M&T Bank Corporation
M&T BANK CORP (Form: 10-Q, Received: 08/02/2007 06:02:44)
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
     
þ   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2007
or
     
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 1-9861
M&T BANK CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
     
New York
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  16-0968385
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
     
One M & T Plaza    
Buffalo, New York    
(Address of principal   14203
executive offices)   (Zip Code)
(716) 842-5445
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer þ Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o
Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
Number of shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, $0.50 par value, outstanding as of the close of business on July 20, 2007: 107,185,103 shares.
 
 

 


 

M&T BANK CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
For the Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2007
         
Table of Contents of Information Required in Report   Page
       
 
       
       
 
       
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Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET (Unaudited)
                         
            June 30,   December 31,
Dollars in thousands, except per share   2007   2006
 
Assets  
Cash and due from banks
  $ 1,301,894       1,605,506  
       
Interest-bearing deposits at banks
    6,954       6,639  
       
Federal funds sold
    34,924       19,458  
       
Agreements to resell securities
    300,000       100,000  
       
Trading account
    152,410       136,752  
       
Investment securities
               
       
Available for sale (cost: $6,602,066 at June 30, 2007; $6,878,332 at December 31, 2006)
    6,527,672       6,829,848  
       
Held to maturity (market value: $64,538 at June 30, 2007; $66,729 at December 31, 2006)
    63,165       64,899  
       
Other (market value: $391,486 at June 30, 2007; $356,851 at December 31, 2006)
    391,486       356,851  
         
       
Total investment securities
    6,982,323       7,251,598  
         
       
Loans and leases
    44,051,106       43,206,954  
       
Unearned discount
    (307,284 )     (259,657 )
       
Allowance for credit losses
    (668,138 )     (649,948 )
         
       
Loans and leases, net
    43,075,684       42,297,349  
         
       
Premises and equipment
    329,737       335,008  
       
Goodwill
    2,908,849       2,908,849  
       
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    215,897       250,233  
       
Accrued interest and other assets
    2,560,397       2,153,513  
         
       
Total assets
  $ 57,869,069       57,064,905  
 
Liabilities  
Noninterest-bearing deposits
  $ 7,477,576       7,879,977  
       
NOW accounts
    893,690       940,439  
       
Savings deposits
    14,580,257       14,169,790  
       
Time deposits
    9,856,193       11,490,629  
       
Deposits at foreign office
    6,610,919       5,429,668  
         
       
Total deposits
    39,418,635       39,910,503  
         
       
Federal funds purchased and agreements to repurchase securities
    2,393,045       2,531,684  
       
Other short-term borrowings
    540,036       562,530  
       
Accrued interest and other liabilities
    897,249       888,352  
       
Long-term borrowings
    8,444,797       6,890,741  
         
       
Total liabilities
    51,693,762       50,783,810  
 
Stockholders' equity  
Preferred stock, $1 par, 1,000,000 shares authorized, none outstanding
           
       
Common stock, $.50 par, 250,000,000 shares authorized, 120,396,611 shares issued at June 30, 2007 and at December 31, 2006
    60,198       60,198  
       
Common stock issuable, 84,124 shares at June 30, 2007; 90,949 shares at December 31, 2006
    4,806       5,060  
       
Additional paid-in capital
    2,895,239       2,889,449  
       
Retained earnings
    4,703,292       4,443,441  
       
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net
    (66,833 )     (53,574 )
       
Treasury stock — common, at cost - 13,250,433 shares at June 30, 2007; 10,179,802 shares at December 31, 2006
    (1,421,395 )     (1,063,479 )
         
       
Total stockholders’ equity
    6,175,307       6,281,095  
         
       
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 57,869,069       57,064,905  
 

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME (Unaudited)
                                         
            Three months ended June 30   Six months ended June 30
In thousands, except per share   2007   2006   2007   2006
 
Interest income  
Loans and leases, including fees
  $ 786,421       713,816     $ 1,554,542       1,394,533  
       
Deposits at banks
    67       111       133       183  
       
Federal funds sold
    270       405       530       783  
       
Agreements to resell securities
    6,464             11,005        
       
Trading account
    235       753       346       1,424  
       
Investment securities
                               
       
Fully taxable
    82,129       94,092       166,803       185,780  
       
Exempt from federal taxes
    2,590       3,734       5,866       7,480  
         
       
Total interest income
    878,176       812,911       1,739,225       1,590,183  
 
Interest expense  
NOW accounts
    1,024       779       2,191       1,438  
       
Savings deposits
    60,953       47,579       121,795       91,136  
       
Time deposits
    124,020       139,032       260,702       257,090  
       
Deposits at foreign office
    48,001       43,798       95,650       80,601  
       
Short-term borrowings
    73,500       53,623       137,064       104,190  
       
Long-term borrowings
    108,766       81,487       209,484       162,089  
         
       
Total interest expense
    416,264       366,298       826,886       696,544  
         
       
Net interest income
    461,912       446,613       912,339       893,639  
       
Provision for credit losses
    30,000       17,000       57,000       35,000  
         
       
Net interest income after provision for credit losses
    431,912       429,613       855,339       858,639  
 
Other income  
Mortgage banking revenues
    35,546       41,565       49,419       76,076  
       
Service charges on deposit accounts
    104,626       95,549       199,213       184,425  
       
Trust income
    37,550       34,757       74,523       68,553  
       
Brokerage services income
    16,654       14,481       31,866       29,205  
       
Trading account and foreign exchange gains
    6,963       6,168       13,186       12,674  
       
Gain on bank investment securities
    260       236       1,323       294  
       
Equity in earnings of Bayview Lending Group LLC
    8,128             5,700        
       
Other revenues from operations
    73,390       69,846       144,370       144,306  
         
       
Total other income
    283,117       262,602       519,600       515,533  
 
Other expense  
Salaries and employee benefits
    224,700       217,162       461,454       441,244  
       
Equipment and net occupancy
    41,099       42,527       83,945       85,929  
       
Printing, postage and supplies
    8,984       8,072       17,890       16,639  
       
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets
    16,457       11,357       34,813       24,385  
       
Other costs of operations
    101,411       97,879       193,586       190,803  
         
       
Total other expense
    392,651       376,997       791,688       759,000  
         
       
Income before taxes
    322,378       315,218       583,251       615,172  
       
Income taxes
    108,209       102,645       193,109       199,682  
         
       
Net income
  $ 214,169       212,573     $ 390,142       415,490  
 
       
Net income per common share
                               
       
Basic
  $ 1.98       1.91     $ 3.59       3.73  
       
Diluted
    1.95       1.87       3.51       3.64  
       
Cash dividends per common share
  $ .60       .60     $ 1.20       1.05  
       
Average common shares outstanding
                               
       
Basic
    107,939       111,259       108,811       111,474  
       
Diluted
    109,919       113,968       111,046       114,157  

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
                         
            Six months ended June 30
In thousands       2007   2006
Cash flows from operating activities
 
Net income
  $ 390,142       415,490  
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
               
       
Provision for credit losses
    57,000       35,000  
       
Depreciation and amortization of premises and equipment
    24,782       26,849  
       
Amortization of capitalized servicing rights
    30,994       30,350  
       
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets
    34,813       24,385  
       
Provision for deferred income taxes
    (31,717 )     (46,425 )
       
Asset write-downs
    12,199       203  
       
Net gain on sales of assets
    (6,491 )     (9,801 )
       
Net change in accrued interest receivable, payable
    (1,538 )     34,729  
       
Net change in other accrued income and expense
    7,917       (25,162 )
       
Net change in loans originated for sale
    80,018       (263,186 )
       
Net change in trading account assets and liabilities
    (10,158 )     5,766  
 
       
Net cash provided by operating activities
    587,961       228,198  
 
Cash flows from investing activities  
Proceeds from sales of investment securities
               
 
Available for sale
    36,261       95,752  
       
Other
    1,625       27,333  
       
Proceeds from maturities of investment securities
               
       
Available for sale
    988,866       824,720  
       
Held to maturity
    21,108       41,335  
       
Purchases of investment securities
               
       
Available for sale
    (748,010 )     (520,429 )
       
Held to maturity
    (19,383 )     (30,970 )
       
Other
    (36,260 )     (27,705 )
       
Net increase in agreements to resell securities
    (200,000 )      
       
Net increase in loans and leases
    (956,527 )     (779,886 )
       
Other investments, net
    (306,823 )     (8,516 )
       
Additions to capitalized servicing rights
    (28,406 )     (32,230 )
       
Capital expenditures, net
    (19,614 )     (16,736 )
       
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
               
       
Deposits and banking offices
          494,990  
       
Other companies
          (12,172 )
       
Other, net
    (18,263 )     (65,247 )
 
       
Net cash used by investing activities
    (1,285,426 )     (9,761 )
 
Cash flows from financing activities  
Net increase (decrease) in deposits
    (491,050 )     454,307  
 
Net increase (decrease) in short-term borrowings
    (161,133 )     151,942  
       
Proceeds from long-term borrowings
    1,599,895       500,000  
       
Payments on long-term borrowings
    (27,876 )     (956,166 )
       
Purchases of treasury stock
    (424,995 )     (207,120 )
       
Dividends paid — common
    (130,191 )     (116,725 )
       
Other, net
    44,669       54,378  
 
       
Net cash provided (used) by financing activities
    409,319       (119,384 )
 
       
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
    (288,146 )     99,053  
       
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    1,624,964       1,490,459  
 
       
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 1,336,818       1,589,512  
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
 
Interest received during the period
  $ 1,753,066       1,592,125  
 
Interest paid during the period
    833,608       655,029  
 
Income taxes paid during the period
    200,556       240,021  
 
Supplemental schedule of noncash investing and financing activities  
Loans held for sale transferred to loans held for investment
  $ 870,759        
 
Real estate acquired in settlement of loans
    15,342       10,325  
 
Acquisitions :
               
       
Fair value of :
               
       
Assets acquired (noncash)
          514,055  
       
Liabilities assumed
          999,022  

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Table of Contents

M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (Unaudited)
                                                                 
                                            Accumulated              
                                            other              
                    Common     Additional             comprehensive              
    Preferred     Common     stock     paid-in     Retained     income (loss),     Treasury        
In thousands, except per share   stock     stock     issuable     capital     earnings     net     stock     Total  
 
2006
                                                               
Balance — January 1, 2006
  $       60,198       5,363       2,886,153       3,854,275       (97,930 )     (831,673 )     5,876,386  
Comprehensive income:
                                                               
Net income
                            415,490                   415,490  
Other comprehensive income, net of tax and reclassification adjustments:
                                                               
Unrealized losses on investment securities
                                  (49,864 )           (49,864 )
 
                                                             
 
                                                            365,626  
Purchases of treasury stock
                                        (207,120 )     (207,120 )
Repayment of management stock ownership program receivable
                      225                         225  
Stock-based compensation plans:
                                                               
Stock option and purchase plans:
                                                               
Compensation expense
                      28,906                         28,906  
Exercises
                      (27,493 )                 79,894       52,401  
Directors’ stock plan
                      54                   485       539  
Deferred compensation plans, net, including dividend equivalents
                (256 )     (404 )     (97 )           743       (14 )
Common stock cash dividends - $1.05 per share
                            (116,725 )                 (116,725 )
 
Balance — June 30, 2006
  $       60,198       5,107       2,887,441       4,152,943       (147,794 )     (957,671 )     6,000,224  
 
2007
                                                               
Balance — January 1, 2007
  $       60,198       5,060       2,889,449       4,443,441       (53,574 )     (1,063,479 )     6,281,095  
Comprehensive income:
                                                               
Net income
                            390,142                   390,142  
Other comprehensive income, net of tax and reclassification adjustments:
                                                               
Unrealized losses on investment securities
                                  (14,358 )           (14,358 )
Defined benefit plan liability adjustment
                                  (285 )           (285 )
Unrealized gains on cash flow hedge
                                  1,384             1,384  
 
                                                             
 
                                                            376,883  
Purchases of treasury stock
                                        (424,995 )     (424,995 )
Stock-based compensation plans:
                                                               
Stock option and purchase plans:
                                                               
Compensation expense
                      29,960                         29,960  
Exercises
                      (23,808 )                 65,682       41,874  
Directors’ stock plan
                      76                   626       702  
Deferred compensation plans, net, including dividend equivalents
                (254 )     (438 )     (100 )           771       (21 )
Common stock cash dividends - $1.20 per share
                            (130,191 )                 (130,191 )
 
Balance — June 30, 2007
  $       60,198       4,806       2,895,239       4,703,292       (66,833 )     (1,421,395 )     6,175,307  
 
CONSOLIDATED SUMMARY OF CHANGES IN ALLOWANCE FOR CREDIT LOSSES (Unaudited)
                 
    Six months ended June 30  
In thousands   2007     2006  
 
Beginning balance
  $ 649,948       637,663  
Provision for credit losses
    57,000       35,000  
Net charge-offs
               
Charge-offs
    (53,067 )     (43,553 )
Recoveries
    14,257       16,741  
 
Total net charge-offs
    (38,810 )     (26,812 )
 
Ending balance
  $ 668,138       645,851  
 

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
1. Significant accounting policies
The consolidated financial statements of M&T Bank Corporation (“M&T”) and subsidiaries (“the Company”) were compiled in accordance with the accounting policies set forth in note 1 of Notes to Financial Statements included in the Company’s 2006 Annual Report, except as described below. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation have been made and were all of a normal recurring nature.
2. Earnings per share
The computations of basic earnings per share follow:
                                 
    Three months ended   Six months ended
    June 30   June 30
    2007   2006   2007   2006
    (in thousands, except per share)
Income available to common stockholders
                               
 
                               
Net income
  $ 214,169       212,573       390,142       415,490  
 
                               
Weighted-average shares outstanding (including common stock issuable)
    107,939       111,259       108,811       111,474  
 
                               
Basic earnings per share
  $ 1.98       1.91       3.59       3.73  
The computations of diluted earnings per share follow:
                                 
    Three months ended     Six months ended  
    June 30     June 30  
    2007     2006     2007     2006  
    (in thousands, except per share)  
Income available to common stockholders
  $ 214,169       212,573       390,142       415,490  
 
                               
Weighted-average shares outstanding
    107,939       111,259       108,811       111,474  
Plus: incremental shares from assumed conversion of stock-based compensation awards
    1,980       2,709       2,235       2,683  
 
                       
Adjusted weighted average shares outstanding
    109,919       113,968       111,046       114,157  
 
                               
Diluted earnings per share
  $ 1.95       1.87       3.51       3.64  

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
3. Comprehensive income
The following table displays the components of other comprehensive income (loss):
                         
    Six months ended June 30, 2007  
    Before-tax     Income        
    amount     taxes     Net  
    (in thousands)  
Unrealized losses on investment securities:
                       
Unrealized holding losses during period
  $ (24,587 )     11,046       (13,541 )
Less: reclassification adjustment for gains realized in net income
    1,323       (506 )     817  
 
                 
 
    (25,910 )     11,552       (14,358 )
 
                       
Gain on cash flow hedge
    2,197       (813 )     1,384  
Defined benefit plan liability adjustment
    (467 )     182       (285 )
 
                 
Net unrealized losses
  $ (24,180 )     10,921       (13,259 )
 
                 
                         
    Six months ended June 30, 2006  
    Before-tax     Income        
    amount     taxes     Net  
    (in thousands)  
Unrealized losses on investment securities:
                       
Unrealized holding losses during period
  $ (87,097 )     37,414       (49,683 )
Less: reclassification adjustment for gains realized in net income
    294       (113 )     181  
 
                 
Net unrealized losses
  $ (87,391 )     37,527       (49,864 )
 
                 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net consisted of unrealized gains (losses) as follows:
                                 
            Cash     Defined        
    Investment     flow     benefit        
    securities     hedge     plans     Total  
    (in thousands)  
Balance — January 1, 2007
  $ (25,311 )           (28,263 )     (53,574 )
 
                               
Net gain (loss) during period
    (14,358 )     1,384       (285 )     (13,259 )
 
                       
 
                               
Balance — June 30, 2007
  $ (39,669 )     1,384       (28,548 )     (66,833 )
 
                       
 
                               
Balance — January 1, 2006
  $ (48,576 )           (49,354 )     (97,930 )
 
                               
Net gain (loss) during period
    (49,864 )                 (49,864 )
 
                       
 
                               
Balance — June 30, 2006
  $ (98,440 )           (49,354 )     (147,794 )
 
                       

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings
M&T Capital Trust I (“Trust I”), M&T Capital Trust II (“Trust II”) and M&T Capital Trust III (“Trust III”) have issued fixed rate preferred capital securities aggregating $310 million. First Maryland Capital I (“Trust IV”) and First Maryland Capital II (“Trust V”) have issued floating rate preferred capital securities aggregating $300 million. The distribution rates on the preferred capital securities of Trust IV and Trust V adjust quarterly based on changes in the three-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and were 6.36% and 6.21%, respectively, at June 30, 2007 and 6.37% and 6.22%, respectively, at December 31, 2006. Trust I, Trust II, Trust III, Trust IV and Trust V are referred to herein collectively as the “Trusts.”
Other than the following payment terms (and the redemption terms described below), the preferred capital securities issued by the Trusts (“Capital Securities”) are substantially identical in all material respects:
         
    Distribution   Distribution
Trust   rate   dates
Trust I
  8.234%   February 1 and August 1
 
       
Trust II
  8.277%   June 1 and December 1
 
       
Trust III
  9.25%   February 1 and August 1
 
       
Trust IV
  LIBOR plus 1.00%   January 15, April 15, July 15 and October 15
 
       
Trust V
  LIBOR plus .85%   February 1, May 1, August 1 and November 1
The common securities of each Trust (“Common Securities”) are wholly owned by M&T and are the only class of each Trust’s securities possessing general voting powers. The Capital Securities represent preferred undivided interests in the assets of the corresponding Trust. Under the Federal Reserve Board’s current risk-based capital guidelines, the Capital Securities are includable in M&T’s Tier 1 (core) capital.
The proceeds from the issuances of the Capital Securities and Common Securities were used by the Trusts to purchase junior subordinated deferrable interest debentures (“Junior Subordinated Debentures”) of M&T as follows:
             
    Capital   Common   Junior Subordinated
Trust   Securities   Securities   Debentures
Trust I
  $150 million   $4.64 million   $154.64 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.234% Junior Subordinated Debentures due February 1, 2027.
 
