in the residential real estate market, specifically related to declining real estate valuations and higher delinquencies, continued throughout the remainder of 2007 and had a negative effect on the majority of financial institutions active in residential real estate lending. Margins earned by the Company from sales of residential real estate loans in the secondary market were lower in 2007 than in 2006.
     Additionally, the Company may be contractually obligated to repurchase some previously sold residential real estate loans that do not ultimately meet investor sale criteria, including instances where mortgagors failed to make timely payments during the first 90 days subsequent to the sale date. Requests from investors for the Company to repurchase residential real estate loans increased significantly in early 2007, particularly related to Alt-A loans. As a result, during 2007’s first quarter the Company reduced mortgage banking revenues by $6 million ($4 million after tax effect, or $.03 of diluted earnings per share) related to declines in market values of previously sold residential real estate loans that the Company may be required to repurchase. Most of those loans have not been repurchased as of March 31, 2008.
     Including the impact of the $883 million of loans noted above, the Company had $1.2 billion of Alt-A residential real estate loans in its held-for-investment loan portfolio at December 31, 2007. Lower real estate values and higher levels of delinquencies and charge-offs contributed to increased losses in that portfolio during 2007, which led to an assessment of the Company’s accounting practices during the fourth quarter as they related to the timing of the classification of residential real estate loans as nonaccrual and when such loans were charged off. Beginning in 2007’s fourth quarter, residential real estate loans were classified as nonaccrual when principal or interest payments became 90 days delinquent. Previously, residential real estate loans had been placed in nonaccrual status when payments were 180 past due. Also in 2007’s fourth quarter, the Company began charging off the excess of residential real estate loan balances over the net

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realizable value of the property collateralizing the loan when such loans become 150 days delinquent, whereas previously the Company provided an allowance for credit losses for those amounts and charged-off loans upon foreclosure of the underlying property. The impact of the acceleration of the classification of residential real estate loans as nonaccrual resulted in an increase in nonperforming loans of $84 million at December 31, 2007 and a corresponding decrease in loans past due 90 days and accruing interest. As a result of that acceleration, previously accrued interest of $2 million was reversed and charged against income in the fourth quarter of 2007. Included in the $53 million of net charge-offs during the fourth quarter of 2007 were $15 million resulting from the change in accounting procedure. The declining residential real estate values also contributed to specific allocations of the allowance for credit losses related to two residential real estate builders and developers during the fourth quarter of 2007. Considering these and other factors, the Company significantly increased the provision for credit losses in the fourth quarter of 2007 to $101 million. Market prices for residential real estate properties, including properties under development, have continued to be weak throughout the first quarter of 2008. That weakness contributed to the Company recording a provision for credit losses of $60 million in the recent quarter, up from $27 million in the year-earlier quarter. Additional information about credit losses and nonperforming loans is included herein under the heading “Provision for Credit Losses.”
     The turbulence in the residential real estate market in 2007 also negatively affected the Company’s investment securities portfolio. Three collateralized debt obligations were purchased in the first quarter of 2007 for approximately $132 million. The securities are backed largely by residential mortgage-backed securities (collateralized by a mix of prime, mid-prime and sub-prime residential mortgage loans) and are held in the Company’s available-for-sale portfolio. Although these securities were highly rated when purchased, two of the three securities were downgraded by the rating agencies in late-2007. After a thorough analysis, management concluded that the impairment of these securities was other than temporary. As a result, the Company recorded an impairment charge of $127 million ($78 million after tax effect, or $.71 of diluted earnings per share) in the fourth quarter of 2007.
Supplemental Reporting of Non-GAAP Results of Operations
As a result of business combinations and other acquisitions, the Company had intangible assets consisting of goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets totaling $3.4 billion at each of March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007 and $3.1 billion at March 31, 2007. Included in such intangible assets was goodwill of $3.2 billion at each of March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, and $2.9 billion at March 31, 2007. Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets, after tax effect, was $11 million ($.10 per diluted share) during each of the first quarters of 2008 and 2007, and $10 million ($.09 per diluted share) in the fourth quarter of 2007.
     M&T consistently provides supplemental reporting of its results on a “net operating” or “tangible” basis, in which M&T excludes the after-tax effect of amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets (and the related goodwill, core deposit intangible and other intangible asset balances, net of applicable deferred tax amounts, when calculating certain performance ratios) and expenses associated with integrating acquired operations into the Company, since such expenses are considered by management to be “nonoperating” in nature. Although “net operating income” as defined by M&T is not a GAAP measure, M&T’s management believes that this information helps investors understand the effect of acquisition activity in reported results.

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     Net operating income rose 15% to $216 million in the first quarter of 2008 from $187 million in the year-earlier quarter. Diluted net operating earnings per share for the initial quarter of 2008 were $1.94, up 16% from $1.67 in the corresponding 2007 quarter. Net operating income and diluted net operating earnings per share were $84 million and $.77, respectively, in the fourth quarter of 2007.
     Net operating income in the recently completed quarter represented an annualized rate of return on average tangible assets of 1.41%, compared with 1.40% and .57% in the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively. Net operating income expressed as an annualized return on average tangible common equity was 27.86% in the first quarter of 2008, compared with 24.11% in the year-earlier quarter and 10.49% in the final quarter of 2007.
     Reconciliations of GAAP results with non-GAAP results are provided in table 2.
Taxable-equivalent Net Interest Income
Taxable-equivalent net interest income increased to $485 million in the first quarter of 2008, up 6% from $456 million in the similar 2007 quarter and 2% above $476 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. The improvement in the recent quarter as compared with the first quarter of 2007 reflects a $7.0 billion, or 14%, increase in average earning assets that was partially offset by a 26 basis point (hundredths of one percent) narrowing of the Company’s net interest margin, or taxable-equivalent net interest income expressed as an annualized percentage of average earning assets. The recent quarter’s improvement in taxable-equivalent net interest income as compared with 2007’s final quarter also resulted from growth in the average balance of earning assets, which rose $2.9 billion or 5%, partially offset by a 7 basis point narrowing of the net interest margin. Earning assets obtained in the Partners Trust and First Horizon transactions at the respective acquisition dates in the fourth quarter of 2007 were $3.1 billion and $214 million, respectively.
     Average loans and leases rose $5.5 billion, or 13%, to $48.6 billion in the first quarter of 2008 from $43.1 billion in the year-earlier quarter, and were $2.5 billion, or 5% higher than the $46.1 billion average in the fourth quarter of 2007. Included in average loans and leases in the first quarter of 2008 were loans obtained in the 2007 acquisitions of approximately $1.4 billion, compared with an average loan balance impact of approximately $750 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. Commercial loans and leases averaged $13.3 billion in the initial 2008 quarter, up 13% from $11.8 billion in the year-earlier quarter. Average commercial real estate loans rose $2.5 billion or 16% to $18.0 billion in the recent quarter from $15.5 billion in the first quarter of 2007. The Company’s residential real estate loan portfolio averaged $6.0 billion in 2008’s initial quarter, up slightly from $5.9 billion in the similar quarter of 2007. Included in that portfolio were loans held for sale, which averaged $718 million in the recently completed quarter, compared with $1.8 billion in the first quarter of 2007. Excluding such loans, average residential real estate loans increased $1.1 billion from the first quarter of 2007 to the first quarter of 2008. Average consumer loans and leases totaled $11.3 billion in the recent quarter, up $1.3 billion or 14% from $9.9 billion in the year-earlier period. That growth was due largely to higher average automobile loan balances outstanding, including approximately $350 million of average automobile loan balances related to the 2007 acquisition transactions.

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     The Company experienced growth of $757 million or 6% in average commercial loan balances in the recent quarter as compared with the fourth quarter of 2007. Average commercial real estate loans rose $1.5 billion or 9% from $16.5 billion in the final 2007 quarter. The average balances outstanding for residential real estate loans in the recent quarter declined $351 million or 6% from the fourth quarter of 2007, while average consumer loans outstanding were up $579 million or 5% from the final 2007 quarter. The decline in average residential real estate loans from 2007’s fourth quarter to the recent quarter reflects a December 2007 securitization of approximately $950 million of loans obtained in the Partners Trust acquisition into Federal National Mortgage Association (“FNMA”) mortgage-backed securities. Those securities are guaranteed by FNMA and there is no credit recourse to the Company. The Company recognized no gain or loss on the transaction as it retained all of the resulting securities, which are held in the available-for-sale investment securities portfolio. Approximately three-fourths of the rise in average consumer loan balances from the fourth quarter of 2007 to the first 2008 quarter also resulted from the acquisition transactions. The accompanying table summarizes quarterly changes in the major components of the loan and lease portfolio.
AVERAGE LOANS AND LEASES
(net of unearned discount)
Dollars in millions
                         
            Percent increase  
            (decrease) from  
    1st Qtr.     1st Qtr.     4th Qtr.  
    2008     2007     2007  
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 13,308       13 %     6 %
Real estate — commercial
    17,994       16       9  
Real estate — consumer
    5,977       1       (6 )
Consumer
                       
Automobile
    3,744       35       9  
Home equity lines
    4,317       3       3  
Home equity loans
    1,150       (1 )     3  
Other
    2,085       15       6  
 
                 
Total consumer
    11,296       14       5  
 
                 
Total
  $ 48,575       13 %     5 %
 
                 
     The investment securities portfolio averaged $8.9 billion during the initial quarter of 2008, 24% higher than $7.2 billion in the year-earlier quarter and up 13% from $7.9 billion in the fourth quarter of 2007. The increases in such securities from both the first and fourth quarters of 2007 reflect the impact of the previously noted late-December 2007 securitization transaction. The investment securities portfolio is largely comprised of residential and commercial mortgage-backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations, debt securities issued by municipalities, debt and preferred equity securities issued by government-sponsored agencies and certain financial institutions, and shorter-term U.S. Treasury and federal agency notes.
     When purchasing investment securities, the Company considers its overall interest-rate risk profile as well as the adequacy of expected returns relative to risks assumed, including prepayments. In managing its investment securities portfolio, the Company occasionally sells investment securities as a result of changes in interest rates and spreads, actual or anticipated prepayments, credit risk associated with a particular security, or as a result of restructuring its investment securities portfolio following completion of a business combination. The Company regularly reviews its investment securities for declines in value below amortized cost that might be characterized as “other than temporary.” As previously discussed, during the fourth quarter of 2007 the Company recognized other-than-temporary impairment charges of $127 million related to $132 million of collateralized debt obligations. As of March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, the Company concluded that the declines in value of other of its investment securities

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were temporary in nature. Further discussion of the fair value of investment securities is included herein under the heading “Capital.”
     Other earning assets include deposits at banks, trading account assets, federal funds sold and agreements to resell securities. Those other earning assets in the aggregate averaged $214 million in the recently completed quarter, compared with $365 million and $805 million in the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively. The decline in such assets in the recent quarter as compared with the immediately preceding quarter resulted from maturities of investment securities under agreements to resell. Those resell agreements had been entered into primarily to collateralize municipal deposits. Resell agreements are accounted for similar to collateralized loans, with changes in the fair value of the collateral monitored by the Company to ensure sufficient coverage. Such agreements averaged $286 million and $713 million in the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively, compared with $115 million during the initial quarter of 2008. The amounts of investment securities and other earning assets held by the Company are influenced by such factors as demand for loans, which generally yield more than investment securities and other earning assets, ongoing repayments, the level of deposits, and management of balance sheet size and resulting capital ratios.
     As a result of the changes described herein, average earning assets rose 14% to $57.7 billion in the first quarter of 2008 from $50.7 billion in the corresponding 2007 quarter. Average earning assets aggregated $54.8 billion in the fourth quarter of 2007.
     The most significant source of funding for the Company is core deposits, which are comprised of noninterest-bearing deposits, interest-bearing transaction accounts, nonbrokered savings deposits and nonbrokered domestic time deposits under $100,000. The Company’s branch network is its principal source of core deposits, which generally carry lower interest rates than wholesale funds of comparable maturities. Certificates of deposit under $100,000 generated on a nationwide basis by M&T Bank, National Association (“M&T Bank, N.A.”), a wholly owned bank subsidiary of M&T, are also included in core deposits. Core deposits averaged $30.6 billion in the first quarter of 2008, compared with $28.6 billion in the corresponding quarter of 2007 and $28.9 billion in the final quarter of 2007. The Partners Trust and First Horizon acquisition transactions in 2007’s fourth quarter added approximately $2.0 billion of core deposits at acquisition, but only added $620 million to average core deposits during the fourth quarter of 2007. The following table provides an analysis of quarterly changes in the components of average core deposits.
AVERAGE CORE DEPOSITS
Dollars in millions
                         
            Percent increase  
            (decrease) from  
    1st Qtr.     1st Qtr.     4th Qtr.  
    2008     2007     2007  
NOW accounts
  $ 484       11 %     (1 )%
Savings deposits
    16,740       14       10  
Time deposits less than $100,000
    5,977       (1 )     4  
Noninterest-bearing deposits
    7,435             (1 )
 
                 
Total
  $ 30,636       7 %     6 %
 
                 
     Additional sources of funding for the Company include domestic time deposits of $100,000 or more, deposits originated through the Company’s offshore branch office, and brokered deposits. Domestic time deposits over $100,000, excluding brokered certificates of deposit, averaged $2.6 billion during the quarter ended March 31, 2008, compared with $2.9 billion in the first quarter of 2007 and $2.8 billion in 2007’s fourth quarter. Offshore branch deposits, primarily comprised of accounts with balances of $100,000 or more, averaged $4.8 billion, $3.7 billion and $5.0 billion for the quarters ended March 31, 2008, March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively. Average brokered time deposits totaled $1.8 billion during the recently completed quarter,