           
Trust II
  $100 million   $3.09 million   $103.09 million aggregate liquidation amount of 8.277% Junior Subordinated Debentures due June 1, 2027.
 
           
Trust III
  $60 million   $1.856 million   $61.856 million aggregate liquidation amount of 9.25% Junior Subordinated Debentures due February 1, 2027.

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
             
    Capital   Common   Junior Subordinated
Trust   Securities   Securities   Debentures
Trust IV
  $150 million   $4.64 million   $154.64 million aggregate liquidation amount of floating rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due January 15, 2027.
 
           
Trust V
  $150 million   $4.64 million   $154.64 million aggregate liquidation amount of floating rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due February 1, 2027.
The Junior Subordinated Debentures represent the sole assets of each Trust and payments under the Junior Subordinated Debentures are the sole source of cash flow for each Trust. The financial statement carrying values of junior subordinated debentures associated with preferred capital securities of Trust III, Trust IV and Trust V at June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006 include the unamortized portions of purchase accounting adjustments to reflect estimated fair value as of the date of M&T’s acquisition of the common securities of each respective trust. The interest rates payable on the Junior Subordinated Debentures of Trust IV and Trust V were 6.36% and 6.21%, respectively, at June 30, 2007 and 6.37% and 6.22%, respectively, at December 31, 2006.
Holders of the Capital Securities receive preferential cumulative cash distributions on each distribution date at the stated distribution rate unless M&T exercises its right to extend the payment of interest on the Junior Subordinated Debentures for up to ten semi-annual periods (in the case of Trust I, Trust II and Trust III) or twenty quarterly periods (in the case of Trust IV and Trust V), in which case payment of distributions on the respective Capital Securities will be deferred for comparable periods. During an extended interest period, M&T may not pay dividends or distributions on, or repurchase, redeem or acquire any shares of its capital stock. The agreements governing the Capital Securities, in the aggregate, provide a full, irrevocable and unconditional guarantee by M&T of the payment of distributions on, the redemption of, and any liquidation distribution with respect to the Capital Securities. The obligations under such guarantee and the Capital Securities are subordinate and junior in right of payment to all senior indebtedness of M&T.
The Capital Securities will remain outstanding until the Junior Subordinated Debentures are repaid at maturity, are redeemed prior to maturity or are distributed in liquidation to the Trusts. The Capital Securities are mandatorily redeemable in whole, but not in part, upon repayment at the stated maturity dates of the Junior Subordinated Debentures or the earlier redemption of the Junior Subordinated Debentures in whole upon the occurrence of one or more events (“Events”) set forth in the indentures relating to the Capital Securities, and in whole or in part at any time after an optional redemption contemporaneously with the optional redemption of the related Junior Subordinated Debentures in whole or in part. The Junior Subordinated Debentures are redeemable prior to their stated maturity dates at M&T’s option (i) in whole at any time or in part from time to time, or (ii) in whole, but not in part, at any time within 90 days following the occurrence and during the continuation of one or more of the Events, in each case subject to possible regulatory approval. The redemption price of the Capital Securities

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
and the related Junior Subordinated Debentures upon early redemption will be expressed as a percentage of the liquidation amount plus accumulated but unpaid distributions. In the case of Trust I, such percentage adjusts annually and ranges from 104.117% as of February 1, 2007 to 100.412% for the annual period ending January 31, 2017, after which the percentage is 100%. In the case of Trust II, such percentage adjusts annually and ranges from 104.139% as of June 1, 2007 to 100.414% for the annual period ending May 31, 2017, after which the percentage is 100%. In the case of Trust III, such percentage adjusts annually and ranges from 104.625% as of February 1, 2007 to 100.463% for the annual period ending January 31, 2017, after which the percentage is 100%. In the case of Trust IV and Trust V, the redemption price upon early redemption will be equal to 100% of the principal amount to be redeemed plus any accrued but unpaid distributions to the redemption date.
Allfirst Preferred Capital Trust (“Allfirst Capital Trust”) has issued $100 million of Floating Rate Non-Cumulative Subordinated Trust Enhanced Securities (“SKATES”). Allfirst Capital Trust is a Delaware business trust that was formed for the exclusive purposes of (i) issuing the SKATES and common securities, (ii) purchasing Asset Preferred Securities issued by Allfirst Preferred Asset Trust (“Allfirst Asset Trust”) and (iii) engaging in only those other activities necessary or incidental thereto. M&T holds 100% of the common securities of Allfirst Capital Trust. Allfirst Asset Trust is a Delaware business trust that was formed for the exclusive purposes of (i) issuing Asset Preferred Securities and common securities, (ii) investing the gross proceeds of the Asset Preferred Securities in junior subordinated debentures that were assumed by M&T in an acquisition and other permitted investments and (iii) engaging in only those other activities necessary or incidental thereto. M&T holds 100% of the common securities of Allfirst Asset Trust and Allfirst Capital Trust holds 100% of the Asset Preferred Securities of Allfirst Asset Trust. M&T currently has outstanding $105.3 million aggregate liquidation amount floating rate Junior Subordinated Debentures due July 15, 2029 that are payable to Allfirst Asset Trust. The interest rates payable on such debentures were 6.79% at June 30, 2007 and 6.80% at December 31, 2006.
Distributions on the SKATES are non-cumulative. The distribution rate on the SKATES and on the floating rate Junior Subordinated Debentures is a rate per annum of three-month LIBOR plus 1.50% and three-month LIBOR plus 1.43%, respectively, reset quarterly two business days prior to the distribution dates of January 15, April 15, July 15 and October 15 in each year. Distributions on the SKATES will be paid if, as and when Allfirst Capital Trust has funds available for payment. The SKATES are subject to mandatory redemption if the Asset Preferred Securities of Allfirst Asset Trust are redeemed. Allfirst Asset Trust will redeem the Asset Preferred Securities if the junior subordinated debentures of M&T held by Allfirst Asset Trust are redeemed. M&T may redeem such junior subordinated debentures, in whole or in part, at any time on or after July 15, 2009, subject to regulatory approval. Allfirst Asset Trust will redeem the Asset Preferred Securities at par plus accrued and unpaid distributions from the last distribution payment date. M&T has guaranteed, on a subordinated basis, the payment in full of all distributions and other payments on the SKATES and on the Asset Preferred Securities to the extent that Allfirst Capital Trust and Allfirst Asset Trust, respectively, have funds legally available. Under the Federal Reserve Board’s current risk-based capital guidelines, the SKATES are includable in M&T’s Tier 1 Capital.

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
4. Borrowings, continued
Including the unamortized portions of purchase accounting adjustments to reflect estimated fair value at the acquisition dates of the common securities of Trust III, Trust IV, Trust V and Allfirst Asset Trust, the junior subordinated debentures associated with preferred capital securities had financial statement carrying values as follows:
                 
    June 30,     December 31,  
    2007     2006  
    (in thousands)  
Trust I
  $ 154,640       154,640  
 
               
Trust II
    103,093       103,093  
 
               
Trust III
    68,222       68,384  
 
               
Trust IV
    143,926       143,652  
 
               
Trust V
    141,654       141,322  
 
               
Allfirst Asset Trust
    101,874       101,796  
             
 
  $ 713,409       712,887  
             
5. Segment information
Reportable segments have been determined based upon the Company’s internal profitability reporting system, which is organized by strategic business units. Certain strategic business units have been combined for segment information reporting purposes where the nature of the products and services, the type of customer and the distribution of those products and services are similar. The reportable segments are Commercial Banking, Commercial Real Estate, Discretionary Portfolio, Residential Mortgage Banking and Retail Banking.
The financial information of the Company’s segments was compiled utilizing the accounting policies described in note 21 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2006. The management accounting policies and processes utilized in compiling segment financial information are highly subjective and, unlike financial accounting, are not based on authoritative guidance similar to generally accepted accounting principles. As a result, the financial information of the reported segments is not necessarily comparable with similar information reported by other financial institutions. As also described in note 21 to the Company’s 2006 consolidated financial statements, neither goodwill nor core deposit and other intangible assets (and the amortization charges associated with such assets) resulting from acquisitions of financial institutions have been allocated to the Company’s reportable segments, but are included in the “All Other” category. The Company

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
5. Segment information, continued
has, however, assigned such intangible assets to business units for purposes of testing for impairment. Information about the Company’s segments is presented in the following table:
                                                 
    Three months ended June 30  
    2007     2006  
            Inter-     Net             Inter-     Net  
    Total     segment     income     Total     segment     income  
    revenues(a)     revenues     (loss)     revenues(a)     revenues     (loss)  
    (in thousands)  
Commercial Banking
  $ 146,285       95       57,890       135,104       142       57,590  
 
                                               
Commercial Real Estate
    71,370       224       35,200       65,032       220       32,237  
 
                                               
Discretionary Portfolio
    33,505       (3,196 )     20,724       37,395       (1,098 )     23,730  
 
                                               
Residential Mortgage Banking
    65,176       12,556       10,409       75,125       12,907       18,626  
 
                                               
Retail Banking
    396,342       3,429       119,755       360,194       2,993       102,494  
 
                                               
All Other
    32,351       (13,108 )     (29,809 )     36,365       (15,164 )     (22,104 )
 
                                   
 
                                               
Total
  $ 745,029             214,169       709,215             212,573  
 
                                   
                                                 
    Six months ended June 30  
    2007     2006  
            Inter-     Net             Inter-     Net  
    Total     segment     income     Total     segment     income  
    revenues(a)     revenues     (loss)     revenues(a)     revenues     (loss)  
                    (in thousands)                  
Commercial Banking
  $ 288,165       220       114,919       269,425       290       113,684  
 
                                               
Commercial Real Estate
    136,514       375       66,937       133,521       452       66,104  
 
                                               
Discretionary Portfolio
    62,781       (5,542 )     39,662       74,750       (168 )     46,025  
 
                                               
Residential Mortgage Banking
    110,844       23,447       7,886       144,214       28,073       34,017  
 
                                               
Retail Banking
    770,171       6,457       227,137       706,093       5,846       195,048  
 
                                               
All Other
    63,464       (24,957 )     (66,399 )     81,169       (34,493 )     (39,388 )
 
                                   
 
                                               
Total
  $ 1,431,939             390,142       1,409,172             415,490  
 
                                   

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
5. Segment information, continued
(a)   Total revenues are comprised of net interest income and other income. Net interest income is the difference between taxable-equivalent interest earned on assets and interest paid on liabilities owed by a segment and a funding charge (credit) based on the Company’s internal funds transfer methodology. Segments are charged a cost to fund any assets (e.g. loans) and are paid a funding credit for any funds provided (e.g. deposits). The taxable-equivalent adjustment aggregated $4,972,000 and $4,641,000 for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively, and $10,095,000 and $9,372,000 for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively, and is eliminated in “All Other” total revenues. Intersegment revenues are included in total revenues of the reportable segments. The elimination of intersegment revenues is included in the determination of “All Other” total revenues.
                         
    Average total assets  
    Six months ended     Year ended  
    June 30     December 31  
    2007     2006     2006  
    (in millions)  
Commercial Banking
  $ 13,383       12,406       12,688  
Commercial Real Estate
    8,716       8,379       8,448  
Discretionary Portfolio
    12,316       12,226       12,136  
Residential Mortgage Banking
    3,128       3,315       3,462  
Retail Banking
    14,263       14,076       14,107  
All Other
    5,560       4,901       4,998  
 
                 
Total
  $ 57,366       55,303       55,839  
 
                 

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
6. Commitments and contingencies
In the normal course of business, various commitments and contingent liabilities are outstanding. The following table presents the Company’s significant commitments. Certain of these commitments are not included in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet.
                 
    June 30,   December 31,
    2007   2006
    (in thousands)
Commitments to extend credit
               
Home equity lines of credit
  $ 5,659,134       5,450,382  
Commercial real estate loans to be sold
    69,200       65,784  
Other commercial real estate and construction
    3,082,074       3,008,353  
Residential real estate loans to be sold
    549,105       679,591  
Other residential real estate
    448,315       493,122  
Commercial and other
    6,990,382       7,344,263  
 
               
Standby letters of credit
    3,552,840       3,622,860  
 
               
Commercial letters of credit
    56,447       30,209  
 
               
Financial guarantees and indemnification contracts
    1,190,160       1,036,117  
 
               
Commitments to sell real estate loans
    1,108,597       1,932,306  
Commitments to extend credit are agreements to lend to customers, generally having fixed expiration dates or other termination clauses that may require payment of a fee. Standby and commercial letters of credit are conditional commitments issued to guarantee the performance of a customer to a third party. Standby letters of credit generally are contingent upon the failure of the customer to perform according to the terms of the underlying contract with the third party, whereas commercial letters of credit are issued to facilitate commerce and typically result in the commitment being funded when the underlying transaction is consummated between the customer and third party. The credit risk associated with commitments to extend credit and standby and commercial letters of credit is essentially the same as that involved with extending loans to customers and is subject to normal credit policies. Collateral may be obtained based on management’s assessment of the customer’s creditworthiness.
Financial guarantees and indemnification contracts are oftentimes similar to standby letters of credit and include mandatory purchase agreements issued to ensure that customer obligations are fulfilled, recourse obligations associated with sold loans, and other guarantees of customer performance or compliance with designated rules and regulations. Included in financial guarantees and indemnification contracts are loan principal amounts sold with recourse in conjunction with the Company’s involvement in the Federal National Mortgage Association Delegated Underwriting and Servicing program. The Company’s maximum credit risk for recourse associated with loans sold under this program totaled $992 million and $939 million at June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively.
Since many loan commitments, standby letters of credit, and guarantees and indemnification contracts expire without being funded in whole or in part, the contract amounts are not necessarily indicative of future cash flows.

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
6. Commitments and contingencies, continued
The Company utilizes commitments to sell real estate loans to hedge exposure to changes in the fair value of real estate loans held for sale. Such commitments are considered derivatives in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 133, “Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” as amended, and along with commitments to originate real estate loans to be held for sale are generally recorded in the consolidated balance sheet at estimated fair market value. However, in estimating that fair value for commitments to originate loans for sale, value ascribable to cash flows that will be realized in connection with loan servicing activities has not been included. Value ascribable to that portion of cash flows is recognized at the time the underlying mortgage loans are sold.
The Company has an agreement with the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League whereby the Company obtained the naming rights to a football stadium in Baltimore, Maryland. Under the agreement, the Company is obligated to pay $5 million per year from 2007 through 2013 and $6 million per year from 2014 through 2017.
The Company also has commitments under long-term operating leases.
M&T and its subsidiaries are subject in the normal course of business to various pending and threatened legal proceedings in which claims for monetary damages are asserted. Management, after consultation with legal counsel, does not anticipate that the aggregate ultimate liability arising out of litigation pending against M&T or its subsidiaries will be material to the Company’s consolidated financial position, but at the present time is not in a position to determine whether such litigation will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations in any future reporting period.
7. Equity in earnings of Bayview Lending Group LLC
On February 5, 2007 M&T invested $300 million to acquire a minority interest in Bayview Lending Group LLC (“BLG”), a privately-held commercial mortgage lender that specializes in originating, securitizing and servicing small balance commercial real estate loans in the United States, and to a lesser extent, in Canada and the United Kingdom. M&T recognizes income from BLG using the equity method of accounting.

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Table of Contents

NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
8. Pension plans and other postretirement benefits
The Company provides defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefits (including health care and life insurance benefits) to qualified retired employees. Net periodic defined benefit cost consisted of the following:
                                 
                    Other  
    Pension     postretirement  
    benefits     benefits  
    Three months ended June 30  
    2007     2006     2007     2006  
    (in thousands)  
Service cost
  $ 5,542       5,575       150       150  
Interest cost on projected benefit obligation
    9,375       9,175       925       850  
Expected return on plan assets
    (10,025 )     (9,625 )            
Amortization of prior service cost
    (1,650 )     (1,775 )     50       50  
Amortization of net actuarial loss
    1,742       2,250       168       25  
 
                       
Net periodic benefit cost
  $ 4,984       5,600       1,293       1,075  
 
                       
                                 
                    Other  
    Pension     postretirement  
    benefits     benefits  
    Six months ended June 30  
    2007     2006     2007     2006  
    (in thousands)  
Service cost
  $ 11,017       11,150       300       300  
Interest cost on projected benefit obligation
    18,750       18,350       1,850       1,700  
Expected return on plan assets
    (20,050 )     (19,250 )            
Amortization of prior service cost
    (3,300 )     (3,550 )     100       100  
Amortization of net actuarial loss
    2,942       4,500       218       50  
 
                       
Net periodic benefit cost
  $ 9,359       11,200       2,468       2,150  
 
                       
Expense incurred in connection with the Company’s defined contribution pension and retirement savings plans totaled $7,248,000 and $6,406,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively, and $16,417,000 and $14,237,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
9. Income taxes
Effective January 1, 2007, the Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation (“FIN”) No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes.” FIN No. 48 prescribes the accounting method to be applied to measure uncertainty in income taxes recognized under Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes.” FIN No. 48 established a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of an uncertain tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.
The Company’s federal, state and local income tax returns are routinely subject to examinations from various governmental taxing authorities. Such examinations may result in challenges to the tax return treatment applied by the Company to specific transactions. Management believes that the assumptions and judgment used to record tax-related assets or liabilities have been appropriate. Should determinations rendered by tax authorities ultimately indicate that management’s assumptions were inappropriate, the result and adjustments required could have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations. The Company’s federal income tax returns for 2004 through 2006 are subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service. The Company also files

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NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, CONTINUED
9. Income taxes, continued
income tax returns in over thirty state and local jurisdictions. Substantially all material state and local tax matters have been concluded for years through 1998. Some tax returns for years after 1998 are presently under examination. As of January 1, 2007, the Company had accrued approximately $67 million, net of available benefits of approximately $36 million, for various unrecognized tax benefits in various federal, state and local tax jurisdictions within which the Company operates. If recognized, those benefits would affect the Company’s effective tax rate. If any tax return examination by federal, state or local tax authorities is concluded during the next twelve months, it is possible that the amount of the accrued liability for uncertain tax positions could change. It is not possible to estimate the amount of any such change. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income taxes in the Consolidated Statement of Income. Included in the accrual noted herein was $9 million for such item. The adoption of FIN No. 48 did not result in any change to the Company’s liability for uncertain tax positions as of January 1, 2007.
10. Acquisition of deposits and banking offices
On June 30, 2006, M&T Bank, M&T’s principal banking subsidiary, acquired 21 branch offices in Buffalo and Rochester, New York from Citibank, N.A. in a cash transaction. The branches had approximately $269 million in loans, mostly to consumers, small businesses and middle market customers, and approximately $1.0 billion of deposits. There were no acquisition-related expenses associated with the transaction in the first two quarters of 2007 or the first quarter of 2006. Such expenses aggregated $4 million ($2 million net of applicable income taxes) in the second quarter of 2006 and related to systems conversions and other costs of integrating the acquired branches into the Company and introducing customers to M&T Bank’s products and services.
11. Subsequent event
On July 18, 2007, M&T entered into a definitive agreement with Partners Trust Financial Group, Inc. (“Partners Trust”), Utica, New York, providing for a merger between the two companies. Upon completion of the merger, it is anticipated that Partners Trust Bank, Partners Trust’s bank subsidiary, will be merged into M&T Bank. Partners Trust Bank operates 33 banking offices in Upstate New York. At June 30, 2007, Partners Trust had approximately $3.7 billion of assets, including $2.3 billion of loans, and $3.2 billion of liabilities, including $2.3 billion of deposits. The merger is subject to a number of conditions, including the approval of various state and Federal regulators and Partners Trust’s stockholders, and is expected to be completed within six months. Under the terms of the merger agreement, stockholders of Partners Trust will receive $12.50 for each outstanding share of Partners Trust common stock, which they may elect to receive in cash or in M&T common stock, although, in the aggregate, 50% of the shares of Partners Trust common stock outstanding must be exchanged for M&T common stock and 50% for cash. As a result, the elections made by stockholders of Partners Trust will be subject to allocation and proration if the election for common stock would be more or less than 50%. In total, the transaction is valued at approximately $555 million.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
Overview
M&T Bank Corporation (“M&T”) recorded net income in the second quarter of 2007 of $214 million or $1.95 of diluted earnings per common share, up 1% and 4%, respectively, from $213 million or $1.87 of diluted earnings per common share in the second quarter of 2006. During the initial quarter of 2007, net income totaled $176 million or $1.57 of diluted earnings per common share. Basic earnings per common share were $1.98 in the recent quarter, compared with $1.91 in the year-earlier quarter and $1.60 in the first quarter of 2007.
     For the six-month period ended June 30, 2007, net income totaled $390 million or $3.51 per diluted share, compared with $415 million or $3.64 per diluted share in the corresponding 2006 period. Basic earnings per share for the first six months of 2007 and 2006 were $3.59 and $3.73, respectively.
     The annualized rate of return on average total assets for M&T and its consolidated subsidiaries (“the Company”) in the second quarter of 2007 was 1.49%, compared with 1.54% in the year-earlier quarter and 1.25% in the initial quarter of 2007. The annualized rate of return on average common stockholders’ equity was 13.92% in the recent quarter, compared with 14.35% in the second quarter of 2006 and 11.38% in the first quarter of 2007. During the first six months of 2007, the annualized rates of return on average assets and average common stockholders’ equity were 1.37% and 12.65%, respectively, compared with 1.52% and 14.16%, respectively, in the first half of 2006.
     The Company’s financial results for the first quarter of 2007 were adversely impacted by changing market conditions in the residential mortgage lending sector. Well-publicized problems in the subprime residential mortgage lending market had a negative effect on the rest of the residential mortgage marketplace, specifically with regard to alternative (“Alt-A”) residential mortgage loans that the Company actively originates for sale in the secondary market. Alt-A loans originated by the Company typically include some form of limited documentation requirements, as compared with more traditional residential mortgage loans. Unfavorable market conditions and lack of market liquidity impacted the Company’s willingness to sell Alt-A loans in the first quarter. During March 2007, an auction of such loans received fewer bids than normal and the pricing of those bids was lower than expected. As a result, $883 million of Alt-A loans previously held for sale (including $808 million of first mortgage loans and $75 million of second mortgage loans) were transferred in March to the Company’s held-for-investment residential mortgage loan portfolio. In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), loans held for sale must be recorded at the lower of cost or market value. Accordingly, prior to reclassifying the Alt-A mortgage loans to held for investment, the carrying value of such loans was reduced by $12 million in the first quarter of 2007, which resulted in an after-tax reduction of net income of $7 million, or $.07 per diluted share. The loans were reclassified to the held-for-investment portfolio because management of the Company believed that the value of the Alt-A residential mortgage loans it held at the time of the reclassification was greater than the amount implied by the few bidders active in the market at that time.
     In addition, the Company is contractually obligated to repurchase previously sold Alt-A loans that do not ultimately meet investor sale criteria, including instances when mortgagors fail to make timely payments during the first 90 days subsequent to the sale date. As a result, during the first quarter of 2007, the Company accrued $6 million to provide for declines in market value of previously sold Alt-A mortgage loans that the Company may be required to repurchase. That loss reduced the Company’s net income by $4 million or $.03 per diluted share during 2007’s first quarter.

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     On February 5, 2007, M&T invested $300 million to acquire a minority interest in Bayview Lending Group LLC (“BLG”), a privately-held commercial mortgage lender that specializes in originating, securitizing and servicing small balance commercial real estate loans in the United States, and to a lesser extent, in Canada and the United Kingdom. That investment is being accounted for using the equity method of accounting. BLG was a going-concern when M&T made its investment, but started out with a minimal amount of loans in its portfolio. As a result, BLG incurred modest operating losses until a sufficiently significant volume of loans were originated and securitized during 2007’s second quarter. M&T’s pro-rata portion of BLG’s results of operations was pre-tax income of $8 million and $6 million for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2007, respectively. Those amounts have been recorded as a component of Other Income in the Consolidated Statement of Income. Including expenses associated with M&T’s investment in BLG, most notably interest expense, that investment added approximately $2 million (after tax effect), or $.02 per diluted share to M&T’s net income in the second quarter of 2007, while M&T’s net income was reduced by $1 million (after tax effect) or $.01 per diluted share in the six-month period ended June 30, 2007.
     On June 30, 2006, M&T Bank, M&T’s principal banking subsidiary, completed the acquisition of 21 banking offices in Buffalo and Rochester, New York from Citibank, N.A., including approximately $269 million in loans, mostly to consumers, small businesses and middle market customers, and approximately $1.0 billion of deposits. Expenses associated with integrating the acquired banking offices into M&T Bank and introducing the customers associated with those offices to M&T Bank’s products and services aggregated $2 million, after applicable tax effect, or $.02 of diluted earnings per share during the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2006. There were no acquisition-related expenses during the first or second quarters of 2007.
     On July 18, 2007, M&T entered into a definitive agreement with Partners Trust Financial Group, Inc. (“Partners Trust”), Utica, New York, providing for a merger between the two companies. Upon completion of the merger, it is anticipated that Partners Trust Bank, Partners Trust’s bank subsidiary, will be merged into M&T Bank. Partners Trust Bank operates 33 banking offices in Upstate New York. At June 30, 2007, Partners Trust had approximately $3.7 billion of assets, including $2.3 billion of loans, and $3.2 billion of liabilities, including $2.3 billion of deposits. The merger is subject to a number of conditions, including the approval of various state and Federal regulators and Partners Trust’s stockholders, and is expected to be completed within six months. Under the terms of the merger agreement, stockholders of Partners Trust will receive $12.50 for each outstanding share of Partners Trust common stock, which they may elect to receive in cash or in M&T common stock. Nevertheless, in the aggregate, 50% of the shares of Partners Trust common stock outstanding must be exchanged for M&T common stock. As a result, Partners Trust stockholder elections will be subject to allocation and proration if the aggregate election for common stock would be more or less than 50%. In total, the transaction is valued at approximately $555 million.
Supplemental Reporting of Non-GAAP Results of Operations
As a result of business combinations and other acquisitions, the Company had intangible assets consisting of goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets totaling $3.1 billion at June 30, 2007 and $3.2 billion at each of June 30 and December 31, 2006. Included in such intangible assets at each of those dates was goodwill of $2.9 billion. Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets, after tax effect, was $10 million ($.09 per diluted share) during the second quarter of 2007, compared with $7 million ($.06 per diluted share) in the corresponding 2006 quarter and $11 million ($.10 per diluted share) in the first quarter of 2007. For the six-month periods ended

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June 30, 2007 and 2006, amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets, after tax effect, totaled $21 million ($.19 per diluted share) and $15 million ($.13 per diluted share), respectively.
     Since 1998, M&T has consistently provided supplemental reporting of its results on a “net operating” or “tangible” basis, from which M&T excludes the after-tax effect of amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets (and the related goodwill, core deposit intangible and other intangible asset balances, net of applicable deferred tax amounts, when calculating certain performance ratios) and expenses associated with merging acquired operations into the Company, since such expenses are considered by management to be “nonoperating” in nature. Although “net operating income” as defined by M&T is not a GAAP measure, M&T’s management believes that this information helps investors understand the effect of acquisition activity in reported results.
     Net operating income was $224 million in the recent quarter, compared with $222 million in the second quarter of 2006. Diluted net operating earnings per share for 2007’s second quarter were $2.04, up 5% from $1.95 in the corresponding 2006 period. Net operating income and diluted net operating earnings per share were $187 million and $1.67, respectively, in the initial 2007 quarter. For the first six months of 2007, net operating income and diluted net operating earnings per share were $411 million and $3.70, respectively, compared with $433 million and $3.79 in the similar 2006 period.
     Net operating income expressed as an annualized return on average tangible assets was 1.65% in the second quarter of 2007, compared with 1.69% in the similar 2006 quarter and 1.40% in the first quarter of 2007. Net operating income expressed as an annualized return on average tangible common equity was 29.35% in the recent quarter, compared with 30.02% in the year-earlier quarter and 24.11% in the initial quarter of 2007. For the first half of 2007, net operating income represented an annualized return on average tangible assets and average tangible common stockholders’ equity of 1.53% and 26.71%, respectively, compared with 1.67% and 29.67%, respectively, in the six-month period ended June 30, 2006.
     Reconciliations of GAAP amounts with corresponding non-GAAP amounts are provided in table 2.
Taxable-equivalent Net Interest Income
Taxable-equivalent net interest income increased 3% to $467 million in the recently completed quarter from $451 million in the second quarter of 2006 and was up 2% from $456 million in the first quarter of 2007. The improvement from the year-earlier period was the result of higher average loans and leases outstanding, which rose $2.6 billion, or 6%, to $43.6 billion in the recent quarter from $41.0 billion in the second quarter of 2006, offset partially by a $1.4 billion decline in average investment securities outstanding from the second quarter of 2006 to the second quarter of 2007. As compared with the first quarter of 2007, average loans and leases rose $458 million in the recent quarter, while average investment securities declined $328 million. Net interest margin, or taxable-equivalent net interest income expressed as an annualized percentage of average earning assets, was 3.67% in the second quarter of 2007, compared with 3.66% in the year-earlier period and 3.64% in the initial quarter of 2007.
     For the first six months of 2007, taxable-equivalent net interest income was $922 million, 2% above $903 million in the corresponding 2006 period. A 6% or $2.6 billion increase in average loans and leases was the leading factor contributing to that improvement. Partially offsetting the impact of growth in loans were a $1.3 billion drop in average investment securities and a decline in the Company’s net interest margin of 4 basis points (hundredths

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of one percent). The net interest margin was 3.66% during the first half of 2007 and 3.70% in the first six months of 2006.
     Higher average outstanding balances of commercial loans and leases, commercial real estate loans and residential real estate loans were largely responsible for the recent quarter’s $2.6 billion growth in average loans outstanding as compared with the second quarter of 2006. In the second quarter of 2007, average commercial loans aggregated $12.2 billion, up $881 million or 8% from $11.3 billion in the year-earlier quarter. Commercial real estate loans averaged $15.6 billion in the recent quarter, $631 million or 4% higher than $14.9 billion in the second quarter of 2006. Average residential real estate loans rose 21% or $1.0 billion from 2006’s second quarter. Included in that portfolio were loans held for sale, which averaged $956 million in the recent quarter, compared with $1.5 billion in the year-earlier period. Excluding such loans, average residential real estate loans rose $1.6 billion from 2006’s second quarter to the second quarter of 2007. That increase was partially the result of the Company deciding to retain higher levels of residential real estate loan originations in light of modest loan growth in other loan types and the lack of availability of investment securities to acquire that met the Company’s desired characteristics and provided suitable returns. In addition, during March 2007 the Company transferred $883 million of residential mortgage loans previously held for sale to its held-for-investment portfolio. Average outstanding consumer loans increased $64 million, or 1%, in the second quarter of 2007 as compared with the year-earlier quarter.
     Contributing to the growth in average loans outstanding from $43.1 billion in 2007’s initial quarter to $43.6 billion in the second quarter of 2007 were commercial loans and leases, which increased $402 million, and commercial real estate loans, which rose $104 million. During that same period, average residential real estate loans declined $63 million while average balances of consumer loans were essentially flat. The following table summarizes quarterly changes in the major components of the loan and lease portfolio.
AVERAGE LOANS AND LEASES
(net of unearned discount)
Dollars in millions
                         
            Percent increase  
            (decrease) from  
    2nd Qtr.     2nd Qtr.     1st Qtr.  
    2007     2006     2007  
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 12,155       8 %     3 %
Real estate – commercial
    15,578       4       1  
Real estate – consumer
    5,875       21       (1 )
Consumer
                       
Automobile
    2,915             5  
Home equity lines
    4,138             (1 )
Home equity loans
    1,142       (5 )     (2 )
Other
    1,769       8       (2 )
 
                 
Total consumer
    9,964       1        
 
                 
Total
  $ 43,572       6 %     1 %
 
                 
     For the first six months of 2007, average loans and leases aggregated $43.3 billion, 6% above $40.8 billion in the first half of 2006. Consistent with the loan portfolio changes discussed above, growth in commercial loans, commercial real estate loans and residential real estate loans was partially offset by lower average consumer loan balances.
     The investment securities portfolio averaged $6.9 billion in the second quarter of 2007, down from $8.3 billion in the year-earlier quarter and $7.2 billion in the first quarter of 2007. The declines in such securities from both the second quarter of 2006 and the initial 2007 quarter reflect net

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paydowns of mortgage-backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations. The Company has allowed the investment securities portfolio to decline as the opportunity to purchase securities at favorable spreads, that is, the difference between the yield earned on a security and the rate paid on funds used to purchase it, has been limited. The investment securities portfolio is largely comprised of residential and commercial mortgage-backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations, debt securities issued by municipalities, debt and preferred equity securities issued by government-sponsored agencies and certain financial institutions, and shorter-term U.S. Treasury notes. When purchasing investment securities, the Company considers its overall interest-rate risk profile as well as the adequacy of expected returns relative to the risks assumed, including prepayments. In managing the investment securities portfolio, the Company occasionally sells investment securities as a result of changes in interest rates and spreads, actual or anticipated prepayments, or credit risk associated with a particular security, or as a result of restructuring its investment securities portfolio following completion of a business combination. The Company regularly reviews its investment securities for declines in value below amortized cost that might be other than temporary. As of June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, the Company concluded that such declines were temporary in nature.
     Other earning assets include deposits at banks, trading account assets, federal funds sold and agreements to resell securities. Those other earning assets in the aggregate averaged $524 million in the recently completed quarter, compared with $149 million and $365 million in the year-earlier quarter and first quarter of 2007, respectively. The increase in such assets in the recent quarter as compared with the second quarter of 2006 and the first 2007 quarter resulted from purchases of investment securities under agreements to resell. Such agreements averaged $429 million during 2007’s second quarter and $286 million during the first quarter of 2007. There were no such agreements outstanding during the second quarter of 2006. Resell agreements, which aggregated $300 million and had a weighted-average term to maturity of approximately 4 years at June 30, 2007, are accounted for similar to collateralized loans, with changes in the market value of the collateral monitored by the Company to ensure sufficient coverage. The amounts of investment securities and other earning assets held by the Company are influenced by such factors as demand for loans, which generally yield more than investment securities and other earning assets, ongoing repayments, the level of deposits, and management of balance sheet size and resulting capital ratios.
     The changes described herein resulted in a rise in average earning assets of $1.5 billion, or 3%, to $51.0 billion in the second quarter of 2007 from $49.4 billion in the similar quarter in 2006. Average earning assets were $50.7 billion in the initial quarter of 2007 and aggregated $50.8 billion and $49.3 billion during the six-month periods ended June 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
     The most significant source of funding for the Company is core deposits, which are comprised of noninterest-bearing deposits, interest-bearing transaction accounts, nonbrokered savings deposits and nonbrokered domestic time deposits under $100,000. The Company’s branch network is its principal source of core deposits, which generally carry lower interest rates than wholesale funds of comparable maturities. Certificates of deposit under $100,000 generated on a nationwide basis by M&T Bank, National Association (“M&T Bank, N.A.”), a wholly owned banking subsidiary of M&T, are also included in core deposits. Average core deposits totaled $28.5 billion in the recent quarter, compared with $28.0 billion in the second quarter of 2006 and $28.6 billion in 2007’s first quarter. The June 30, 2006 acquisition of banking offices added approximately $900 million of core deposits on that date. The following table provides an analysis of quarterly changes in the components of average core deposits. For the six-month periods ended June 30, 2007 and 2006, core deposits averaged $28.5 billion and $27.9 billion, respectively.