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compared with $2.8 billion and $1.9 billion in the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively. In connection with the Company’s management of interest rate risk, interest rate swap agreements have been entered into under which the Company receives a fixed rate of interest and pays a variable rate and that have notional amounts and terms substantially similar to the amounts and terms of $135 million of brokered time deposits. The Company also had brokered money-market deposit accounts which averaged $102 million during the first quarter of 2008, compared with $84 million in the year-earlier quarter and $98 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. Offshore branch deposits and brokered deposits have been used by the Company as an alternative to short-term borrowings. Additional amounts of offshore branch deposits or brokered deposits may be solicited in the future depending on market conditions, including demand by customers and other investors for such deposits, and the cost of funds available from alternative sources at the time.
     The Company also uses borrowings from banks, securities dealers, various Federal Home Loan Banks (“FHLBs”), and others as sources of funding. Short-term borrowings averaged $7.2 billion in the first 2008 quarter, compared with $4.9 billion in the year-earlier quarter and $5.9 billion in the last 2007 quarter. Included in short-term borrowings were unsecured federal funds borrowings, which generally mature daily, that averaged $5.6 billion in the recent quarter, compared with $4.1 billion and $4.8 billion in the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively. Overnight federal funds borrowings represent the largest component of short-term borrowings and are obtained from a wide variety of banks and other financial institutions. Also included in short-term borrowings is a $500 million revolving asset-backed structured borrowing secured by automobile loans that were transferred to M&T Auto Receivables I, LLC, a special purpose subsidiary of M&T Bank. The special purpose subsidiary, the loans and the borrowings are included in the consolidated financial statements of the Company. Average short-term borrowings during the recent quarter included $781 million of borrowings from the FHLB of New York, compared with $617 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. There were no similar short-term borrowings outstanding during the first quarter of 2007.
     Long-term borrowings averaged $10.3 billion in the first quarter of 2008, compared with $7.3 billion in the corresponding 2007 quarter and $9.8 billion in the fourth quarter of 2007. Included in average long-term borrowings were amounts borrowed from the FHLBs of $5.4 billion in the initial quarter of 2008 and $3.5 billion and $5.5 billion in the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively, and subordinated capital notes of $1.9 billion in the most recent quarter, $1.7 billion in the first quarter of 2007 and $1.6 billion in 2007’s final quarter. M&T Bank issued $400 million of subordinated notes in December 2007, in part to maintain appropriate regulatory capital ratios. Junior subordinated debentures associated with trust preferred securities that were included in average long-term borrowings were $981 million in the first quarter of 2008, compared with $713 million and $725 million in the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively. During January 2008, M&T issued $350 million of Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities, bearing a fixed rate of interest of 8.50% and maturing in 2068. The related junior subordinated debentures are included in long-term borrowings. Information regarding trust preferred securities and the related junior subordinated debentures is provided in note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements. Also included in long-term borrowings were agreements to repurchase securities, which averaged $1.6 billion during the last two quarters, and $1.4 billion in the first quarter of 2007. The agreements have various repurchase dates through 2017, however, the contractual maturities of the underlying securities extend beyond such repurchase dates.
     Changes in the composition of the Company’s earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities as described herein, as well as changes in interest rates and spreads, can impact net interest income. Net interest spread, or the difference between the taxable-equivalent yield on earning assets and the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities, was 2.94% in the first quarter of 2008 and 3.03% in the year-earlier quarter. The yield on earning assets during the

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recent quarter was 6.20%, down 73 basis points from 6.93% in the first quarter of 2007, while the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities decreased 64 basis points to 3.26% from 3.90%. In the fourth quarter of 2007, the net interest spread was 2.90%, the yield on earning assets was 6.65% and the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities was 3.75%. In September 2007, the Federal Reserve began lowering its benchmark overnight federal funds target rate, first by 50 basis points, then twice more during the fourth quarter, each by 25 basis points. In response to deteriorating economic conditions, the Federal Reserve aggressively continued the interest rate reductions during the recent quarter, three times cutting its benchmark rate, in total by 200 basis points. The decline in the Company’s net interest spread during the recent quarter as compared with the first quarter of 2007 was attributable to several factors, including significantly higher loan balances funded partially by wholesale borrowings, higher levels of investment securities and other earning assets that generally yield less than loans, and the impact of the recent acquisition transactions and issuances of long-term borrowings. The improvement in net interest spread from the final quarter of 2007 to the recent quarter was due, in part, to a more rapid decline in rates paid on interest-bearing liabilities, most notably short-term borrowings, than in the yields on earning assets.
     Net interest-free funds consist largely of noninterest-bearing demand deposits and stockholders’ equity, partially offset by bank owned life insurance and non-earning assets, including goodwill, core deposit and other intangible assets and M&T’s investment in Bayview Lending Group LLC (“BLG”), a privately-held commercial mortgage lender, in which M&T invested $300 million in February 2007. BLG specializes in originating, securitizing and servicing small balance commercial real estate loans. Net interest-free funds averaged $7.7 billion in the first quarter of 2008, compared with $8.0 billion in each of the first and fourth quarters of 2007. Goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets averaged $3.4 billion during the quarter ended March 31, 2008, $3.1 billion in the first quarter of 2007 and $3.2 billion in 2007’s final quarter. The cash surrender value of bank owned life insurance averaged $1.2 billion in each of the first quarter of 2008 and the fourth quarter of 2007, and $1.1 billion in the first quarter of 2007. Increases in the cash surrender value of bank owned life insurance and benefits received are not included in interest income, but rather are recorded in “other revenues from operations.”
     The contribution of net interest-free funds to net interest margin was .44% in the recent quarter, compared with .61% in the year-earlier quarter and .55% in 2007’s final quarter. The decrease in the contribution to net interest margin ascribed to net interest-free funds in the recent quarter as compared with the first and fourth quarters of 2007 resulted largely from the impact of lower interest rates on interest-bearing liabilities used to value such contribution.
     Reflecting the changes to the net interest spread and the contribution of interest-free funds as described herein, the Company’s net interest margin was 3.38% in the first quarter of 2008, compared with 3.64% in the first quarter of 2007 and 3.45% in the fourth quarter of 2007. Future changes in market interest rates or spreads, as well as changes in the composition of the Company’s portfolios of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities that result in reductions in spreads, could adversely impact the Company’s net interest income and net interest margin.
     Management assesses the potential impact of future changes in interest rates and spreads by projecting net interest income under several interest rate scenarios. In managing interest rate risk, the Company utilizes interest rate swap agreements to modify the repricing characteristics of certain portions of its portfolios of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. Periodic settlement amounts arising from these agreements are generally reflected in either the yields earned on assets or the rates paid on

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interest-bearing liabilities. The notional amount of interest rate swap agreements entered into for interest rate risk management purposes was approximately $1.2 billion as of March 31, 2008, $1.0 billion as of March 31, 2007 and $2.3 billion as of December 31, 2007. Under the terms of all of the swap agreements outstanding as of March 31, 2007 and 2008 and $842 million of the swap agreements outstanding as of December 31, 2007, the Company received payments based on the outstanding notional amount of the swap agreements at fixed rates and made payments at variable rates. Those swap agreements were designated as fair value hedges of certain fixed rate time deposits and long-term borrowings. There were no interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges at March 31, 2008 or at March 31, 2007. Under the terms of the additional $1.5 billion of swap agreements outstanding at the 2007 year-end, the Company paid a fixed rate of interest and received a variable rate. Those agreements had been designated as cash flow hedges of certain variable rate long-term borrowings. During the first quarter of 2008, those swap agreements were terminated by the Company resulting in the realization of a loss of $37 million. That loss is being amortized over the original hedge period as an adjustment to interest expense associated with the previously hedged long-term borrowings.
     In a fair value hedge, the fair value of the derivative (the interest rate swap agreement) and changes in the fair value of the hedged item are recorded in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet with the corresponding gain or loss recognized in current earnings. The difference between changes in the fair value of the interest rate swap agreements and the hedged items represents hedge ineffectiveness and is recorded in “other revenues from operations” in the Company’s consolidated statement of income. In a cash flow hedge, unlike in a fair value hedge, the effective portion of the derivative’s gain or loss is initially reported as a component of other comprehensive income and subsequently reclassified into earnings when the forecasted transaction affects earnings. The ineffective portion of the gain or loss is reported in “other revenues from operations” immediately. The amounts of hedge ineffectiveness recognized during the quarters ended March 31, 2008 and 2007 and the quarter ended December 31, 2007 were not material to the Company’s results of operations. The estimated aggregate fair value of interest rate swap agreements designated as fair value hedges represented gains of approximately $41 million and $17 million at March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively, and a loss of approximately $12 million at March 31, 2007. The fair values of such swap agreements were substantially offset by changes in the fair values of the hedged items. The estimated fair values of interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges were losses of approximately $17 million at December 31, 2007. No interest rate swap agreements were designated as cash flow hedges at either March 31, 2008 or 2007. The changes in the fair values of the interest rate swap agreements and the hedged items result from the effects of changing interest rates.
     The weighted-average rates to be received and paid under interest rate swap agreements currently in effect were 6.16% and 4.96%, respectively, at March 31, 2008. The average notional amounts of interest rate swap agreements entered into for interest rate risk management purposes, the related effect on net interest income and margin, and the weighted-average rates paid or received on those swap agreements are presented in the accompanying table.

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INTEREST RATE SWAP AGREEMENTS
Dollars in thousands
                                 
    Three months ended March 31  
    2008     2007  
    Amount     Rate*     Amount     Rate*  
Increase (decrease) in:
                               
Interest income
  $         $       %
Interest expense
    (1,440 )     (.01 )     1,355       .01  
 
                           
Net interest income/margin
  $ 1,440       .01 %   $ (1,355 )     (.01 )%
 
                       
Average notional amount
  $ 1,716,307             $ 996,297          
 
                           
Rate received **
            5.72 %             5.71 %
Rate paid **
            5.38 %             6.26 %
 
                           
 
*   Computed as an annualized percentage of average earning assets or interest-bearing liabilities .
 
**   Weighted-average rate paid or received on interest rate swap agreements in effect during the period.
     As a financial intermediary, the Company is exposed to various risks, including liquidity and market risk. Liquidity refers to the Company’s ability to ensure that sufficient cash flow and liquid assets are available to satisfy current and future obligations, including demand for loans and deposit withdrawals, funding operating costs, and other corporate purposes. Liquidity risk arises whenever the maturities of financial instruments included in assets and liabilities differ. M&T’s banking subsidiaries have access to additional funding sources through borrowings from the FHLB of New York, lines of credit with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, and other available borrowing facilities. The Company has, from time to time, issued subordinated capital notes to provide liquidity and enhance regulatory capital ratios. Such notes qualify for inclusion in the Company’s total capital as defined by federal regulators. In December 2007, M&T Bank issued $400 million of subordinated notes. The notes bear a fixed rate of interest of 6.625% and mature in December 2017. As an additional source of funding, the Company maintains a $500 million revolving asset-backed structured borrowing which is collateralized by automobile loans and related assets that have been transferred to a special purpose subsidiary of M&T Bank. That subsidiary, the loans and the borrowing are included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. As existing loans of the subsidiary pay down, monthly proceeds, after payment of certain fees and debt service costs, are used to obtain additional automobile loans from M&T Bank or other subsidiaries to replenish the collateral and maintain the existing borrowing base.
     The Company has informal and sometimes reciprocal sources of funding available through various arrangements for unsecured short-term borrowings from a wide group of banks and other financial institutions. Short-term federal funds borrowings aggregated $4.1 billion at March 31, 2008, $4.2 billion at December 31, 2007 and $3.3 billion at March 31, 2007. In general, those borrowings were unsecured and matured on the following business day. As already noted, offshore branch deposits and brokered certificates of deposit have been used by the Company as an alternative to short-term borrowings. Offshore branch deposits also generally mature on the next business day and totaled $5.7 billion, $4.8 billion and $5.9 billion at March 31, 2008, March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively. At March 31, 2008, the weighted-average remaining term to maturity of brokered time deposits was 9 months. Certain of these brokered time deposits have provisions that allow for early redemption.
     The Company’s ability to obtain funding from these or other sources could be negatively impacted should the Company experience a substantial deterioration in its financial condition or its debt ratings, or should the availability of short-term funding become restricted due to a disruption in

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the financial markets. The Company attempts to quantify such credit-event risk by modeling scenarios that estimate the liquidity impact resulting from a short-term ratings downgrade over various grading levels. Such impact is estimated by attempting to measure the effect on available unsecured lines of credit, available capacity from secured borrowing sources and securitizable assets. In addition to deposits and borrowings, other sources of liquidity include maturities of investment securities and other earning assets, repayments of loans and investment securities, and cash generated from operations, such as fees collected for services.
     Certain customers of the Company obtain financing through the issuance of variable rate demand bonds (“VRDBs”). The VRDBs are generally enhanced by direct-pay letters of credit provided by M&T Bank. M&T Bank oftentimes acts as remarketing agent for the VRDBs and, at its discretion, may from time-to-time own some of the VRDBs while such instruments are remarketed. When this occurs, the VRDBs are classified as trading assets in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. Nevertheless, M&T Bank is not contractually obligated to purchase the VRDBs. The value of VRDBs in the Company’s trading account totaled $9 million at March 31, 2008, $26 million at March 31, 2007 and $63 million at December 31, 2007. The total amount of VRDBs outstanding backed by M&T Bank letters of credit was $1.7 billion at March 31, 2008, March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007. M&T Bank also serves as remarketing agent for most of those bonds.
     The Company enters into contractual obligations in the normal course of business which require future cash payments. Such obligations include, among others, payments related to deposits, borrowings, leases, and other contractual commitments. Off-balance sheet commitments to customers may impact liquidity, including commitments to extend credit, standby letters of credit, commercial letters of credit, financial guarantees and indemnification contracts, and commitments to sell real estate loans. Because many of these commitments or contracts expire without being funded in whole or in part, the contract amounts are not necessarily indicative of future cash flows. Further information about these commitments is provided in note 6 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     M&T’s primary source of funds to pay for operating expenses, shareholder dividends and treasury stock repurchases has historically been the receipt of dividends from its banking subsidiaries, which are subject to various regulatory limitations. Dividends from any banking subsidiary to M&T are limited by the amount of earnings of the banking subsidiary in the current year and the two preceding years. For purposes of the test, at March 31, 2008 approximately $407 million was available for payment of dividends to M&T from banking subsidiaries without prior regulatory approval. These historic sources of cash flow have been augmented in the past by the issuance of trust preferred securities, including $350 million of Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities issued by M&T in January 2008, and the issuance by M&T of $300 million of senior notes payable during the second quarter of 2007. Information regarding trust preferred securities and the related junior subordinated debentures is included in note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements. M&T also maintains a $30 million line of credit with an unaffiliated commercial bank, of which there were no borrowings outstanding at March 31, 2008 or at December 31, 2007.
     Management closely monitors the Company’s liquidity position for compliance with internal policies and believes that available sources of liquidity are adequate to meet funding needs anticipated in the normal course of business. Management does not anticipate engaging in any activities, either currently or in the long-term, for which adequate funding would not be available and would therefore result in a significant strain on liquidity at either M&T or its subsidiary banks.
     Market risk is the risk of loss from adverse changes in the market prices and/or interest rates of the Company’s financial instruments. The primary market risk the Company is exposed to is interest rate risk. Interest rate risk arises from the Company’s core banking activities of