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AVERAGE CORE DEPOSITS
Dollars in millions
                         
            Percent increase  
            (decrease) from  
    2nd Qtr.     2nd Qtr.     1st Qtr.  
    2007     2006     2007  
NOW accounts
  $ 453       3 %     3 %
Savings deposits
    14,946       5       2  
Time deposits less than $100,000
    5,779       (3 )     (4 )
Noninterest-bearing deposits
    7,339       (1 )     (1 )
 
                 
Total
  $ 28,517       2 %     %
 
                 
     Additional sources of funding for the Company include domestic time deposits of $100,000 or more, deposits originated through the Company’s offshore branch office, and brokered deposits. Domestic time deposits over $100,000, excluding brokered certificates of deposit, averaged $2.7 billion in the second quarter of 2007, compared with $2.9 billion in each of the year-earlier quarter and in the first quarter of 2007. Offshore branch deposits, primarily comprised of accounts with balances of $100,000 or more, averaged $3.7 billion for each of the two most recent quarters and $3.6 billion for the three months ended June 30, 2006. Brokered time deposits averaged $2.0 billion in the second quarter of 2007, compared with $3.8 billion in the year-earlier quarter and $2.8 billion in 2007’s first quarter. In connection with the Company’s management of interest rate risk, interest rate swap agreements have been entered into under which the Company receives a fixed rate of interest and pays a variable rate and that have notional amounts and terms substantially similar to the amounts and terms of $265 million of brokered time deposits. The Company also had brokered money-market deposit accounts which averaged $81 million during the second quarter of 2007, compared with $65 million and $84 million during the similar quarter of 2006 and the first quarter of 2007, respectively. Offshore branch deposits and brokered deposits have been used by the Company as alternatives to short-term borrowings. Additional amounts of offshore branch deposits or brokered deposits may be solicited in the future depending on market conditions, including demand by customers and other investors for those deposits, and the cost of funds available from alternative sources at the time.
     The Company also uses borrowings from banks, securities dealers, various Federal Home Loan Banks (“FHLBs”), and others as sources of funding. Short-term borrowings averaged $5.6 billion in the recent quarter, compared with $4.3 billion in the second quarter of 2006 and $4.9 billion in the first quarter of 2007. Included in short-term borrowings were unsecured federal funds borrowings, which generally mature daily and averaged $4.8 billion, $3.4 billion and $4.1 billion in the second quarters of 2007 and 2006, and the first quarter of 2007, respectively. Overnight federal funds borrowings represent the largest component of short-term borrowings and are obtained daily from a wide variety of banks and other financial institutions. Also included in short-term borrowings is a $500 million revolving asset-backed structured borrowing secured by automobile loans that were transferred to M&T Auto Receivables I, LLC, a special purpose subsidiary of M&T Bank. The special purpose subsidiary, the loans and the borrowings are included in the consolidated financial statements of the Company.
     Long-term borrowings averaged $7.9 billion in the recent quarter, compared with $5.9 billion in the second quarter of 2006 and $7.3 billion in 2007’s initial quarter. Included in average long-term borrowings were amounts borrowed from the FHLBs of $3.7 billion in the second quarter of 2007, compared with $3.9 billion and $3.5 billion in the year-earlier quarter and the first quarter of 2007, respectively, and subordinated capital notes of $1.7 billion in the two most recent quarters and $1.2 billion in the second quarter of 2006. M&T Bank issued $500 million of subordinated notes in December 2006, in part to maintain appropriate regulatory capital ratios. Junior subordinated debentures associated with trust preferred securities

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that were included in average long-term borrowings were $713 million in each of the first two quarters of 2007 and $712 million in the second quarter of 2006. Information regarding trust preferred securities and the related junior subordinated debentures is provided in note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements. Also included in long-term borrowings were agreements to repurchase securities, which averaged $1.6 billion, $81 million and $1.4 billion during the quarters ended June 30, 2007, June 30, 2006 and March 31, 2007, respectively.
     Changes in the composition of the Company’s earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities as discussed herein, as well as changes in interest rates and spreads, can impact net interest income. Net interest spread, or the difference between the taxable-equivalent yield on earning assets and the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities, was 3.08% in the second quarter of 2007, compared with 3.07% in the year-earlier quarter. The yield on earning assets during the recent quarter was 6.95%, up 32 basis points from 6.63% in the second quarter of 2006, while the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities increased 31 basis points to 3.87% from 3.56% in 2006’s second quarter. In the initial quarter of 2007, the net interest spread was 3.03%, the yield on earning assets was 6.93% and the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities was 3.90%. For the first half of 2007, the net interest spread was 3.06%, a decrease of 7 basis points from the corresponding 2006 period. The yield on earning assets and the rate paid on interest-bearing liabilities were 6.94% and 3.88%, respectively, in the first six months of 2007, compared with 6.55% and 3.42%, respectively, in the corresponding period of 2006. The 1 basis point increase in the Company’s net interest spread during the recent quarter as compared with the second quarter of 2006 resulted from higher fees from customer prepayments of commercial real estate loans, higher interest received on nonaccrual loans and lower rates paid on certain consumer deposits obtained in a past acquisition, partially offset by the impact of funding the Company’s investment in BLG. The improvement in net interest spread from the first quarter of 2007 to the recent quarter was due, in part, to higher commercial real estate loan prepayment fees, higher interest received on nonaccrual loans and lower rates paid on deposits, partially offset by the impact of one more day in 2007’s second quarter.
     Net interest-free funds consist largely of noninterest-bearing demand deposits and stockholders’ equity, partially offset by bank owned life insurance and non-earning assets, including goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets. Net interest-free funds averaged $7.8 billion in the second quarter of 2007, compared with $8.2 billion in the similar quarter of 2006 and $8.0 billion in the first quarter of 2007. The decline in average net interest-free funds in the recent quarter as compared with the year-earlier quarter was due largely to higher average non-earning assets, including core deposit and other intangible assets relating to the June 30, 2006 banking office acquisition and the BLG investment, and lower noninterest-bearing deposits, partially offset by higher average stockholders’ equity. The decrease in average net interest-free funds from the first quarter of 2007 was due, in part, to lower stockholders’ equity, largely attributable to repurchases of M&T common stock in the recent quarter. During the first half of 2007 and 2006, average net interest-free funds totaled $7.9 billion and $8.2 billion, respectively. Goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets averaged $3.1 billion during each of the quarters ended June 30, 2007 and March 31, 2007, and $3.0 billion in the second quarter of 2006. The cash surrender value of bank owned life insurance averaged $1.1 billion during each of the quarters ended June 30, 2007, June 30, 2006 and March 31, 2007. Increases in the cash surrender value of bank owned life insurance are not included in interest income, but rather are recorded in “other revenues from operations.”

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     The contribution of net interest-free funds to net interest margin was .59% in each of the second quarter of 2007 and 2006 and .61% in the first quarter of 2007. The contribution of net interest-free funds to net interest margin for the first half of the year was .60% in 2007 and .57% in 2006. The increase in the contribution to net interest margin ascribed to net interest-free funds in the six-month period ended June 30, 2007 as compared with the similar 2006 period resulted largely from the impact of higher interest rates on interest-bearing liabilities used to value such contribution.
     Reflecting the changes to the net interest spread and the contribution of interest-free funds as described herein, the Company’s net interest margin was 3.67% in the recent quarter, up slightly from 3.66% in the corresponding quarter of 2006 and 3 basis points higher than 3.64% in the first quarter of 2007. During the first six months of 2007 and 2006, the net interest margin was 3.66% and 3.70%, respectively. Future changes in market interest rates or spreads, as well as changes in the composition of the Company’s portfolios of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities that result in reductions in spreads, could adversely impact the Company’s net interest income and net interest margin.
     Management assesses the potential impact of future changes in interest rates and spreads by projecting net interest income under several interest rate scenarios. In managing interest rate risk, the Company utilizes interest rate swap agreements to modify the repricing characteristics of certain portions of its portfolios of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. Periodic settlement amounts arising from these agreements are generally reflected in either the yields earned on assets or, as appropriate, the rates paid on interest-bearing liabilities. The notional amount of interest rate swap agreements entered into for interest rate risk management purposes was $902 million at June 30, 2007, $787 million at June 30, 2006, and approximately $1 billion at each of March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006. Under the terms of these swap agreements, the Company receives payments based on the outstanding notional amount of the swap agreements at fixed rates and makes payments at variable rates.
     As of June 30, 2007, all of the Company’s interest rate swap agreements entered into for risk management purposes had been designated as fair value hedges. In a fair value hedge, the fair value of the derivative (the interest rate swap agreement) and changes in the fair value of the hedged item are recorded in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet with the corresponding gain or loss recognized in current earnings. The difference between changes in the fair value of the interest rate swap agreements and the hedged items represents hedge ineffectiveness and is recorded in “other revenues from operations” in the Company’s consolidated statement of income. In a cash flow hedge, unlike in a fair value hedge, the effective portion of the derivative’s gain or loss is initially reported as a component of other comprehensive income and subsequently reclassified into earnings when the forecasted transaction affects earnings. The ineffective portion of the gain or loss is reported in “other revenues from operations” immediately. The amounts of hedge ineffectiveness recognized during the three- and six-month periods ended June 30, 2007 and 2006 were not material to the Company’s results of operations. The estimated aggregate fair value of interest rate swap agreements designated as fair value hedges represented losses of approximately $32 million and $16 million at June 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively, and $15 million at December 31, 2006. The fair values of such swap agreements were substantially offset by changes in the fair values of the hedged items. The changes in the fair values of the interest rate swap agreements and the hedged items result from the effects of changing interest rates.

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     The weighted-average rates to be received and paid under interest rate swap agreements currently in effect were 5.67% and 6.27%, respectively, at June 30, 2007. The average notional amounts of interest rate swap agreements and the related effect on net interest income and margin, and the weighted-average interest rates paid or received on those swap agreements are presented in the accompanying table.
INTEREST RATE SWAP AGREEMENTS
Dollars in thousands
                                 
    Three months ended June 30  
    2007     2006  
    Amount     Rate*     Amount     Rate*  
Increase (decrease) in:
                               
Interest income
  $       %   $       %
Interest expense
    1,289       .01       913       .01  
 
                           
Net interest income/margin
  $ (1,289 )     (.01 )%   $ (913 )     (.01 )%
 
                       
Average notional amount
  $ 881,362             $ 769,988          
 
                           
Rate received**
            6.05 %             5.13 %
Rate paid**
            6.63 %             5.60 %
 
                           
                                 
    Six months ended June 30  
    2007     2006  
    Amount     Rate*     Amount     Rate*  
Increase (decrease) in:
                               
Interest income
  $       %   $       %
Interest expense
    2,644       .01       1,069        
 
                           
Net interest income/margin
  $ (2,644 )     (.01 )%   $ (1,069 )     %
 
                       
Average notional amount
  $ 938,512             $ 730,694          
 
                           
Rate received**
            5.87 %             5.12 %
Rate paid**
            6.43 %             5.42 %
 
                           
 
*   Computed as an annualized percentage of average earning assets or interest-bearing liabilities.
 
**   Weighted-average rate paid or received on interest rate swap agreements in effect during the period.
     As a financial intermediary, the Company is exposed to various risks, including liquidity and market risk. Liquidity refers to the Company’s ability to ensure that sufficient cash flow and liquid assets are available to satisfy current and future obligations, including demands for loans and deposit withdrawals, funding operating costs, and for other corporate purposes. Liquidity risk arises whenever the maturities of financial instruments included in assets and liabilities differ. M&T’s banking subsidiaries have access to additional funding sources through borrowings from the Federal Home Loan Bank of New York, lines of credit with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, and other available borrowing facilities. The Company has, from time to time, issued subordinated capital notes to provide liquidity and enhance regulatory capital ratios. Such notes qualify for inclusion in the Company’s total capital as defined by federal regulators. In December 2006, M&T Bank issued $500 million of subordinated notes. The notes bear a fixed rate of interest of 5.629% for ten years and a floating rate for five years thereafter, at a rate equal to the three-month London Interbank Offered Rate plus .64%. The notes are redeemable at the Company’s option after the fixed-rate period ends, subject to prior regulatory approval. As an additional source of funding, M&T issued $300 million of senior notes in May 2007. Those notes bear a fixed rate of interest of 5.375% and are due on May 24, 2012. The Company also obtains funding by maintaining a $500 million revolving asset-backed structured borrowing which is collateralized by automobile loans and related assets that have been transferred to a special

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purpose subsidiary of M&T Bank. That subsidiary, the loans and the borrowing are included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. As existing loans of the subsidiary pay down, monthly proceeds, after payment of certain fees and debt service costs, are used to obtain additional automobile loans from M&T Bank or other subsidiaries to replenish the collateral and maintain the existing borrowing base.
     The Company has informal and sometimes reciprocal sources of funding available through various arrangements for unsecured short-term borrowings from a wide group of banks and other financial institutions. Short-term federal funds borrowings aggregated $2.2 billion, $4.4 billion and $2.3 billion at June 30, 2007, June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2006, respectively. In general, these borrowings were unsecured and matured on the following business day. As already noted, offshore branch deposits and brokered certificates of deposit have been used by the Company as alternatives to short-term borrowings. At June 30, 2007, brokered time deposits totaled $1.9 billion and the weighted-average remaining term to maturity of such deposits was 17 months. Certain of these brokered time deposits have provisions that allow for early redemption.
     The Company’s ability to obtain funding from these or other sources could be negatively impacted should the Company experience a substantial deterioration in its financial condition or its debt ratings, or should the availability of short-term funding become restricted due to a disruption in the financial markets. The Company attempts to quantify such credit-event risk by modeling scenarios that estimate the liquidity impact resulting from a short-term ratings downgrade over various grading levels. Such impact is estimated by attempting to measure the effect on available unsecured lines of credit, available capacity from secured borrowing sources and securitizable assets. In addition to deposits and borrowings, other sources of liquidity include maturities of investment securities and other earning assets, repayments of loans and investment securities, and cash generated from operations, such as fees collected for services.
     Certain customers of the Company obtain financing through the issuance of variable rate demand bonds (“VRDBs”). The VRDBs are generally enhanced by direct-pay letters of credit provided by M&T Bank. M&T Bank oftentimes acts as remarketing agent for the VRDBs and, at its discretion, may from time-to-time own some of the VRDBs while such instruments are remarketed. When this occurs, the VRDBs are classified as trading assets in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. Nevertheless, M&T Bank is not contractually obligated to purchase the VRDBs. The value of VRDBs in the Company’s trading account totaled $14 million and $49 million at June 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively, and $6 million at December 31, 2006. The total amount of VRDBs outstanding backed by M&T Bank letters of credit was $1.7 billion at each of June 30, 2007, June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2006. M&T Bank also serves as remarketing agent for most of those bonds.
     The Company enters into contractual obligations in the normal course of business which require future cash payments. Such obligations include, among others, payments related to deposits, borrowings, leases and other contractual commitments. Off-balance sheet commitments to customers may impact liquidity, including commitments to extend credit, standby letters of credit, commercial letters of credit, financial guarantees and indemnification contracts, and commitments to sell real estate loans. Because many of these commitments or contracts expire without being funded in whole or in part, the contract amounts are not necessarily indicative of future cash flows. Further information relating to these commitments is provided in note 6 of Notes to Financial Statements.

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     M&T’s primary source of funds to pay for operating expenses, shareholder dividends and treasury stock repurchases has historically been the receipt of dividends from its banking subsidiaries, which are subject to various regulatory limitations. Dividends from any banking subsidiary to M&T are limited by the amount of earnings of the banking subsidiary in the current year and the two preceding years. For purposes of that test, at June 30, 2007 approximately $245 million was available for payment of dividends to M&T from banking subsidiaries without prior regulatory approval. These historic sources of cash flow have been augmented in the past by the issuance of trust preferred securities and in the second quarter of 2007 by the issuance of $300 million of senior notes payable. Information regarding trust preferred securities and the related junior subordinated debentures is included in note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements. M&T also maintains a $30 million line of credit with an unaffiliated commercial bank, of which there were no borrowings outstanding at June 30, 2007 or at December 31, 2006.
     Management closely monitors the Company’s liquidity position on an ongoing basis for compliance with internal policies and believes that available sources of liquidity are adequate to meet funding needs anticipated in the normal course of business. Management does not anticipate engaging in any activities, either currently or in the long-term, for which adequate funding would not be available and would therefore result in a significant strain on liquidity at either M&T or its subsidiary banks.
     Market risk is the risk of loss from adverse changes in market prices and/or interest rates of the Company’s financial instruments. The primary market risk the Company is exposed to is interest rate risk. Interest rate risk arises from the Company’s core banking activities of lending and deposit-taking, because assets and liabilities reprice at different times and by different amounts as interest rates change. As a result, net interest income earned by the Company is subject to the effects of changing interest rates. The Company measures interest rate risk by calculating the variability of net interest income in future periods under various interest rate scenarios using projected balances for earning assets, interest-bearing liabilities and derivatives used to hedge interest rate risk. Management’s philosophy toward interest rate risk management is to limit the variability of net interest income. The balances of financial instruments used in the projections are based on expected growth from forecasted business opportunities, anticipated prepayments of loans and investment securities, and expected maturities of investment securities, loans and deposits. Management uses a “value of equity” model to supplement the modeling technique described above. Those supplemental analyses are based on discounted cash flows associated with on- and off-balance sheet financial instruments. Such analyses are modeled to reflect changes in interest rates and provide management with a long-term interest rate risk metric.
     The Company’s Risk Management Committee, which includes members of senior management, monitors the sensitivity of the Company’s net interest income to changes in interest rates with the aid of a computer model that forecasts net interest income under different interest rate scenarios. In modeling changing interest rates, the Company considers different yield curve shapes that consider both parallel (that is, simultaneous changes in interest rates at each point on the yield curve) and non-parallel (that is, allowing interest rates at points on the yield curve to vary by different amounts) shifts in the yield curve. In utilizing the model, market-implied forward interest rates over the subsequent twelve months are generally used to determine a base interest rate scenario for the net interest income simulation. That calculated base net interest income is then compared to the income calculated under the varying interest rate scenarios. The model considers the impact of ongoing lending and deposit gathering activities, as well as interrelationships in the magnitude and timing of the repricing of financial instruments, including the effect of changing interest rates on

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expected prepayments and maturities. When deemed prudent, management has taken actions to mitigate exposure to interest rate risk through the use of on- or off-balance sheet financial instruments, and intends to do so in the future. Possible actions include, but are not limited to, changes in the pricing of loan and deposit products, modifying the composition of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, and adding to, modifying or terminating existing interest rate swap agreements or other financial instruments used for interest rate risk management purposes.
     The accompanying table as of June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006 displays the estimated impact on net interest income from non-trading financial instruments in the base scenario described above resulting from parallel changes in interest rates across repricing categories during the first modeling year.
SENSITIVITY OF NET INTEREST INCOME
TO CHANGES IN INTEREST RATES
Dollars in thousands
                 
    Calculated increase (decrease)    
    in projected net interest income    
Changes in interest rates   June 30, 2007   December 31, 2006    
+200 basis points
    $ (21,949 )   15,098    
+100 basis points
    (4,435 )   13,260    
-100 basis points
    6,764     (12,759)    
-200 basis points
    5,053     (26,546)    
     The Company utilized many assumptions to calculate the impact that changes in interest rates may have on net interest income. The more significant of those assumptions included the rate of prepayments of mortgage-related assets, cash flows from derivative and other financial instruments held for non-trading purposes, loan and deposit volumes and pricing, and deposit maturities. In the scenarios presented, the Company also assumed gradual changes in interest rates during a twelve-month period of 100 and 200 basis points as compared with the assumed base scenario. In the event that a 100 or 200 basis point rate change cannot be achieved, the applicable rate changes are limited to lesser amounts such that interest rates cannot be less than zero. The assumptions used in interest rate sensitivity modeling are inherently uncertain and, as a result, the Company cannot precisely predict the impact of changes in interest rates on net interest income. Actual results may differ significantly from those presented due to the timing, magnitude and frequency of changes in interest rates and changes in market conditions and interest rate differentials (spreads) between maturity/repricing categories, as well as any actions, such as those previously described, which management may take to counter such changes. In light of the uncertainties and assumptions associated with the process, the amounts presented in the table are not considered significant to the Company’s past or projected net interest income. The directional changes to projected net interest income resulting from changing interest rates from December 31, 2006 to June 30, 2007 were largely due to higher projected balances of fixed rate assets and a higher level of interest rates in the current projection as compared with the earlier projection.
     The Company engages in trading activities to meet the financial needs of customers, to fund the Company’s obligations under certain deferred compensation plans and, to a limited extent, to profit from perceived market opportunities. Financial instruments utilized in trading activities have included forward and futures contracts related to foreign currencies and mortgage-backed securities, U.S. Treasury and other government securities, mortgage-backed securities, mutual funds and interest rate contracts, such as swap agreements. The Company generally mitigates the foreign currency and interest rate risk associated with trading activities by entering into offsetting trading positions. The amounts of gross and net trading positions,

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as well as the type of trading activities conducted by the Company, are subject to a well-defined series of potential loss exposure limits established by management and approved by M&T’s Board of Directors. However, as with any non-government guaranteed financial instrument, the Company is exposed to credit risk associated with counterparties to the Company’s trading activities.
     The notional amounts of interest rate contracts entered into for trading purposes totaled $8.4 billion at June 30, 2007, compared with $7.2 billion and $7.6 billion at June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2006, respectively. The notional amounts of foreign currency and other option and futures contracts entered into for trading purposes were $798 million, $578 million and $613 million at June 30, 2007, June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2006, respectively. Although the notional amounts of these trading contracts are not recorded in the consolidated balance sheet, the fair values of all financial instruments used for trading activities are recorded in the consolidated balance sheet. The fair values of all trading account assets and liabilities totaled $152 million and $71 million, respectively, at June 30, 2007, $208 million and $99 million, respectively, at June 30, 2006, and $137 million and $65 million, respectively, at December 31, 2006. Included in trading account assets were assets related to deferred compensation plans totaling $47 million at June 30, 2007, $43 million at June 30, 2006 and $45 million at December 31, 2006. Changes in the fair value of such assets are recorded as trading account and foreign exchange gains in the consolidated statement of income. Included in other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet at June 30, 2007 and at December 31, 2006 were $50 million and $49 million, respectively, of liabilities related to deferred compensation plans, while at June 30, 2006, $48 million of such liabilities related to deferred compensation plans. Changes in the balances of such liabilities due to the valuation of allocated investment options to which the liabilities are indexed are recorded in “other costs of operations” in the consolidated statement of income.
     Given the Company’s policies, limits and positions, management believes that the potential loss exposure to the Company resulting from market risk associated with trading activities was not material, however, as previously noted, the Company is exposed to credit risk associated with counterparties to transactions associated with the Company’s trading activities.
Provision for Credit Losses
The Company maintains an allowance for credit losses that in management’s judgment is adequate to absorb losses inherent in the loan and lease portfolio. A provision for credit losses is recorded to adjust the level of the allowance as deemed necessary by management. The provision for credit losses in the second quarter of 2007 was $30 million, compared with $17 million in the year-earlier quarter and $27 million in the first quarter of 2007. Net loan charge-offs were $22 million in the recent quarter, compared with $10 million in the second quarter of 2006 and $17 million in the initial 2007 quarter. Net charge-offs as an annualized percentage of average loans and leases were .20% in the recently completed quarter, compared with .10% and .16% in the quarters ended June 30, 2006 and March 31, 2007, respectively. For the six-month periods ended June 30, 2007 and 2006, the provision for credit losses was $57 million and $35 million, respectively. Net charge-offs through June 30 aggregated $39 million in 2007 and $27 million in 2006, representing .18% and .13%, respectively, of average loans and leases. A summary of net charge–offs by loan type follows.

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NET CHARGE-OFFS
BY LOAN/LEASE TYPE
In thousands
                         
    2007  
                    Year  
    1st Qtr.     2nd Qtr.     to-date  
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 4,533       7,393       11,926  
Real estate:
                       
Commercial
    671       1,021       1,692  
Residential
    1,369       2,483       3,852  
Consumer
    10,618       10,722       21,340  
 
                 
 
  $ 17,191       21,619       38,810  
 
                 
 
    2006  
                    Year  
    1st Qtr.     2nd Qtr.     to-date  
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 6,085       2,119       8,204  
Real estate:
                       
Commercial
    86       249       335  
Residential
    473       696       1,169  
Consumer
    10,188       6,916       17,104  
 
                 
 
  $ 16,832       9,980       26,812  
 
                 
     Loans classified as nonperforming, which consist of nonaccrual and restructured loans, increased to $296 million or .68% of total loans and leases outstanding at June 30, 2007, compared with $156 million or .38% at June 30, 2006, $224 million or .52% at December 31, 2006, and $273 million or .63% at March 31, 2007. The increase in such loans from the end of the second quarter of 2006 was due in part to the net addition of $26 million of loans to automobile dealers, most of which were classified as commercial loans. Also contributing to the nonperforming loan increases from June 30 and December 31, 2006 to June 30, 2007 were: the recent quarter addition of a $34 million loan to a residential home builder and developer in the Mid-Atlantic Region; a first quarter 2007 addition of a $22 million relationship with a manufacturer of residential heating equipment; and several other additions of loans having outstanding balances of less than $7 million. The $34 million loan noted above, less repayments and charge-offs on other loans, was the primary contributor to the rise in nonperforming loans from March 31 to June 30, 2007.
     Accruing loans past due 90 days or more totaled $135 million or .31% of total loans and leases at June 30, 2007, compared with $101 million or .24% a year earlier, $111 million or .26% at December 31, 2006 and $118 million or .27% at March 31, 2007. Those loans included $70 million, $79 million, $77 million and $71 million at June 30, 2007, June 30, 2006, December 31, 2006 and March 31, 2007, respectively, of loans guaranteed by government-related entities. Such guaranteed loans included one-to-four family residential mortgage loans serviced by the Company that were repurchased to reduce servicing costs, including a requirement to advance principal and interest payments that had not been received from individual mortgagors, totaling $58 million at each of June 30, 2007 and 2006, $65 million at December 31, 2006 and $61 million at March 31, 2007. Loans past due 90 days or more and accruing interest that were guaranteed by government-related entities also included foreign commercial and industrial loans supported by the Export-Import Bank of the United States totaling $12 million at June 30, 2007, compared with $21 million a year earlier, $11 million at December 31, 2006 and $10 million at March 31, 2007. The rise in accruing loans past due 90 days or more from the prior dates noted to June 30, 2007 was largely due to increases in non-guaranteed residential mortgage loans.

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     Nonperforming commercial loans and leases totaled $115 million at June 30, 2007, $47 million at June 30, 2006, $79 million at December 31, 2006 and $113 million at March 31, 2007. The rise in such loans from June 2006 was due, in part, to the previously discussed loans to automobile dealers, which increased this category by $26 million. The continuing slump in domestic automobile sales has resulted in a difficult operating environment for certain automobile dealers, leading to poor financial results. Also contributing to that rise as well as the increase in nonperforming commercial loans from December 31, 2006 was the first quarter 2007 addition of outstanding commercial loans to the relationship with the manufacturer of residential heating equipment already noted.
     Commercial real estate loans classified as nonperforming totaled $72 million at June 30, 2007, $37 million at June 30, 2006, $57 million at December 31, 2006 and $64 million at March 31, 2007. The increase in such loans from the end of 2006’s second quarter was partially the result of the recent quarter addition of $34 million of commercial real estate loans to the residential home builder and developer already discussed.
     Nonperforming residential real estate loans totaled $61 million at June 30, 2007, $32 million at June 30, 2006, $42 million at December 31, 2006 and $50 million at March 31, 2007. Residential real estate loans past due 90 days or more and accruing interest totaled $110 million at June 30, 2007, compared with $71 million a year-earlier, and $92 million and $96 million at December 31, 2006 and March 31, 2007, respectively. As already noted, a significant portion of such amounts relate to guaranteed loans repurchased from government-related entities. However, due to higher delinquencies in the Company’s residential real estate loan portfolio, the level of unguaranteed loans in this category has increased.
     Consumer loans and leases classified as nonperforming totaled $48 million at the recent quarter-end, compared with $40 million a year earlier and $46 million at each of December 31, 2006 and March 31, 2007. As a percentage of consumer loan balances outstanding, nonperforming consumer loans and leases were .47% and .40% at June 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively, .46% at December 31, 2006 and .47% at March 31, 2007.
     Assets acquired in settlement of defaulted loans were $18 million at June 30, 2007, compared with $14 million a year earlier, $12 million at December 31, 2006 and $15 million at March 31, 2007.

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     A comparative summary of nonperforming assets and certain past due loan data and credit quality ratios as of the end of the periods indicated is presented in the accompanying table.
NONPERFORMING ASSET AND PAST DUE LOAN DATA
Dollars in thousands
                                         
    2007 Quarters     2006 Quarters  
    Second     First     Fourth     Third     Second  
Nonaccrual loans
  $ 282,133       259,015       209,272       162,933       140,626  
Renegotiated loans
    13,706       14,210       14,956       16,579       15,399  
 
                             
Total nonperforming loans
    295,839       273,225       224,228       179,512       156,025  
Real estate and other assets owned
    17,837       15,095       12,141       13,920       13,805  
 
                             
Total nonperforming assets
  $ 313,676       288,320       236,369       193,432       169,830  
 
                             
Accruing loans past due 90 days or more*
  $ 134,906       118,094       111,307       112,090       101,001  
 
                             
 
                                       
Government guaranteed loans included in totals above
                                       
Nonperforming loans
  $ 16,717       18,007       17,586       13,655       13,542  
Accruing loans past due 90 days or more
    69,563       70,626       76,622       76,050       79,272  
 
                             
 
                                       
Nonperforming loans to total loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    .68 %     .63 %     .52 %     .43 %     .38 %
Nonperforming assets to total net loans and leases and real estate and other assets owned
    .72 %     .66 %     .55 %     .46 %     .41 %
Accruing loans past due 90 days or more to total loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    .31 %     .27 %     .26 %     .27 %     .24 %
 
                             
 
*   Predominantly residential mortgage loans.
     Management regularly assesses the adequacy of the allowance for credit losses by performing ongoing evaluations of the loan and lease portfolio, considering such factors as the differing economic risks associated with each loan category, the financial condition of specific borrowers, the economic environment in which borrowers operate, the level of delinquent loans, the value of any collateral and, where applicable, the existence of any guarantees or indemnifications. Management evaluated the impact of changes in interest rates and overall economic conditions on the ability of borrowers to meet repayment obligations when quantifying the Company’s exposure to credit losses and assessing the adequacy of the Company’s allowance for such losses as of each reporting date. Factors also considered by management when performing its assessment, in addition to general economic conditions and the other factors described above, included, but were not limited to: (i) the concentration of commercial real estate loans in the Company’s loan portfolio, particularly the large concentration of loans secured by properties in New York State, in general, and in the New York City metropolitan area, in particular; (ii) the amount of commercial and industrial loans to businesses in areas of New York State outside of the New York City metropolitan area and in central Pennsylvania that have historically experienced less economic growth and vitality than the vast majority of other regions of the country; and (iii) the size of the Company’s portfolio of loans to individual consumers, which historically have experienced higher net charge-offs as a percentage of loans outstanding than other loan types. The level of the allowance is adjusted based on the results of management’s analysis.

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     Management cautiously and conservatively evaluated the allowance for credit losses as of June 30, 2007 in light of (i) the sluggish pace of economic growth in many of the markets served by the Company; (ii) continued weakness in industrial employment in upstate New York and central Pennsylvania; and (iii) the significant subjectivity involved in commercial real estate valuations for properties located in areas with stagnant or low growth economies. Although the national economy experienced moderate growth in 2006 and 2007 with inflation being reasonably well contained, concerns exist about the level and volatility of energy prices; a weakening housing market, particularly concerns about possible over-valued real estate; Federal Reserve positioning of monetary policy; the underlying impact on businesses’ operations and abilities to repay loans resulting from a higher level of interest rates; sluggish job creation, which could cause consumer spending to slow; continued stagnant population growth in the upstate New York and central Pennsylvania regions; continued slowing of domestic automobile sales; and modest loan demand in many market areas served by the Company.
     Factors that influence the Company’s credit loss experience include overall economic conditions affecting businesses and consumers generally, such as those described above, but also real estate valuations, in particular, given the size of the commercial real estate loan portfolio. Commercial real estate valuations can be highly subjective, as they are based upon many assumptions. Such valuations can be significantly affected over relatively short periods of time by changes in business climate, economic conditions, interest rates and, in many cases, the results of operations of businesses and other occupants of the real property.
     Management believes that the allowance for credit losses at June 30, 2007 was adequate to absorb credit losses inherent in the portfolio as of that date. The allowance for credit losses was $668 million, or 1.53% of total loans and leases at June 30, 2007, compared with $646 million or 1.55% a year earlier, $650 million or 1.51% at December 31, 2006 and $660 million or 1.52% at March 31, 2007. The decline in the level of the allowance as a percentage of outstanding loans and leases from June 30, 2006 to the recent quarter-end reflects management’s evaluation of the loan and lease portfolio as described herein, including increased holdings of residential real estate loans in the loan portfolio. In general, the Company experiences lower charge-off rates on residential real estate loans than on most other loan types. Should the various credit factors considered by management in establishing the allowance for credit losses change and should management’s assessment of losses inherent in the loan portfolio also change, the level of the allowance as a percentage of loans could increase or decrease in future periods. The ratio of the allowance for credit losses to nonperforming loans was 226% at June 30, 2007 compared with 414% a year earlier, 290% at December 31, 2006 and 241% at March 31, 2007. The level of the allowance reflects management’s evaluation of the loan and lease portfolio as of each respective date.
Other Income
Other income totaled $283 million in the second quarter of 2007, up 8% from $263 million in the corresponding quarter of 2006 and 20% higher than $236 million in the first quarter of 2007. The increase in the recent quarter as compared with the second quarter of 2006 was due largely to higher deposit account service charges, revenues from providing brokerage, trust and corporate advisory services, and $8 million related to M&T’s pro-rata portion of the operating results of BLG. Partially offsetting those increases was a decline in mortgage banking revenues. The rise in other income from the first quarter of 2007 to the recently completed quarter was predominantly the result of higher mortgage banking revenues, deposit account service charges, revenues from providing corporate advisory services and income from M&T’s investment in BLG.