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lending and deposit-taking, because assets and liabilities reprice at different times and by different amounts as interest rates change. As a result, net interest income earned by the Company is subject to the effects of changing interest rates. The Company measures interest rate risk by calculating the variability of net interest income in future periods under various interest rate scenarios using projected balances for earning assets, interest-bearing liabilities and derivatives used to hedge interest rate risk. Management’s philosophy toward interest rate risk management is to limit the variability of net interest income. The balances of financial instruments used in the projections are based on expected growth from forecasted business opportunities, anticipated prepayments of loans and investment securities, and expected maturities of investment securities, loans and deposits. Management uses a “value of equity” model to supplement the modeling technique described above. Those supplemental analyses are based on discounted cash flows associated with on- and off-balance sheet financial instruments. Such analyses are modeled to reflect changes in interest rates and provide management with a long-term interest rate risk metric.
     The Company’s Risk Management Committee, which includes members of senior management, monitors the sensitivity of the Company’s net interest income to changes in interest rates with the aid of a computer model that forecasts net interest income under different interest rate scenarios. In modeling changing interest rates, the Company considers different yield curve shapes that consider both parallel (that is, simultaneous changes in interest rates at each point on the yield curve) and non-parallel (that is, allowing interest rates at points on the yield curve to vary by different amounts) shifts in the yield curve. In utilizing the model, market implied forward interest rates over the subsequent twelve months are generally used to determine a base interest rate scenario for the net interest income simulation. That calculated base net interest income is then compared to the income calculated under the varying interest rate scenarios. The model considers the impact of ongoing lending and deposit-gathering activities, as well as interrelationships in the magnitude and timing of the repricing of financial instruments, including the effect of changing interest rates on expected prepayments and maturities. When deemed prudent, management has taken actions to mitigate exposure to interest rate risk through the use of on- or off-balance sheet financial instruments and intends to do so in the future. Possible actions include, but are not limited to, changes in the pricing of loan and deposit products, modifying the composition of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, and adding to, modifying or terminating existing interest rate swap agreements or other financial instruments used for interest rate risk management purposes.
     The accompanying table as of March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007 displays the estimated impact on net interest income from non-trading financial instruments in the base scenario described above resulting from parallel changes in interest rates across repricing categories during the first modeling year.
SENSITIVITY OF NET INTEREST INCOME
TO CHANGES IN INTEREST RATES
Dollars in thousands
                 
    Calculated increase(decrease)
    in projected net interest income
Changes in interest rates   March 31, 2008   December 31, 2007
+200 basis points
  $ (1,512 )     4,707  
+100 basis points
    (4,204 )     (996 )
-100 basis points
    (3,682 )     (16,432 )
-200 basis points
    (17,332 )     (24,284 )
     The Company utilized many assumptions to calculate the impact that changes in interest rates may have on net interest income. The more significant of those assumptions included the rate of prepayments of mortgage-related assets, cash flows from derivative and other financial

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instruments held for non-trading purposes, loan and deposit volumes and pricing, and deposit maturities. In the scenarios presented, the Company also assumed gradual changes in rates during a twelve-month period of 100 and 200 basis points as compared with the assumed base scenario. In the event that a 100 or 200 basis point rate change cannot be achieved, the applicable rate changes are limited to lesser amounts such that interest rates cannot be less than zero. The assumptions used in interest rate sensitivity modeling are inherently uncertain and, as a result, the Company cannot precisely predict the impact of changes in interest rates on net interest income. Actual results may differ significantly from those presented due to the timing, magnitude and frequency of changes in interest rates and changes in market conditions and interest rate differentials (spreads) between maturity/repricing categories, as well as any actions, such as those previously described, which management may take to counter such changes. In light of the uncertainties and assumptions associated with the process, the amounts presented in the table and changes in such amounts are not considered significant to the Company’s past or projected net interest income.
     Changes in fair value of the Company’s financial instruments can also result from a lack of trading activity for similar instruments in the financial markets. That impact is most notable on the values assigned to the Company’s investment securities. Information about the fair valuation of such securities is presented herein under the heading “Capital” and in note 10 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     The Company engages in trading activities to meet the financial needs of customers, to fund the Company’s obligations under certain deferred compensation plans and, to a limited extent, to profit from perceived market opportunities. Financial instruments utilized in trading activities consist predominantly of interest rate contracts, such as swap agreements, and forward and futures contracts related to foreign currencies, but have also included forward and futures contracts related to mortgage-backed securities and investments in U.S. Treasury and other government securities, mortgage-backed securities and mutual funds, and as previously described, a limited number of VRDB’s. The Company generally mitigates the foreign currency and interest rate risk associated with trading activities by entering into offsetting trading positions. The amounts of gross and net trading positions, as well as the type of trading activities conducted by the Company, are subject to a well-defined series of potential loss exposure limits established by management and approved by M&T’s Board of Directors. However, as with any non-government guaranteed financial instrument, the Company is exposed to credit risk associated with counterparties to the Company’s trading activities.
     The notional amounts of interest rate contracts entered into for trading purposes aggregated $12.8 billion at March 31, 2008, compared with $8.1 billion at March 31, 2007 and $11.7 billion at December 31, 2007. The increase in the notional amounts of such contracts from March 31, 2007 to the two most recent quarter-ends was due largely to increased commercial lending volumes and the desire of commercial customers to use swap agreements to modify the characteristics of their borrowings. The notional amounts of foreign currency and other option and futures contracts entered into for trading purposes totaled $902 million at March 31, 2008, compared with $678 million and $801 million at March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively. Although the notional amounts of these interest rate and foreign currency trading transactions are not recorded in the consolidated balance sheet, the fair values of all financial instruments used for trading activities are recorded in the consolidated balance sheet. The fair values of all trading account assets and liabilities were $372 million and $290 million, respectively, at March 31, 2008, $154 million and $61 million, respectively, at March 31, 2007, and $281 million and $143 million, respectively, at December 31, 2007. The higher asset and liability balances at the recent quarter-end as compared with a year earlier and at the 2007 year-end were the result of higher interest rate swap agreements in the trading portfolio, for which the related

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fair values largely offset each other, as the Company generally enters into offsetting positions. Included in trading account assets were assets related to deferred compensation plans totaling $43 million and $45 million at March 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $47 million at December 31, 2007. Changes in the fair values of such assets are recorded as trading account and foreign exchange gains in the consolidated statement of income. Included in other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2008 and March 31, 2007 were $47 million and $49 million, respectively, of liabilities related to deferred compensation plans, compared with $50 million at December 31, 2007. Changes in the balances of such liabilities due to the valuation of allocated investment options to which the liabilities are indexed are recorded in “other costs of operations” in the consolidated statement of income.
     Given the Company’s policies, limits and positions, management believes that the potential loss exposure to the Company resulting from market risk associated with trading activities was not material, however, as previously noted, the Company is exposed to credit risk associated with counterparties to transactions associated with the Company’s trading activities.
Provision for Credit Losses
The Company maintains an allowance for credit losses that in management’s judgment is adequate to absorb losses inherent in the loan and lease portfolio. A provision for credit losses is recorded to adjust the level of the allowance as deemed necessary by management. The provision for credit losses in the first quarter of 2008 was $60 million, compared with $27 million in the year-earlier quarter and $101 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. The higher level of the provision in the recent quarter as compared with the first quarter of 2007 reflects changes in the loan portfolio, the impact of declining residential real estate valuations and higher delinquencies and charge-offs related to the Alt-A residential real estate loan portfolio, and declining real estate values related to residential real estate builder and developer collateral. The lower level of the provision as compared with the fourth quarter of 2007 was due, in part, to provisions established during the final 2007 quarter related to Alt-A residential real estate loans and two residential builders and developers resulting from declining real estate valuations. Net loan charge-offs were $46 million and $17 million in the first quarter of 2008 and 2007, respectively, compared with $53 million during the last quarter of 2007. Net charge-offs as an annualized percentage of average loans and leases were .38% in the first quarter of 2008, compared with .16% and .46% in the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively. A summary of net charge-offs by loan type follows:
NET CHARGE-OFFS
BY LOAN/LEASE TYPE
In thousands
                         
    First Quarter     First Quarter     Fourth Quarter  
    2008     2007     2007  
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 4,377       4,533       8,997  
Real estate:
                       
Commercial
    4,380       671       4,528  
Residential
    15,097       1,369       10,488  
Consumer
    21,961       10,618       29,292  
 
                 
 
  $ 45,815       17,191       53,305  
 
                 
     Nonperforming loans, consisting of nonaccrual and restructured loans, totaled $495 million or 1.00% of total loans and leases outstanding at March 31, 2008, compared with $273 million or .63% a year earlier and $447 million or .93% at December 31, 2007. Major factors contributing to the rise in nonperforming loans from the first quarter of 2007 were a $146 million increase in residential real estate loans and a $91 million rise in loans to residential builders and developers. The increase in nonperforming residential real estate loans was the result of the residential real estate market turmoil and its

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impact on the portfolio of Alt-A loans and also reflected a change in accounting procedure in December 2007 whereby residential real estate loans previously classified as nonaccrual when payments were 180 days past due now stop accruing interest when principal or interest is delinquent 90 days. The impact of the acceleration of the classification of such loans as nonaccrual resulted in an increase in nonperforming loans of $79 million and $84 million at March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively. The higher level of nonaccrual loans to builders and developers was largely due to deteriorating residential real estate values.
     Accruing loans past due 90 days or more were $81 million or .17% of total loans and leases at March 31, 2008, compared with $118 million or .27% at March 31, 2007 and $77 million or .16% at December 31, 2007. Those loans included $77 million, $71 million and $73 million at March 31, 2008, March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively, of loans guaranteed by government-related entities. Such guaranteed loans included one-to-four family residential mortgage loans serviced by the Company that were repurchased to reduce associated servicing costs, including a requirement to advance principal and interest payments that had not been received from individual mortgagors. Despite the loans being purchased by the Company, the insurance or guarantee by the applicable government-related entity remains in force. The outstanding principal balances of the repurchased loans are fully guaranteed by government-related entities and totaled $72 million and $61 million as of March 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $67 million at December 31, 2007. Loans past due 90 days or more and accruing interest that were guaranteed by government-related entities also included foreign commercial and industrial loans supported by the Export-Import Bank of the United States that totaled $4 million at March 31, 2008, $10 million at March 31, 2007 and $5 million at December 31, 2007.
     Commercial loans and leases classified as nonperforming aggregated $85 million at March 31, 2008, $113 million at March 31, 2007 and $79 million at December 31, 2007. The decline in such loans from March 31, 2007 to the last two quarter-ends was due, in part, to a reduction of nonperforming loans to automobile dealers predominantly due to payments received.
     Nonperforming commercial real estate loans totaled $141 million at March 31, 2008, $64 million at March 31, 2007 and $118 million at December 31, 2007. The rise in such loans at March 31, 2008 as compared with the end of the first quarter of 2007 was the result of the addition of $91 million of loans to residential homebuilders and developers, reflecting the impact of the downturn in the residential real estate market, including declining real estate values. The collateral securing those loans is largely located in the Mid-Atlantic region. The increase from the 2007 year-end was due, in part, to the net addition of $11 million of loans to residential homebuilders and developers.
     Residential real estate loans classified as nonperforming were $198 million at March 31, 2008, compared with $50 million at March 31, 2007 and $181 million at December 31, 2007. As already noted, the significant increase in such loans from March 31, 2007 includes the effect of the change in accounting procedure for nonaccrual residential real estate loans. Declining real estate values and higher levels of delinquencies have also contributed to the rise in residential real estate loans classified as nonaccrual, largely in the Company’s Alt-A portfolio, and to the level of charge-offs. Included in residential real estate loans net charge-offs and nonperforming loans were net charge-offs of Alt-A loans in the first quarter of 2008 of $12 million, compared with $1 million and $7 million during the quarters ended March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively, while nonperforming Alt-A loans totaled $107 million, $14 million and $90 million at March 31, 2008, March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively. Residential real estate loans past due 90 days or more and accruing interest totaled $72 million at March 31, 2008, compared with $96 million a year earlier and $66 million at

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December 31, 2007. A substantial portion of such amounts relate to guaranteed loans repurchased from government-related entities.
     Nonperforming consumer loans and leases aggregated $71 million at March 31, 2008, compared with $46 million at March 31, 2007 and $69 million at December 31, 2007. Included in nonperforming consumer loans and leases at March 31, 2008, March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007 were indirect automobile loans of $18 million, $8 million and $16 million, respectively; recreational vehicle loans of $12 million, $6 million and $11 million, respectively; and outstanding balances of home equity lines of credit of $13 million, $9 million and $12 million, respectively. As a percentage of consumer loan balances outstanding, nonperforming consumer loans and leases were .63% at March 31, 2008, compared with .47% and .61% at March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively. The Company experienced a rise in delinquencies in the consumer loan portfolio over the last several quarters, largely related to indirect automobile and recreational vehicle loans.
     Assets acquired in settlement of defaulted loans were $53 million at March 31, 2008, compared with $15 million at March 31, 2007 and $40 million at December 31, 2007. The increases from 2007 resulted from higher residential real estate loan defaults.
     A comparative summary of nonperforming assets and certain past due loan data and credit quality ratios as of the end of the periods indicated is presented in the accompanying table.
NONPERFORMING ASSET AND PAST DUE LOAN DATA
Dollars in thousands
                                         
    2008             2007 Quarters        
    First Quarter     Fourth     Third     Second     First  
Nonaccrual loans
  $ 477,436       431,282       356,438       282,133       259,015  
Renegotiated loans
    17,084       15,884       14,953       13,706       14,210  
 
                             
Total nonperforming loans
    494,520       447,166       371,391       295,839       273,225  
Real estate and other assets owned
    52,805       40,175       22,080       17,837       15,095  
 
                             
Total nonperforming assets
  $ 547,325       487,341       393,471       313,676       288,320  
 
                             
 
                                       
Accruing loans past due 90 days or more*
  $ 81,316       77,319       140,313       134,906       118,094  
 
                             
 
Government guaranteed loans included in totals above
                                       
Nonperforming loans
  $ 22,320       19,125       15,999       16,717       18,007  
Accruing loans past due 90 days or more
    76,511       72,705       69,956       69,563       70,626  
 
                             
 
                                       
Nonperforming loans to total loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    1.00 %     .93 %     .83 %     .68 %     .63 %
Nonperforming assets to total net loans and leases and real estate and other assets owned
    1.11 %     1.01 %     .88 %     .72 %     .66 %
Accruing loans past due 90 days or more to total loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    .17 %     .16 %     .31 %     .31 %     .27 %
 
                             
 
*   Predominately residential mortgage loans.