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     Mortgage banking revenues were $36 million in the recent quarter, down 14% from $42 million in the similar quarter of 2006, but significantly above $14 million in the initial quarter of 2007. Mortgage banking revenues are comprised of both residential and commercial mortgage banking activities.
     Residential mortgage banking revenues, consisting of realized gains from sales of residential mortgage loans and loan servicing rights, unrealized gains and losses on residential mortgage loans held for sale and related commitments, residential mortgage loan servicing fees, and other residential mortgage loan-related fees and income, totaled $28 million in the recent quarter, compared with $35 million in the year-earlier period and $7 million in the first quarter of 2007. The decline in residential mortgage banking revenues in the second quarter of 2007 as compared with the similar 2006 quarter was largely due to lower realized gains from sales of residential mortgage loans and loan servicing rights. Changes in market conditions have resulted in slimmer margins being realized by the Company on the sale of residential mortgage loans. In addition, both origination and sold volumes decreased in the recent quarter as compared with the year-earlier quarter. The significant increase in residential mortgage banking revenues from the first quarter of 2007 to the second quarter was due to an $18 million reduction of such revenues in 2007’s initial quarter as a result of unfavorable market conditions related to the Company’s Alt-A residential mortgage lending business. Those unfavorable market conditions and a lack of market liquidity impacted the Company’s willingness to sell Alt-A mortgage loans during the first quarter of 2007. As a result, the Company reclassified $883 million of Alt-A loans previously held for sale (including $808 million of first mortgage loans and $75 million of second mortgage loans) to its held-for-investment portfolio during 2007’s first quarter. In accordance with GAAP, loans held for sale must be recorded at the lower of cost or market value. Accordingly, prior to reclassifying the $883 million of Alt-A mortgage loans to held for investment, the carrying value of such loans was reduced by $12 million to reflect estimated market value. The loans were reclassified to the held-for-investment portfolio because the Company’s management believed that the economic value of those Alt-A mortgage loans was greater than the market value implied by the few bidders for such loans during the first quarter of 2007. In addition, the Company is contractually obligated to repurchase previously sold Alt-A loans that do not ultimately meet investor sale criteria, including instances when mortgagors fail to make timely payments during the first 90 days subsequent to the sale date. As a result, during the first quarter of 2007, the Company accrued $6 million to provide for declines in market value of previously sold Alt-A mortgage loans that the Company may be required to repurchase.
     Residential mortgage loans originated for sale to other investors were approximately $1.4 billion during each of the first two quarters of 2007, compared with $1.9 billion in the second 2006 quarter. Included in such amounts during the first quarter of 2007 were $326 million of Alt-A mortgage loans that were transferred to the Company’s held-for-investment portfolio in March 2007. Residential mortgage loans sold to investors totaled $1.3 billion in the second quarter of 2007, compared with $1.5 billion and $1.4 billion in the second quarter of 2006 and first quarter of 2007, respectively. Realized gains from sales of residential mortgage loans and loan servicing rights and recognized net unrealized gains and losses attributable to residential mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to originate loans for sale and commitments to sell loans aggregated $8 million in the recent quarter, compared with gains of $16 million in the second quarter of 2006 and losses of $13 million in the first quarter of 2007 (including the $18 million of losses described above).
     Revenues from servicing residential mortgage loans for others were $18 million in the two most recent quarters, compared with $16 million in the second quarter of 2006. Included in such servicing revenues were amounts related to purchased servicing rights associated with small balance commercial mortgage

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loans which totaled $5 million in the first two quarters of 2007 and $4 million in the second quarter of 2006. Residential mortgage loans serviced for others totaled $17.1 billion at June 30, 2007, compared with $16.1 billion at June 30, 2006 and $16.7 billion at December 31, 2006, including the small balance commercial real estate loans noted above of approximately $3.4 billion and $2.9 billion at June 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively, and $3.3 billion at December 31, 2006. Capitalized residential mortgage servicing assets, net of a valuation allowance for impairment, were $161 million at June 30, 2007, compared with $156 million a year earlier and $153 million at December 31, 2006. Included in capitalized residential mortgage servicing assets were $43 million at June 30, 2007, $29 million at June 30, 2006 and $36 million at December 31, 2006 of purchased servicing rights associated with the small balance commercial mortgage loans noted above.
     Loans held for sale that were secured by residential real estate totaled approximately $1.0 billion at June 30, 2007, $1.7 billion at June 30, 2006 and $1.9 billion at December 31, 2006. Commitments to sell loans and commitments to originate loans for sale at pre-determined rates were $1.0 billion and $549 million, respectively, at June 30, 2007, $1.7 billion and $648 million, respectively, at June 30, 2006, and $1.8 billion and $680 million, respectively, at December 31, 2006. Net unrealized losses on residential mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to sell loans, and commitments to originate loans for sale were approximately $3 million at June 30, 2007 and $194 thousand at June 30, 2006, compared with net unrealized gains of $4 million at December 31, 2006. Changes in such net unrealized gains and losses are recorded in mortgage banking revenues and resulted in net decreases in revenues of $2 million in the recent quarter and $3 million in each of the second quarter of 2006 and the first quarter of 2007. The $3 million unrealized loss for the first quarter of 2007 does not include any portion of the $18 million of losses related to Alt-A mortgage loans described above.
     Commercial mortgage banking revenues were $7 million in each of the second quarters of 2007 and 2006 and in the first quarter of 2007. Included in such amounts were revenues from commercial mortgage loan origination and sales activities of $4 million in each of the second quarters of 2007 and 2006 and $3 million in the initial 2007 quarter. Commercial mortgage loan servicing revenues were $3 million in each of the second quarters of 2007 and 2006 and $4 million in the first quarter of 2007. Capitalized commercial mortgage servicing assets totaled $21 million at each of June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006 and $20 million at June 30, 2006. Commercial mortgage loans held for sale at June 30, 2007 and 2006 were $30 million and $51 million, respectively, and $49 million at December 31, 2006.
     Service charges on deposit accounts rose 9% to $105 million in the second quarter of 2007 from $96 million in the similar 2006 quarter and were 11% higher than $95 million in the first quarter of 2007. The increase from the immediately preceding quarter related to consumer deposit service charges and was due, in part, to lower seasonal volume levels typically experienced in the first quarter of each year. The rise from the year-earlier quarter also resulted from increased consumer service charges, largely from higher overdraft fees and debit card transaction volumes. Trust income totaled $38 million in the recent quarter, up 8% from $35 million in last year’s second quarter and 2% above $37 million in the initial quarter of 2007. Brokerage services income, which includes revenues from the sale of mutual funds and annuities and securities brokerage fees, totaled $17 million in the second quarter of 2007, up from $14 million and $15 million in the second quarter of 2006 and the first quarter of 2007, respectively. Trading account and foreign exchange activity resulted in gains of $7 million during the second quarter of 2007 and $6 million in each of the second 2006 quarter and the initial 2007 quarter. As already discussed, M&T’s pro-rata share of the operating income or loss of BLG in the recent quarter was income of $8 million, compared with a loss of $2 million in the first quarter of 2007.

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     Other revenues from operations were $73 million in the recent quarter, up from $70 million in the second quarter of 2006 and $71 million in the first quarter of 2007. The increase in such revenues in the recent quarter as compared with the second quarter of 2006 reflects higher corporate advisory and credit-related fee income, partially offset by a decline in income from bank owned life insurance. The rise in other revenues from operations from the initial 2007 quarter to the recent quarter was largely due to increased corporate advisory fees. Included in other revenues from operations were the following significant components. Letter of credit and other credit-related fees totaled $22 million and $20 million in the second quarter of 2007 and 2006, respectively, and $21 million in the first quarter of 2007. Tax-exempt income from bank owned life insurance, which includes increases in the cash surrender value of life insurance policies and benefits received, aggregated $11 million in the two most recent quarters, compared with $14 million in the second quarter of 2006. Revenues from merchant discount and credit card fees were $9 million in the recent quarter, up from $8 million in each of the quarters ended June 30, 2006 and March 31, 2007. Insurance-related sales commissions and other revenues aggregated $8 million in each of the second quarters of 2007 and 2006 and in 2007’s first quarter.
     Other income increased 1% to $520 million in the first half of 2007 from $516 million in the similar period in 2006. Increased service charges on deposit accounts, income from M&T’s investment in BLG and higher revenues from providing trust, corporate advisory and brokerage services were largely offset by lower mortgage banking revenues.
     Mortgage banking revenues were $49 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2007, 35% below $76 million in the year-earlier period. Residential mortgage banking revenues declined to $35 million in the first half of 2007 from $63 million in the similar period of 2006. Residential mortgage loans originated for sale to other investors during the first half of 2007 were $2.9 billion, compared with $3.3 billion in 2006’s first six months. Realized gains from sales of residential mortgage loans and loan servicing rights and recognized unrealized gains and losses on residential mortgage loans held for sale, commitments to originate loans for sale and commitments to sell loans totaled to a loss of $5 million during the six-month period ended June 30, 2007, compared with income of $28 million during the first six months of 2006. Included in the 2007 loss was the $18 million of previously described losses related to Alt-A residential mortgage loans that were recognized during the first quarter of 2007. Revenues from servicing residential mortgage loans for others were $35 million and $32 million for the first half of 2007 and 2006, respectively. Included in such amounts were revenues related to purchased servicing rights associated with the previously noted small balance commercial mortgage loans of $9 million and $7 million for the first six months of 2007 and 2006, respectively. Commercial mortgage banking revenues totaled $14 million during the first half of 2007 and $13 million in the similar 2006 period.
     Service charges on deposit accounts rose 8% to $199 million during the first half of 2007 from $184 million in the similar 2006 period, largely due to consumer service charges related to overdrafts and debit card usage. Trust income increased 9% to $75 million from $69 million a year earlier. Brokerage services income also increased 9% to $32 million during the first six months of 2007 from $29 million in the corresponding 2006 period. Trading account and foreign exchange activity resulted in gains of $13 million for each of the six-month periods ended June 30, 2007 and 2006. M&T’s February 2007 investment in BLG resulted in income of $6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007. Other revenues from operations were $144 million in each of the first six months of 2007 and 2006. Included in other revenues from operations during the six-month periods ended June 30, 2007 and 2006 were letter of credit and other credit-related fees of $43 million and $39 million, respectively, and income from bank owned life insurance totaling $22 million and $27 million,

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respectively. Merchant discount and credit card fees were $17 million and $15 million, respectively, and insurance-related sales commissions and other revenues totaled $16 million and $15 million, respectively, during the six-month periods ended June 30, 2007 and 2006.
Other Expense
Other expense totaled $393 million in the recent quarter, up 4% from $377 million in the second quarter of 2006, but 2% below $399 million in the first 2007 quarter. Included in those amounts are expenses considered to be “nonoperating” in nature consisting of amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets of $16 million in the recent quarter, $11 million in the second quarter of 2006 and $18 million in the first quarter of 2007, and the previously noted banking office acquisition-related expenses that totaled $4 million in the second quarter of 2006. There were no similar expenses in 2007 or in the initial 2006 quarter. The increased amortization in the two most recent quarters as compared with the second quarter of 2006 reflects the June 30, 2006 banking office acquisition. Exclusive of these nonoperating expenses, noninterest operating expenses aggregated $376 million in the recent quarter, compared with $362 million in the year-earlier quarter and $381 million in the first quarter of 2007. The most significant factors contributing to the higher expense level in 2007’s second quarter as compared with the year-earlier quarter were an increase in costs for salaries and a lower reversal of a portion of the valuation allowance for the impairment of capitalized residential mortgage servicing rights. As compared with the first quarter of 2007, the decline in noninterest operating expenses was largely the result of lower salaries and employee benefits expense and a higher reversal of a portion of the valuation allowance for the impairment of capitalized residential mortgage servicing rights, partially offset by higher costs for professional services and advertising.
     Other expense for the first two quarters of 2007 totaled $792 million, up 4% from $759 million in the corresponding period of 2006. Included in those amounts are expenses considered to be “nonoperating” in nature consisting of amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets of $35 million in the first six months of 2007 and $24 million in the similar 2006 period, and the branch acquisition-related expenses of $4 million in the first six months of 2006. Exclusive of these nonoperating expenses, noninterest operating expenses for the six-month period ended June 30, 2007 increased 4% to $757 million from $731 million in the corresponding 2006 period. The most significant contributor to the higher expense levels in 2007 as compared with 2006 were higher expenses for salaries and employee benefits, including incentive compensation. Table 2 provides a reconciliation of other expense to noninterest operating expense.
     Salaries and employee benefits expense totaled $225 million in the recent quarter, compared with $217 million in the second quarter of 2006 and $237 million in the initial quarter of 2007. The higher expense level in the recent quarter as compared with the year-earlier quarter was largely due to salaries-related costs, including the impact of merit pay increases and incentive compensation awarded to employees. The decline in salaries and benefits expense in the second quarter of 2007 as compared with the immediately preceding quarter was largely due to lower stock-based incentive compensation, payroll-related taxes and Company contributions for retirement savings plan benefits related to incentive compensation payments made in 2007’s first quarter, partially offset by higher salaries expenses, reflecting the impact of annual merit adjustments. For the first six months of 2007, salaries and employee benefits expense rose 5% to $461 million from $441 million in the similar 2006 period. The largest factor leading to the increase was higher salaries-related costs, including the impact of merit increases and higher incentive compensation costs. Stock-based compensation expense totaled $11 million in each of the second quarters of 2007 and 2006,

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$19 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2007, and $30 million and $29 million in the six-month periods ended June 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The higher level of stock-based compensation in the first quarter of 2007 was the result of the Company accounting for such compensation in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 123 (revised 2004), “Share-Based Payment,” (“SFAS No. 123R”). As required, the Company accelerated the recognition of compensation costs for stock-based awards granted to retirement-eligible employees and employees who will become retirement-eligible prior to full vesting of the award. As a result, stock-based compensation expense during the first quarter of 2007 included $8 million that would otherwise have been recognized over the normal four year vesting period if not for the accelerated expense recognition provisions of SFAS No. 123R. That acceleration had no effect on the value of stock-based compensation awarded to employees. The number of full-time equivalent employees was 12,701 at June 30, 2007, 12,932 at June 30, 2006, 12,721 at December 31, 2006 and 12,628 at March 31, 2007.
     Excluding the nonoperating expense items previously noted, nonpersonnel expense totaled $151 million in the most recent quarter, compared with $145 million in the second quarter of 2006 and $144 million in 2007’s initial quarter. On the same basis, such expenses were $295 million during the first six months of 2007 and $290 million during the first half of 2006. The increase in nonpersonnel operating expenses in 2007’s second quarter from the similar period in 2006 was due, in part, to a lower reversal of a portion of the valuation allowance for the impairment of capitalized residential mortgage servicing rights. Such reversals were $5 million in the recent quarter, $8 million in the year-earlier quarter and $1 million in the first quarter of 2007. The rise in operating expenses from the initial quarter of 2007 was largely due to higher costs for professional services. Contributing to the rise in nonpersonnel operating expenses in the first half of 2007 as compared with 2006 was the reversal of a portion of the valuation allowance for the impairment of capitalized residential mortgage servicing rights, which totaled $6 million in 2007 and $15 million in 2006, offset, in part, by lower professional services and advertising costs.
     The efficiency ratio, or noninterest operating expenses (as defined above) divided by the sum of taxable-equivalent net interest income and noninterest income (exclusive of gains and losses from bank investment securities), measures the relationship of noninterest operating expenses to revenues. The Company’s efficiency ratio was 50.2% during the recent quarter, compared with 50.7% during the year-earlier quarter and 55.1% in the first quarter of 2007. The efficiency ratios for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2007 and 2006 were 52.5% and 51.5%, respectively. Noninterest operating expenses used in calculating the efficiency ratio do not include the acquisition-related costs and amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets noted earlier. If charges for amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets were included, the ratios for the three-month periods ended June 30, 2007, June 30, 2006 and March 31, 2007 would have been 52.4%, 52.3% and 57.8%, respectively, and for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2007 and 2006 would have been 55.0% and 53.2%, respectively.
Income Taxes
The provision for income taxes for the second quarter of 2007 was $108 million, compared with $103 million and $85 million in the second quarter of 2006 and first quarter of 2007, respectively. The effective tax rates were 33.6%, 32.6% and 32.5% for the quarters ended June 30, 2007, June 30, 2006 and March 31, 2007, respectively. For the first six months of 2007 and 2006, the provision for income taxes was $193 million and $200 million, respectively, and the effective tax rates were 33.1% and 32.5%, respectively. The effective tax rate is affected by the level of income earned that is exempt

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from tax and by the level of income allocated to the various state and local jurisdictions where the Company operates, because tax rates differ among such jurisdictions.
     The Company’s effective tax rate in future periods will be affected by the results of operations allocated to the various tax jurisdictions within which the Company operates, any change in income tax regulations within those jurisdictions, or interpretations of income tax regulations that differ from the Company’s interpretations by any of various tax authorities that may examine tax returns filed by M&T or any of its subsidiaries. The Company adopted FASB Interpretation (“FIN”) No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes,” on January 1, 2007. That adoption did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position or on its results of operations during the first two quarters of 2007.
Capital
Stockholders’ equity was $6.2 billion at June 30, 2007, representing 10.67% of total assets, compared with $6.0 billion or 10.62% of total assets a year earlier and $6.3 billion or 11.01% at December 31, 2006. On a per share basis, stockholders’ equity was $57.59 at June 30, 2007, up from $54.01 and $56.94 at June 30 and December 31, 2006, respectively. Tangible equity per share, which excludes goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets and applicable deferred tax balances, was $28.66 at the end of the second quarter of 2007, compared with $25.55 a year earlier and $28.57 at December 31, 2006. A reconciliation of total stockholders’ equity and tangible equity as of each of those respective dates is presented in table 2.
     Stockholders’ equity reflects accumulated other comprehensive income or loss, which includes the net after-tax impact of unrealized gains or losses on investment securities classified as available for sale, gains or losses associated with interest rate swap agreements designated as cash flow hedges, and adjustments to reflect the funded status of defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans. The Company adopted SFAS No. 158, “Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans,” effective December 31, 2006. Prior to the adoption of SFAS No. 158, the Company was required to recognize additional minimum pension liability amounts pursuant to the provisions of SFAS No. 87, “Employers’ Accounting for Pensions.” Net unrealized losses on available for sale investment securities were $40 million, or $.37 per common share, at June 30, 2007, compared with unrealized losses of $98 million, or $.89 per share, at June 30, 2006 and $25 million, or $.23 per share, at December 31, 2006. Such unrealized losses are generally due to changes in interest rates and represent the difference, net of applicable income tax effect, between the estimated fair value and amortized cost of investment securities classified as available for sale. Adjustments to reflect the funded status of defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans as required under SFAS No. 158, net of applicable tax effect, reduced accumulated other comprehensive income by $29 million and $28 million at June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively, or by $.27 and $.26 per share at those respective dates. Similar adjustments to recognize minimum pension liabilities as then required by SFAS No. 87, net of applicable tax effect, reduced stockholders’ equity by $49 million at June 30, 2006, or by $.44 per share. Also reflected in accumulated other comprehensive income is a gain of $1 million, representing the unamortized gain on the termination of an interest rate swap agreement designated as a cash flow hedge that was entered into in anticipation of the Company issuing senior notes payable in the recent quarter.