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     Management regularly assesses the adequacy of the allowance for credit losses by performing ongoing evaluations of the loan and lease portfolio, including such factors as the differing economic risks associated with each loan category, the financial condition of specific borrowers, the economic environment in which borrowers operate, the level of delinquent loans, the value of any collateral and, where applicable, the existence of any guarantees or indemnifications. Management evaluated the impact of changes in interest rates and overall economic conditions on the ability of borrowers to meet repayment obligations when quantifying the Company’s exposure to credit losses and assessing the adequacy of the Company’s allowance for such losses as of each reporting date. Factors also considered by management when performing its assessment, in addition to general economic conditions and the other factors described above, included, but were not limited to: (i) the impact of declining residential real estate values in the Company’s portfolio of loans to residential real estate builders and developers; (ii) the repayment performance associated with the Company’s portfolio of Alt-A residential mortgage loans; (iii) the concentration of commercial real estate loans in the Company’s loan portfolio, particularly the large concentration of loans secured by properties in New York State, in general, and in the New York City metropolitan area, in particular; (iv) the amount of commercial and industrial loans to businesses in areas of New York State outside of the New York City metropolitan area and in central Pennsylvania that have historically experienced less economic growth and vitality than the vast majority of other regions of the country; and (v) the size of the Company’s portfolio of loans to individual consumers, which historically have experienced higher net charge-offs as a percentage of loans outstanding than other loan types. The level of the allowance is adjusted based on the results of management’s analysis.
     Management cautiously and conservatively evaluated the allowance for credit losses as of March 31, 2008 in light of (i) the declining residential real estate values and emergence of higher levels of delinquencies of residential real estate loans; (ii) the sluggish pace of economic growth in many of the markets served by the Company; (iii) continuing weakness in industrial employment in upstate New York and central Pennsylvania; (iv) the significant subjectivity involved in commercial real estate valuations for properties located in areas with stagnant or low growth economies; and (v) the amount of loan growth experienced by the Company in late 2007 and early 2008. Although the national economy experienced moderate growth in 2007 with inflation being reasonably well contained, concerns exist in 2008 about a deepening economic downturn in both national and international markets; the level and volatility of energy prices; a weakened housing market; the troubled state of financial and credit markets; Federal Reserve positioning of monetary policy; sluggish job creation and rising unemployment, which could cause consumer spending to slow; the underlying impact on businesses’ operations and abilities to repay loans should consumer spending slow; continued stagnant population growth in the upstate New York and central Pennsylvania regions; and continued slowing of domestic automobile sales.
     Factors that influence the Company’s credit loss experience include overall economic conditions affecting businesses and consumers generally, such as those described above, but also residential and commercial real estate valuations, in particular, given the size of the real estate loan portfolios. Commercial real estate valuations can be highly subjective, as they are based upon many assumptions. Such valuations can be significantly affected over relatively short periods of time by changes in business climate, economic conditions, interest rates and, in many cases, the results of operations of businesses and other occupants of the real property. Similarly, residential real estate valuations can be impacted by housing trends, the availability of financing at reasonable interest rates, and general economic conditions affecting consumers.

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     Management believes that the allowance for credit losses at March 31, 2008 was adequate to absorb credit losses inherent in the portfolio as of that date. The allowance for credit losses was $774 million, or 1.57% of total loans and leases at March 31, 2008, compared with $660 million or 1.52% at the end of the initial quarter of 2007 and $759 million or 1.58% at December 31, 2007. The increase in the level of the allowance as a percentage of outstanding loans and leases from March 31, 2007 to the two most recent quarter-ends reflects management’s evaluation of the loan and lease portfolio as described herein, including the impact of lower residential real estate values and higher levels of delinquencies and charge-offs in the Company’s portfolio of Alt-A loans and lower residential real estate valuations related to loans to residential builders and developers. Should the various credit factors considered by management in establishing the allowance for credit losses change and should management’s assessment of losses inherent in the loan portfolio also change, the level of the allowance as a percentage of loans could increase or decrease in future periods. The ratio of the allowance for credit losses to nonperforming loans was 156% at March 31, 2008, compared with 241% a year earlier and 170% at December 31, 2007. The level of the allowance reflects management’s evaluation of the loan and lease portfolio as of each respective date.
Other Income
Other income totaled $313 million in the first quarter of 2008, up 32% from $236 million in the corresponding 2007 quarter and 95% higher than $160 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. The increase in the level of such income in the recent quarter as compared with the first quarter of 2007 was largely due to the $33 million gain realized in 2008’s initial quarter from the mandatory sale of a portion of M&T Bank’s common stock holdings of Visa, and higher mortgage banking revenues and service charges on deposit accounts. The significant rise from the fourth quarter of 2007 was the result of that quarter’s $127 million other-than-temporary impairment charge related to collateralized debt obligations held in the Company’s available-for-sale investment securities portfolio and the recent quarter’s Visa gain. Also contributing to the improvement were higher mortgage banking revenues. The impact of these items was partially offset by a decline in the contribution from M&T’s pro-rata portion of the operating results of BLG.
     Mortgage banking revenues totaled $40 million in the recently completed quarter, compared with $14 million in the year-earlier quarter and $31 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. Mortgage banking revenues are comprised of both residential and commercial mortgage banking activities. The Company’s involvement in commercial mortgage banking activities is largely comprised of the origination, sales and servicing of loans in conjunction with the FNMA Delegated Underwriting and Servicing (“DUS”) program.
     Residential mortgage banking revenues, consisting of realized gains from sales of residential mortgage loans and loan servicing rights, unrealized gains and losses on residential mortgage loans held for sale and related commitments, residential mortgage loan servicing fees, and other residential mortgage loan-related fees and income, were $32 million in the first quarter of 2008, compared with $7 million in 2007’s initial quarter and $24 million in the final quarter of 2007. Contributing to the increased revenues in the recent quarter was the adoption of SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin (“SAB”) No. 109 for written loan commitments issued or modified after January 1, 2008. In November 2007, the SEC issued SAB No. 109, which reversed previous conclusions expressed by the SEC staff regarding written loan commitments that are accounted for at fair value through earnings. Specifically, the SEC staff now believes that the expected net future cash flows related to the associated servicing of the loan should be included in the fair value measurement of the derivative loan commitment. In accordance with SAB No. 105, “Application of Accounting Principles to Loan Commitments,” the Company had not included such amounts in the value of loan commitments accounted for as derivatives at December 31, 2007. As a result of

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the Company’s adoption of required changes in accounting pronouncements on January 1, 2008, there was an acceleration of the recognition of residential mortgage banking revenues of approximately $5 million during the first quarter of 2008. If not for the changes in GAAP, those revenues would have been recognized later in 2008 when the underlying loans were sold.
     As already noted, residential mortgage banking revenues in the first quarter of 2007 were reduced by $18 million as a result of unfavorable market conditions related to the Company’s Alt-A residential mortgage lending business. Those unfavorable market conditions and a lack of market liquidity impacted the Company’s willingness to sell Alt-A mortgage loans during the first quarter of 2007. As a result, the Company reclassified $883 million of Alt-A loans previously held for sale (including $808 million of first mortgage loans and $75 million of second mortgage loans) to its held-for-investment portfolio. In accordance with GAAP, loans held for sale must be recorded at the lower of cost or market value. Accordingly, prior to reclassifying the $883 million of Alt-A mortgage loans to held for investment, the carrying value of such loans was reduced by $12 million to reflect estimated market value. The loans were reclassified to the held-for-investment portfolio because the Company’s management believed at the time that the economic value of those Alt-A mortgage loans was greater than the market value implied by the few bidders for such loans during the first quarter of 2007. In addition, the Company is contractually obligated to repurchase previously sold Alt-A loans that do not ultimately meet investor sale criteria, including instances when mortgagors fail to make timely payments during the first 90 days subsequent to the sale date. As a result, during the first quarter of 2007, the Company accrued $6 million to provide for declines in market value of previously sold Alt-A mortgage loans that the Company may be required to repurchase. The higher residential mortgage banking revenues in the recent quarter as compared with the immediately preceding quarter were predominantly the result of the adoption of SAB No. 109.
     Residential mortgage loans originated for sale to other investors were approximately $1.4 billion during each of the three-month periods ended March 31, 2008, March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007. Included in originations for the first quarter of 2007 were $326 million of Alt-A mortgage loans that were transferred to the Company’s held-for-investment portfolio in March 2007. Residential mortgage loans sold to investors totaled $1.1 billion in the recently completed quarter, compared with $1.4 billion and $1.3 billion in the first and fourth quarter, respectively, of 2007. Realized gains from sales of residential mortgage loans and loan servicing rights and recognized net unrealized gains and losses attributable to residential mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to originate loans for sale and commitments to sell loans totaled to a gain of $10 million in the first quarter of 2008, compared with a loss of $13 million in the first quarter of 2007 (including the $18 million of losses described above) and a gain of $2 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. Revenues from servicing residential mortgage loans for others were $20 million during the quarter ended March 31, 2008, compared with $18 million in the year-earlier quarter and $19 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. Included in servicing revenues were amounts related to purchased servicing rights associated with small balance commercial mortgage loans which totaled $7 million in the most recent quarter, compared with $5 million and $6 million in the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively.
     Residential mortgage loans serviced for others totaled $19.7 billion at March 31, 2008, compared with $17.2 billion a year earlier and $19.4 billion at December 31, 2007, including the small balance commercial mortgage loans noted above of approximately $5.1 billion at March 31, 2008, $3.6 billion at March 31, 2007 and $4.9 billion at December 31, 2007. Capitalized residential mortgage servicing assets, net of a valuation allowance for impairment, were $163 million at March 31, 2008, compared with $152 million at March 31, 2007 and $170 million at December 31, 2007. Included in capitalized residential mortgage servicing assets were $63 million at March 31, 2008, $38 million at March 31, 2007 and $57 million at December 31, 2007

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of purchased servicing rights associated with the small balance commercial mortgage loans noted above. Servicing rights for the small balance commercial mortgage loans were purchased from BLG or its affiliates. In addition, at March 31, 2008, capitalized servicing rights included $36 million for servicing rights for $4.5 billion of residential real estate loans that were purchased from affiliates of BLG. Additional information about the Company’s relationship with BLG and its affiliates is provided in note 9 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     Loans held for sale that are secured by residential real estate totaled $803 million and $973 million at March 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively, and $774 million at December 31, 2007. Commitments to sell loans and commitments to originate loans for sale at pre-determined rates were $966 million and $835 million, respectively, at March 31, 2008, $946 million and $495 million, respectively, at March 31, 2007, and $772 million and $492 million, respectively, at December 31, 2007. Net unrealized losses on residential mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to sell loans, and commitments to originate loans for sale were $2 million at March 31, 2008, $7 million at December 31, 2007 and were less than $1 million at March 31, 2007. Changes in such net unrealized gains and losses are recorded in mortgage banking revenues and resulted in a net increase in revenues of $5 million in the first quarter of 2008, compared with net decreases in revenues of $3 million in the first quarter of 2007 and $2 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. The $3 million unrealized loss noted for the first quarter of 2007 does not include any portion of the $18 million of losses related to Alt-A mortgage loans described earlier.
     Commercial mortgage banking revenues were $8 million in the first quarter of 2008, compared with $7 million in each of the year-earlier quarter and the fourth quarter of 2007. Included in such amounts were revenues from loan origination and sales activities of $5 million in the first 2008 quarter, $3 million in the first quarter of 2007 and $4 million in the final 2007 quarter. The aforementioned adoption of required accounting changes prescribed by SAB No. 109 for written loan commitments accounted for as derivatives resulted in the accelerated recognition of approximately $2 million of commercial mortgage banking revenues during the first quarter of 2008. Commercial mortgage loan servicing revenues were $3 million in each of the quarters ended March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, and $4 million in the first quarter of 2007. Capitalized commercial mortgage servicing assets totaled $21 million at March 31, 2008, compared with $20 million at each of March 31 and December 31, 2007. Commercial mortgage loans held for sale at March 31, 2008 and 2007 were $154 million and $66 million, respectively, and were $79 million at December 31, 2007. Commitments to sell commercial mortgage loans and commitments to originate commercial mortgage loans for sale were $333 million and $179 million, respectively, at March 31, 2008, $93 million and $27 million, respectively, at March 31, 2007 and $176 million and $97 million, respectively, at December 31, 2007. Net unrealized gains on commercial mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to sell commercial mortgage loans, and commitments to originate commercial mortgage loans for sale were $2 million at March 31, 2008. There were no net unrealized gains or losses on commercial mortgage loans held for sale and the related commitments at March 31 or December 31, 2007.
     Service charges on deposit accounts aggregated $103 million in the first quarter of 2008, compared with $95 million in the year-earlier quarter and $106 million in the final 2007 quarter. The increase from the year-earlier quarter reflects higher consumer overdraft and debit card interchange fees, as well as increased commercial service charges. Such increase also reflects the impact of the fourth quarter 2007 acquisition transactions. The modestly lower first quarter revenues as compared with 2007’s fourth quarter were largely due to traditional fourth quarter seasonality, offset, in part, by the impact of the acquisition transactions. Trust income aggregated $40 million in each of the last two quarters, and $37 million in the initial quarter of 2007. Brokerage services income, which includes revenues from the sale of mutual funds and

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annuities and securities brokerage fees, totaled $15 million in each of the first quarters of 2008 and 2007, compared with $13 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. Trading account and foreign exchange activity resulted in gains of $5 million during the quarter ended March 31, 2008, $6 million in the first quarter of 2007 and $10 million in 2007’s fourth quarter. The decline in such revenues from the final 2007 quarter was due, in part, to market value losses in the recent quarter on assets related to deferred compensation plans. The higher level of trading account gains in the final 2007 quarter was due to higher revenues from interest rate swap agreements that resulted from higher volumes of transactions executed on behalf of commercial customers.
     During the first quarter of 2008, the Company realized gains on investment securities of $33 million, compared with gains of $1 million in the year-earlier quarter and losses of $127 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. As previously described, recognized in the most recent quarter was the $33 million gain from the redemption of common shares of Visa, and in the fourth quarter of 2007, an other-than-temporary impairment charge of $127 million was recorded as a result of declines in market value of the Company’s collateralized debt obligations backed by residential mortgage-backed securities and held in the available-for-sale investment securities portfolio.
     M&T’s pro-rata share of the operating income or loss of BLG in the recent quarter was a loss of $1 million, compared with a loss of $2 million in the first quarter of 2007 and a gain of $15 million in the final 2007 quarter. The decline in M&T’s share of BLG’s operating results in the first quarter of 2008 as compared with the fourth quarter of 2007 was primarily due to lower gains from securitizations resulting from recent significant disruptions in the commercial mortgage-backed securities market. That decrease in income was muted by the effect of restructurings by BLG of certain forward contracts to sell securities as part of BLG’s contingent liquidity plan. M&T’s pro-rata share of the gains recognized by BLG for such restructurings was $9 million. Despite the credit and liquidity crises that began in 2007, BLG had been successfully securitizing and selling significant volumes of small-balance commercial real estate loans up until the first quarter of 2008. In response to the deteriorating market conditions, BLG has reduced its originations activities, scaled back its workforce and begun using its contingent liquidity sources. The Company anticipates operating losses at BLG in the second quarter of 2008 due to costs associated with severance and certain lease terminations, but believes BLG has sufficient liquidity and an appropriately-sized business plan to preserve the franchise through this time of reduced liquidity in the securitization market. BLG is also evaluating alternatives for its placement of small-balance commercial real estate loan originations should the securitization market not improve. Significant fluctuations are expected as part of the normal business cycle of any mortgage origination and securitization business. The Company believes that the fundamental business model of BLG has not been significantly altered as a result of the market turmoil in the first quarter of 2008 and that when sufficient liquidity returns to the marketplace, BLG will be capable of returning to a normalized business plan. However, should liquidity conditions in the securitization market not improve and BLG be unable to find alternative sources of funding for its loan production, the Company may be required to recognize an other-than-temporary impairment charge for some portion or all of the $308 million book value of its investment in BLG. Information about the Company’s relationship with BLG and its affiliates is included in note 9 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     Other revenues from operations totaled $76 million in the first quarter of 2008, compared with $71 million in the corresponding 2007 quarter and $74 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. Included in other revenues from operations were the following significant components. Letter of credit and other credit-related fees totaled $28 million in the recent quarter, $21 million in the first quarter of 2007 and $18 million in 2007’s final quarter.

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Tax-exempt income from bank owned life insurance, which includes increases in the cash surrender value of life insurance policies and benefits received, totaled $12 million during the first quarter of 2008, compared with $11 million in each of the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively. Revenues from merchant discount and credit card fees were $10 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2008, compared with $8 million and $9 million in the first and fourth quarters of 2007. Insurance-related sales commissions and other revenues totaled $9 million in each of the last two quarters and $8 million in the year-earlier quarter. Partially offsetting the increases in revenues within the components noted above were declines in several categories, none of which exceeded $3 million.
Other Expense
Other expense totaled $426 million in the first quarter of 2008, 7% higher than $399 million in the similar quarter of 2007, but 4% below $445 million in the final 2007 quarter. Included in the amounts noted above are expenses considered by management to be “nonoperating” in nature consisting of amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets of $18 million in each of the first quarters of 2008 and 2007, and $16 million in the fourth quarter of 2007, and merger-related expenses of $4 million and $15 million in the three-month periods ended March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively. There were no similar merger-related expenses in the initial 2007 quarter. Exclusive of these nonoperating expenses, noninterest operating expenses totaled $404 million in the first three months of 2008, compared with $381 million and $415 million in the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively. Table 2 provides a reconciliation of other expense to noninterest operating expense.
     Salaries and employee benefits expense totaled $252 million in the recent quarter, compared with $237 million in the first quarter of 2007 and $226 million in 2007’s fourth quarter. The higher expense level for the three months ended March 31, 2008 as compared with the similar 2007 period was largely the result of higher salaries-related costs, reflecting the impact of the fourth quarter 2007 acquisition transactions, annual merit increases, and stock-based and other incentive compensation costs. Higher costs for employee benefits, including health insurance and pension and other retirement benefits, which increased approximately $4 million from the first quarter of 2007 to the first quarter of 2008, also contributed to the year-over-year rise. Contributing to the increase in salaries and employee benefits expense in the recent quarter as compared with the fourth quarter of 2007, in addition to the impact of the acquisition transactions, were higher stock-based and other incentive compensation, payroll-related taxes and the Company’s contributions for retirement savings plan benefits related to incentive compensation payments. The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 123 (revised 2004), “Shared-Based Payment,” (“SFAS No. 123R”). As required, the Company has accelerated the recognition of compensation costs for stock-based awards granted to retirement-eligible employees and employees who will become retirement-eligible prior to full vesting of the award. As a result, stock-based compensation expense during each of the first quarters of 2008 and 2007 included $8 million that would have been recognized over the normal four-year vesting period if not for the accelerated expense recognition provisions of SFAS No. 123R. That acceleration had no effect on the value of stock-based compensation awarded to employees. Salaries and benefits expense included stock-based compensation of $18 million, $19 million and $11 million in the quarters ended March 31, 2008, March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively. The number of full-time equivalent employees was 12,854 at March 31, 2008, compared with 12,628 and 13,246 at March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively.

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     As noted previously, during the first quarter of 2008, the Company reversed approximately $15 million of the $23 million accrued during the fourth quarter of 2007 for the Visa Covered Litigation. Excluding the nonoperating expenses described earlier from each quarter and the impact of the Covered Litigation-related accrual activity from the first quarter of 2008 and the fourth quarter of 2007, nonpersonnel operating expenses were $167 million in each of the last two quarters, and $144 million in the first quarter of 2007. The rise in nonpersonnel operating expenses in 2008’s initial quarter as compared with the year-earlier quarter was due, in part, to higher costs for professional services, increased expenses related to the foreclosure process for residential real estate properties, costs related to the operations acquired in the 2007 acquisition transactions and a $5 million addition to the valuation allowance for the impairment of capitalized residential mortgage servicing rights, compared with a partial reversal of the valuation allowance of $1 million during the first quarter of 2007. In the fourth quarter of 2007, $2 million was added to that valuation allowance. Lower costs for professional services and advertising in the recent quarter as compared with the fourth quarter of 2007 offset the higher addition to the valuation allowance.
     The efficiency ratio, or noninterest operating expenses (as defined above) divided by the sum of taxable-equivalent net interest income and noninterest income (exclusive of gains and losses from bank investment securities) measures the relationship of noninterest operating expenses to revenues. The Company’s efficiency ratio was 52.8% in the first quarter of 2008, compared with 55.1% in the year-earlier period and 54.3% in the fourth quarter of 2007. Noninterest operating expenses used in calculating the efficiency ratio do not include the amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets, as noted earlier. If charges for amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets were included, the efficiency ratio for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2008, March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007 would have been 55.3%, 57.8% and 56.4%, respectively.
Income Taxes
The provision for income taxes for the quarter ended March 31, 2008 was $104 million, compared with $85 million and $19 million in the first and fourth quarters of 2007, respectively. The effective tax rates were 33.9%, 32.5% and 22.9% for the quarters ended March 31, 2008, March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2007, respectively. The effective tax rate is affected by the level of income earned that is exempt from tax and by the level of income allocated to the various state and local jurisdictions where the Company operates, because tax rates differ among such jurisdictions. The lower effective tax rate in the fourth quarter of 2007 resulted from a lower level of taxable income due largely to the events already noted that adversely impacted that quarter’s financial results.
     The Company’s effective tax rate in future periods will be affected by the results of operations allocated to the various tax jurisdictions within which the Company operates, any change in income tax regulations within those jurisdictions, or interpretations of income tax regulations that differ from the Company’s interpretations by any of various tax authorities that may examine tax returns filed by M&T or any of its subsidiaries. During the first quarter of 2008, the Company settled various federal and state examinations. The settlement of these examinations resulted in a decrease of $5.9 million of unrecognized tax benefits that did not affect the effective tax rate, but rather reduced the carrying value of goodwill associated with a past acquisition.

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Capital
Stockholders’ equity was $6.5 billion at March 31, 2008, representing 9.82% of total assets, compared with $6.3 billion or 10.81% at March 31, 2007 and $6.5 billion or 10.00% at December 31, 2007. On a per share basis, stockholders’ equity was $58.92 at March 31, 2008, compared with $57.32 a year earlier and $58.99 at December 31, 2007. Tangible equity per share, which excludes goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets and applicable deferred tax balances, was $28.14 at March 31, 2008, $28.77 at March 31, 2007 and $27.98 at December 31, 2007. A reconciliation of total stockholders’ equity and tangible equity as of each of those respective dates is presented in
table 2.
     Stockholders’ equity reflects accumulated other comprehensive income or loss, which includes the net after-tax impact of unrealized gains or losses on investment securities classified as available for sale, gains or losses associated with interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges, and adjustments to reflect the funded status of defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans. Net unrealized losses on available-for-sale investment securities, net of applicable tax effect, were $194 million, or $1.76 per common share, at March 31, 2008, compared with similar losses of $8 million, or $.07 per share, at March 31, 2007 and $59 million, or $.54 per share at December 31, 2007. Such unrealized losses are generally due to changes in interest rates and/or a temporary lack of liquidity in the market, and represent the difference, net of applicable income tax effect, between the estimated fair value and amortized cost of investment securities classified as available for sale. Reflected in net unrealized losses at March 31, 2008 were pre-tax effect unrealized losses of $351 million on available-for-sale investment securities with an amortized cost of $4.0 billion and pre-tax effect unrealized gains of $74 million on securities with an amortized cost of $4.4 billion. The pre-tax effect unrealized losses reflect $267 million of losses on $2.9 billion of privately issued collateralized mortgage obligations ($93 million of such unrealized losses were on $632 million of securities using a Level 3 valuation, with the remainder classified as Level 2 valuations), $48 million of losses on $162 million of preferred stock issued by FNMA and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (considered Level 2 valuations), and $22 million of losses on $206 million of trust preferred securities issued by financial institutions (considered Level 2 valuations).
     As of March 31, 2008, based on a review of each of the collateralized mortgage obligations noted above, the Company believed that it will receive all principal and interest payments on such securities. Accordingly, the Company concluded that the decline in value was temporary and that an other-than-temporary impairment charge was not appropriate at March 31, 2008. Substantially all of the $48 million of unrealized losses on the variable-rate preferred stock issuances of government-sponsored entities occurred in late-2007. The Company concluded that as of March 31, 2008, the impairment was the result of a lack of trading activity for such securities, reflecting the housing market downturn and its impact on those government-sponsored agencies that resulted in the issuance of new, higher yielding preferred stock in late-2007. As such, the Company believed that as of March 31, 2008 it was too soon to conclude that the unrealized losses on those securities represented an other-than-temporary impairment. The majority of the $22 million of unrealized losses on the trust preferred securities occurred in the last two quarters. Due to the short-term duration of the unrealized losses and the fact that the Company fully expects to receive all principal and interest payments on those securities, the Company concluded that the decline in the value was temporary and that an other-than-temporary impairment charge was not appropriate at March 31, 2008.
     As of March 31, 2008, the Company had the ability and intent to hold each of the impaired securities to recovery. The Company intends to closely monitor the performance of the privately issued mortgage-backed securities,

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the preferred stock of the government-sponsored agencies, and other securities to assess if changes in their underlying credit performance or other events cause the cost basis of those securities to become other than temporarily impaired. However, because the unrealized losses described have already been reflected in the financial statement values for investment securities and stockholders’ equity, any recognition of an other-than-temporary decline in value of these investment securities would have no effect on the Company’s consolidated financial condition. Additional information concerning fair value measurements and the Company’s approach to and classification of such measurements is included in note 10 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     Also reflected in accumulated other comprehensive income were net losses of $19 million, or $.17 per share, representing the remaining unamortized losses related to the termination of interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges. Included in this amount were unamortized losses of $20 million related to swap agreements terminated by the Company during the first quarter of 2008 that had originally been entered into as a cash flow hedge of variable rate long-term borrowings. Net unrealized fair value losses associated with interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges were $10 million, or $.09 per share, at December 31, 2007. There were no outstanding interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges at March 31, 2007 or March 31, 2008. Adjustments to reflect the funded status of defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans as required under SFAS No. 158, net of applicable tax effect, reduced accumulated other comprehensive income by $47 million, or $.42 per share, at March 31, 2008, $28 million, or $.26 per share, at March 31, 2007, and $46 million, or $.42 per share, at December 31, 2007.
     In February 2007, M&T announced that it had been authorized by its Board of Directors to purchase up to 5,000,000 shares of its common stock. There were no repurchases during the first quarter of 2008. Through March 31, 2008, M&T had repurchased a total of 2,818,500 shares of common stock pursuant to that authorization at an average cost of $108.30 per share.
     Federal regulators generally require banking institutions to maintain “core capital” and “total capital” ratios of at least 4% and 8%, respectively, of risk-adjusted total assets. In addition to the risk-based measures, Federal bank regulators have also implemented a minimum “leverage” ratio guideline of 3% of the quarterly average of total assets. As of March 31, 2008, core capital included $1.1 billion of trust preferred securities described in note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements and total capital further included $1.7 billion of subordinated capital notes. As previously noted, in December 2007, M&T Bank issued $400 million of 6.625% fixed rate subordinated notes due 2017 and in January 2008 M&T issued $350 million of Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities that pay a fixed rate of interest of 8.50%. For further discussion of the Enhanced Trust Preferred Securities, see note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     The Company generates significant amounts of regulatory capital from its ongoing operations. The rate of regulatory core capital generation, or net operating income as previously defined, less dividends paid, expressed as an annualized percentage of regulatory “core capital” at the beginning of each period, was 14.32% during the first quarter of 2008 and 12.80% during the first quarter of 2007.