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     In February 2007, M&T announced that it had been authorized by its Board of Directors to purchase up to 5,000,000 shares of its common stock. During the quarter ended June 30, 2007, 1,978,000 shares of common stock were repurchased by M&T pursuant to such plan at an average cost of $109.77 per share. During the first half of 2007, M&T had repurchased 3,714,800 shares of common stock (including 1,696,300 shares that were repurchased under a previous authorization that was completed in March 2007) at an average cost of $114.41 per share.
     Federal regulators generally require banking institutions to maintain “core capital” and “total capital” ratios of at least 4% and 8%, respectively, of risk-adjusted total assets. In addition to the risk-based measures, Federal bank regulators have also implemented a minimum “leverage” ratio guideline of 3% of the quarterly average of total assets. At June 30, 2007, core capital included $689 million of trust preferred securities described in note 4 of Notes to Financial Statements, and total capital further included $1.4 billion of subordinated capital notes.
     The Company generates significant amounts of regulatory capital from its ongoing operations. The rate of regulatory core capital generation, or net operating income (as previously defined) less the sum of dividends paid and the after-tax effect of merger-related expenses expressed as an annualized percentage of regulatory “core capital” at the beginning of each period was 16.78% during the second quarter of 2007, compared with 17.00% in the year-earlier quarter and 12.80% in the first quarter of 2007.
     The regulatory capital ratios of the Company, M&T Bank and M&T Bank, N.A., as of June 30, 2007 are presented in the accompanying table.
REGULATORY CAPITAL RATIOS
June 30, 2007
                         
    M&T   M&T   M&T
    (Consolidated)   Bank   Bank, N.A.
Core capital
    7.42 %     6.83 %     52.93 %
Total capital
    11.35 %     10.83 %     54.18 %
Leverage
    6.96 %     6.44 %     23.72 %
Segment Information
In accordance with the provisions of SFAS No. 131, “Disclosures About Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information,” the Company’s reportable segments have been determined based upon its internal profitability reporting system, which is organized by strategic business unit. Financial information about the Company’s segments is presented in note 5 of Notes to Financial Statements.
     The Commercial Banking segment recorded net income of $58 million in the second quarter of 2007, little changed from the second quarter of 2006 and the first quarter of 2007. As compared with the year earlier quarter, higher noninterest income of $9 million, largely due to a $4 million increase in fees received for providing corporate advisory services and higher letter of credit and other credit-related fees of $2 million, was partially offset by a $6 million rise in the provision for credit losses and a $2 million increase in noninterest expense, mainly due to higher costs for salaries and benefits. In comparing the recent quarter with the first quarter of 2007, a $4 million increase in fees received from providing corporate advisory services was offset, in part, by higher expenses for professional services and other costs of operations. For the six months ended June 30, 2007, this segment’s net income totaled $115 million, compared with $114 million in the corresponding

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period of 2006. That slight improvement was partially due to higher net interest income of $11 million, resulting mainly from a $940 million increase in average loan balances outstanding. Also contributing favorably was a $4 million increase in each of letter of credit and other credit-related fees and fees received from providing corporate advisory services. Partially offsetting the higher revenues was a $9 million increase in the provision for credit losses and a $7 million rise in operating expenses, primarily due to higher personnel costs.
     The Commercial Real Estate segment’s net income for the second quarter of 2007 was $35 million, up from $32 million in both the year-earlier quarter and the first quarter of 2007. The increase from the second quarter of 2006 was due to higher net interest income of $6 million, primarily the result of a $427 million increase in loan balances outstanding and a 12 basis point rise in the loan net interest margin. The improvement as compared to the first quarter of 2007 was the result of higher net interest income of $6 million, primarily the result of a 20 basis point increase in the loan net interest margin. During the first six months of 2007, net income contributed by this segment aggregated $67 million, up slightly from $66 million in the similar 2006 period. That increase in net income was mainly due to higher net interest income of $2 million and a $2 million increase in commercial mortgage banking revenues, largely offset by an increase in the provision for credit losses and higher salaries and benefits costs.
     Net income earned by the Discretionary Portfolio segment totaled $21 million in the recent quarter, down from $24 million in the second quarter of 2006, but improved from $19 million in 2007’s first quarter. The unfavorable performance compared with last year’s second quarter was largely due to a decline in noninterest income, largely the result of lower revenues from bank-owned life insurance. In comparison to the first quarter of 2007, higher net interest income of $5 million, predominantly the result of an $826 million increase in average loan balances outstanding, was the main factor contributing to the favorable performance. The higher average loan balances reflect a full quarter’s impact from the Alt-A mortgage loans transferred to this segment’s held-for-investment loan portfolio during the first quarter of 2007. Net contribution for this segment decreased to $40 million for the first six months of 2007 from $46 million in the year-earlier period. Factors contributing to the lower net income were decreased net interest income of $4 million, primarily the result of a narrowing of this segment’s net interest margin, lower revenues from bank owned life insurance, and a higher provision for credit losses of $2 million.
     The Residential Mortgage Banking segment contributed net income of $10 million in the second quarter of 2007, down from $19 million in the year-earlier quarter, but improved from the $3 million net loss incurred in the first quarter of 2007. The decrease from last year’s second quarter was due to lower gains from residential mortgage loan origination and sales activities of $8 million and a $4 million decrease in net interest income. The lower net interest income resulted from a $585 million decline in average loan balances outstanding. The increase from 2007’s first quarter was due to the $18 million loss recognized on Alt-A mortgage loans due to unfavorable market conditions experienced in the first quarter of 2007. Also contributing to the favorable variance was a $5 million partial reversal of the capitalized mortgage servicing rights valuation allowance in the recent quarter, as compared with a $1 million partial reversal of such allowance in 2007’s first quarter. For the first six months of 2007, net income for this segment totaled $8 million, down from $34 million in the first half of 2006. The unfavorable variance was primarily due to the previously noted Alt-A mortgage loan losses of $18 million and lower gains from residential mortgage loan origination and sales activities of $18 million. Also contributing to the unfavorable performance was the reversal of a portion of the valuation allowance

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for the impairment of capitalized mortgage servicing rights of $6 million in 2007 and $15 million in 2006.
     Net income for the Retail Banking segment increased to $120 million in 2007’s second quarter from $102 million in the year-earlier quarter and $107 million in the first quarter of 2007. The favorable performance compared with the second quarter of 2006 was largely due to higher net interest income of $28 million, primarily the result of a 38 basis point increase in the deposit net interest margin, and a $9 million increase in deposit service charges. Partially offsetting the increase in revenues was an $8 million increase in the provision for credit losses. The increase in the recent quarter’s net income as compared with the first quarter of 2007 resulted from higher net interest income of $14 million, predominantly due to a 20 basis point widening of the deposit net interest margin, and a $9 million increase in service charges on deposit accounts. For the first six months of 2007, net income for this segment totaled $227 million, up 16% from $195 million in the corresponding 2006 period. The favorable performance was due to higher net interest income of $53 million, primarily the result of a 37 basis point widening of the net interest margin associated with deposit products, and a $16 million increase in deposit service charges, offset, in part, by a $10 million increase in the provision for credit losses and higher personnel costs of $5 million.
     The “All Other” category reflects other activities of the Company that are not directly attributable to the reported segments as determined in accordance with SFAS No. 131, such as the M&T Investment Group, which includes the Company’s trust, brokerage and insurance businesses. Also reflected in this category are the amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets resulting from acquisitions of financial institutions, M&T’s equity in the earnings of BLG, merger-related expenses resulting from acquisitions and the net impact of the Company’s allocation methodologies for internal funds transfer pricing and the provision for credit losses. The various components of the “All Other” category resulted in net losses of $30 million in the second quarter of 2007, $22 million in the second quarter of 2006 and $37 million in the first quarter of 2007. For the first six months of 2007 and 2006, the “All Other” segment reported net losses of $66 million and $39 million, respectively. The higher net loss in the first half of 2007 resulted from the Company’s allocation methodologies for internal transfers for funding charges and credits associated with earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities of the Company’s reportable segments and increased amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets.
Recent Accounting Developments
In September 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements.” SFAS No. 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in GAAP, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. SFAS No. 157 applies to fair value measurements required or permitted under other accounting pronouncements, but does not require any new fair value measurements. The definition of fair value is clarified by SFAS No. 157 to be the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. SFAS No. 157 expands disclosures about the use of fair value to measure assets and liabilities in interim and annual periods subsequent to initial recognition. The disclosures focus on the inputs used to measure fair value and the effect of the measurements on earnings for the period. SFAS No. 157 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early application permitted as of the beginning of a preceding fiscal year, provided that the reporting entity has not yet issued financial statements for that fiscal year. The provisions generally should be

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applied prospectively as of the beginning of the fiscal year in which SFAS No. 157 is applied, with certain provisions required to be applied retrospectively. Many of the Company’s assets, liabilities and off-balance sheet positions are required to either be accounted for or disclosed using fair value as their relevant measurement attribute. The Company has not early adopted SFAS No. 157 but, rather, will adopt its provisions as required effective January 1, 2008.
     In February 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities,” which permits entities to choose to measure eligible financial instruments and other items at fair value. The objective of SFAS No. 159 is to improve financial reporting by providing entities with the opportunity to mitigate volatility in reported earnings caused by measuring related assets and liabilities differently without having to apply complex hedge accounting provisions. After adopting SFAS No. 159, an entity shall report unrealized gains and losses on items for which the fair value option has been elected in earnings at each subsequent reporting date. The fair value option may generally be applied on an instrument by instrument basis and is an irrevocable election. SFAS No. 159 is effective as of the beginning of an entity’s first fiscal year that begins after November 15, 2007. Early adoption is permitted as of the beginning of a fiscal year that begins on or before November 15, 2007, provided the entity also elects to apply the provisions of SFAS No. 157. SFAS No. 159 generally permits prospective application to eligible items existing at the effective date. The Company has not early adopted SFAS No. 159 and is still evaluating to what extent it may make any fair value elections effective January 1, 2008.
     The Emerging Issues Task Force (“EITF”) reached a final consensus on Issue 06-04, “Accounting for Deferred Compensation and Postretirement Benefit Aspects of Endorsement Split-Dollar Life Insurance Arrangements” and on Issue 06-10, “Accounting for Deferred Compensation and Postretirement Benefit Aspects of Collateral Assignment Split-Dollar Life Insurance Arrangements,” at its September 2006 and March 2007 meetings, respectively. The EITF consensus for each issue stipulates that an agreement by an employer to share a portion of the proceeds of a life insurance policy with an employee during the postretirement period is a postretirement benefit arrangement required to be accounted for under SFAS No. 106, “Employers’ Accounting for Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pensions,” or Accounting Principles Board Opinion (“APB”) No. 12, “Omnibus Opinion – 1967.” Each consensus concludes that the purchase of a split-dollar life insurance policy does not constitute a settlement under SFAS No. 106 and, therefore, a liability for the postretirement obligation must be recognized under SFAS No. 106 if the benefit is offered under an arrangement that constitutes a plan or under APB No. 12 if it is not part of a plan. Issue 06-04 and Issue 06-10 are effective for annual or interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2007. The provisions of both Issue 06-04 and Issue 06-10 should be applied through either a cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the year of adoption or retrospective application. The Company has endorsement and collateral assignment split-dollar life insurance policies that it inherited through certain acquisitions that are associated with individuals who are no longer active employees. The Company does not anticipate that the adoption of the provisions of Issue 06-04 and Issue 06-10 on January 1, 2008 will have a material effect on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.
Forward-Looking Statements
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and other sections of this quarterly report contain forward-looking statements that are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about the Company’s business, management’s beliefs and assumptions made by management. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions

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(“Future Factors”) which are difficult to predict. Therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements.
     Future Factors include changes in interest rates, spreads on earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities, and interest rate sensitivity; prepayment speeds, loan originations, credit losses and market values on loans and other assets; sources of liquidity; common shares outstanding; common stock price volatility; fair value of and number of stock-based compensation awards to be issued in future periods; legislation affecting the financial services industry as a whole, and M&T and its subsidiaries individually or collectively, including tax legislation; regulatory supervision and oversight, including monetary policy and required capital levels; changes in accounting policies or procedures as may be required by the Financial Accounting Standards Board or other regulatory agencies; increasing price and product/service competition by competitors, including new entrants; rapid technological developments and changes; the ability to continue to introduce competitive new products and services on a timely, cost-effective basis; the mix of products/services; containing costs and expenses; governmental and public policy changes; protection and validity of intellectual property rights; reliance on large customers; technological, implementation and cost/financial risks in large, multi-year contracts; the outcome of pending and future litigation and governmental proceedings, including tax-related examinations and other matters; continued availability of financing; financial resources in the amounts, at the times and on the terms required to support M&T and its subsidiaries’ future businesses; and material differences in the actual financial results of merger, acquisition and investment activities compared with M&T’s initial expectations, including the full realization of anticipated cost savings and revenue enhancements.
     These are representative of the Future Factors that could affect the outcome of the forward-looking statements. In addition, such statements could be affected by general industry and market conditions and growth rates, general economic and political conditions, either nationally or in the states in which M&T and its subsidiaries do business, including interest rate and currency exchange rate fluctuations, changes and trends in the securities markets, and other Future Factors.

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 1
QUARTERLY TRENDS
                                                 
    2007 Quarters   2006 Quarters
    Second   First   Fourth   Third   Second   First
 
Earnings and dividends
                                               
Amounts in thousands, except per share
                                               
Interest income (taxable-equivalent basis)
  $ 883,148       866,172       876,197       858,008       817,552       782,003  
Interest expense
    416,264       410,622       404,356       395,652       366,298       330,246  
 
Net interest income
    466,884       455,550       471,841       462,356       451,254       451,757  
Less: provision for credit losses
    30,000       27,000       28,000       17,000       17,000       18,000  
Other income
    283,117       236,483       256,417       273,902       262,602       252,931  
Less: other expense
    392,651       399,037       383,810       408,941       376,997       382,003  
 
Income before income taxes
    327,350       265,996       316,448       310,317       319,859       304,685  
Applicable income taxes
    108,209       84,900       97,996       94,775       102,645       97,037  
Taxable-equivalent adjustment
    4,972       5,123       5,123       5,172       4,641       4,731  
 
Net income
  $ 214,169       175,973       213,329       210,370       212,573       202,917  
 
Per common share data
                                               
Basic earnings
  $ 1.98       1.60       1.93       1.89       1.91       1.82  
Diluted earnings
    1.95       1.57       1.88       1.85       1.87       1.77  
Cash dividends
  $ .60       .60       .60       .60       .60       .45  
Average common shares outstanding
                                               
Basic
    107,939       109,694       110,705       111,047       111,259       111,693  
Diluted
    109,919       112,187       113,468       113,897       113,968       114,347  
 
Performance ratios, annualized
                                               
Return on
                                               
Average assets
    1.49 %     1.25 %     1.50 %     1.49 %     1.54 %     1.49 %
Average common stockholders’ equity
    13.92 %     11.38 %     13.55 %     13.72 %     14.35 %     13.97 %
Net interest margin on average earning assets
                                               
(taxable-equivalent basis)
    3.67 %     3.64 %     3.73 %     3.68 %     3.66 %     3.73 %
Nonperforming loans to total loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    .68 %     .63 %     .52 %     .43 %     .38 %     .35 %
Efficiency ratio (a)
    52.37 %     57.75 %     52.79 %     55.47 %     52.29 %     54.21 %
 
Net operating (tangible) results (b)
                                               
Net income (in thousands)
  $ 224,190       187,162       224,733       223,228       221,838       210,856  
Diluted net income per common share
    2.04       1.67       1.98       1.96       1.95       1.84  
Annualized return on
                                               
Average tangible assets
    1.65 %     1.40 %     1.67 %     1.67 %     1.69 %     1.64 %
Average tangible common stockholders’ equity
    29.35 %     24.11 %     28.71 %     30.22 %     30.02 %     29.31 %
Efficiency ratio (a)
    50.18 %     55.09 %     50.22 %     52.76 %     50.70 %     52.36 %
 
Balance sheet data
                                               
In millions, except per share
                                               
Average balances
                                               
Total assets (c)
  $ 57,523       57,207       56,575       56,158       55,498       55,106  
Total tangible assets (c)
    54,415       54,085       53,437       53,004       52,522       52,130  
Earning assets
    50,982       50,693       50,235       49,849       49,443       49,066  
Investment securities
    6,886       7,214       7,556       7,898       8,314       8,383  
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    43,572       43,114       42,474       41,710       40,980       40,544  
Deposits
    37,048       37,966       38,504       39,158       38,435       37,569  
Stockholders’ equity (c)
    6,172       6,270       6,244       6,085       5,940       5,893  
Tangible stockholders’ equity (c)
    3,064       3,148       3,106       2,931       2,964       2,917  
 
At end of quarter
                                               
Total assets (c)
  $ 57,869       57,842       57,065       56,373       56,507       55,420  
Total tangible assets (c)
    54,767       54,727       53,936       53,227       53,345       52,443  
Earning assets
    51,131       51,046       50,379       49,950       49,628       49,281  
Investment securities
    6,982       7,028       7,252       7,626       7,903       8,294  
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount
    43,744       43,507       42,947       42,098       41,599       40,859  
Deposits
    39,419       38,938       39,911       39,079       38,514       38,171  
Stockholders’ equity (c)
    6,175       6,253       6,281       6,151       6,000       5,919  
Tangible stockholders’ equity (c)
    3,073       3,138       3,152       3,005       2,838       2,942  
Equity per common share
    57.59       57.32       56.94       55.58       54.01       53.11  
Tangible equity per common share
    28.66       28.77       28.57       27.15       25.55       26.41  
 
Market price per common share
                                               
High
  $ 114.33       125.13       124.98       124.94       119.93       117.39  
Low
    104.00       112.05       117.31       116.00       112.90       105.72  
Closing
    106.90       115.83       122.16       119.96       117.92       114.14  
 
 
(a)   Excludes impact of merger-related expenses and net securities transactions.
 