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     The regulatory capital ratios of the Company, M&T Bank and M&T Bank, N.A. as of March 31, 2008 are presented in the accompanying table.
REGULATORY CAPITAL RATIOS
March 31, 2008
                         
    M&T   M&T   M&T
    (Consolidated)   Bank   Bank, N.A.
Core capital
    7.61 %     6.57 %     45.88 %
Total capital
    11.90 %     10.86 %     46.79 %
Leverage
    7.04 %     6.10 %     21.59 %
Segment Information
In accordance with SFAS No. 131, “Disclosures About Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information,” the Company’s reportable segments have been determined based upon its internal profitability reporting system, which is organized by strategic business unit. Financial information about the Company’s segments is presented in note 5 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     The Business Banking segment’s net income totaled $33 million in the first quarter of 2008, compared with $32 million in each of the first and fourth quarters of 2007. The slight improvement from the first quarter of 2007 resulted from a $4 million increase in net interest income, of which approximately half was attributable to the acquisition transactions completed in 2007, partially offset by a $2 million increase in the provision for credit losses, primarily due to higher net charge-offs of loans. A $2 million reduction in the provision for credit losses, resulting from lower net charge-offs of loans, was the main factor for the improved performance in the recent quarter as compared with the fourth quarter of 2007.
     Net income earned by the Commercial Banking segment totaled $67 million during the first three months of 2008, up 23% from $54 million in the initial quarter of 2007 and 19% higher than $56 million in 2007’s final quarter. The increase from the first quarter of 2007 was predominantly due to higher net interest income of $16 million, resulting largely from a $1.8 billion increase in average loan balances outstanding and an 11 basis point widening of the net interest margin associated with such loans. Also contributing to the increase were higher fees of $7 million received for providing loan syndication services and a $2 million increase in service charges on deposit accounts. Partially offsetting these positive factors was a $2 million rise in personnel costs. The improvement in the recent quarter’s net income as compared with the fourth quarter of 2007 resulted from higher net interest income of $13 million, due to a 27 basis point widening of the net interest margin on loans and an increase in average loans outstanding of $968 million, and a $7 million increase in fees received for providing loan syndication and corporate advisory services.
     The Commercial Real Estate segment contributed net income in the first quarter of 2008 of $43 million, up 25% from $34 million in the year-earlier quarter and 18% above $36 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. The improved results as compared with the first quarter of 2007 were mainly due to higher net interest income of $12 million, driven by a $1.8 billion rise in average loan balances outstanding and a $141 million increase in average deposit balances. The increase from 2007’s fourth quarter was the result of a $6 million rise in net interest income, largely due to a $868 million increase in average loan balances outstanding, and a $4 million decrease in the provision for credit losses, primarily the result of lower net charge-offs of loans.

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     The Discretionary Portfolio segment earned $16 million in the first quarter of 2008, compared with net income of $19 million recorded in the first quarter of 2007 and a $68 million net loss incurred in the fourth quarter of 2007. The unfavorable performance compared with last year’s first quarter was primarily due to a $16 million increase in the provision for credit losses, the result of higher net charge-offs of Alt-A mortgage loans, and a $4 million increase in noninterest expenses, largely from foreclosure-related costs, offset, in part, by a $15 million increase in net interest income. Factors contributing to the increase in net interest income included higher average balances of investment securities and loans of $1.7 billion and $1.1 billion, respectively, and a 21 basis point widening of the net interest margin on investment securities. The increase in investment securities was predominantly the result of the Partners Trust acquisition, while the increase in loans reflects the higher average balance impact of loans transferred to held for investment in March 2007. The main factor contributing to the loss in the fourth quarter of 2007 was the previously discussed other-than-temporary impairment charge on collateralized debt obligations backed by sub-prime residential mortgage securities of $127 million. Higher net interest income of $13 million in 2008’s initial quarter also contributed to the improved performance as compared with the immediately preceding quarter and predominantly resulted from a widening of the segment’s net interest margin.
     The Residential Mortgage Banking segment contributed net income of $5 million in the initial quarter of 2008, up from the net losses incurred in the first and fourth quarters of 2007 of $3 million and $1 million, respectively. The improvement as compared with the first quarter of 2007 was primarily due to a $27 million increase in mortgage banking revenues. That increase largely resulted from the previously described $18 million of charges recorded in the first quarter of 2007 related to Alt-A mortgage loans, $5 million resulting from required changes from accounting pronouncements that were effective January 1, 2008 which accelerated the recognition of certain mortgage banking revenues, and a $3 million increase in residential mortgage servicing revenues. Partially offsetting those higher residential mortgage banking revenues was a $6 million decrease in net interest income that resulted from a $973 million decline in average loan balances outstanding, reflecting the full-year’s impact from the Alt-A mortgage loans transferred to the Discretionary Portfolio segment during the first quarter of 2007, and the recent quarter addition to the capitalized mortgage servicing rights valuation allowance of $5 million, compared with a partial reversal of such allowance of $1 million in last year’s first quarter. The favorable performance as compared with the fourth quarter of 2007 was largely due to higher revenues from the origination and sales of residential mortgage loans of $9 million, including the $5 million impact in the recent quarter from the adoption of accounting pronouncements that accelerated the recognition of certain mortgage banking revenues. Also contributing to the improvement from the previous quarter was a $4 million increase in net interest income, the result of a 59 basis point widening of the loan interest margin, offset, in part, by a higher addition to the capitalized mortgage servicing rights valuation allowance of $3 million.
     Net income for the Retail Banking segment totaled $75 million in the first quarter of 2008, compared with $76 million recorded in the year-earlier quarter and $74 million in the final 2007 quarter. When comparing the results of 2008’s first quarter with the year-earlier quarter, a rise in net interest income of $17 million was offset by higher personnel costs of $11 million (including the impact of the 2007 acquisition transactions) and a $6 million increase in the provision for credit losses, mainly due to higher net charge-offs of loans. Contributing to the increase in net interest income were higher average loan and deposit balances of $1.4 billion and $618 million, respectively, that include the impact of the 2007 acquisition transactions. The favorable performance as compared with the fourth quarter of 2007 was due to a $3 million increase in net interest income, and a $3 

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million decrease in the provision for credit losses, largely offset by lower service charges on deposit accounts of $5 million. The higher net interest income resulted mainly from a $586 million increase in average loan balances outstanding that also resulted largely from the acquisition transactions, and a 10 basis point widening of the net interest margin associated with such balances.
     The “All Other” category reflects other activities of the Company that are not directly attributable to the reported segments as determined in accordance with SFAS No. 131, such as the M&T Investment Group, which includes the Company’s trust, brokerage and insurance businesses. Also reflected in this category are the amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets resulting from the acquisitions of financial institutions, M&T’s equity in the earnings of BLG, merger-related expenses resulting from acquisitions and the net impact of the Company’s allocation methodologies for internal funds transfer pricing and the provision for credit losses. The various components of the “All Other” category resulted in net losses of $37 million in each of the first quarters of 2008 and 2007, and $65 million in the fourth quarter of 2007. As compared with the initial quarter of 2007, the previously discussed $33 million gain realized from the mandatory partial redemption of Visa stock owned by M&T Bank and $15 million related to the reversal of Visa litigation-related accruals made in the fourth quarter of 2007 were offset by the Company’s allocation methodologies for internal transfers for funding charges and credits associated with earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities of the Company’s reportable segments and the provision for credit losses, $4 million of merger-related expenses recorded in the initial quarter of 2008 compared with no such expenses in 2007’s first quarter, and a $3 million reduction of net income in the current quarter resulting from M&T’s investment in BLG (inclusive of interest expense to fund that investment). The lower net loss incurred in 2008’s first quarter as compared with the fourth quarter of 2007 resulted from several favorable factors, including the $33 million gain from the sale of a portion of Visa stock owned by M&T Bank; the impact from the $23 million accrual recorded in the final quarter of 2007 related to Visa litigation and the subsequent $15 million partial reversal of such accrual in the recent quarter; a $7 million reduction of professional service costs related to the business and support units included in the “All Other” category; and lower merger-related expenses of $11 million. Partially offsetting those favorable factors were higher personnel-related costs of $22 million, including stock-based compensation expense, payroll-related taxes and other employee benefits, and the Company’s allocation methodologies for internal transfers for funding charges and credits associated with earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities of the Company’s reportable segments and the provision for credit losses. The recent quarter’s performance also reflects a $3 million reduction of net income from M&T’s investment in BLG, inclusive of interest expense to fund that investment, while the fourth quarter of 2007’s results include a $6 million addition to net income from that investment.
Recent Accounting Developments
Effective January 1, 2008, the Company adopted SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements,” for fair value measurements of certain of its financial instruments. The provisions of SFAS No. 157 that pertain to measurement of non-financial assets and liabilities have been deferred by the FASB until 2009. SFAS No. 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in GAAP, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. SFAS No. 157 applies to fair value measurements required or permitted under other accounting pronouncements, but does not require any new fair value measurements. The definition of fair value is clarified by SFAS No. 157 to be the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The adoption of SFAS No. 157 did not have a material

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effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations. At March 31, 2008, approximately $1.2 billion or 12% of the Company’s $9.8 billion of assets and liabilities measured using fair value measurements on a recurring basis were classified as Level 3 valuations. The Level 3 classified assets and liabilities are primarily comprised of approximately $1.2 billion of available-for-sale investment securities. Such securities are mainly comprised of privately issued collateralized mortgage obligations that have been classified as a Level 3 valuation because of limited trading activities or less observable valuation inputs. Fair valuation losses on Level 3 available for sale investment securities of $62 million were recognized during the first quarter of 2008 as a reduction of other comprehensive income, with no gains or losses recognized through earnings. As previously disclosed, as of March 31, 2008 the Company believed that all principal and interest payments on its portfolio of collateralized mortgage obligations will be received and therefore, the Company believed that the aforementioned unrealized losses will not ultimately be realized. Approximately $29 million of available for sale investment securities were transferred out of a Level 3 classification and into a Level 2 classification during the first quarter of 2008 due to increased transparency in the inputs used to determine fair value. Additionally, at March 31, 2008 commitments to originate mortgage loans for sale with a net fair value of $8 million have been classified as a Level 3 valuation. Approximately $13 million of fair value changes on commitments to originate mortgage loans for sale were recognized in mortgage banking revenues during the first quarter of 2008. Upon loan origination, the fair value of the derivative loan commitments becomes part of the basis of the closed loan held for sale. Approximately $7 million of fair value was transferred from Level 3 to Level 2 classification to reflect the closing of commitments into originated loans held for sale during the first quarter of 2008. Additional information concerning fair value measurements and the Company’s approach to and classification of such measurements is included in note 10 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     In December 2007, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued a revised SFAS No. 141, “Business Combinations” (“SFAS No. 141R”). SFAS No. 141R retains the fundamental requirements of SFAS No. 141 that the acquisition method of accounting be used for all business combinations and for an acquirer to be identified for each business combination. SFAS No. 141R defines the acquirer as the entity that obtains control of one or more businesses in the business combination and establishes the acquisition date as the date the acquirer achieves control. SFAS No. 141R retains the guidance in SFAS No. 141 for identifying and recognizing intangible assets separately from goodwill. With limited exceptions, the statement requires an acquirer to recognize the assets acquired, the liabilities assumed and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date, measured at their fair value as of that date. That replaces SFAS No. 141’s cost-allocation process, which required the cost of an acquisition to be allocated to the individual assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values. As a result, certain acquisition-related costs previously included in the cost of an acquisition will be required to be expensed as incurred. In addition, certain restructuring costs previously recognized as if they were an assumed liability from an acquisition, will be required to be expensed. SFAS No. 141R also requires the acquirer in a business combination achieved in stages (sometimes referred to as a step acquisition) to recognize the identifiable assets and liabilities, as well as the noncontrolling interest in the acquiree, at the full amounts of their fair values. SFAS No. 141R also requires an acquirer to recognize assets acquired and liabilities assumed arising from contractual contingencies as of the acquisition date, measured at their acquisition-date fair values. An acquirer is required to recognize assets or liabilities arising from all other contingencies (noncontractual contingencies) as of the acquisition date, measured at their acquisition-date fair values, only if it is more likely than not that they meet the definition of an asset or a liability in FASB Concepts Statement No. 6, “Elements of Financial Statements.” The statement requires the acquirer to recognize