(b)   Excludes amortization and balances related to goodwill and core deposit and other intangible assets and merger-related expenses which, except in the calculation of the efficiency ratio, are net of applicable income tax effects. A reconciliation of net income and net operating income appears in table 2.
 
(c)   The difference between total assets and total tangible assets, and stockholders’ equity and tangible stockholders’ equity, represents goodwill, core deposit and other intangible assets, net of applicable deferred tax balances. A reconciliation of such balances appears in table 2.

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 2
RECONCILIATION OF QUARTERLY GAAP TO NON-GAAP MEASURES
                                                 
    2007 Quarters   2006 Quarters
    Second   First   Fourth   Third   Second   First
 
Income statement data
                                               
In thousands, except per share
                                               
Net income
                                               
Net income
  $ 214,169       175,973       213,329       210,370       212,573       202,917  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets (a)
    10,021       11,189       11,404       12,154       6,921       7,939  
Merger-related expenses (a)
                      704       2,344        
 
Net operating income
  $ 224,190       187,162       224,733       223,228       221,838       210,856  
 
Earnings per share
                                               
Diluted earnings per common share
  $ 1.95       1.57       1.88       1.85       1.87       1.77  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets (a)
    .09       .10       .10       .10       .06       .07  
Merger-related expenses (a)
                      .01       .02        
 
Diluted net operating earnings per share
  $ 2.04       1.67       1.98       1.96       1.95       1.84  
 
Other expense
                                               
Other expense
  $ 392,651       399,037       383,810       408,941       376,997       382,003  
Amortization of core deposit and other intangible assets
    (16,457 )     (18,356 )     (18,687 )     (19,936 )     (11,357 )     (13,028 )
Merger-related expenses
                      (1,155 )     (3,842 )      
 
Noninterest operating expense
  $ 376,194       380,681       365,123       387,850       361,798       368,975  
 
Merger-related expenses
                                               
Salaries and employee benefits
  $                   305       510        
Equipment and net occupancy
                      12       212        
Printing, postage and supplies
                      141       14        
Other costs of operations
                      697       3,106        
 
Total
  $                   1,155       3,842        
 
Balance sheet data
                                               
In millions
                                               
Average assets
                                               
Average assets
  $ 57,523       57,207       56,575       56,158       55,498       55,106  
Goodwill
    (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,907 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (223 )     (241 )     (261 )     (281 )     (107 )     (112 )
Deferred taxes
    24       28       32       36       40       43  
 
Average tangible assets
  $ 54,415       54,085       53,437       53,004       52,522       52,130  
 
Average equity
                                               
Average equity
  $ 6,172       6,270       6,244       6,085       5,940       5,893  
Goodwill
    (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,907 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (223 )     (241 )     (261 )     (281 )     (107 )     (112 )
Deferred taxes
    24       28       32       36       40       43  
 
Average tangible equity
  $ 3,064       3,148       3,106       2,931       2,964       2,917  
 
At end of quarter
                                               
Total assets
                                               
Total assets
  $ 57,869       57,842       57,065       56,373       56,507       55,420  
Goodwill
    (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (216 )     (232 )     (250 )     (271 )     (291 )     (111 )
Deferred taxes
    23       26       30       34       38       43  
 
Total tangible assets
  $ 54,767       54,727       53,936       53,227       53,345       52,443  
 
Total equity
                                               
Total equity
  $ 6,175       6,253       6,281       6,151       6,000       5,919  
Goodwill
    (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )     (2,909 )
Core deposit and other intangible assets
    (216 )     (232 )     (250 )     (271 )     (291 )     (111 )
Deferred taxes
    23       26       30       34       38       43  
 
Total tangible equity
  $ 3,073       3,138       3,152       3,005       2,838       2,942  
 
 
(a)   After any related tax effect.

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 3
AVERAGE BALANCE SHEETS AND ANNUALIZED TAXABLE-EQUIVALENT RATES
                                                                         
    2007 Second Quarter   2007 First Quarter   2006 Fourth Quarter
    Average           Average   Average           Average   Average           Average
Average balance in millions; interest in thousands   balance   Interest   Rate   balance   Interest   Rate   balance   Interest   rate
 
Assets
                                                                       
Earning assets
                                                                       
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount*
                                                                       
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 12,155     $ 219,011       7.23 %     11,753       210,889       7.28 %     11,523       212,716       7.32 %
Real estate — commercial
    15,578       290,130       7.45       15,474       282,322       7.30       15,492       291,681       7.53  
Real estate — consumer
    5,875       95,327       6.49       5,939       96,136       6.48       5,537       90,551       6.54  
Consumer
    9,964       185,553       7.47       9,948       182,186       7.43       9,922       185,578       7.42  
 
Total loans and leases, net
    43,572       790,021       7.27       43,114       771,533       7.26       42,474       780,526       7.29  
 
Interest-bearing deposits at banks
    9       67       3.12       8       66       3.56       11       68       2.45  
Federal funds sold and agreements to resell securities
    448       6,734       6.03       304       4,801       6.40       125       2,327       7.42  
Trading account
    67       235       1.40       53       111       .83       69       342       1.98  
Investment securities**
                                                                       
U.S. Treasury and federal agencies
    2,151       23,238       4.33       2,428       26,610       4.45       2,627       28,490       4.30  
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    122       2,299       7.53       125       2,234       7.11       131       2,244       6.83  
Other
    4,613       60,554       5.27       4,661       60,817       5.29       4,798       62,200       5.14  
 
Total investment securities
    6,886       86,091       5.01       7,214       89,661       5.04       7,556       92,934       4.88  
 
Total earning assets
    50,982       883,148       6.95       50,693       866,172       6.93       50,235       876,197       6.92  
 
Allowance for credit losses
    (667 )                     (656 )                     (652 )                
Cash and due from banks
    1,244                       1,304                       1,332                  
Other assets
    5,964                       5,866                       5,660                  
 
Total assets
  $ 57,523                       57,207                       56,575                  
 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
                                                                       
Interest-bearing liabilities
                                                                       
Interest-bearing deposits
                                                                       
NOW accounts
  $ 453       1,024       .91       437       1,167       1.08       461       1,063       .92  
Savings deposits
    15,027       60,953       1.63       14,733       60,842       1.67       14,549       58,591       1.60  
Time deposits
    10,523       124,020       4.73       11,657       136,682       4.76       12,086       141,853       4.66  
Deposits at foreign office
    3,706       48,001       5.19       3,717       47,649       5.20       3,777       49,503       5.20  
 
Total interest-bearing deposits
    29,709       233,998       3.16       30,544       246,340       3.27       30,873       251,010       3.23  
 
Short-term borrowings
    5,555       73,500       5.31       4,852       63,564       5.31       4,794       64,173       5.31  
Long-term borrowings
    7,905       108,766       5.52       7,308       100,718       5.59       6,174       89,173       5.73  
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
    43,169       416,264       3.87       42,704       410,622       3.90       41,841       404,356       3.83  
 
Noninterest-bearing deposits
    7,339                       7,422                       7,631                  
Other liabilities
    843                       811                       859                  
 
Total liabilities
    51,351                       50,937                       50,331                  
 
Stockholders’ equity
    6,172                       6,270                       6,244                  
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 57,523                       57,207                       56,575                  
 
Net interest spread
                    3.08                       3.03                       3.09  
Contribution of interest-free funds
                    .59                       .61                       .64  
 
Net interest income/margin on earning assets
          $ 466,884       3.67 %             455,550       3.64 %             471,841       3.73 %
 
(continued)
*   Includes nonaccrual loans.
 
**   Includes available for sale securities at amortized cost.

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M&T BANK CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 3 (continued)
AVERAGE BALANCE SHEETS AND ANNUALIZED TAXABLE-EQUIVALENT RATES (continued)
                                                 
    2006 Third Quarter   2006 Second Quarter
    Average           Average   Average           Average
Average balance in millions; interest in thousands   balance   Interest   rate   balance   Interest   rate
 
Assets
                                               
Earning assets
                                               
Loans and leases, net of unearned discount*
                                               
Commercial, financial, etc.
  $ 11,436     $ 210,733       7.31 %     11,274       197,945       7.04 %
Real estate — commercial
    15,256       283,197       7.43       14,947       269,632       7.22  
Real estate — consumer
    5,053       81,833       6.48       4,860       76,377       6.29  
Consumer
    9,965       183,041       7.29       9,899       172,523       6.99  
 
Total loans and leases, net
    41,710       758,804       7.22       40,980       716,477       7.01  
 
Interest-bearing deposits at banks
    13       121       3.67       16       111       2.85  
Federal funds sold and agreements to resell securities
    136       2,487       7.23       30       405       5.36  
Trading account
    92       680       2.97       103       753       2.94  
Investment securities**
                                               
U.S. Treasury and federal agencies
    2,826       30,396       4.27       3,062       32,473       4.25  
Obligations of states and political subdivisions
    147       2,434       6.61       171       2,804       6.55  
Other
    4,925       63,086       5.08       5,081       64,529       5.09  
 
Total investment securities
    7,898       95,916       4.82       8,314       99,806       4.81  
 
Total earning assets
    49,849       858,008       6.83       49,443       817,552       6.63  
 
Allowance for credit losses
    (648 )                     (645 )                
Cash and due from banks
    1,365                       1,326                  
Other assets
    5,592                       5,374                  
 
Total assets
  $ 56,158                       55,498                  
 
Liabilities and stockholders’ equity
                                               
Interest-bearing liabilities
                                               
Interest-bearing deposits
                                               
NOW accounts
  $ 434       960       .88       438       779       .71  
Savings deposits
    14,463       51,816       1.42       14,254       47,579       1.34  
Time deposits
    13,016       152,571       4.65       12,699       139,032       4.39  
Deposits at foreign office
    3,674       48,244       5.21       3,598       43,798       4.88  
 
Total interest-bearing deposits
    31,587       253,591       3.19       30,989       231,188       2.99  
 
Short-term borrowings
    4,441       59,487       5.31       4,326       53,623       4.97  
Long-term borrowings
    5,660       82,574       5.79       5,930       81,487       5.51  
 
Total interest-bearing liabilities
    41,688       395,652       3.77       41,245       366,298       3.56  
 
Noninterest-bearing deposits
    7,571                       7,446                  
Other liabilities
    814                       867                  
 
Total liabilities
    50,073                       49,558                  
 
Stockholders’ equity
    6,085                       5,940                  
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 56,158                       55,498                  
 
Net interest spread
                    3.06                       3.07  
Contribution of interest-free funds
                    .62                       .59  
 
Net interest income/margin on earning assets
          $ 462,356       3.68 %             451,254       3.66 %
 
 
*   Includes nonaccrual loans.
 
**   Includes available for sale securities at amortized cost.

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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
     Incorporated by reference to the discussion contained under the caption “Taxable-equivalent Net Interest Income” in Part I, Item 2, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
     (a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures. Based upon their evaluation of the effectiveness of M&T’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)), Robert G. Wilmers, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, and René F. Jones, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, believe that M&T’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2007.
     (b) Changes in internal control over financial reporting. M&T regularly assesses the adequacy of its internal control over financial reporting and enhances its controls in response to internal control assessments and internal and external audit and regulatory recommendations. No changes in internal control over financial reporting have been identified in connection with the evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures during the quarter ended June 30, 2007 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, M&T’s internal control over financial reporting.
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings.
     M&T and its subsidiaries are subject in the normal course of business to various pending and threatened legal proceedings in which claims for monetary damages are asserted. Management, after consultation with legal counsel, does not anticipate that the aggregate ultimate liability arising out of litigation pending against M&T or its subsidiaries will be material to M&T’s consolidated financial position, but at the present time is not in a position to determine whether such litigation will have a material adverse effect on M&T’s consolidated results of operations in any future reporting period.
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
     There have been no material changes in risk factors relating to M&T to those disclosed in response to Item 1A. to Part I of Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006.

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
     (a)–(b) Not applicable.
     (c)
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
                                 
                            (d)Maximum  
                    (c)Total     Number (or  
                    Number of     Approximate  
                    Shares     Dollar Value)  
                    (or Units)     of Shares  
                    Purchased     (or Units)  
    (a)Total             as Part of     that may yet  
    Number     (b)Average     Publicly     be Purchased  
    of Shares     Price Paid     Announced     Under the  
    (or Units)     per Share     Plans or     Plans or  
Period   Purchased(1)     (or Unit)     Programs     Programs (2)  
April 1 – April 30, 2007
    950,089     $ 108.08       950,000       4,009,500  
May 1 - May 31, 2007
    700,053       112.30       700,000       3,309,500  
June 1 – June 30, 2007
    328,055       109.25       328,000       2,981,500  
 
                       
Total
    1,978,197     $ 109.77       1,978,000          
 
                         
 
(1)   The total number of shares purchased during the periods indicated includes shares purchased as part of publicly announced programs and shares deemed to have been received from employees who exercised stock options by attesting to previously acquired shares in satisfaction of the exercise price, as is permitted under M&T’s stock option plans.
 
(2)   On February 22, 2007, M&T announced that its Board of Directors had approved a program to purchase up to 5,000,000 shares of its common stock.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities.
            (Not applicable.)
Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.
     Information concerning the matters submitted to a vote of stockholders at M&T’s Annual Meeting of Stockholders held on April 17, 2007 was previously reported in response to Item 4 of Part II of M&T’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2007.
Item 5. Other Information.
            (None.)

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Item 6. Exhibits.
     The following exhibits are filed as a part of this report.
     
Exhibit    
No.    
 
   
4.1
  Indenture dated as of May 24, 2007 between M&T Bank Corporation and The Bank of New York. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Form 8-K dated May 24, 2007 (File No. 1-9861).
 
   
4.2
  First Supplemental Indenture dated as of May 24, 2007 to Indenture dated as of May 24, 2007 between M&T Bank Corporation and The Bank of New York. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Form 8-K dated May 24, 2007 (File No. 1-9861).
 
   
31.1
  Certificate of Chief Executive Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
31.2
  Certificate of Chief Financial Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
             
 
           
    M&T BANK CORPORATION    
 
           
Date: August 1, 2007
  By:   /s/ René F. Jones    
 
           
 
      René F. Jones    
 
      Executive Vice President    
 
      and Chief Financial Officer    

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EXHIBIT INDEX
     
Exhibit    
No.    
 
   
4.1
  Indenture dated as of May 24, 2007 between M&T Bank Corporation and The Bank of New York. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Form 8-K dated May 24, 2007 (File No. 1-9861).
 
   
4.2
  First Supplemental Indenture dated as of May 24, 2007 to Indenture dated as of May 24, 2007 between M&T Bank Corporation and The Bank of New York. Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Form 8-K dated May 24, 2007 (File No. 1-9861).
 
   
31.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
31.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.1
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.
 
   
32.2
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer under 18 U.S.C. §1350 pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Filed herewith.

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EXHIBIT 31.1
CERTIFICATIONS
I, Robert G. Wilmers, certify that:
     
1.
  I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation;
 
   
2.
  Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
 
   
3.
  Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
 
   
4.
  The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a)
  designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b)
  designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c)
  evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d)
  disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
 
   
5.
  The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a)
  all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b)
  any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: August 1, 2007
         
By:
  /s/ Robert G. Wilmers
 
    
 
  Robert G. Wilmers    
 
  Chairman of the Board and    
 
  Chief Executive Officer    


 

EXHIBIT 31.2
CERTIFICATIONS
I, René F. Jones, certify that:
     
1.
  I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation;
 
   
2.
  Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
 
   
3.
  Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
 
   
4.
  The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a)
  designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b)
  designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c)
  evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d)
  disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
 
   
5.
  The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a)
  all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b)
  any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: August 1, 2007
         
By:
  /s/ René F. Jones
 
    
 
  René F. Jones    
 
  Executive Vice President    
 
  and Chief Financial Officer    


 

EXHIBIT 32.1
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER UNDER 18 U.S.C. §1350
I, Robert G. Wilmers, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of M&T Bank Corporation, certify, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:
  (1)   the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2007 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o(d)); and
 
  (2)   the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of M&T Bank Corporation.
The foregoing certification is being furnished solely pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350 and is not being filed as part of the Report or as a separate disclosure document.
     
/s/ Robert G. Wilmers
 
    
Robert G. Wilmers
   
August 1, 2007
   
A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to M&T Bank Corporation and will be retained by M&T Bank Corporation and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.


 

EXHIBIT 32.2
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER UNDER 18 U.S.C. §1350
I, René F. Jones, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of M&T Bank Corporation, certify, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:
  (1)   the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of M&T Bank Corporation for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2007 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o(d)); and
 
  (2)   the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of M&T Bank Corporation.
The foregoing certification is being furnished solely pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350 and is not being filed as part of the Report or as a separate disclosure document.
     
/s/ René F. Jones
 
    
René F. Jones
   
August 1, 2007
   
A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to M&T Bank Corporation and will be retained by M&T Bank Corporation and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.