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goodwill as of the acquisition date measured as a residual, which in most types of business combinations will result in measuring goodwill as the excess of the consideration transferred plus the fair value of any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date over the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired. SFAS No. 141R also eliminates the recognition of a separate valuation allowance, such as an allowance for credit losses, as of the acquisition date for assets acquired in a business combination that are measured at their acquisition-date fair values because the effects of uncertainty about future cash flows should be included in the fair value measurement of those assets. SFAS No. 141R should be applied prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is prohibited. The Company is still evaluating the provisions of SFAS No. 141R, but believes that its adoption will significantly impact its accounting for any acquisitions it may consummate in 2009 and beyond.
     Also in December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements — an amendment of ARB No. 51.” A noncontrolling interest, sometimes called a minority interest, is a portion of equity in a subsidiary not attributable, directly or indirectly, to a parent. SFAS No. 160 requires that the ownership interest in subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent be clearly identified, labeled and presented in the consolidated statement of financial position within equity, but separate from the parent’s equity. The amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest is required to be clearly identified and presented on the face of the consolidated statement of income. SFAS No. 160 also requires entities to provide disclosures that clearly identify and distinguish between the interests of the parent and the interests of the noncontrolling owners. SFAS No. 160 should be applied prospectively as of the beginning of a fiscal year beginning on or after December 15, 2008. Earlier adoption is prohibited. The Company does not anticipate that the adoption of SFAS No. 160 will have a significant impact on the reporting of its financial position or results of its operations.
     In February 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position FAS 140-3, “Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishment of Liabilities” (“FSP FAS 140-3”). FSP FAS 140-3 was issued to provide guidance on accounting for a transfer of a financial asset and repurchase financing. FSP FAS 140-3 presumes that an initial transfer of a financial asset and a repurchase financing are considered part of the same arrangement (“linked transaction”) under SFAS No. 140, “Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishments of Liabilities.” However, if certain criteria are met, the initial transfer and repurchase financing should not be evaluated as a linked transaction and should be evaluated separately under SFAS No. 140. FSP FAS 140-3 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008 and interim periods within those fiscal years. Earlier application is not permitted. FSP FAS 140-3 should be applied prospectively to initial transfers and repurchase financings for which the initial transfer is executed on or after the beginning of the fiscal year for which FSP FAS 140-3 is effective. The Company is still evaluating the provisions of FSP FAS 140-3, but does not believe its adoption will have a material impact on its financial position or results of operations.
     The FASB issued SFAS No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” in March 2008. SFAS No. 161 requires enhanced disclosures about an entity’s derivative and hedging activities including (a) how and why an entity uses derivative instruments, (b) how derivative instruments and related hedging items are accounted for under SFAS No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” and its related interpretations, and (c) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entity’s financial position, financial performance and

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cash flows. SFAS No. 161 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after November 15, 2008, with earlier application encouraged. The Company is currently evaluating SFAS No. 161 and intends to comply with its disclosure requirements as required.
Forward-Looking Statements
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and other sections of this quarterly report contain forward-looking statements that are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about the Company’s business, management’s beliefs and assumptions made by management. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions (“Future Factors”) which are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements.
     Future Factors include changes in interest rates, spreads on earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, and interest rate sensitivity; prepayment speeds, loan originations, credit losses and market values of loans, other assets and collateral securing loans; sources of liquidity; common shares outstanding; common stock price volatility; fair value of and number of stock-based compensation awards to be issued in future periods; legislation affecting the financial services industry as a whole, and M&T and its subsidiaries individually or collectively, including tax legislation; regulatory supervision and oversight, including monetary policy and required capital levels; changes in accounting policies or procedures as may be required by the Financial Accounting Standards Board or other regulatory agencies; increasing price and product/service competition by competitors, including new entrants; rapid technological developments and changes; the ability to continue to introduce competitive new products and services on a timely, cost-effective basis; the mix of products/services; containing costs and expenses; governmental and public policy changes; protection and validity of intellectual property rights; reliance on large customers; technological, implementation and cost/financial risks in large, multi-year contracts; the outcome of pending and future litigation and governmental proceedings, including tax-related examinations and other matters; continued availability of financing; financial resources in the amounts, at the times and on the terms required to support M&T and its subsidiaries’ future businesses; and material differences in the actual financial results of merger, acquisition and investment activities compared with M&T’s initial expectations, including the full realization of anticipated cost savings and revenue enhancements.
     These are representative of the Future Factors that could affect the outcome of the forward-looking statements. In addition, such statements could be affected by general industry and market conditions and growth rates, general economic and political conditions, either nationally or in the areas in which M&T and its subsidiaries do business, including interest rate and currency exchange rate fluctuations, changes and trends in the securities markets, and other Future Factors.

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 1
QUARTERLY TRENDS
                                         
    2008   2007 Quarters
    First Quarter   Fourth   Third   Second   First
 
Earnings and dividends
                                       
Amounts in thousands, except per share
                                       
Interest income (taxable-equivalent basis)
  $ 889,945       918,200       898,126       883,148       866,172  
Interest expense
    405,312       442,364       425,326       416,264       410,622  
 
Net interest income
    484,633       475,836       472,800       466,884       455,550  
Less: provision for credit losses
    60,000       101,000       34,000       30,000       27,000  
Other income
    312,663       160,490       252,899       283,117       236,483  
Less: other expense
    425,704       445,473       390,528       392,651       399,037  
 
Income before income taxes
    311,592       89,853       301,171       327,350       265,996  
Applicable income taxes
    103,613       19,297       96,872       108,209       84,900  
Taxable-equivalent adjustment
    5,783       5,626       5,112       4,972       5,123  
 
Net income
  $ 202,196       64,930       199,187       214,169       175,973  
 
Per common share data
                                       
Basic earnings
  $ 1.84       .60       1.86       1.98       1.60  
Diluted earnings
    1.82       .60       1.83       1.95       1.57  
Cash dividends
  $ .70       .70       .70       .60       .60  
Average common shares outstanding
                                       
Basic
    110,017       107,859       107,056       107,939       109,694  
Diluted
    110,967       109,034       108,957       109,919       112,187  
 
Performance ratios, annualized
                                       
Return on
                                       
Average assets
    1.25 %     .42 %     1.37 %     1.49 %     1.25 %
Average common stockholders’ equity
    12.49 %     4.05 %     12.78 %     13.92 %     11.38 %
Net interest margin on average earning assets (taxable-equivalent basis)
    3.38 %     3.45 %     3.65 %     3.67 %     3.64 %
Nonperforming loans to total loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    1.00 %     .93 %     .83 %     .68 %     .63 %
Efficiency ratio (a)
    55.27 %     56.39 %     53.80 %     52.37 %     57.75 %
 
Net operating (tangible) results (b)
                                       
Net operating income (in thousands)
  $ 215,597       83,719       208,749       224,190       187,162  
Diluted net operating income per common share
    1.94       .77       1.92       2.04       1.67  
Annualized return on
                                       
Average tangible assets
    1.41 %     .57 %     1.51 %     1.65 %     1.40 %
Average tangible common stockholders’ equity
    27.86 %     10.49 %     26.80 %     29.35 %     24.11 %
Efficiency ratio (a)
    52.85 %     54.30 %     51.64 %     50.18 %     55.09 %
 
Balance sheet data
                                       
In millions, except per share
                                       
Average balances
                                       
Total assets (c)
  $ 65,015       61,549       57,862       57,523       57,207  
Total tangible assets (c)
    61,614       58,355       54,766       54,415       54,085  
Earning assets
    57,713       54,765       51,325       50,982       50,693  
Investment securities
    8,924       7,905       7,260       6,886       7,214  
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    48,575       46,055       43,750       43,572       43,114  
Deposits
    39,999       38,565       36,936       37,048       37,966  
Stockholders’ equity (c)
    6,513       6,360       6,186       6,172       6,270  
Tangible stockholders’ equity (c)
    3,112       3,166       3,090       3,064       3,148  
 
At end of quarter
                                       
Total assets (c)
  $ 66,086       64,876       60,008       57,869       57,842  
Total tangible assets (c)
    62,696       61,467       56,919       54,767       54,727  
Earning assets
    58,030       57,163       53,267       51,131       51,046  
Investment securities
    8,676       8,962       8,003       6,982       7,028  
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    49,279       48,022       44,778       43,744       43,507  
Deposits
    41,533       41,266       38,473       39,419       38,938  
Stockholders’ equity (c)
    6,488       6,485       6,238       6,175       6,253  
Tangible stockholders’ equity (c)
    3,098       3,076       3,149       3,073       3,138  
Equity per common share
    58.92       58.99       58.40       57.59       57.32  
Tangible equity per common share
    28.14       27.98       29.48       28.66       28.77  
 
Market price per common share
                                       
High
  $ 94.03       108.32       115.81       114.33       125.13  
Low
    70.49       77.39       97.26       104.00       112.05  
Closing
    80.48       81.57       103.45       106.90       115.83  
 
 
(a)   Excludes impact of merger-related expenses and net securities transactions.
 
(b)   Excludes amortization and balances related to goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets and merger-related expenses which, except in the calculation of the efficiency ratio, are net of applicable income tax effects. A reconciliation of net income and net operating income appears in table 2.
 
(c)   The difference between total assets and total tangible assets, and stockholders’ equity and tangible stockholders’ equity, represents goodwill, core deposit and other intangible assets, net of applicable deferred tax balances. A reconciliation of such balances appears in table 2.

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 2
RECONCILIATION OF QUARTERLY GAAP TO NON-GAAP MEASURES
                                         
    2008   2007 Quarters
    First Quarter   Fourth   Third   Second   First
 
Income statement data
                                       
In thousands, except per share
                                       
Net income
                                       
Net income
  $ 202,196       64,930       199,187       214,169       175,973  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets (a)
    11,241       9,719       9,562       10,021       11,189  
Merger-related expenses (a)
    2,160       9,070                    
 
Net operating income
  $ 215,597       83,719       208,749       224,190       187,162  
 
Earnings per share
                                       
Diluted earnings per common share
  $ 1.82       .60       1.83       1.95       1.57  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets (a)
    .10       .09       .09       .09       .10  
Merger-related expenses (a)
    .02       .08                    
 
Diluted net operating earnings per share
  $ 1.94       .77       1.92       2.04       1.67  
 
Other expense
                                       
Other expense
  $ 425,704       445,473       390,528       392,651       399,037  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets
    (18,483 )     (15,971 )     (15,702 )     (16,457 )     (18,356 )
Merger-related expenses
    (3,547 )     (14,887 )                  
 
Noninterest operating expense
  $ 403,674       414,615       374,826       376,194       380,681  
 
Merger-related expenses
                                       
Salaries and employee benefits
  $ 62       1,333                    
Equipment and net occupancy
    49       238                    
Printing, postage and supplies
    367       1,474                    
Other costs of operations
    3,069       11,842                    
 
Total
  $ 3,547       14,887                    
 
Balance sheet data
                                       
In millions
                                       
Average assets
                                       
Average assets
  $ 65,015       61,549       57,862       57,523       57,207  
Goodwill
    (3,196 )     (3,006 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (239 )     (213 )     (208 )     (223 )     (241 )
Deferred taxes
    34       25       21       24       28  
 
Average tangible assets
  $ 61,614       58,355       54,766       54,415       54,085  
 
Average equity
                                       
Average equity
  $ 6,513       6,360       6,186       6,172       6,270  
Goodwill
    (3,196 )     (3,006 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (239 )     (213 )     (208 )     (223 )     (241 )
Deferred taxes
    34       25       21       24       28  
 
Average tangible equity
  $ 3,112       3,166       3,090       3,064       3,148  
 
At end of quarter
                                       
Total assets
                                       
Total assets
  $ 66,086       64,876       60,008       57,869       57,842  
Goodwill
    (3,192 )     (3,196 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (230 )     (249 )     (200 )     (216 )     (232 )
Deferred taxes
    32       36       20       23       26  
 
Total tangible assets
  $ 62,696       61,467       56,919       54,767       54,727  
 
Total equity
                                       
Total equity
  $ 6,488       6,485       6,238       6,175       6,253  
Goodwill
    (3,192 )     (3,196 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (230 )     (249 )     (200 )     (216 )     (232 )
Deferred taxes
    32       36       20       23       26  
 
Total tangible equity
  $ 3,098       3,076       3,149       3,073       3,138  
 
 
(a)   After any related tax effect.

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 3
AVERAGE BALANCE SHEETS AND ANNUALIZED TAXABLE-EQUIVALENT RATES
                                                                         
    2008 First Quarter   2007 Fourth Quarter   2007 Third Quarter
    Average           Average   Average           Average   Average           Average
Average balance in millions; interest in thousands   Balance   Interest   Rate   Balance   Interest     Rate   Balance   Interest   Rate
 
Assets
                                                                       
Earning assets
                                                                       
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount*
                                                                       
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 13,308     $ 200,509       6.06 %     12,551       218,318       6.90 %     12,239       223,525       7.25 %
Real estate — commercial
    17,994       285,831       6.35       16,459       293,135       7.12       15,474       291,569       7.54  
Real estate — consumer
    5,977       92,179       6.17       6,327       97,009       6.13       5,915       95,629       6.47  
Consumer
    11,296       193,938       6.91       10,718       198,509       7.35       10,122       191,628       7.51  
 
Total loans and leases, net
    48,575       772,457       6.40       46,055       806,971       6.95       43,750       802,351       7.28  
 
Interest-bearing deposits at banks
    10       44       1.65       12       103       3.48       8       64       3.27  
Federal funds sold and agreements to resell securities
    129       956       2.99       725       8,871       4.86       248       3,429       5.47  
Trading account
    75       259       1.39       68       253       1.48       59       145       .98  
Investment securities**
                                                                       
U.S. Treasury and federal agencies
    3,523       41,757       4.77       2,364       26,828       4.50       2,156       23,935       4.40  
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    149       2,436       6.56       121       2,046       6.75       108       2,040       7.55  
Other
    5,252       72,036       5.52       5,420       73,128       5.35       4,996       66,162       5.25  
 
Total investment securities
    8,924       116,229       5.24       7,905       102,002       5.12       7,260       92,137       5.04  
 
Total earning assets
    57,713       889,945       6.20       54,765       918,200       6.65       51,325       898,126       6.94  
 
Allowance for credit losses
    (778 )                     (711 )                     (675 )                
Cash and due from banks
    1,297                       1,302                       1,235                  
Other assets
    6,783                       6,193                       5,977                  
 
Total assets
  $ 65,015                       61,549                       57,862                  
 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
                                                                       
Interest-bearing liabilities
                                                                       
Interest-bearing deposits
                                                                       
NOW accounts
  $ 484       1,018       .85       491       1,465       1.18       464       982       .84  
Savings deposits
    16,843       66,622       1.59       15,265       65,635       1.71       14,908       62,883       1.67  
Time deposits
    10,416       106,643       4.12       10,353       118,612       4.55       9,880       117,064       4.70  
Deposits at foreign office
    4,821       38,373       3.20       4,975       56,674       4.52       4,324       55,666       5.11  
 
Total interest-bearing deposits
    32,564       212,656       2.63       31,084       242,386       3.09       29,576       236,595       3.17  
 
Short-term borrowings
    7,153       61,621       3.46       5,899       68,639       4.62       5,228       68,376       5.19  
Long-term borrowings
    10,270       131,035       5.13       9,809       131,339       5.31       8,661       120,355       5.51  
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
    49,987       405,312       3.26       46,792       442,364       3.75       43,465       425,326       3.88  
 
Noninterest-bearing deposits
    7,435                       7,481                       7,360                  
Other liabilities
    1,080                       916                       851                  
 
Total liabilities
    58,502                       55,189                       51,676                  
 
Stockholders’ equity
    6,513                       6,360                       6,186                  
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 65,015                       61,549                       57,862                  
 
Net interest spread
                    2.94                       2.90                       3.06  
Contribution of interest-free funds
                    .44                       .55                       .59  
 
Net interest income/margin on earning assets
          $ 484,633       3.38 %             475,836       3.45 %             472,800       3.65 %
 
(continued)
 
*   Includes nonaccrual loans.
 
**   Includes available for sale securities at amortized cost.

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 3 (continued)
AVERAGE BALANCE SHEETS AND ANNUALIZED TAXABLE-EQUIVALENT RATES (continued)
                                                 
    2007 Second Quarter     2007 First Quarter  
    Average             Average     Average             Average  
Average balance in millions; interest in thousands   Balance     Interest     Rate     Balance     Interest     Rate  
 
Assets
                                               
Earning assets
                                               
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount*
                                               
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 12,155     $ 219,011       7.23 %     11,753       210,889       7.28 %
Real estate — commercial
    15,578       290,130       7.45       15,474       282,322       7.30  
Real estate — consumer
    5,875       95,327       6.49       5,939       96,136       6.48  
Consumer
    9,964       185,553       7.47       9,948       182,186       7.43  
 
Total loans and leases, net
    43,572       790,021       7.27       43,114       771,533       7.26  
 
Interest-bearing deposits at banks
    9       67       3.12       8       66       3.56  
Federal funds sold and agreements to resell securities
    448       6,734       6.03       304       4,801       6.40  
Trading account
    67       235       1.40       53       111       .83  
Investment securities**
                                               
U.S. Treasury and federal agencies
    2,151       23,238       4.33       2,428       26,610       4.45  
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    122       2,299       7.53       125       2,234       7.11  
Other
    4,613       60,554       5.27       4,661       60,817       5.29  
 
Total investment securities
    6,886       86,091       5.01       7,214       89,661       5.04  
 
Total earning assets
    50,982       883,148       6.95       50,693       866,172       6.93  
 
Allowance for credit losses
    (667 )                     (656 )                
Cash and due from banks
    1,244                       1,304                  
Other assets
    5,964                       5,866                  
 
Total assets
  $ 57,523                       57,207                  
 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
                                               
Interest-bearing liabilities
                                               
Interest-bearing deposits
                                               
NOW accounts
  $ 453       1,024       .91       437       1,167       1.08  
Savings deposits
    15,027       60,953       1.63       14,733       60,842       1.67  
Time deposits
    10,523       124,020       4.73       11,657       136,682       4.76  
Deposits at foreign office
    3,706       48,001       5.19       3,717       47,649       5.20  
 
Total interest-bearing deposits
    29,709       233,998       3.16       30,544       246,340       3.27  
 
Short-term borrowings
    5,555       73,500       5.31       4,852       63,564       5.31  
Long-term borrowings
    7,905       108,766       5.52       7,308       100,718       5.59  
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
    43,169       416,264       3.87       42,704       410,622       3.90  
 
Noninterest-bearing deposits
    7,339                       7,422                  
Other liabilities
    843                       811                  
 
Total liabilities
    51,351                       50,937                  
 
Stockholders’ equity
    6,172                       6,270                  
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 57,523                       57,207                  
 
Net interest spread
                    3.08                       3.03  
Contribution of interest-free funds
                    .59                       .61  
 
Net interest income/margin on earning assets
          $ 466,884       3.67 %             455,550       3.64 %
 
 
*   Includes nonaccrual loans.
 
**   Includes available for sale securities at amortized cost.

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
     Incorporated by reference to the discussion contained under the caption “Taxable-equivalent Net Interest Income” in Part I, Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
     (a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. Based upon their evaluation of the effectiveness of M&T’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)), Robert G. Wilmers, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, and René F. Jones, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, concluded that M&T’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of March 31, 2008.
     (b) Changes in internal control over financial reporting. M&T regularly assesses the adequacy of its internal control over financial reporting and enhances its controls in response to internal control assessments and internal and external audit and regulatory recommendations. No changes in internal control over financial reporting have been identified in connection with the evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures during the quarter ended March 31, 2008 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, M&T’s internal control over financial reporting.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
     M&T and its subsidiaries are subject in the normal course of business to various pending and threatened legal proceedings in which claims for monetary damages are asserted. Management, after consultation with legal counsel, does not anticipate that the aggregate ultimate liability arising out of litigation pending against M&T or its subsidiaries will be material to M&T’s consolidated financial position, but at the present time is not in a position to determine whether such litigation will have a material adverse effect on M&T’s consolidated results of operations in any future reporting period.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
     There have been no material changes in risk factors relating to M&T to those disclosed in response to Item 1A. to Part I of Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007.

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
     (a)-(b) Not applicable.
     (c)
                                 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities  
                            (d)Maximum  
                    (c)Total     Number (or  
                    Number of     Approximate  
                    Shares     Dollar Value)  
                    (or Units)     of Shares  
                    Purchased     (or Units)  
    (a)Total             as Part of     that may yet  
    Number     (b)Average     Publicly     be Purchased  
    of Shares     Price Paid     Announced     Under the  
    (or Units)     per Share     Plans or     Plans or  
Period   Purchased(1)     (or Unit)     Programs     Programs (2)  
 
January 1 - January 31, 2008
    65,955     $ 73.85             2,181,500  
 
                               
February 1 - February 29, 2008
    283       87.35             2,181,500  
 
                               
March 1 - March 31, 2008
                      2,181,500  
 
                       
 
                               
Total
    66,238     $ 73.91                
 
                         
 
(1)   The total number of shares purchased during the periods indicated includes shares deemed to have been received from employees who exercised stock options by attesting to previously acquired common shares in satisfaction of the exercise price, as is permitted under M&T’s stock option plans.
 
(2)   On February 22, 2007, M&T announced a program to purchase up to 5,000,000 shares of its common stock. No shares were purchased under such program during the periods indicated.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
     (Not applicable.)
Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.
     (a)-(c) The 2008 Annual Meeting of Stockholders of M&T was held on April 15, 2008. At the 2008 Annual Meeting, stockholders elected twenty (20) directors, all of whom were then serving as directors of M&T, for terms of one (1) year and until their successors are elected and qualified. The following table reflects the tabulation of the votes with respect to each director who was elected at the 2008 Annual Meeting.
                 
    Number of Votes
Nominee   For   Withheld
Brent D. Baird
    100,853,345       1,386,592  
Robert J. Bennett
    100,931,172       1,308,765  
C. Angela Bontempo
    100,849,104       1,390,833  
Robert T. Brady
    90,369,030       11,870,907  
Michael D. Buckley
    100,007,982       2,231,955  
T. Jefferson Cunningham III
    100,799,081       1,440,856  
Mark J. Czarnecki
    100,873,960       1,365,977  
Colm E. Doherty
    100,876,328       1,363,609  
Richard E. Garman
    100,899,453       1,340,484  

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    Number of Votes
Nominee   For   Withheld
Daniel R. Hawbaker
    100,919,209       1,320,728  
Patrick W.E. Hodgson
    100,896,735       1,343,202  
Richard G. King
    100,654,818       1,585,119  
Reginald B. Newman, II
    100,864,821       1,375,116  
Jorge G. Pereira
    100,885,186       1,354,751  
Michael P. Pinto
    100,886,147       1,353,790  
Robert E. Sadler, Jr.
    100,869,373       1,370,564  
Eugene J. Sheehy
    100,844,108       1,395,829  
Stephen G. Sheetz
    100,927,857       1,312,080  
Herbert L. Washington
    100,850,165       1,389,772  
Robert G. Wilmers
    100,876,061       1,363,876  
     At the 2008 Annual Meeting, stockholders also ratified the appointment of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP as the independent public accountant of M&T Bank Corporation for the year ending December 31, 2008. The following table presents the tabulation of the votes with respect to such ratification.
         
Number of Votes
For   Against   Abstain
101,343,582
  408,884   487,471
     (d) Not applicable.
Item 5. Other Information.
     (None.)
Item 6. Exhibits.
     The following exhibits are filed as a part of this report.
     
Exhibit    
No.    
 
   
4.1
  Junior Subordinated Indenture dated as of January 31, 2008 between M&T Bank Corporation and The Bank of New York. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Form 8-K dated January 31, 2008 (File No. 1-9861).
 
   
4.2
  First Supplemental Indenture dated as of January 31, 2008 between M&T Bank Corporation and The Bank of New York. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Form 8-K dated January 31, 2008 (File No. 1-9861).
 
   
4.3
  Amended and Restated Trust Agreement of M&T Capital Trust IV dated as of January 31, 2008 by and among M&T Bank Corporation, The Bank of New York, BNYM (Delaware) and the Administrators named therein. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to the Form 8-K dated January 31, 2008 (File No. 1-9861).
 
   
10.1
  M&T Bank Corporation 2008 Directors’ Stock Plan. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Form S-8 dated April 7, 2008 (File No. 333-150122).
 
   
31.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.

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Exhibit    
No.    
 
   
31.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer Under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer Under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
99.1
  Replacement Capital Covenant of M&T Bank Corporation dated January 31, 2008. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Form 8-K dated January 31, 2008 (File No. 1-9861).
SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
         
  M&T BANK CORPORATION
 
 
Date: May 7, 2008  By:   /s/ René F. Jones    
    René F. Jones   
    Executive Vice President
and Chief Financial Officer 
 
 

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EXHIBIT INDEX
     
Exhibit    
No.    
 
   
4.1
  Junior Subordinated Indenture dated as of January 31, 2008 between M&T Bank Corporation and The Bank of New York. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Form 8-K dated January 31, 2008 (File No. 1-9861).
 
   
4.2
  First Supplemental Indenture dated as of January 31, 2008 between M&T Bank Corporation and The Bank of New York. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Form 8-K dated January 31, 2008 (File No. 1-9861).
 
   
4.3
  Amended and Restated Trust Agreement of M&T Capital Trust IV dated as of January 31, 2008 by and among M&T Bank Corporation, The Bank of New York, BNYM (Delaware) and the Administrators named therein. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to the Form 8-K dated January 31, 2008 (File No. 1-9861).
 
   
10.1
  M&T Bank Corporation 2008 Directors’ Stock Plan. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Form S-8 dated April 7, 2008 (File No. 333-150122).
 
   
31.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
31.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer Under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer Under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
99.1
  Replacement Capital Covenant of M&T Bank Corporation dated January 31, 2008. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Form 8-K dated January 31, 2008 (File No. 1-9861).

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EXHIBIT 31.1
CERTIFICATIONS
I, Robert G. Wilmers, certify that:
1.   I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation;
 
2.   Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
 
3.   Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
 
4.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
 
a)   designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
 
b)   designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
 
c)   evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
 
d)   disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
 
5.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
 
a)   all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
 
b)   any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: May 7, 2008
         
By:
  /s/ Robert G. Wilmers
 
Robert G. Wilmers
   
 
  Chairman of the Board and    
 
  Chief Executive Officer    

 

 

EXHIBIT 31.2
CERTIFICATIONS
I, René F. Jones, certify that:
1.   I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation;
 
2.   Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
 
3.   Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
 
4.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
 
a)   designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
 
b)   designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
 
c)   evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
 
d)   disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
 
5.   The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
 
a)   all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
 
b)   any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: May 7, 2008
         
By:
  /s/ René F. Jones
 
René F. Jones
   
 
  Executive Vice President    
 
  and Chief Financial Officer    

 

 

EXHIBIT 32.1
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER UNDER 18 U.S.C. §1350
I, Robert G. Wilmers, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of M&T Bank Corporation, certify, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:
  (1)   the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2008 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o(d)); and
 
  (2)   the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of M&T Bank Corporation.
The foregoing certification is being furnished solely pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350 and is not being filed as part of the Report or as a separate disclosure document.
     
/s/ Robert G. Wilmers
 
Robert G. Wilmers
   
May 7, 2008
   
A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to M&T Bank Corporation and will be retained by M&T Bank Corporation and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

 

 

EXHIBIT 32.2
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER UNDER 18 U.S.C. §1350
I, René F. Jones, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of M&T Bank Corporation, certify, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:
  (1)   the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2008 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o(d)); and
 
  (2)   the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of M&T Bank Corporation.
The foregoing certification is being furnished solely pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350 and is not being filed as part of the Report or as a separate disclosure document.
     
/s/ René F. Jones
 
René F. Jones
   
May 7, 2008
   
A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to M&T Bank Corporation and will be retained by M&T Bank Corporation and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.